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2016年秋人教版八年级英语上册unit2知识点总结

时间:2016-04-13 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:八年级英语上册unit2知识点总结

Unit 2

一.基础知识

1.短语归纳:

help with housework帮助做家务 on weekends在周末 how often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不 once a week每周一次 twice a week一周两次 Go to the movies去看电影every day 每天use the internet用互联网 be free有空have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课

swing dance 摇摆舞 play tennis打网球stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 at least 至少less than少于 go to bed early早点睡觉more than=over多于 play sports进行体育活动 be good for对..有好处 go camping去露营

go to the dentist 去看牙医 not…at all一点也不 the most popular最受欢迎的 in one’s free time在某人空闲的时候 such as 比如;诸如

2.用法集萃

1 .help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事

help sb. (to) do sth.

2. how about…? = what about…? …怎么样?

how many + 可数名词复数

how much 询问价格

how long 多长时间

how far多远

how soon多久

how often询问频率

3. sometimes 频度副词有时

sometime 副词 某个时候

some times 名词短语几次;若干次

some time 名词短语一段时间

4. maybe 也许;可能 Maybe you are right.

may be 也许是;可能是You may be right.

5. little---less---least

few---fewer---fewest

good/well---better---best

bad---worse---worst

at least至少----at most至多

less than少于---more than多于;不仅仅

6. ask sb. about sth.询问某人关于某事

ask sb.(not) to do sth.让某人(不要)做某事

7. not…at all 一点也不

8. 主语+find + that从句 发现…

9. It’s + adj.+ ( for sb.) + to do sth.(对某人来说)做某事…样(形容词)

10. spend time with sb和某人一起度过时光

11. 英语中“虽然”“但是”不连用, although…

12. through (从内部)穿过;穿过(森林;丛林;人群等)

cross (从表面)穿过 穿过(马路;桥梁等)

14 . by doing sth.通过做某事

15. what’s your favorite …?你最喜爱的..是什么?

16.start doing sth.开始做某事

17. the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式是..

18. old habits die hard.积习难改

die 死亡(v.)death (n.) dead (adj.)

19. go to the dentist去看牙医

20. want sb. to do sth.想要某人做某事

篇二:2015-2016学年度新人教版八年级上册1-10分单元知识点归类总结

2015-2016学年度新人教版八年级上册1-10分单元知识点归类总结

Unit 1Where did you go on vacation?(谈论假期生活,一般过去时) Unit 2How often do you exercise?(谈论生活习惯,一般现在时) Unit 3I'm more outgoing than my sister(谈论事物对比, 形容词比较级) Unit 4What's the best movie theater?(谈论事物比较,形容词最高级) Unit5Do you want to watch a game show?(谈论内心想法,一般现在时) Unit6I’m going to study computer science.(谈谈生活的目标,一般将来时) Unit7Will people have robots?(对将来生活的预言,一般将来时) Unit8How do you make a banana milk shake?(描述进程,祈使句)

Unit9Can you come to my party?(学习邀请,作出、接受和拒绝邀请,学习表请求的句子) Unit10 If you go to the party, you‘ll have a great time.(作出决定,学习if的条件状语从句) Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation? 第一单元主要点: ①复习一般过去时 ②复合不定代词的用法 ③反身代词的用法 ④系动词的用法

⑤动词后的to do和doing 的区别 ⑥ed形容词和ing形容词的区别 ⑦“近义词”的区别 ⑧本单元中的主谓一致现象

⑨动词过去式的构成及不规则动词表

⑩用同义短语转换同义句时谓语动词形式一致性的培养。 ⑾感叹句的结构和连词的选择。 一、词组、短语:

1、go on vacation去度假 , 2、 stay at home 呆在家, 3、go to the mountains 上山/进山 , 4、 go to the beach到海边去, 5、visit museums 参观博物馆, 6、go to summer camp 去夏令营, 7、 quite a few 相当多, 8、study for为……学习, 9、go out 出去,

10、most of the time 大部分时间/绝大多数时间, 11、taste good 尝起来味道好, 12、have a good time玩的开心, 13、of course当然可以,二、重要句子(语法):

Where did you go on vacation?你到哪里去度假了?I went to New York City.我去了纽约城 Did you go out with anyone? 你出去带人吗?

No, No one was here. Everyone was on vacation.不,没有人在这儿。大家度去度假了。 Did you buy anything special?你买了什么特别的东西吗? Yes, I bought something for my father.对,我给父亲买了一些东西。

How was the food? 食物怎么样? Everything tasted really good.每一样东西真的都好吃。

14、feel like感觉像……/想要, 15、 go shopping购物, 16、in the past 在过去, 17、walk around绕……走,

18、too many 太多(可数名词前面), 19、because of 因为, 20、one bowl of 一碗……, 21、find out 查出来/发现 , 22、go on继续, 23、take photos 照相,

24、something important重要的事情,25、up and down上上下下, 26、come up出来

三、习惯用法、搭配

1. buy sth. for ab./ buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物 2. taste + adj. 尝起来…… 3. nothing ….but + V.(原形) 除了……之外什么都没有

