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初一英语同义句转换

时间:2016-12-23 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:初中英语同义句转换大全

一 同义词互相转换

1 alone=by oneself

We finished the work alone./by ourselves.

2 actually=in fact

Actually, this question is very easy./ In fact, this question is very easy.

3 also=too=as well

He’s also a member of us./He’s a member of us, too./He’s a member of us as well.

4 another=one more

I’m afraid you have to wait for another ten minutes./I’m afraid you have to wait ten more minutes.

5 arrive in(at)/=get to=reach

When she arrived in/got to/reached America, she suddenly felt lonely.

6 iat once=right now

Run home at once=Run home right now.

7 continue/go on

Let’s continue/go on reading the passage.

8 cost=spend=take=pay

(1) I spent ten yuan of/(in) buying this book../This book cost me ten yuan./I paid ten yuan for

this book.

(2) It took us three days to fulfill this task./We spent three days on this task/in fulfilling this

task.

9 cross=go across

Before crossing/going across the road, please look both sides.

10 sometimes/=t times

He is a good man, but he can be really bad-tempered sometimes./at times.

11 die/=ose one’s life

Those people died/lost their lives during the earthquake.

12 now/at the moment

She is talking about the problem with her classmates now./at the moment

13 else=other

What else/other things can you see in the picture?

14 then=t that moment/at that time

She was shopping then/at that moment/at that time, so she knew nothing about it.

15 like/love/enjoy/be fond of/be interested in/care for

She likes/enjoys/loves/is fond of/is interested in/cares for collecting stamps very much. 16 will/be going to/be about to

The teachers will/are going to/are about to have a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

17 want/would like

Do you want to go abroad to study further?/Would you like to go abroad to study further/

18 can/be able to/have the ability to do

Can you tell me the way to the library?/Are you able to tell me the way to the library?/Do you have the ability to tell me the way to the library?

19 visit/call on

Lin Tao visited/called on his grandparents last week.

20 favorite/like best

What’s your favorite sport?/What sport do you like best?

21 happen/take place

What happened?/What took place?

22 decide/make a decision/make up one’s mind

She can’t decide/make a decision/make up her mind where to go.

23 found/establish/set up

The students founded/established/set up a group to protect the environment.

24 finally/at last/in the end

Finally/At last/In the end, she won the race.

25 leave/be away

He left yesterday./He has been away for a day.

26 return/give back

He hasn’t returned the book to me./He hasn’t given the book back to me.

return/go back

He will go back/return in a month.

27 why/what for/how come

-She cried so badly.–How come?

What did she cry so sadly for?/Why did she cry so badly?

28 over/more than

Over/More than a hundred people tried this new kind of food.

29 whatever/no matter what

Whatever/No matter what you find in the box, they belong to Amy.

30 whenever/no matter when

Whenever/No matter when you co(转 自 于:wWW.Hn1C.cOM 唯才教育 网:初一英语同义句转换)me to see me, I will treat you as my relative.

31 walk/ go…on foot

Do you walk to school every day?/Do you go to school on foot every day?

32 should/ought to/be supposed to

We should/ought to/are supposed to use both sides of the paper to reduce wastes.

33 population/people

What is the population of China?/How many people are there in China?

34 quit/stop/drop/give up

My father quitted/stopped/dropped/gave up smoking.

35 maybe/perhaps/may be

Maybe/Perhaps it is not my pen./ The pen may not be mine.

二 同义词组互相转换

1 a lot of/lots of

A lot of/Lots of artists will show their faces at the party.

2 all over the world/around the world

English is spoken widely all over the world./around the world

3 not as(so)…as/less than

This book is not as(so) interesting as that one./That book is more interesting than this one. 4 as…as possible/as…as sb can

Run home as fast as possible/as fast as you can to tell your mother the good news.

5 at risk/in danger/in trouble

The pandas in our country are at risk./in trouble/in danger

6 at the age of…/when sb.+be+…years old

His parents died when he was six years old./His parents died at the age of six.

7 because of/due to/as a result of/with one’s help/thanks to

Because of?/Due to/As a result of his help, he passed this exam.

With his help/With the help of him, he passed the exam./Thanks to his help, he passed the exam. 8 be careful/look out/take care

Look out!/Be careful/Take care! The flood is coming.

