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2016年位育中学高三12月八校联考调研试题daan

时间:2017-02-15 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:2012年位育中学高三12月八校联考调研试题

位育中学2012年高三调研卷(英语)试卷

2012年12月

Grammar and vocabulary

Section A

Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.

25. There is little doubt that clean natural gas will play a major role ______ the world energy stage in the future.

A. inB. onC. ofD. above

26. You may choose _____ of the hamburgers and leave the other for me.

A. eitherB. neitherC. anyD. both

27. When Mo Yan started his writing career, he never imagined he _____ China’s first Nobel Prize winner.

A. had becomeB. becameC. would comeD. has become

28. Many students have nowhere to go after school, _____ they have no access to affordable after-school opportunities.

A. althoughB. whileC. unlessD. since

29. We had a wonderful time at yesterday’s get-together. You _____ have come, but why didn’t you?

A. mustB. canC. ought toD. might

30. We now seem to wonder _____ the more connected we get, the more disconnected we feel.

A. that it is whyB. that why it isC. why is it thatD. why it is that

31. The only way John could imagine _____ stress was to get tougher by making greater efforts.

A. handlingB. to handleC. handledD. having handled

32. In the recent past there ____ a number of amazing innovations in the world of 3D entertainment.

A. wereB. has beenC. have beenD. had been

33. After ______ under the ground for a long time, the ancient vase was accidentally dug out by a farmer.

A. buriedB. buryingC. having buriedD. being buried

34. ____ this technology is a great initial step in reducing carbon-dioxide emission, there are a lot of hurdles to overcome.

A. WhileB. WhetherC. ProvidedD. Considering

35. Whoever _____ in the exam will be severely punished according to the school rules.

A. caught cheatingB. is caught cheating

C. caught to cheatD. is caught to cheat

36. Teachers might as well create an atmosphere ____ the students feel respected and cared for.

A. thatB. whenC. whereD. which

37. As Mike’s best friend, you have been invited to his birthday last night, ______?

A. didn’t youB. haven’t youC. mustn’t youD. weren’t you

38. Communication is _____ keeps families on track and functioning as a unit.

A. whatB. thatC. whichD. whichever

39. Although leaders are often thought to have unusual personal abilities, no researchers have produced evidence _____ there are “natural leaders”.

A. thatB. whenC. whichD. where

40. Many contestants were dissatisfied that the contest result wasn’t made ____ to the public until two weeks later.

A. knowingB. knownC. to knowD. to be known

Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

Mother' s Day. Mother’s Day and carnations have had a (n)for a very long time because according to a Christian legend, this is the plant that sprung up when Jesus Christ' s mother Mary shed tears of distress seeing her on the cross.

The tradition of gifting carnations to mothers on Mother' s Day was initiated by Miss Anna Jarvis and began on the first Mother' s Day in America on May 10, 1908. Miss Anna Jarvis sent 500 white carnations to the Andrews Methodist Episcopal Church, in Grafton, West Virginia. The flowers amongst the mothers. also asked to wear flowers. White carnations were a favourite of Anna' s deceased mother. Anna explained the reason for her selection of the flower. “The white carnation is because I think it typifies some of the virtues of motherhood; ... whiteness stands for purity; its lastingquality, its fragrance, love; its wide field of growth, charity; its form, beauty...”

Miss Anna Jarvis continued with the practice of sending carnations to the Andrews Church. She sent over 10,000 carnations in the subsequent years as a personal gift to the church on Mother' s Day. to a custom of gifting carnations to mothers. Today carnations are worn or gifted worldwide on Mother' s Day and have become symbolic of purity, strength and endurance of motherhood. As a custom mothers and white carnations for the deceased mothers.

Reading Comprehension

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Ambi(转 自 于:wWW.Hn1C.cOM 唯才教育 网:2016年位育中学高三12月八校联考调研试题daan)tion is a necessary quality in life. It is drives us on to use whatever talent we have got. If we haven’t got some degree of ambition, these talents will not be used for our own and other’sable to see the limits of our own abilities, so we do ambitious things that are completely beyond us. Our career masters can see our good qualities and our .They may tell us that we haven’t the ability to deal with people and would make good businessmen. We refuse to take their evaluation. We keep on trying. . But what a waste of time our ill-founded ambition has caused us!

