1.How did Baker use to feel about English courses?
He used to be utterly bored by English courses.
2.When did he begin to think it possible for him to become a writer?
When he was in the third year in high school.
3.What did Baker hear about Mr. Fleagle? What was his own impression of his new English teacher?
He heard that Mr. Fleagle was dull, formal, rigid, and hopelessly out of date, and unable to inspire. He thought he was excessively prime and proper.
4.Why did he put off the writing assignment till the last minute?
Because he expected the topics would be dull.
5.Why was the topic that held his attention?
The Art of Eating Spaghetti.
6.Why did he want to write about that topic?
Because this topic brought back vivid memories of a night in Belleville when he and his family members learned how to eat spaghetti.
7.What did he think Mr. Fleagle would do if he were to if he were to write the essay the way he wanted? Why?
He thought he would violate all the rules of formal composition he’d learned in school, and Mr. Fleagle would surely give it a failing grade.
8.What was Baker prepared for when he found all the papers were given back but his?
He was preparing himself for a command to report to Mr. Fleagle immediately after school for discipline.
9.What was Mr. Fleagle’s announcement?
He announced that he wanted to read an essay to the class.
10.Whose essay was Mr. Fleagle reading to the class? How did the class respond?
Mr. Fleagle was reading Mr. Baker’s essay to the class. The class listened attentively, and then the entire class was laughing with open-hearted enjoyment.
11.Why did Baker feel so delighted?
Because both Mr. Fleagle and his classmates appreciated his essay very much.
12.What did Mr. Fleagle mean by saying “it’s of the very essence of the essay”?
Probably he meant that the way Baker’s essay was composed was exactly the way essays should be written or that the essence of a good essay is that it can move readers.
1.What was the cab driver doing when the author wanted to take the taxi?
He was reading a letter.
2.Did the cab driver have a cold?
3.Whom did the driver talk about with the author?
The driver talked about his friend with the author.
4.How long had the driver and Ed been friends?
They had been friends since childhood.
5.What did the driver and Ed use to do when they were kids?
They attended the same primary and high school, and always went to school together.
6.How often did they see each other over the past 25 or 30 years? Why?
They hadn’t seen each other more than once or twice a year because the driver moved away from the old neighborhood.
7. What had happened to old Ed by the time the story took place?
Old Ed was dead.
8.Why did the driver repeat that he should have kept in touch?
Because he was very regretful.
9.What did the author mean by saying the first sentence in the letter reminded him of himself?
He thought he himself also neglected keeping up correspondence with his friends.
10.Why did the driver say he began the letter with “Old Friend”?
Because they had been good friends over the years. They were old now, and there weren’t many people at their age still alive.
11.How did the driver feel about Old Ed’s friendship with him?
The driver felt that their friendship over the years had been very important to him, more important than he could say because he was not good at expressing his feelings.
12.What did the author decide to do when he arrived at the hotel? Why?
He decided to write a letter at once he didn’t want to make the same mistake as the driver did.
1.What is the attitude of some people towards the changes brought about by science and technology?
They’d like to stop such changes and go back to what they see as a purer and simpler age.
2.What was life like before science and technology began to change our way of life? Life was nasty, brutish, and short.
3.What would happen if all government money for research were cut off?
The force of competition would still bring about advances in technology.
4.Is it possible to prevent science and technology from further development? Why or why not?
It’s impossible to prevent science and technology from further development. Because the force of competition will bring about technological advances, and one cannot stop inquiring minds from thinking about basic science.
5.What does the author think we should do about science and technology?
We should try to ensure that the changes they make are in the right direction.
6.Why is it necessary for the public to have a basic understanding of science?
The public having a basic understanding of science can make informed decisions and not leave them in the hands of experts.
7.How does the public feel about science?
It is in two minds about science. It has come to expect the steady increase in the standard of living that new developments in science and technology have brought to continue, but it also distrusts science because it doesn’t understand it.
8.What does the author think of equations as a way of expressing scientific ideas?
They are a brief and accurate way of describing mathematical ideas, but they frighten most people.
9.How is science taught in schools?
It is often presented in a dry and uninteresting manner.
10.What limited role can books and magazines play in popularizing scientific ideas?