9 be worried about/worry about

Liu Ming is worried about his following oral test./Liu Ming can’t stop his following oral test. 10 both…and…/not only…but also…

He is not only a singer but also a doctor./He is both a singer and a doctor.

11 be good at/do well in

He is good at drawing./He does well in drawing.

12 be proud of/take pride in

We are all proud of our country’s astronaut./He takes pride in our country’s astronaut.

13 come up with/think of/have an idea

Tome came up an idea./Tom thought of an idea./Tom had an idea.

14 ride a bike/go…by bike

He often rides a bike to work./He often goes to work by bike.

15 come from/be from

Where do you come from?/Where are you from?

16 have a good time/enjoy oneself//play happily

We had a good time/enjoyed ourselves/played happily on Christmas Day.

17 have a pain in head/have a headache

He didn’t go to school today, because he had a pain in head./had a headache

18 hear from/receive(get) a letter from

She is very happy to hear from/receive a letter from a Canadian friend.

19 had better do/It’s best to do

You had better read in the sun./It’s best for you to read in the sun.

20 how about/what about

How about/What about going skating?

21 in order to/in order that/to do/so that

He worked day and night to be a successful man./He worked day and night in order to be a successful man./He worked day and night in order that he could be a successful man./He worked day and night so that he could be a successful man.

22 keep off/keep away from

Keep off /Keep away from the grass!

23 in/wear

She is in/wears a white dress today.

24 keep sb. from doing/stop sb. (from) doing/prevent sb. (from) doing

Trees can stop the soil flowing away./ Trees can prevent the soil flowing away./Trees can keep the soil from flowing away.

25 learn …by oneself/ teach oneself

Nobody taught him. He learnt it by himself./He taught himself.

26 like …better than/prefer…to…/prefer to do…rather than do …

John likes swimming better than skating./John prefers swimming to skating./John prefer to swim rather than skate.

27 long, long ago/once upon a time

Long, long ago/Once upon a time, there was a beautiful princess living in an old castle. 28 look after well/take good care of

Thanks for looking after my cat /taking good care of my cat well while I was away.

29 no longer/not …any longer

She is no longer a little girl./She is not a little girl any longer.

30 shall we/Let’s..

Shall we watch the film together?/Let’s watch the film together.

31 take part in/join in/participate in

He took part in /joined in/participated in the match.

32 too…to/so…that…/enough to…

He is too busy to visit us./He is so busy that he can’t visit us./He is not free enough to visit us.

三 同义句型互相转换

1运用两种时态(一般过去时和现在完成时互相转换)

(1) He left last year.

(2) He has been away for one year.

(3) He has been away since a year ago.

(4) It is a year since he left.

(5) One year has passed since he left.

2最高级和比较级的互相转换

(1) He is the tallest student in his class.

(2) He is taller than any other student in his class.

(3) He is taller than the other students in his class.

(4) No one else is taller than him in his class.

3运用两种语态(主动语态和被动语态互相转换)

I clean my room every day./My room is cleaned every day.

4感叹句的两种句型之间互相转换

What a careful girl she is!/How careful the girl is!

5运用关联词语合并句子

(1) Amy can’t dance. Susan can’t, either.

Neither Amy nor Susan can dance.

(2) I has eaten breakfast and my mother has eaten it, too.

Both my mother and I have eaten breakfast.

6运用复合句和不定式互相转换

(1) I hope that I can visit the moon one day./I hope to visit the moon one day.

(2) He told me how he could use a computer./He told me how to use a computer.

7运用不同的句式结构互相转换

(1) She wants to go shopping and her friends want to go shopping, too./She wants to go

shopping, and so do her friends.

(2) He went to bed after he finished his homework./He went to bed after finishing his

homework./He didn’t go to bed until he finished his homework.

(3) Come on, or we’ll miss the early bus./If we don’t hurry, we’ll miss the early bus.

(4) The man gave us a talk last week, and he will give us another talk this week./The man who

gave us a talk last week will give us another talk this week.

8用it做形式主语互相转换

(1) He can finish the work easily./It is easy for him to finish the work.

(2) We found it hard to shake./We found it was hard to skate.