Secondly, our ambition can be to one narrow aim, such as getting distinctions (荣誉)in our science subjects. Everything that may draw us away from this aim is cut out of our lives. In the end we get our distinctions. But what damage we in the process! We are isolated beings who only care about a particular examination. And we probably won’t make good scientists. breadth of vision (远见卓识) necessary for success in a higher level.

Thirdly, our ambition can be limited to lifeless objectives. We want to gain money, or power, or membership of some circles. Persons who feel inferior by seeking the respect of others through possessions of these artificial signs of worth.

Fourthly, our ambition may Instead of directing some of our ambition towards community improvement we may exploit members of the community in the interests of self-advancements. In later life we may be ambitious for the success of Ambition is necessary in the lives of individuals---necessary for their own improvement and for the improvement of which they live. But, like all blind forces, it must be directed if it is not to cause disaster. It must be tightly controlled by the head and the heart. Otherwise ambition too high a price in terms of human qualities.

50. A. meansB. forceC. courageD. action

51. A. justiceB. affection C. benefitD. emotion

52. A. however B. therefore C. besidesD. furthermore

53. A. unpredictableB. unusualC. uealisticD. unfavourable

54. A. objectively B. positivelyC. amusinglyD. negatively

55. A. miraclesB. recoveriesC. occasionsD. disappointments

56. A. noticeB. solutionC. judgmentD. measure

57. A. devoteB. concentratedC. separatedD. isolated

58. A. causedB. madeC. drivenD. troubled

59. A. omitB. lackC. own D. value

60. A. take inB. make upC. turn downD. give out

61. A. self-centeredB. self-disciplinedC. self-satisfiedD. self-controlled

62. A. timeB. imageC. designD. mark

63. A. familyB. communityC. sectionD. position

64. A. possessB. satisfyC. overtakeD. demand

Section B

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)

Promotions are proof that our performance and capabilities have been tested and recoginised by our superiors. They open the way to new challenges and personal growth. They allow us to take on more responsibilities. They broaden our vision of the company. They even pave the way for our next promotion.

This article will explain how to position yourself to get a promotion and will give you tips you can use to continue to succeed once you have been promoted.

Promotions are usually given to those who deserve them the most. Reaching the targets that assigned to you is an important requisite (必需的事物) for receiving a promotion. However, if other people in your team were also chosen for the promotion, you must find ways of achieving more than them. You must stand out. Always do your very best, no matter what individual objectives were assigned to you. Show your superiors that you understand and the interests of the company and that you always place them before your own interests. Support your teammates and seize opportunities to demonstrate that you are an effective solver.

You know you are ready for a promotion when you know your current job function well; your daily job becomes a routine; and you already understand two-thirds of your supervisor’s apparent within a reasonable time frame, it might be wise to consider sending your resume to reliable executive search films.

Promotions are not always given to those who deserve them the most. Every company has its internal policies. No matter how good their performance may be, those who refuse to cooperate with established policiesaspiration(志向、抱负). Then, you can grow together---naturally.

65. According to the passage, promotion may lead to ________.

A. high salariesB. personal growth

C. better working conditionsD. fewer responsibilities

66. What should you do if you are not chosen for promotion from your team?

A. You should tell your boss that you have to quit the job.

B. You should give up competing with other team members.

C. You should ask your boss directly for a promotion.

D. You should try your best to stand out.

67. What does the underlined part “find the way out quicker than the way up” mean?

A. “get fired rather than get promoted”

B. “find it easy to get a promotion”

C. “grow up with the company”

D. “find it hard to get along with others”

68. The passage is mainly about _______.

A. how to choose a company to work for

B. how to get a promotion and develop further

C. how to cooperate with your supervisors

D. how to prove you are better

(B)

Keele University is the UK’s largest integrated(综合性的) campus university set within a 617 acre estate , with the stunning 19th Century Keele Hall as our central feature, surrounded by beautiful landscaped grounds. Its location in North Staffordshire means that we are easily accessible from anywhere in the country.

Renowned for our exciting approach to higher education with our exceptional undergraduate both dual (双的) and single honours degrees in Applied Environment Science, Environment and Sustainability, Geography and Geology, our beautiful campus and strong community spirit , coupled with excellent student life, means that Keele should easily be your number one university choice.

We will provide you with dynamic and supportive high quality teaching, modern fully equipped lecture theatres and laboratories with dedicated audio-visual facilities and specialist Earth Science, Environmental and Geographical software. We also offer fully-integrated fieldwork programmes and are proud of our internationally recognised research.