4. seem + (to be) + adj 看起来 5. arrive in + 大地方 / arrive at + 小地方 到达某地 6. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 7. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 / try to do sth. 尽力做某事 8. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 9. want to do sth. 想去做某事 10. start doing sth. 开始做某事 11. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 12. look + adj 看起来13. dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

14. Why not do sth. 为什么不做…….呢? 15. so + adj + that + 从句 如此……以至于…… 16. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要) 做某事17. keep doing sth.继续做某事 18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事 / forget doing sth 忘记做过某事 四、词语辨析:

1.Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪里度假了?(P1)

1)这是有疑问副词where引导的特殊疑问句,where用来询问地点和场所,放在句首。 a._____ do you _____ ______?你从哪里来? b._____does he______?他住在哪里? 2)go on vacation意为―去度假‖。

I want ____ ____ ____ ____in Hainan this winter.今年冬天我想去海南度假。 2.visited my uncle 看望了我的叔叔(P1)

visit是及物动词,意为―拜访;探望‖,后接表示人的名词或代词。 visit还可以意为―参观;游览‖,后接表示地点的名词。

a.I visited my grandmother last week. 上周我去______了我的外婆。 b.Do you want to visit Shanghai? 你想______上海吗? 拓展:visitor意为―参观者;游客‖。

eg: These visitors come from America._______________________ 3.buy anything special 买特别的东西。(P2)

1)buy及物动词,意为―买;购买‖。其过去式为______。

拓展:buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth. 意为―给某人买某物‖。 My uncle_____ _____a bike.= My uncle_____ _____for me.

2)anything不定代词,意为―某事;某件东西‖,主要用于疑问句或否定句中。 a.Do you want anything from me? b.I can‘t say anything about it.3) anthing special表示―特别的东西‖,形容词修饰不定代词时后置。Is there________ ________in this book?这本书里有新的内容吗? 4.Oh, did you go anywhere interesting?哦,你去有趣的地方了吗?(P2)

1)本句是did开头的一般疑问句2)anywhere用作副词,意为―在任何地方‖。 eg:Did you go anywhere during the summer vacation? 辨析:anywhere与somewhere

anywhere意为―在任何地方‖,常用于否定句和疑问句中。 eg:I can‘t find it anywhere.somewhere意为―在某处;到某处‖,常用于肯定句中。 eg:I lost my key somewhere near here. 5.We took quite a few photos there.我们在那里拍了不少照片。(P2)

take photos 意为―照相;拍照‖。 eg:We______ ______on the Great Wall.我们在长城上照了相。 辨析:quite a few与quite a little

quite a few 意为―很多;不少‖,修饰可数名词复数;

quite a little 意为―很多;不少‖,修饰不可数名词。 a. He stays here for _____ _____ _____days. b.There is _____ _____ _____water in the bottle(瓶子).

6. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax. 我大部分时间只是待在家里读书休息。 (P2)most of the time意为―大部分时间‖,其中most为代词,意为―大部分;大多数‖。 拓展most of…意为―……中的大多数‖,它作主语时,谓语动词取决于most of后所修饰的名词。

a. Most of us_____(be)going to the park. 我们大多数人要去公园。 b. Most of the food_____(go)bad. 大部分的食物都变质了。 7.Everything tasted really good!所有的东西尝起来真的很好吃!(P3)taste在此为系动词,意为―尝起来‖,其后接形容词构成系表结构。 a.The food tastes really great.食物尝起来棒极了。

8. Did everyone have a good time?大家都玩得很开心吗?(P3)

have a good time = enjoy oneself = have fun 玩得开心 (+ doing) eg: We had a good time visiting the the Great Wall.

= We enjoyed ourselves visiting the the Great Wall.= We had fun visiting the the Great Wall. 9.How did you like it? 你觉得它怎么样?(P3)

How do/did you like……? 意为―你觉得……怎么样?‖,用来询问对方的观点或看法,相当于 What do you think of……?

eg: How do you like your new job? = _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job? 10.Did you go shopping? 你们去购物了吗?(P3)

go shopping意为―去购物;去买东西‖,同义短语为do some shopping.eg: I usually go shopping on Sundays.我通常星期天去购物。

拓展:―go+doing‖形式表示―去做某事‖,常用于表达从事某一体育活动或休闲活动。

go skating 去滑冰 go hiking 去go sightseeing 去观光 go fishing 去钓鱼 go swimming 去游泳 go boating 去划船

11.I went to a friend‘s farm in the countryside with my family.我和家人一起去了乡下一个朋友的农场。(P3) a friend‘s farm是名词所有格形式。

一般情况下,表示―有生命的人或物‖的名词后面加‘s,表示所属关系。 eg:The red bike is Alice‘s. 那辆红色的自行车是爱丽斯的。 拓展:名词所有格的构成:

1)单数名词词尾加‘s ,复数名词词尾没有s,也要加‘s

the girl ?s pen女孩的钢笔women‘s shoes女鞋on Children‘s Day 2)复数名词以s结尾的只加 ‘

the students‘ reading room学生阅览室Teachers‘ Day教师节

3)如果两个名词并列,并且分别有‘s,则表示―分别有‖;只后一个名词有一个‘s,则表示―共有‖:John‘s and Kate‘s rooms. 约翰和凯特(各自)的房间。 Lily and Lucy‘s father.莉莉和露西的爸爸(同一个爸爸)。 4)表示无生命的名词一般以...of...构成短语,表示所有关系。

a map of China一幅中国地图 the name of the story那个故事的名字 12. Still no one seemed to be bored. (即使这样)仍然没有人看起来无聊。(P3) 1)seem意为―好像;似乎;看来‖。 eg:Everything seems easy.一切似乎很容易。

拓展a. seem+adj. ―看起来……‖。 You seem happy today.你今天看起来很高兴。

b. seem+to do sth. ―似乎,好像做某事‖。I seem to have a cold.我似乎感冒了。

c. It seems/seemed+从句 ―看起来好像…;似乎…‖。It seems that no one believes you.看起来好像没有人相信你。 2)辨析:bored与boring

a. bored意为―厌烦的;感到无聊的‖,一般在句中修饰人。 b. boring意为―无聊的;令人厌烦的‖,一般在句中修饰事或物。 eg:a. I‘m ______with what he said.我对他说的话厌烦极了。

b. I find the story very_______.我发现这个故事太无聊了。 (二)Section B

1. What activities do you find enjoyable? 你发现什么活动让人快乐?(P5) 1)activities是activity的复数形式,意为―活动‖。

Students like outdoor activities. ____________________________ 2)enjoyable形容词,意为―愉快的;快乐的‖。

I‘m sure we will have an enjoyable vacation. 我确信我们将会有一个愉快的假期。

2. I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. 今天早上我和家人到达了马来西亚的槟城。(P5 arrive不及物动词,意为―到达‖。arrive in表示到达较大的地方,如国家、省、市等;arrive at表示到达 较小的地方,如机场、商店、广场、村庄等。(注:地点副词home,here,there前介词省略) 辨析:①arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 ②get to +地点 ③reach+地点 eg:I (到达) school at 8:00 o‘clock yesterday.

3. …so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel… 因此我们决定到旅馆附近的海滩上去。(P5)

decide to do sth.意为―决定做某事‖。 eg: They _____ ______ ______the museum.他们决定去参观博物馆。

拓展:decide后常跟―疑问词+动词不定式‖做宾语。He can‘t decide when ______ _____(leave) 他不能决定何时动身。 4. My sister and I tried paragliding.姐姐和我尝试了滑翔伞运动。(P5)

try此处用作及物动词,其后常接名词、动名词或不定式,意为―尝试;试图,设法;努力‖She is trying my bicycle.她正在试骑我的自行车。

拓展:try也可用作名词,意为―尝试‖,常用短语―have a try‖,意为―试一试‖。 I want to have a try.我想试一试。 辨析:try doing sth. / try to do sth.

1)try doing sth. 尝试做某事,表示一种尝试、做做看的想法,不一定付出很多努力。

2)try to do sth.尽力、设法去做某事,表示想尽一切办法要把事情办成,强调付出努力设法去完成。 a. I ______ ______ him, but no one answered. 我试着给他打电话了,但没有人接听。 b. I‘m ______ ______ ______ English well. 我正尽力把英语学好。

5. I felt like I was a bird. It was so exciting! 我感觉自己就像一只小鸟。太刺激了!(P5) 1)feel like意为“给……的感觉;感受到”。其后常接从句。 eg: He feels like he is swimming. 他感觉像在游泳一样。

拓展:feel like还可意为“想要……‖,其后可接名词、代词或动名词。即:

feel like sth. 想要某物 feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

eg:Do you feel like a cup of tea now? 你现在想要一杯茶吗?

Do you feel like ______ (take) a walk in the park with me? 你想跟我在公园散步吗? 2)辨析:exciting与excited

exciting 意为―令人兴奋的,使人激动的‖, 一般修饰某物。 excited 意为―感到兴奋的,激动的‖, 一般修饰某人。 Eg:a.The story is_________(exciting, excited) . b.He told me the_______(exciting, excited)news.

c.Sarah was_______(exciting, excited)to see the singer. 6. There are a lot of new buildings now…现在有许多新的建筑物……(P5) building 可数名词,意为―建筑物;楼房‖。 build 动词,―建造,建筑‖ (built,built),

The workers built many tall buildings in our school last year.

7. I wonder what life was like here in the past. 我想知道在这儿过去的生活是什么样的。(P5)

wonder此处是及物动词,意为―想知道;琢磨‖。其后常接who, what, why等疑问词引导的宾语从句。 Eg:1.I wonder _______________. 我想知道那个男孩是谁。A. the boy is whoB. who the boy is 2. I wonder what they were doing here.我想知道他去哪里了。

8.I really enjoyed walking around the town. 我真的很喜欢在镇上到处走走。 (P5)

1)enjoy及物动词,意为―喜爱;欣赏;享受……的乐趣‖,其后接名词,代词或动名词作宾语。 a. Do you enjoy your job? 你喜欢你的工作吗?

b. I enjoy reading books. 我喜欢读书。(enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事) 拓展: enjoy oneself =have a good time = have fun 玩得开心 (+ doing sth.)