四 实战演练

1People everywhere sat and laughed at them until the tears ran down their faces.

People ______ and _______sat and laughed at them until the tears ran down their faces. 2Fred was visiting his mother on her 95th birthday.

Fred was visiting his mother _______ she was ______ years old.

3She lives alone.

She lives ________ __________.

4 Due to the way they eat, they have a high rate of cancer and heart disease.

________ ________ the way they eat, they have a high rate of cancer and heart disease. 5 But it took her a long time to find out.

But she ______ a long time _______ out.

篇二:初一英语同义句转换

Her phone number is 2345167.(提问) ________ ________ phone number?

I am Jim Green.(同义句) ______ _______ _______ Jim Green.

This is an ID card. (提问) ________ _______ in English?

This is Jim's card. (同义句) _____ _____ is Jim's.

Her family name is Green. (同义句) Her ________ ________ is Green.

He's a boy of ten.(变一般疑问句) ______ ______ a boy of ten?

They are Lucy and Lily. (同义句) _______ _______ ______ Lucy and Lily.

My last name is Green and first name is Jim. (同义句) ___________________________.He's in Class One. (提问) ________ ________ ______ he in?

This is a nice flower. (同义句) _______ _______ ______ nice .

That's my pencil case.(变否定句) _______ _______ my pencil case.

Is this your dictionary? (变复数句) ______ _______ your _________?

Are you a teacher? (做肯定回答) _______ , ______ _______.

Five and two is seven. (提问) ________ ________ five and two ?

The pencil is blue. (提问) ________ ________ ______ the pencil ?

Lily is my friend and Lucy is my friend , too. (同义句) Lucy and Lily _______ _______ ______.

This is a girl. (变复数句) ______ _______ ________ girls.

These are my friends. (变否定句) _______ _______ my friends.

Mrs Green is Kate's mother. (同义句) Kate is _______ _______ ______ .

Those photos are great. (提问) ________ ________ those photos?

Those are Tom's photos. (变单数句) ______ _______ Tom's photos.

Thank you for your photos. (同义句) _______ _______ your photos.

Those are Kate's pens. (同义句) _______ _______ ______ Kate's .

She's my aunt's daughter. (变复数句) ______ my aunt's ________ .

That woman's Jim's aunt. (提问) ________ ________ that woman ?

a , is , family , this , of , photo , David's(连词成句)_________________________________________

My backpack's behind the chair. (提问) ________ ________ backpack ?

My books are in the bag. (变一般疑问句) ______ ______books in the bag ?

His baseball is under the chair. (变复数句) His______ ________ under the chair .Your keys are next to the door. (变单数句)Your______ _______ next to the door.

There are seven books in the bookcase. (提问) ________ ________ _______ are there in the bookcase ?

The sweater is on the bed. (变一般疑问句) ______ ______ ________ on the bed ?I need a hat. (变否定句) I _______ _______ a hat.

There are some apples on the tree. (变一般疑问句) ______ ______ ________ apples on the tree ?

I know your backpack is black. (变否定句) I _______ _______ your backpack ______ black .

Are those bananas green?(做肯定回答) ________ , ________ ________.

Some apples are on the bed. (提问) ________ ________ on the bed ?

We can see a bird in the tree. (变一般疑问句) ______ ______ ________ a bird in the tree ?We have seven classes every day. (变否定句) We _______ _______ seven classes every

day .

He has two basketballs. (变一般疑问句) ______ ______ ________ two basketballs ?She has a brother. (变复数句) ______ ________ a brother .

Is there a map of China in your class? (同义句) _______your class _______ a map of China ?

He has a computer game. (变否定句) He _______ _______ a computer game .

Mary does homework at home. (变否定句) _______ Mary _______ homework at home?Sue has a sports collection. (变一般疑问句) ______ Sue ______ a sports collection ?I have seven balls. (变否定句) I _______ _______ seven ball.

Jim likes sports. (提问) ________ ________ Jim _______ ?

Lucy plays the guitar every day. (提问) ________ ________ ________ Lucy play the guitar ?

This game is relaxing. (同义句) _______ is _______ ________ game .

Let's play ping-pong this afternoon.(反意疑问句) _______ _______?