Our progammess have been ranked among the top in the country by the National Student Survey and we pride ourselves on having our own Hub for Sustainability (可持续发展中心) that strengthens our commitment and drive in the environmental and sustainability agenda.

Undergraduate progammes:

? BSc Applied Environmental Science

? BSc Environmental and Sustainability

? BA/BSc Geography

? BSc Physical Geography

? BA/BSc Human Geography

? BSc Geology

? BSc Geoscience/MGeoscience

Postgraduate progammes:

? Environmental Sustainability and Green Technology

? MSc Geosciences with Research Training (with international placement) Email: Phone: 01782 733615

69. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE according to the pasage?

A. The location of Keele University is convenient.

B. Fully-integrated fieldwork progammes are offered in Keele University.

C. Of all the university in UK, Keele University ranks number one.

D. Modern fully equipped lecture theatres and laboratories are available in KeeleUniversity.

70. Keele University seems to be a good choice for one who is interested in

篇二:2016届高三12月八校联考理综物理试题及答案

2016届高三12月份八校联考

理综物理试题

第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共126分)

二、选择题:本题共8小题,每小题6分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,第14~18题只有一项符合题目要求,第19~21题有多项符合题目要求.全部选对的得6分,选对但不全的得3分,有选错的得0分。 14.有下列①、②、③、④所述的四种情景,请根据所学知识从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择对情景分析和判断正确的说法 ①点火后即将升空的火箭

②高速公路上沿直线高速行驶的轿车为避免事故紧急刹车 ③在轨道上高速行驶的磁悬浮列车 ④绕地球做匀速圆周运动的空间站 A.因火箭还没运动,所以加速度一定为零 B.轿车紧急刹车,速度变化很快,所以加速度很大

C.高速行驶的磁悬浮列车,因速度很大,所以加速度也一定很大 D.由于空间站做匀速圆周运动,所以加速度为零

15.如图所示,平行金属板中带电质点P处于静止状态,不考虑电流表和电压表对电路的影响,当滑动变阻器R4的滑片向b端移动时,则 A.质点P将向上运动 B.电流表读数减小 C.电压表读数减小

D.R3上消耗的功率逐渐增大

16.从地面上以初速度v0竖直上抛一质量为m的小球,若运动过程中受到的阻力与其速率成正比,小球运动的速率随时间变化的规律如图所示,小球在t1时刻到达最高点后再落回地面,落地速率为v1,且落地前小球已经做匀速运动,已知重力加速度为g,下列关于小球运动的说法中不正确的是 ...A.t1时刻小球的加速度为g

B.在速度达到v1之前小球的加速度一直在减小 C.小球抛出瞬间的加速度大小为(1?

vv1

v0

)g v1

v

D.小球加速下降过程中的平均速度小于1

2

17.2015年9月30日7时13分,我国在西昌卫星发射中心用长征三号乙运载火箭成功将第4颗新一代北斗导航卫星送入倾角55°的倾斜地球同步轨道,新一代北斗导航卫星的发射,标志着我国在卫星研制、发射

23

abc方面取得里程碑式的成功.关于该卫星到地心的距离r可由r?G求出,已知式中G为万有引力常3π

量,则关于物理量a,b,c的描述正确的是

A.a是地球平均密度,b是地球自转周期 ,c是地球半径

B.a是地球表面重力加速度,b是地球自转周期,c是卫星的加速度 C.a是地球平均密度,b是卫星的加速度,c是地球自转的周期 D.a是地球表面重力加速度,b是地球自转周期,c是地球半径

18.如图所示,甲从A地由静止匀加速跑向B地,当甲前进距离为S1时,乙从距A地S2处的C点由静止出发,加速度与甲相同,最后二人同时到达B地,则AB两地距离为

(S1?S2)2

A.S1?S2B.

4S1(S1?S2)2S1

C. D.

(S1?S2)S14(S1?S2)

20.如图所示,虚线a、b、c代表电场中三个等势面,相邻等势面之间的电势差相等,即Uab=Ubc.实线为一带正电的质点(不计重力)仅在电场力作用下通过该区域时的运动轨迹,M、N是这条轨迹上的两点,下列判断正确的是

A.三个等势面中,a的电势最低

B.带电质点在M点具有的电势能比在N点具有的电势能大 C.带电质点通过M点时的动能比通过N点时大 D.带电质点通过M点时的加速度比通过N点时大

21.如图所示,不带电物体A和带电的物体B用跨过定滑轮的绝缘轻绳连接,A、B的质量分别是2m和m.劲度系数为k的轻质弹簧一端固定在水平面上,另一端与物体A相连,倾角为θ的绝缘斜面处于沿斜面向上的匀强电场中.开始时,物体B受到沿斜面向上的外力F=3mgsinθ的作用而保持静止,且轻绳恰好伸直.现撤去外力F,直到物体B获得最大速度,且弹簧未超过弹性限度,不计一切摩擦.则在此过程中 A.物体B所受电场力大小为mgsin? B.B的速度最大时,弹簧的伸长量为

2

3mgsin?

k

C.撤去外力F的瞬间,物体B的加速度为gsin?