2)walk around 意为―四处走走‖。He‘s just walking around the village.他只是在村庄里随便走走。 9. What a difference a day makes! 一天的变化有多大呀! (P5)

difference可数名词,意为―差别,差异‖ ;其形容词形式为different,意为―不同的;有差异的‖。 Eg: a. What is the difference between this book and that book?

b. My schoolbag is different from yours. ( be different from 意为―与……不同‖)

10. We wanted to walk up to the top , but then it started raining a little so we decided to take the train.(P5) 1)want to do sth. 意为―想要做某事‖。

2)start doing sth. 意为―开始做某事‖,同义短语:start to do sth. Eg: Tom started learning English last year.

3)a little 意为―一点儿‖,在句中修饰动词、形容词或副词。也可以修饰不可数名词。 Eg: a. I can draw a little, but only as a hobby. ______________________________ b. It‘s a little cold outside. ______________________________ c. He can speak a little English. ______________________________ 4) take the train意为―乘火车‖,take在此意为―乘坐‖。

11.We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people. 因为人太多,所以我们等了一个 多小时的火车。(P5)

1)wait for意为―等候‖,其后可接人或物。 Tom was waiting for a bus over there.

2)over介词,意为―多于;超过‖ ,相当于more than。 Eg : My father is over 40 years old.

There are over eight hundred students in our school.

3) too many意为―太多‖,其后接可数名词复数。 He always has too many questions to ask me. 辨析:too many + 可数名词复数 意为“太多... ” too much + 不可数名词 意为“太多... ” much too + 形容词 意为“太... ” eg:I have

12.And because of the bad weather, we couldn‘t see anything below.而且因为坏天气,我们也没能看到下面的 任何景色(P5)

辨析:because of与because

a. because of意为―因为,由于‖,后可接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。 He lost his job because of his age.

b. because意为―因为‖,引导状语从句,即接句子。 I didn‘t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.

13. My father didn‘t bring enough money… 我爸爸没带足够的钱……(P5) 1)辨析:bring与take

bring意为―带来;拿来‖, 指从别处带到说话者所在地。 take意为―拿走;带走‖, 指从说话者所在地带到别处去。 2)enough 意为―足够的,充分的‖

1.用来修饰形容词或副词,一般置于被修饰词之后。 2.用来修饰名词时可放在形容词前面或后面。 Eg:a. We have enough time to do our homework.

篇三:八年级英语人教版上unit2知识总结

恒威制作不得翻译导学案48期主备人:王美艳Unit 2 How often do you exercise? 试题人:________ 签批人:_______

一、重要句子(语法): What do you usually do on weekends?你周末通常做什么?I always exercise.总是锻炼身体。 What do they do on weekends?他们周末干什么?They often help with housework.他们经常帮助干家务活。 What does she do on weekends? 她周末干什么? She sometimes goes shopping.她有时购物。 How often do you go to the movies? 你多久看电影一次? I go to the movies maybe once a month.可能一个月看一次。 How often does he watch TV? 他多久看电视一次?He hardly ever watches TV.他几乎不看电视。 Do you go shopping? 你购物吗? No, I never go shopping.不,我从来就不购物。 二、习惯用法、搭配 1. help sb. with sth帮助某人做某事2. How about…? =What about…? ….怎么样?/ ….好不好? 3. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事4. How many + 可数名词复数+ 一般疑问句 ….有多少….. 5. 主语+ find+ that 从句…发现… 6. It’s + adj.+ to do sth.做某事是….的 7. spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光8. ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事 9. by doing sth. 通过做某事 10. What’s your favorite…..?你最喜欢的……是什么? 11 start doing sth. 开始做某事12. the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式 2.go skateboarding 4.surf the Internet 网上冲浪 5.Animal World 动物世界 6.as for 至于 7.do (one’s) homework做作业 8.want sb to do sth 9.help sb (to) do sth 10.let \have\ make sb do sth 11.be good for对----有好处;be good at擅长-----;be good to对----好 12.eating habits饮食习惯13.pretty good 相当好 14.try to do sth ; 15.look after my health 注意我的健康 16.get good grades 取得好成绩 17.kind of=a little \a bit of 有点 一点 18.a kind of一种 19.maybe也许;may be可能是 20.although( 不能与but 连用) 21.play sports \do sports 做运动 三、重点词组短语 1、help with housework 帮助做家务活, 2、go shopping 购物, 3、on weekends 在周末, 4、how often 多久一次, 5、hardly ever几乎不, 6、once a week 每周一次, 7、twice a month每月二次, 8、go to the movies去看电影, 9、every day 每天, 10、use the Internet上网/用网, 11、be free有空, 12、have dance and piano lessons 上舞蹈钢琴课 , 13、swing dance摇摆舞14、play tennis 打网球, 15、stay up late熬夜, 16、at least至少, 17、go to bed early 早睡, 18、 play sports 锻炼身体, 19、be good for 对…有好处, 20、go camping去野营, 21、in one’s free time 在某人的空闲时间, 22、not….at all 根本不, 23、the most popular 最流行, 24、such as例如, 去踩滑板25、go to the dentist去看牙医,