They can help put across new development, but even the most successful popular book is read only by a small proportion of the population.
11.What is the responsibility of TV science programme producers?
To educate the public, not just entertain it.
12.What does the author think of the future of human civilization?
It will not destroy itself.
1.Where did Tony come from?
From a rocky farm in Italy.
2.How did Mr. Crawford get to know Tony?
Tony came to his driveway to offer to mow his lawn.
3.Why did Mr. Crawford feel unhappy after he talked with Tony?
The Depression Days were difficult, but he felt bad turning away a person who had come to him for help.
4.What happened over the next few days?
Mr. Crawford was busy at the factory, and Tony went on working in his garden.
5.How did Tony get6 his job at the factory?
He asked Mr. Crawford for it.
6. How did Tony become a skilled worker later? And how did Mr. and Mrs. Crawford feel about it?
He was a good worker, and then took a pay cut to become an apprentice. Finally he learned a trade. Mr. And Mrs. Crawford thought it to be a satisfactory ending.
7.Why did Tony come to see Mr. Crawford again a year or two later? Was Mr. Crawford of help this time? How?
Tony wanted to buy a house. Mr. Crawford helped him get a bank loan.
8.How did Tony feel about selling his house? Why did he feel that way?
He felt happy, because he earned $8,000 and bought a farm.
9.Did Tony do a good job of running his farm? Give examples.
Yes. He sponsored his childhood friend to move to America. The latter thought he was a millionaire.
10.What was Tony’s lifelong dream?
Owning a farm.
11.How did he make his dream come true?
By such values and principles as vision, determination, self-control, optimism, self-respect and integrity.
12.Why did Mr. Crawford compare Tony with the greatest American industrialists? Because they reached success by the same route and by the same values and principles.
1.When did Phil die? Why does the author repeat the time of his death?
Phil died at 3 A.M one Sunday morning. The repetition of the precise time of his death helps set the sardonic (讥讽的) tone of the essay.
2. What did the obituary say about Phil’s death? What did Phil’s friends and acquaintances think was the real cause of his death?
It said Phil died of a coronary thrombosis. They thought he had worked himself to death.
3.How full was Phil’s working schedule? Did all the other employees put in as much time and work as he did?
He worked six days a week, five of them until eight or nine at night. No, they didn’t.
4.How come Phil became overweight?
He always ate egg salad sandwiches at his desk, and it is implied he took no exercise other than a monthly golf game (and even that was just as an opportunity to do business).
5.What did he wear to the office on Saturdays? Why?
He wore a sports jacket to the office instead of a suit, because it was the weekend.
6.What position did Phil hold in the company? How did the people working for him feel about him?
He was one of six vice-presidents. They liked him most of the time.
7.What did Helen mean by “Missing him all these years”?
She meant that she had been missing her husband long before he died because he spent little time at home.
8.Why were the neighbors embarrassed when Phil’s eldest son asked them what his father was like?
Because they knew little about his father.
9.Did his daughter feel close to him? How do you know?
No. whenever she was alone with her father, they had nothing to say to each other.
10.What is the significance of Phil’s youngest son’s statement, “My father and I only board here”? What does it convey about Phil’s relationship with his family?
The statement is intended to show forcefully how Phil concentrated far too much on his business to the neglect of his family life and his duty to his wife and children.
11.What did the company president say about Phil at the funeral? What did he do as soon as Phil’s funeral was over?
He said at the funeral that Phil had meant much to the company and would be missed and would be hard to replace. He began to make inquires about Phil’s replacement as soon as his funeral was over.
12.What impact does the final paragraph have? How does this reinforce the author’s point? By telling us what the company president s
aid at the funeral and what he did soon after the funeral the author lays bare the great absurdity (荒谬) of contemporary American corporate life: the pursuit of business success is valued well above anything else, even human lives.
1 He used to be utterly bored by English courses.
2 When he was in the third year in high school.
3 He heard that Mr. Fleagle was dull, formal, rigid, and hopelessly out of date, and unable to inspire. He thought he was excessively prim and proper.
4 Because he expected the topics would be dull.
5 The art of Eating Spaghetti.
6 Because this topic brought back vivid memories of a night in Belleville when he and his family members learned how to eat spaghetti.