Terry has eight balls. (提问) ________ ________ balls ________ Terry have ?

She has two eggs for breakfast. (提问) ________ ________ she ________ for breakfast ?This is a strawberry . (变复数句) ______ ________ ________ ________.

Mother has French fries and ice cream. (变否定句) Mother _______ _______ French fries and ice cream .

They don't like hamburgers. (变一般疑问句) ______ they ______ hamburgers ?

Sandra Clark is a famous running star. (提问) ________ ________ Sandra Clark _______ ?The girl likes hamburgers. (提问) ________ ________ hamburgers ?

My parents like healthy food. (提问) ________ ________ _______ food _______ your parents like ?

I have a computer on the table. (同义句) _______ _______ a computer on the table.Does he like ice cream?(变肯定句) He ______ ___________.

That is a watch .(用clock该变成选择疑问句) _____ that a watch _____ a clock?

Tom likes salad and ice cream.(变否定句) Tom ______ ______ salad _______ ice cream.My brother plays sports in the morning. (变一般疑问句) ______your brother______sports in the morning?

I want three shirts. (提问) ________ ________ shirts _______ you want?

The pants are 38 dollars. (提问) ________ ________ ________ the pants ?

Can I help you? (同义句) _______ can I ______ _______ ________?

Annie's dress's red. (提问) ________ ________ ________ Annie's dress ?

How much is this dress? (变复数句)How much ________ ________ ________?I want to buy a pair of shoes. (提问) ________ ________ you_______ to buy?I like red. (提问) ________ ________ ________ you ________ ?

The shop sells the bike for 120 dollars. (同义句) The bike is ______ _____ for 120 dollars in the _____.

There are two pens in the bag. (提问) ________ ________ in the bag ?

The blue skirt is only 30 dollars. (提问) ________ ________ is only 30 dollars ?Those are my socks. (同义句) ______ _____ are _____.

Her birthday is in July. (提问) ________ ________ her birthday ?

Susan is 13 years old. (提问) ________ ________ ________ Susan ?

篇三:初一同义句转换_专项训练

同义句转换 专项训练

用同义词或同义短语替换

①She got to China in 1950.→She____China in 1950.

②Be careful with your handwriting.→_____to your handwriting. 2)用反义词或反义短语替换。

①She hardly speaks at the meeting.→She____ ____ ____at the meeting. ②My watch doesn’t work well.→Something___ ___ ___my watch. 3)用短语替换从句或用从句替换短语,例:

①After we had breakfast,we went to school.→____,we went to school.

②We can’t finish the work without your help.→We can’t finish the work____you_____us. (2)转换法。

这种方法是用不同句型、句式、语态、引语等方法改写句子,使其意思相同。 1)句型转换(这种转换通常是用另一种句型替换原来的句型)。如:

①They have been in the army for ten years.→___ ____ten years____they joined the army. ②The Great Pyramid is the biggest of all the Pyramid.→ The Great Pyramid is____any other pyramid.

2)句式转换(这种转换通常是感叹句的转换或状语从句的转换等)。如: He went to bed after he had finished his homework.→ He___ ___to bed____he had finished his homework.

3)语态转换(这种转换通常是主动语态变被动语态或被动语态变主动语态)。例如: ①They made her work fourteen hours a day.→She was____ ____ ____fourteen hours a day. ②Why hasn’t anything been done to end the strike?→ Why____ ____ ____anything to end the strike?

4)引语转换(这种转换是指直接引语变间接引语或间接引语变直接引语)。如: ①“Don’t make faces in class!”the teacher said to the student.→ The teacher____the student____make faces in class. ②Tom asked Jack if he had ever been to China.→ “____you ever____to China?”Tom asked Jack.

(3)合并法(这是指用连词将两个简单句合并成一个简单句或复合句,使其意思不变)。 1)用并列连词 both…and…,neither…nor…,either…or…,not…but…,not only…but also…等将两个简单句合并成一个新的简单句,如:

①Tom is good at English.Tom is also good at French.→ Tom is good at____ ____English____ ____French.

②He is not a worker. He is a student.→He is___a worker____a student. ③He doesn’t like football.I don’t,either.→____he____I like football.