26、more than 超过/多于,

27、Old habits die hard.旧习惯难改。28、 hard=difficult 困难的 , 29、less than 少于/不到 四、词语辨析 Section A 1. help with housework帮助做家务 (教材第9页) (1) help with sth. 意为“帮助做某事”拓展:help sb. with sth.= help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事 Eg: I often help him with his English.= I often help him (to) learn English. 我经常帮他学习英语。 (2)housework 意为“家务劳动”。不可数名词。 1. They havehousework to do.A. many B. much 2. sometimes 有时(教材第9页) 辨析:sometimes ,some times ,sometime , some time sometimes 有时候。=at times也是“有时”的意思。提问用how often some times 几次。time作可数名词时可作“次数”解;表示“时间”时是不可数名词。How mang times sometime 某个时候。可指过去或将来的某个时候。提问用when some time 一段时间。常与for连用。对它提问用how long 。 口诀记忆:分开“一段时间” ;相聚“某个时候”。 Eg:Sometimes I get up very late. 有时我起床很晚。 I will go to shanghai sometime next week. 下周某个时候我要去上海。 He reads the story some times. 他读这个故事几遍了。I’ll stay here for some time. 我将会在这儿呆一段时间。 练习: ① We plan to stay in Hainan for .我们打算在海南呆一段时间。 ② I am sure that we have met before. 我肯定我们之前见过几次了。 ③ Ihave letters from him. 有时我会收到他的来信。 3. hardly ever 几乎不 (教材第9页) hardly ever相当于hardlyeg:There is hardly any food left. 几乎没有食物剩下。 辨析:hardly 与hard hardly 几乎不,一般位于动词之前。hard 努力,位于动词之后。 eg:He hardly works. 他几乎不工作。 He works hard. 他工作努力。 4. use the Internet 用互联网(教材第10页) use sth. to do sth. 用某物做某事eg:I use a knife to cut bread. 我用刀切面包。 短语:on the Internet 在网上, surf the Internet 网上冲浪,上网 5. What’s your favorite program? 你最喜欢的节目是什么?(教材第10页) 句型:What’s your favorite...?=What... do you like best?你最喜欢的......是什么? 1.What’s your favorite animal?你最喜欢的动物是什么?= __________________________________________ 6. Are you free next week? 你下周有空吗?(教材第10页) free 意为“空闲的,有空的”,反义词busy。 be free 意为“闲着,有空” eg::He is free now.他现在有空。 拓展:free还可译为“免费的” Eg:The tickets are free. 票是免费的。 7. ... next week is quite full for me... …下周对我来说相当忙… (教材第10页) quite full 很忙,相当忙. 拓展:①full 还可译为“满的,充满的”。 Eg:The bus was full when they got there. 翻译________________________________________ ②full 还可译为“饱的”。 Eg:I can’t eat any more,I am quite full. 我不能再吃了,我相当饱了。 8. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句,句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。 How come Tom didn’t come to the party? = Why didn’t Tom come to the party? 9. I have dance and piano lessons. 我要上舞蹈课和英语课。(教材第10页) have 在此意为“上……课”。 Eg: They’re having an English lesson. 他们正在上英语课。 扩展:have lessons 上课 , Lesson One 第一课 10. Well ,how about Tuesday? 哦,那周二呢?(教材第10页) How about...? (=What about...?) 意为“……怎么样?”,用来征求对方的意见。

相当于疑问

Eg: How about this book? 这本书怎样?

How / What about doing sth. ...?做……怎么样?

Eg:---What will we do on Sunday? 星期天我们什么?

---How about visiting the museum? 去参观博物馆咋样? 1. It’s sunny today,What about ________(play)tennis?

11. I go to the movies maybe once a month. 我大概每月去看一次电影。(教材第11页) go to the movies ________________

maybe 意为“也许,大概,可能”,常位于句首。 Eg:Maybe he knows Tom.也许他认识Tom。

=________________________________________

12. He plays at least twice a week. 他至少每周踢两次(球)。(教材第11页) at least 意为“至少”。其反义词为at most “最多”。

Eg:There are at least 1,500 students in our school. _____________________________________。 Section B

1. But my mother wants me to drink it. 但我妈妈想让我喝它。(教材第12页)

want sb. to do sth. 意为“想让某人做某事”,否定形式为want sb. not to do sth. 意为“不想让某人做某事”。 Eg:She wants me to bring him some pens. 她想让我给她带些钢笔。

拓展:1.want sth. 想要某物Do you want any story books?你想要些故事书吗? 2.want to do sth. 想要做某事I want to visit my uncle. 我想去看望我的叔叔。 Do you want tell)me anything? 2. She says it’s good for my health. 她说它对我的健康有好处。(教材第12页) be good for 意为“对……有益”。反义词为be bad for “对……有害”。 Eg: Vegetables are good for you. 蔬菜对你有好处。

拓展:be good at擅长... be good at doing sth. 擅长做... 1.I am good at play)basketball.