7 He thought he would violate all the rules of formal composition he’d learned in school, and Mr. Fleagle would surely give it a failing grade.
8 He was preparing himself for a command to report to Mr. Fleagle immediately after school for discipline.
9 He announced that he wanted to read an essay to the class.
10 Mr. Fleagle was reading Mr. Baker’s essay to the class. The class listened attentively, and then the entire class was laughing with open-hearted enjoyment. 11 Because both Mr. Fleagle and his classmates appreciated his essay very much. 12 Probably he meant that the way Baker’s essay was composed was exactly the way essays should be written or that the essence of a good essay is that it can move readers.
Working on Your Own
1 2 Baker’s impression of his new English teacher
4 Vivid memories the title brought back
6 Anticipating punishment
8 Classmates’ response to the essay
2 Part Two: Baker found himself attracted by one particular topic and wrote about it for his own joy.
Part Three: The experience of writing the essay helped him discover his talent for writing and realize what he wished to do in life.
Language Sense Enhancement
1 ⑴ warmth (2) put it down (3) recapture and hold (4) relive (5) however
(6) violate (7) composition (8) a failing grade(9) mind (10) for myself Language Focus
1 1) respectable 2) agony 3) put down 4) sequence 5) hold back
6) distribute 7) off and on8) vivid9) associate10) finally
11) turn in12) tackle
2 1) has been assigned to the newspaper’s Paris office.
2) was so extraordinary that I didn’t know whether to believe him or not.
3) a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’ time.
4) gave the command the soldiers opened fire.
5) buying bikes we’ll keep turning them out.
3 1) reputation, rigid, to inspire
2) and tedious, What’s more, out of date ideas
3) compose, career, avoid showing, hardly hold back
II Synonyms in Context
1 composed 2 severe 3 agony 4 extraordinary 5 recall 6 command 7 was violating 8 anticipate
1 at 2 for 3 of 4 with 5 as 6 about 7 to 8 in, in 9 from 10 on/upon Comprehensive Exercises
(1) hold back (2) tedious (3) scanned (4) recall (5) vivid (6) off and on
(7) turn out/in (8) career
(1) last (2) surprise (3) pulled (4) blowing (5) dressed (6) scene
(7) extraordinary (8) image (9) turn (10) excitement
1) As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.
2) His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it
3) Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.
4) It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. / Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules.
5) It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage. / The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.
2 Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again.
One day, while scanning (though) some magazines, a true story caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life.
1 c 2 a 3 c 4 d 5 b 6 d
4 他看上去像孩子般开心，像孩子般天真无邪，可是我心里比谁都明白。 Language Practice
1) b 2) d 3) a 4) f 5) c 6) g 7) h 8) e
3) have maintained
6) was awarded
8) make it
11) compare to
1 He was reading a letter.
3 The driver talked about his friend with the author.
4 They had been friends since childhood.
5 They attended the same primary school and high school, and always went to school together.
6 They hadn’t seen each other more than once or twice a year because the driver moved away from the old neighborhood.
7 Old Ed was dead.
8 Because he was very regretful.
9 He thought he himself also neglected keeping up correspondence with his friends. 10 Because they had been good friends over the years. They were old now, and there weren’t many people at their age still alive.
11 The driver felt that their friendship over the years had been very important to him, more important than he could say because he was not good at expressing his feelings. 12 He decided to write a letter at once because he didn’t want to make the same mistake as the driver did.
Working on Your Own
1) The story begins with the cab driver reading a letter.
2) The letter Tom wrote to his friend Ed.
3) Their conversation was centered on the lifelong friendship between the driver and Old Ed.
4) The author got to learn more about their friendship by reading the letter himself. 2 Part Two: Reading the letter by himself, the author learned more about the lifelong friendship between the driver and Old Ed.
Part Three: The driver’s experience urged the author to reach for his pen.
Language Sense Enhancement
1 (1) come to think of
(2) as well
(3) used to
(4) much of a
(6) take it
(7) quite a while
(9) All the way
3) every now and then
4) are urging/urged
7) hangs out
8) right away
10) or something
12) going ahead
1) in the examination was still on his mind.
2) was completely choked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.