D.物体A、弹簧和地球组成的系统机械能增加量等于物体B和地球组成的系统机械能的减少量

第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题, 共174分)

三.非选择题:包括必考题和选考题两部分.第22题~32题为必考题,每个试题考生都必须作答.第33题~40题为选考题,考生根据要求作答. (一)必考题(共11题,共129分) 22.(6分)某同学用如图所示装置来验证机械能守恒定律.将单摆用磁铁悬挂在铁质黑板上的O点,在O点下方将穿在圆环状磁铁的细铁钉同样吸在黑板上的P点,同时在黑板上用粉笔画一条水平线MN,将细线拉直,让非磁性摆球从MN上的A点由静止释放.当其摆至另一侧最高点时,观察其位置是否在水平线上,从而验证摆球在此过程中在误差范围内机械能是否守恒.

(1)为进行多次实验验证,该同学通过调整 ,然后再次重复实验。 (写出一条即可)。

N

23.(9分)甲同学设计了如图甲所示的电路来测量电源电动势E及电阻R1和R2阻值.实验器材有:待测电源E(不计内阻),待测电阻R1,待测电阻R2,电压表V(量程为1.5V,内阻很大),电阻箱R(0-99.99Ω),单刀单掷开关S1,单刀双掷开关S2,导线若干。 (1)先测电阻R1的阻值.请将甲同学的操作补充完整:

A.闭合S1,将S2切换到a,调节电阻箱,读出其示数R0和对应的电压表示数Ul. B.保持电阻箱示数不变,U2. C.则电阻R1的表达式为R1= .

(2)在实验中,该同学发现小球摆至右侧最高点时位置总比水平线MN略低,造成该结果的原因是

2.

0.乙

(2)甲同学已经测得电阻Rl=4.80 Ω,继续测电源电动势E和电阻R2的阻值.该同学的做法是:闭合S1,将S2切换到a,多次调节电阻箱,读出多组电阻箱示数R和对应的电压表示数U,由测得的数据,绘出了如图乙所示的

24.(14分)假设某星球表面上有一倾角为??37的固定斜面,一质量为m?2.0kg的小物块从斜面底端以速度9m/s沿斜面向上运动,小物块运动1.5s时速度恰好为零.已知小物块和斜面间的动摩擦因数为0.25,该星球半径为R?1.2?10km.(sin37?0.6.cos37?0.8),试求: (1)该星球表面上的重力加速度g的大小; (2)该星球的第一宇宙速度.

3

o

o

o

/??1R

11

?图线,则电源电动势E=,电阻R2=Ω(保留三位有效数字)。 UR

25.(18分)如图所示,竖直放置的半圆形光滑绝缘轨道半径为R=0.2m,圆心为O,下端与绝缘水平轨道在B点相切并平滑连接.一带正电q?5.0?10?3C、质量为m?3.0kg的物块(可视为质点),置于水平轨道上的A点.已知A、B两点间的距离为L=1.0m,物块与水平轨道间的动摩擦因数为μ=0.2,重力加速度为g=10 m/s2.

(1)若物块在A点以初速度v0向左运动,恰好能到达圆周的最高点D,则物块的初速度v0应为多大? (2)若整个装置处于方向水平向左、场强大小为E?2.0?10N/C的匀强电场中(图中未画出),现将物块从A点由静止释放,试确定物块在以后运动过程中速度最大时的位置(结果可用三角函数表示); (3)在(2)问的情景中,试求物块在水平面上运动的总路程.

3

A

(二)选考题:请考生从给出的3道物理题,3道化学题、2道生物题中每科任选一题作答,并用2B铅笔在答题卡上把所选题目的题号涂黑.注意所做题目的题号必须与所涂题目的题号一致,在答题卡上选答区域指定位置答题.如果多做,则按所做的第一题计分.