3. Last month we asked our students about their free time activities. 上个月我们向学生询问了他们 业余活动的情况。(教材第12页) ask sb. about sth. “询问某人关于某事”

Eg:I asked my teacher about today’s homework. ____________________________________。 4. Here are the results. 这是(调查)结果。(教材第13页)

here 位于句首,句子要倒装。当主语是名词性短语时,要用全倒装,即“here +谓语+主语”;当主语是人称代词时,要用半倒装,即“here+ 主语+谓语”。

Eg:Here is your jacket. 这是你的夹克。Here he comes. 他来到这儿。Here comes the bus. 汽车来了。 5.…twenty percent students don’t exercise at all. …百分之20的学生根本不锻炼。(教材第13页) ①. 百分数由percent来表示,构成:基数词+percent 。

Eg:Seventy percent of the boys like playing computer games. 男生中70%喜欢完电脑游戏。 ② not... at all 意为“一点儿也不,根本不”。

Eg:I don’t know about it at all. 对那件事我一点也不知道。 拓展:not at all = you are welcome 意为“不用谢,不客气”。 Eg:--Thank you for your help. --Not at all.

6. Although many students like to watch sports,game shows are the most popular. 尽管许多学生喜 欢看运动类节目,但游戏类节目是最受欢迎的。(教材第13页)

although 连词。意为“虽然,尽管”。but 意为“但是”。英语中,although与but不能同时使用。 Eg:Although it rained,the boys still played outside.

= It rained,but the boys still played outside.尽管天下雨了,但男孩们仍在外面玩耍。 1. My cousin knows a lot about geography, he is only four years old. A. becauseB. soC. although

7. It is good to relax by using the Internet or watching game shows. 通过上网或看游戏类节目是很好 的放松方式。(教材第13页)

句中it 为形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式短语。此句型结构为:It’s+adj+(for sb.)+to do sth. 意为 “(对某人来说)做某事是……的”。

Eg:It’s very important to listen carefully in class. 上课认真听讲很重要。 It’s easy for us to swim. 对我们来说游泳很容易。

It’s very hard for him to study English. _____________________________________ ---I often have hamburgers for unch.

---You’d better not. It’s bad for you too much junk food. A.eatB.to eatC.eatingD. ate

8.Exercise such as playing sports is fun,and you can spend time with your friends and family as you play together. 比如进行体育活动这方面的锻炼就是有趣的,当你们一起运动的时候你 可以和朋友、家人一起度过时光。(教材第13页) such as 意为“比如,例如”。

Eg: I have a lot of hobbies, such as reading and singing. 我有许多爱好,比如读书和唱歌。 spend 意为“度过” 或“花费(时间、金钱)”。

Eg: Come and spend the weekend with us. 来和我们一起度过周末吧。 重点:① spend time\money on sth.在......上花费时间或金钱

He didn’t spend much time on his homework. 他没在作业方面花很多时间。 I spend 200 yuan on a new coat. ____________________________________

② spend time\money (in) doing sth. 花费时间或金钱做某事

Don’t spend too much time watching TV. 不要花费太多时间看电视。

He always spend his time playing football. ________________________________

Eg: I enjoy playing computer games,but I can’t too much time A.take, doingB.spend, doing\C.spend, for doing D.take, to do 9. However,she has some bad habits,too. 然而她也有一些坏习惯。(教材第15页)

however 意为“然而,不过”。可以位于句首、句中、句末。但要用逗号与句子的其他部分隔开。 Eg: She was ill. However, she still went to work. 她病了,然而她依然去上班。 辨析:but和however

but 并列连词 “然而,但是”。 可直接连接前后两个句子,表转折关系。

However 副词 “然而,但是”。 不能直接连接句子,必须用逗号与句子隔开。

Eg:1.It began to rain, ,we went out to look for the boy. 天开始下雨了,但我们还是出去寻找那个男孩了。2. It a sunny morning, 这是个晴朗的早晨,但是却很冷。

10.She usually watches TV for more than two hours a day. 她通常每天看两个多小时的电视。(教材第15页) more than 相当于over。意为“超过,多余”。

There are more than 2000 books. ________________________________ 11. She says she is afraid. 她说她害怕。(教材第15页) afraid 意为“担心的,害怕的”。

①.be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事 Eg:I am afraid to travel by plane. 我害怕乘飞机旅行。 ②.be afraid of sb.\ sth. 害怕某人\某物

be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事 Eg:She is afraid of the dog. 她害怕那只狗。 Don’t be afraid of asking questions. 不要怕问问题。

be afraid to do sth.= 害怕做某事 12. Less than six. 少于6小时。(教材第16页)

Less than 意为“不到,少于”。其反义词为 more than \ over “多余,超过”

Eg:She sleeps less than seven hours every night. 他每晚的睡眠时间不到7小时。 We know Tom for 我们认识Tom超过20年了

13. how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。 How often do you play sports?Three times a week.

how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here? How long is the ruler?

how for 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。 How far is it from here to the park? It’s about 2 kilometers. 14.stay up late 指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。 Don’t stay up late next time. stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。 He stayed up all night to write his story. 15.find + 宾语 +名词, 发现 : We have found him (to be) a good boy. find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty.

find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door. find +it +形容词+to do sth. I found it difficult to work out this math proble.