3) was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner.
4) has come up and I am afraid I won’t be able to accomplish the project on time.
5) of equipping the new hospital was estimated at $2 million.
1) were postponed, the awful, is estimated
2) reference, not available, am kind of
3) not much of a teacher, skips, go ahead
1 to 2 for 3 at 4 from 5 in6 to, on 7 on8 with
Complete the following statements according to what you have heard.
1.taking a break 2.escaping relief out in the country fast move 3.the pollution of the citysmog
4.changes in the way we live
P10: Content Questions
One of you asks the first six questions and the other answers. Starting from question7, change roles. When you have finished, the teacher may want to put some of the questions to you to check your progress.
1. Write and live on a farm.
2. Because they grow nearly all of their fruits and vegetables. They have enough eggs, honey and wood. They are very close to nature and can enjoy the beautiful scenery. Besides, they can go skiing and skating in winter.
3. No. Sometimes the good life can get pretty tough.
4. They were buried under five feet of snow from December through March.
5. When the first spring came, it brought two floods. The second flood refers to the good harvest in the growing season.
6. He decided to quit his job and start to freelance.
7. He has to crawl into black-bear dens for “Sports Illustrated”, hitch up dogsled racing teams for “Smithsonian” magazine, check out the Lake Champlain “monster” for “Science Digest”, and canoe through the Boundary Waters wilderness area of Minnesota for “Destinations”.
8. As for insurance, they have only bought a poor man’s major-medical policy and the policy on their two cars.
9. They cut back their expenses without appreciably lowering their standard of living. For example：they patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city. They still attend the opera and ballet but only a few times a year. They eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies.
10. A tolerance for solitude and lots of energy.
11. They will leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what they’ve been able to accomplish.
12. They chose to live in the country because they want to improve the quality of their lives. Yes, they have finally realized their dream.
P11: TEXT ORQANIZATION
Working on Your Own
Do the exercises and then compare your answers with a partner.
1. Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas
Part OneParas. 1-3 The writer views his life in
the country as a self-reliant
and satisfying one.
Part TwoParas. 4-7 Life in the country is good
yet sometimes very hard.
Part Three Paras. 8-11 After quitting his job, the
writer’s income was
reduced, but he and his
family were able to
manage to get by.
Part FourParas. 12-15A tolerance for solitude
and a lot of energy have
made it possible for the
family to enjoy their life in
2. Happy Moments and Events Hardships
1) growing nearly all their fruits and 1)working hard both vegetablesin winter and in summer
2) canoeing, picnicking, long bicycle 2)harsh environment rides, etc. and weather condition
3) keeping warm inside the house 3)anxious moments after the in winter writer quit his job
4) writing freelance articles4)cutting back on daily expenses
5) earning enough money while 5) solitude
maintaining a happy family life.
P12 Language Sense Enhancement
1. (1)special qualities(2)a tight budget (3)entertain
(4)anyway (5)involved (6)requirement (7)on a small scale
(8)temptation (9)instead (10)machinery
1. 1)On balance 2)resist 3)haul 4)wicked 5)illustrated
10) economic 11)blasting 12)just about
2. 1)cut back/down 2)pick up 3)get by 4)get through
5)face up to 6)turn in 7)making up for 8)think up
3. 1)pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy.
2)often generate misleading thoughts.
3)attach great importance to combining theory with practice
in our work.
4)be suspected of doing everything for money.
5)before he gets through life.
4. 1)their indoora profitto invest in
2)devicethe improvementon a global scale
3)stackedtemptationnever dined out
P18 II . Confusable Words
1)house 2)Home 3)home family 4)household
1)doubt2)suspected 3)doubted 4)suspected 5)suspect P19 III. Word Formation
1)rise 2)final 3)regular 4)cash 5)hows whys 6)upped
7)yellowed 8)bottled 9)lower 10)search
P 20: Comprehensive Exercise
I . Cloze
1.(1)gets by (2)temptation (3)get through (4)improvements
(5)aside from (6)suspect (7) supplement (8)profit
2. (1)replaced (2)consider (3)quit (4)world (5)tough
(6)fuels (7)provide (8)luxuries (9)balance (10)ideal P21 II. Translation