35.【物理——选修3-5】(15分) (1)(6分)2015年诺贝尔物理学奖授予一名日本科学家和一名加拿大科学家,以表彰他们发现并证明了中微子(Ve)振荡现象,揭示出中微子无论多小都具有质量,这是粒子物理学历史性的发现.已知中微子可

3737

以将一个氯核转变为一个氩核,其核反应方程式为Ve?17Cl?18Ar?B.上述核反应中B粒子

为 。已知17Cl核的质量为36.95658u,18Ar核的质量为36.9569lu,B粒子的质量为0.00055u,1u质量对应的能量为931.5MeV.根据以上数据,可以判断参与上述反应的中微子的最小能量为 MeV(结果保留两位有效数字). (2)(9分)如图所示,物体A、B的质量分别是mA?4.0kg、mB?6.0kg,用轻弹簧相连接放在光滑的水平面上,物体B左侧与竖直墙相接触.另有一个质量为mC?2.0kg物体C以速度v0向左运动,与物体A相碰,碰后立即与A粘在一起不再分开,然后以v?2.0m/s的共同速度压缩弹簧,试求: ①物块C的初速度v0为多大?

②在B离开墙壁之后,弹簧的最大弹性势能。

3737

篇三:2016届南京六校联考高三12月调研语文试题及答案

2016届高三南京市六校联考调研测试

语文试卷

命题人:徐承平 李军军审核人:胡业彬2015.12.

一、语言文字应用(15分)

1.在下面一段话空缺处依次填入词语,最恰当的一组是(3分)

通往梦想的道路从来都不平坦。过去的一年,摆在我们面前的,有经济下行的压力,有改革深水区的攻坚,有反腐败斗争的进取??以 的紧迫感全面建成小康社会,以蹄疾步稳的节奏全面深化改革,以抓铁有痕的力度全面依法治国,以 的勇气全面从严治党,“四个全面”战略布局的协调推进, 着人们战胜困难的信心。

A.只争朝夕 壮士断腕 坚定

B.时不我待 刮骨疗毒 树立

C.只争朝夕 壮士断腕 树立

D. 时不我待 刮骨疗毒 坚定

2.下列各句中,没有语病的一项是(3分)

A.今年以来,交通运输部驻部纪检组坚决贯彻中央从严治党要求,积极配合中央巡视组开展工作,深入落实党风廉政建设“两个责任”,强化对干部的日常监督。

B.专家们认为,在世界经济形势依然存在不确定性的严峻情况下,中国经济不管增长有所放缓,并面临下行压力,但依然是全球经济增长的重要贡献者。

C.昨日起,铁路部门开始发售2016年1月1日以后的车票,根据过去几年春运情况显示,除夕前三天将进入乘客返乡高峰期,因此春运抢票也将迎来高峰期。

D.个人所得税改革何时才能“破茧”?个税起征点是否会有提高的可能?调整个税起征点能解决课税公平问题吗?对于这个问题,你怎么看呢?

3.下列诗句按顺序排列成为一首完整的诗歌,正确的是( 3分 )

①门前树已秋 ②窗里人将老 ③寒山独过雁 ④结茅临古渡

⑤日夕逢归客 ⑥暮雨远来舟 ⑦卧见长淮流 ⑧那能忘旧游

A.⑤①③⑦②⑧④⑥

B.⑤⑦③⑥①②④⑧

C.④①⑦②③⑤⑧⑥

D.④⑦②①③⑥⑤⑧

4.下列各句表达得体的一项是( 3分 )

A.王明肯定李昊的写作水平:“您的文章写得真好,本世纪散文百家,您必能忝列其中。”

B.张磊过生日,接受朋友的礼物:“既然你这么客气,又这么真诚,那我就笑纳了。”

C.刘娟在纪念抗战胜利70周年活动中,采访抗日女英雄时问:“老奶奶,请问您芳龄。”

D.75岁高龄的前院长说:“好吧,既然诸位如此客气,那么这件事就由老朽做主了!”

5.对该漫画的赏析,有误的一项是( 3分 )

A.漫画中人物戴的帽子表明了人物身份,且对他个人品性有暗讽。

B.漫画中人物的眼睛比例严重失调,这点小失误可以说是白璧微瑕。

C.漫画的标题“跑题”指的是研究“科研标本”变成了研究“科研经费”。

D.“怎样发财??”揭示了人物心理,但与画面传达出的含义有重复之嫌。

二、文言文阅读(18分)

阅读下面的文言文,回答6-9题。

李沆,字太初,洺州肥乡人。太平兴国五年,举进士甲科。后入翰林为学士。

会契丹犯边,真宗北幸,命沆留守,京师肃然。一夕,遣使持手诏欲以刘氏为贵妃,沆对使者引烛焚诏,附奏曰:“但道臣沆以为不可。”其议遂寝。帝以沆无密奏,谓之曰:“人皆有密.