篇四:2013新人教版八年级英语上册Unit2核心 知识要点总结及同步练习

2013新人教版八年级英语上册Unit2 核心知识要点总结及同步练习:

★ 重点短语归纳:

How often 多久一次 go skateboarding 去踩滑板

on weekends 在周末hardly ever几乎不

do morning exercises做早操 the results of/for、、、的结果

once to twice 一到两次 as for 至于、关于

be good for对、、、有益 go on vacation 在度假

keep healthy / keep fit /keep in good health /stay healthy 保持健康

look after 照顾 eatinghabits 饮食习惯

the same as 与、、、一样 ofcourse 当然

get good grades 取得好成绩 study better 学习更好

be different from 与、、、不同 have a healthy lifestyle 拥用健康的生活方式

★ 重点词法归纳:

1. How often do/does 、、、?I /He/She、、、once a week .

2. Here are the results of 、、、的结果

3. want sb to do sth = would like sb to do sth . 想要某人做某事

4. try to do sth / try doing sth .尽力做某事/尝试做某事

5. How many + cn(复数)、、、?有多少、、、?

6. help sb with sth / do sth .帮助某人(做)某事

7. 不定代词(anyone /something/anything/everything/nothing/somewhere 等)+ 形容词

8. Have problems doing sth 做某事有困难

★ 重点复习课后同步知识点巩固练习

Unit 1 How often do you exercise

笔答部分(共100分)

I. 选择填空(共20分)

( ) 1. —How often ______ Mary exercise?

—Twice a week.

A. doB. doesC. doing

A. help B. helps D. did D. to help ( ) 2. Good food and exercise ______ me to study better. C. helping

( ) 3. Is her lifestyle the same ______ yours or different?

A. asB. in C. at D. to

( ) 4. I have a tennis and my friend John ____ two tennis rackets.

A. have

A. aB. playC. playsD. has C. an

D.﹨ () 5. Scott watches TV once ______ week. B. the () 6. Please drink some milk. It’s good ______your health. A. to B. for C. at D. with

() 7. Katrina couldn’t go to the cinema with us because she had to _____ her

little brother.

A. look forB. look after C. look at

A. Although , but

C. Although ,soB. Although, /D. but , /

C. between D. With D. look into () 8. ______I have one healthy habit, ______I’m not very healthy. () 9. Let us talk about the difference ______Chinese and English names. A. onB. of

A. stays () 10. Larry's mother wants him _____ at home today. B. stayedC. to stay D. staying

II. 完型填空(10分)

My name is Katrina. I’m ___1____ American girl. I’m twelve ____2___. I live ____3___the center of California. I live in a flat ___4___ a busy street. The flat is not very large. My favorite chat __7___ my parents. I share a bedroom with my sister Cathy. Cathy is only six. She can’t read ___ toys. Our neighbors are very___10___ and helpful. We’re happy there.

()1. A. a B. anC. / D. the

() 2. A. years B. year oldC. years old D. year-old

() 3. A. at B. for C. onD. in

() 4. A. on B. to C. at D. behind

() 5. A. live B. living C. lives D. lived

() 6. A. listenB. listening to C. to listen D. to listen to

() 7. A. with B. toC. for D. in

() 8. A. and B. withC. or D. while

() 9. A. a lot B. a lots C. a lot ofD. a lots

()10. A. friend B. friends C. unfriendlyD. Friendly

III. 阅读理解(10分)

Perhaps you have heard a lot about the Internet, but what is it?

The Internet is many different networks around the world. A network is a group of computers put together. These networks joined together are called the Internet.

Maybe that doesn’t sound interesting. But when we’ve joined the Internet. There are lots of things we can do. We can have a lot of interest on the World Wide Web (www). We can use the internet instead of a library to find all kinds of information for our homework.. We can find information about our favorite sports or film stars and do shopping on the Internet. We can also send messages to other people by e-mail. It is much cheaper and quicker than calling our friends or sending letters.

Thanks to the Internet, the world is becoming smaller and smaller. People can now work at home with a computer in front, getting and sending the information they need. They can buy or sell whatever they want by the Internet. But do you know 98%of the information is English? So what will English be like tomorrow?

() 6. The passage is mainly about_____.

A. the InternetB. informationC. computers D. e-mail

( ) 7. The quickest and cheapest way for people to send message to their friends is _____.

A. by post B. by e-mail C. by telephone D. by TV

() 8. The Internet can not be used to _____.

A. find information for our homework..

B. get some information about our favorite sports stars.

C. do some shopping.

D. do some housework

() 9. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. The Internet is a big computer.

B. The Internet is lots of computer networks.

C. The Internet is very helpful.

D. People can work at home with the help of the Internet.

() 10. What does the writer try to tell us with the last two sentences?

A. The Internet is more and more popular.

B. All the information is English.

C. English is important in using the Internet.

D. Every computer must join the Internet.

IV. 根据括号内所给单词的适当形式填空(10分)

1. My brother’s _____(wtite) habits are not good.

2. My mom goes shopping _____(two) a week.

3. Julia tries _____(eat) a lot of vegetables and fruit.

4. On weekends, I have to help my mom _____(clean) the house.

5. _____(not) run after meals.

6. There are many ______(different)between the two books.

7. This movie is very ______(interest)

8. My mom wants me______(drink)milk every day.

9. Victor usually______ (have)(转 载自:wWw.HN1c.cOM 唯才 教 育网:2016年秋人教版八年级英语上册unit2知识点总结)meat and vegetables for dinner now.

10.How long______ he ______(read)English every night?

V. 补全对话(10分)

John: Look at yourself, Tom. You are too fat. You are not fit.1

Tom: What food should I eat then?

John: You should stop eating sweets. 2

Tom: I like them very much.

John: No, you can't. 4

Tom: OK. I will try to do so.

John: 5 It can help you be fit, too.

VI. 对话排序(10分)

A. I guess I eat it two or three times a week.

B. Maybe twice a week. But I never eat fruit. I don’t like it.

C. Yes, a little.

D. You’re welcome.

E. How often do you eat it?

F. Do you like junk food?

G. OK, thank you for telling me.

H. What about vegetables and fruit? VII. 连词组句(15分)

1. what, usually, you do, on, do weekends?

2. ________________________________________?

2. how often, your brother, does, take, a, shower?

_________________________________________?

3. I, nine , hours, sleep, every , night.

_____________________________________.

4. Betty, milk, drinks, every, morning.

____________________________________.

5. some, students, once, watch, TV, or, twice, a, week.

_______________________________________________.

VIII. 书面表达(15分)

Vince通常6:30在家吃早饭。以前他喜欢吃快餐,现在他改变了他的饮食。早饭他常常吃些牛奶、面包和鸡蛋。中午12:00,他在学校吃午饭。他常常吃一碗饭、一些肉和一些蔬菜。有时,他吃鱼。在晚上,他常常和家人一些吃晚饭。现在他比以前更健康了。

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

参考答案:

笔答部分

I. 1-5 BAADA 6-10 BBBCC

II. 1-5 BCDAB 6-10 BACCD

III. 1-5 A B D A C

IV. 1. writing 2. twice 3. to eat 4. clean/to clean 5. Don’t 6. difference 7. interesting 8. to drink 9. has 10. does, read V. C F E G A

VI. FCEAHBGD

VII. 1. What do you usually do on weekends?

2. How often does your brother take a shower?

3. I sleep nine hours every night.

4. Betty drinks milk every morning.

5. Some students watch TV once or twice a week.

VIII. Vince usually has breakfast at 6:30 at home. He liked to eat fast food before, but now he changes his diet. He has some milk, bread and eggs for breakfast. He has lunch at 12:00 at school. He often has a bowl of rice, some meat and vegetables. Sometimes he has some fish. He usually has supper with his family. He is healthier than before.

篇五:2013新人教版八年级英语上册Unit1知识点总结、练习+Unit2单词

Unit2 How often do you exercise?

housework ['ha?sw??k] n.家务劳动

hardly ['hɑ?dli] adv.几乎不;简直不;刚刚

ever ['ev?(r)] adv.曾经;在任何时候

once [w?ns] adv.一次;曾经

twice [twa?s] adv.两倍;两次

Internet ['?nt?net] n.因特网

program ['pr??ɡr?m] n.节目;程序;课程;节目单

full [f?l] adj.满的;充满的;完全的

swing [sw??] n.摇摆;秋千v.摇摆;旋转

maybe ['me?bi] adv.或许;也许;可能

swing dance摇摆舞

least [li?st] adj.最小的;最少的

at least至少

hardly ever很少;几乎从不;难得

junk n.垃圾;废旧杂物

coffee ['k?fi] n.咖啡;咖啡色

health [helθ] n.健康;人的身体或精神状态

result [r?'z?lt] .结果;后果

percent [p?'sent] adj.百分之...的

online [??n'la?n] adj.在线的adv.在线地

television ['tel?v??n] n.电视机;电视节目

although [??l'e??] conj.虽然;尽管;然而;可是

through [θru?] prep.穿过;凭借;一直到

body ['b?di] n.身体

mind [ma?nd] .头脑;想法;意见;心思

such [s?t?] adj.这样的;如此的

together [t?'ɡee?(r)] adv.共同;一起

die [da?] v.死;枯竭;消失

writer ['ra?t?(r)] n.作者;作家

dentist ['dent?st] n.牙科医生

magazine ['m?ɡ?zi?n] n.杂志

however [ha?'ev?(r)] adv.然而;无论如何;不管多么

than [e?n] conj.比

almost ['??lm??st] adv.几乎;差不多

none [n?n] pron.没有人;没有任何东西,毫无

less [les] adj.更少的;较少的

point [p??nt] n.看法;要点;重点;小数点;目标;分数

such as例如;诸如

junk food n.垃圾食品;无营养食品

more than超过;多于;不仅仅;非常

less than不到;少于