启,卿独无,何也?”对曰:“臣待罪宰相,公事则公言之,何用密启?夫人臣有密启者,非谗即佞,臣常恶之,岂可效尤?”

沆为相,王旦参政事,以西北用兵,或至旰食。旦叹曰:“我辈安能坐致太平,得优游无..

事耶?”沆曰:“少有忧勤,足为警戒。他日四方宁谧,朝廷未必无事。”后契丹和亲,旦问何如,沆曰:“善则善矣,然边患既息,恐人主渐生侈心耳。”旦未以为然。沆又日取四方水旱盗贼奏之,旦以为细事不足烦上听。沆曰:“人主少年,当使知四方艰难。不然,血气方刚,不留意声色犬马,则土木、甲兵、祷祠之事作矣。”沆没后,真宗以契丹既和,西夏纳款,遂封岱祠汾①,大营宫观,蒐②讲坠典③,靡有暇日。旦乃以沆先识之远,叹曰:“李文靖真圣人也。”遂谓之“圣相”。

景德元年七月,沆疾作而薨,年五十八。上闻之惊叹,趣驾而往,临哭之恸。废朝五日,.

赠太尉、中书令,谥文靖。 沆性直谅,内行修谨,言无枝叶,识大体。居位慎密,不求声誉,动遵条制,人莫能干以私。家人劝治居第,未尝答。弟维因语次及之,沆曰:“身食厚禄,时有横赐,计囊装亦可.

以治第,但念内典以此世界为缺陷,安得圆满如意,自求称足?今市新宅,须一年缮完,人生朝暮不可保,又岂能久居?巢林一枝,聊自足耳,安事丰屋哉?”

(选自《宋史》,有删节)

【注】①封岱祠汾:封泰山、祭汾阴。②蒐:同“搜”。③坠典:指已废亡的典章制度。

6.对下列句子中加点的词的解释,不正确的一项是(3分)

A.其议遂寝寝:停止,搁置 .

B.以西北用兵,或至旰食旰食:晚食,事务繁忙不能按时吃饭 ..

C.趣驾而往趣:趋向,奔赴 .

D.身食厚禄,时有横赐 横:出乎意料 .

7.下列对原文有关内容的概括和分析,不正确的一项是(3分)

A.李沆从不上呈秘密奏章,他认为既然办公事,有想法有看法就应该公开地表达,没有必要呈现密奏。

B.李沆担心真宗正值年轻,血气方刚,不让他知道天下诸事艰难,就会纵情声色犬马,或者劳民伤财。

C.李沆有先识之远,他当初预言之事后来大都应验。他担任宰相时,同僚对他赞叹不已,称其为“圣相”。

D.李沆认同佛教关于世界本来就不完美的理念,认为人也不可能求得圆满如意,还是应该知足常乐。

8. 翻译文中划线的句子。 (8分)

(1)少有忧勤,足为警戒。他日四方宁谧,朝廷未必无事。(4分)

答: ▲

(2)居位慎密,不求声誉,动遵条制,人莫能干以私。(4分)

答: ▲

9.请简要概括李沆得到宋真宗信任、同僚赞誉的原因。(4分)

答: ▲

三、古诗词鉴赏(11分)

10. 阅读下面这首诗,然后回答问题。

玉楼春

钱惟演①

城上风光莺语乱,城下烟波春拍岸。绿杨芳草几时休?泪眼愁肠先已断。

情怀渐觉成衰晚,鸾镜朱颜惊暗换②。昔年多病厌芳尊,今日芳尊惟恐浅。

【注】①钱惟演,北宋临安人。一生仕宦显达,晚年被贬外放,此词是作者去世前不久所作。 ②鸾镜:背后饰有鸾鸟的镜子。

(1)“城上风光莺语乱”一句中哪个字用得好?请找出,并加以分析。(3 分)

答: ▲

(2)简析上阕写景、抒情的主要艺术特色。(4分)

答: ▲

(3)说说你对结句“今日芳尊惟恐浅”的理解。(4分)

答: ▲

四、名句名篇默写(8分)

11.补写出下列名句名篇中的空缺部分。

(1) ▲ ,用之如泥沙?(杜牧《阿房宫赋》)

(2)淇则有岸, ▲ 。(《诗经·氓》)

(3) ▲,纫秋兰以为佩。(屈原《离骚》)

(4)可堪回首, ▲ ,一片神鸦社鼓。(辛弃疾《永遇乐》)

(5)绝巘多生怪柏,悬泉瀑布, ▲ ,清荣峻茂,良多趣味。(郦道元《三峡》)

(6)宫中府中,俱为一体, ▲ ,不宜异同。(诸葛亮《出师表》)

(7)了却君王天下事,▲ 。可怜白发生!(辛弃疾《破阵子》)

(8)渡尽劫波兄弟在,▲ 。(鲁迅《题三义塔>》)

五、现代文阅读(一)(20分)

阅读下面的文字,完成12-15题。

鬼姜花

刘心武

我问小岑,那是什么花?他告诉我,是鬼姜花。

小岑和小汤两口子,来我温榆斋书房所在的村子,开了家小饭馆。从饭馆窗户望出去,就是田地,晚玉米收割尽了,地边上一丛丛高高的黄花,在秋阳照耀下灿烂悦目。

鬼子姜,学名菊芋,没人刻意种它,却在我们村子周围到处冒出来。

小岑小汤两口子,一个是苏北的,一个是贵州的,相遇在城里一家餐馆,一个是二厨,

一个是服务员,他们相爱了,结合了,就把多年来挣的钱合起来,跑到这个村边,开了这家

餐馆。也曾打算细问他们的经历,小岑顾左右而言他,小汤就哼歌:“不要问我从哪里来??”

就在我问了小岑“那是什么花”以后,过了两三天,我上午睡完懒觉,起床开门,呀,

门外台阶上,一大丛明黄的鬼姜花,插满―个浅蓝色的大塑料桶,由许多墨绿的大叶子衬托,冲击着我惺忪的睡眼,使我醍醐灌顶般清醒到十二分。

我打电话给小岑,说:“谢谢你采给我的花。晚上我订了一只乡村五味鸭。”

乡村味鸭是他们餐馆的看家菜,临时烹制很费时间,提前预订,到时候很快端上,味道

尤其好。

晚上约好村友三儿,去小岑餐馆吃鸡子,喝小酒,侃大山。餐馆上座有一多半。五味鸭

端上之前,先端来碟小菜,是些不大规则的片片,三儿以为是荸荠,小岑说是鬼子姜。夹一片搁嘴里,腌制过,味进得不深不浅,脆的不涩,用来开胃,好!小岑说我那一问启发了他,他第二天一早去挖了许多。现在他每桌客人都免费送一碟。

忽然有摩托车突突突而来,突突声乍止,就冲进来―个三十岁上下的青年,已经秋凉了,却只穿件箍在身上的跨篮背心,右臂隆起的三角肌上,刺青的图案是只张开嘴露出尖牙的虎头。他冲到那边角上的空桌,小岑去招呼他。三儿跟我说:“虎鬼子来啦!”我又好奇,又不免把警惕性提升。

只见那边“虎鬼子”似乎在大声问小岑约他干什么,小岑微笑着,也不知道说些什么。

后来看见小岑先往那桌端去一盘鬼姜花,后来又端上一大盘热乎乎的也不知道是什么菜,当然,还有二锅头口杯。小岑坐“虎鬼子”旁边,两人聊了―阵。

我和三儿把五味鸭吃过一半.虎鬼子“喝完吃罢”跟小岑小汤道过谢,一阵风般出去,

风还没息,突突突声迅即远去。

第二天下午,趁餐馆没客,我拐进去问小岑“三儿说‘虎鬼子’是专到各餐馆收保护费

的,你对付他不容易吧?”

小岑就跟我说,再铁的心,也有软的部分。他昨天邀“虎鬼子”——他让我别再叫绰号,改称大名——满虎,提醒满虎,是满虎他大妈去世的日子。满虎一次醉后告诉他,自己生母产后没奶,父母觉得已经有儿有女,就把他送给邻村一个产后死了孩子的妇女去养,那就是满虎大妈。满虎说这世界上只有他大妈对他好,但是就在满虎懂得记日月的时候,大妈去世了。满虎记得,大妈家屋外,野生野长着许多的鬼子姜。昨天小岑端出―盘鬼姜花,是替满虎祭奠他大妈的意思,而那盘菜呢,是大妈当年常给满虎做的红烧独头蒜。小岑说满虎临走跟他说,以后不再到处逛荡,打算到镇里集上摆个服装摊,将来再开个服装店,也跟小岑小汤一样有个自己的正经营生。

我听了就说:“他能说到做到吗?”小岑有些不高兴了,稍微迟疑—下说:“刘叔,没错,啥事都难说??可是我不就做到了吗?”(选自2015年22期《小小说选刊》)

12.简析小说第二段景物描写在文中的作用。(4分)

答: ▲

13.试结合小说分析满虎这个人物的形象特点。(6分)

答: ▲

14.请简要分析小说中画线的句子的含义。(4分)

(1)我又好奇,又不免把警惕性提升。(2分)

答: ▲

(2)没错,啥事都难说??可是我不就做到了吗?(2分)

答: ▲

15.小说以“鬼姜花”为题,有哪些好处?试作探究。(6分)

答: ▲

六、现代文阅读(二)(18分)

阅读下面的文字,完成16-18题。 美从何处寻(节选)

宗白华

①苏东坡论王维说:“味摩诘之诗,诗中有画;观摩诘之画,画中有诗。诗日:‘蓝溪白石出,玉山红叶稀。山路元无雨,空翠湿人衣。’此摩诘之诗也。

②以上是东坡的话,所引的那首诗,不论它是不是好事者所补,把它放到王维和裴迪所唱和的辋川绝句里去是可以乱真的。这确是一首“诗中有画”的诗。“蓝溪白石出,玉山红叶稀”,可以画出来成为一幅清奇冷艳的画,但是“山路元无雨,空翠湿人衣”二句,却是不能在画面上直接画出来的。假使刻舟求剑似的画出一个人穿了一件湿衣服,即使不难看,也不能把这种意味和感觉像这两句诗那样完全传达出来。好画家可以设法暗示这种意味和感觉,却不能直接画出来;诗人也正是从这幅画里体会到这种意味和感觉,所以用“山路元无雨,空翠湿人衣”这两句诗来补足它。这幅画上可能并不曾画有人物,那会更好地暗示这感觉和意味。而另一位诗人可能体会不同而写出别的诗句来。画和诗毕竟是两回事。诗中可以有画,像头两句里所写的,但诗不全是画。而那不能直接画出来的后两句,正是“诗中之诗”,正是构成这首诗是诗而不是画的精要部分。

③然而那幅画里若不能暗示或启发人写出这诗句来,它可能是一张很好的写实照片,却又不能成为真正的艺术品——画,更不是大诗画家王维的画了。这“诗”和“画”的微妙的辩证关系不是值得我们深思探索的吗?

④宋朝文人晁以道有诗云:“画写物外形,要物形不改,诗传画外意,贵有画中态。”这也是论诗画的离合异同。画外意,待诗来传,才能圆满,诗里具有画所写的形态,才能形象化、具体化,不至于太抽象。

⑤但是王安石《明妃曲》诗云:“意态由来画不成。”美人的意态确是难画出的,那画不出的“巧笑倩兮,美目盼兮”,古代诗人随手拈来的这两句诗,却使孔子以前的中国美人如同在我们眼面前。达·芬奇用了四年工夫画出蒙娜丽莎的美目巧笑,现在我却觉得我们古人这两句诗仍是千古如新,而油画受了时间的侵蚀,后人的补修,已只能令人在想像里追寻旧影了。达·芬奇在这画像里突破了画和诗的界限,使画成了诗。谜样的微笑勾引起后来无数诗人心魂震荡,感觉这双妙目巧笑,深远如海,味之不尽,天才真是无所不可。但是画和诗的分界仍是不能泯灭的,也是不应该泯灭的,各有各的特殊表现力和表现领域。

⑥诗里所咏的光是可以先后活跃的,但不能在画面上同时表现出来,画家只能捉住意义最丰满的一刹那,暗示那活动的前因后果,在画面的空间里引进时间感觉。而诗像《初日》里虽然境界华美。却赶不上门采尔油画上那样光彩耀目,直射眼帘。

⑦诗和画各有它的具体的物质条件,局限着它的表现力和表现范围,不能相代,也不必相代。但各自又可以把对方尽量吸进自己的艺术形式里来。诗和画的圆满结合,就是情和景的圆满结合,也就是所谓“艺术意境”。