2)用从属连词 so…that…,as soon as,as…as…等将两个简单句合并为一个复合句,如: ①He was excited.He could hardly tell me about it.→ He was____excited____he could hardly tell meabout it.

②Your brother is seventeen.My brother is seventeentoo.→My brother is____old____yours.

(4)综述法(这一方法是在逻辑思维的基础上,对原句的意思重新进行概括表述)。 1)Mary is twelve.Jack is fifteen.→Jack is____ ____ ____than Mary.

2)Alice was born in 1980.Betty was born in 1982.→Alice____ ____years____than Betty. 3)There are one hundred pages in that book.→There are____pieces of____in that book. 4)Wu Dong is twelve.LI Ping is three years older than Wu Dong.Wang Hong is four years younger than Li Ping.→Wang Hong is____.

1. Are you free tomorrow?

________ you ________ ________ tomorrow? 3. My coat is blue.

I ________ ________ blue coat. 5. What time is it now?

________ ________ ________ now? 7. Whose schoolbag is this?

________ ________ this schoolbag? 9. What’s up, Michael?

________ ________ ________ you, Michael? 11. Why not go to the zoo with us?

2. The boy is from the U.S.A..

The boy ________ ________ the U.S.A.. 4. His hair is short blond.

He ________ short blond ________. 6. It’s time to have dinner. It’s time ________ ________. 8. It’s two fifteen.

It’s ________ ________ ________ ________. 10. Thank you for your help.

Thank you for ________ ________. 12. You are very kind.

________ ________ ________ go to the zoo with us? ________ very kind ________ ________. 13. I’m Maria.

________ ________ is Maria. 15. Can I help you?

________ ________ I do ________ you? 17. He doesn’t have any friends in China. He ________ ________ ________ in China. Sunday? 19. Thanks a lot.

Thank you ________ ________. 21. How do you like the pants?

20. I’m sorry he isn’t in now.

I’m sorry he isn’t ________ ________ now. 22. Let’s go shopping this afternoon! Let’s

______

______

______

this

14. These are my pencils.

________ ________ are ________. 16. Goodbye!

________ ________ ________! 18. Let’s go for a picnic on Sunday.

______ ______ going for a picnic on

________ do you ________ ________ the pants?

afternoon!

23. Please give Peter this book.

Please ________ this book ________ Peter. 25. Tommy is my pet’s name.

24. We look different.

We ________ ________ ________. 26. What’s your father’s job?

Tommy is ________ ________ ________ my pet. ________ ________ your father ________?

1. Do you want to go to a movie?Do you want to go to ______ _____?Do you want to go to _____ _____ ______? 2. I want to see a comedy.I _____ _____to see a comedy. 3. Young people usually go to movies on weekends.

Young people usually go to movies on _____ _____ _____.

4. I stay at home and look at pictures of Beijing Opera.

I _____ _____and see pictures of Beijing Opera.

5. I can learn a lot about Chinese history.I can _____ _____about Chinese history. 6. I often go to movies with my friend, Mike._____ _____, Mike and _____ often go to see a movies.

7. My favorite movie star is Mike Chan.Mike Chan is my _____ _____. 8. Mike likes Michele Yan best. Michele Yan is _____ _____. 9. One thing is interesting.There is an _____ _____. 10. Mike also likes Beijing Opera. Mike likes Beijing Opera,_____. 11. Beijing Opera is really fun! Beijing Opera is _____ _____. 12. Tom is a school boy. Tom is _____ _____ now.

27. I don’t know the answer to the question. I don’t know the question.

28. He speaks English very well.

He is 29.The computer is open from Monday to Saturday.

The computer club is open Sunday. 30. You must stop and have a break. a break. 31.Millie dislikes badminton.

Millieplaying badminton. 32.I usually walk my dog in the garden. I usually take my dog in the garden..

答案

(reached)(pay attention)

(almost doesn’t,speak)(is, wrong,with) (After,breakfast)(if,don’t,help) (It,is,since)(bigger,than)

(didn’t,go,until)(made,to,work) (haven’t,they,done)(told,not,to) (Have,been)(not only…but also…) (not,but)(Neither…nor…)

(so,that)(as,as)(three, years,older) (is,two,older)(fifty,paper) (eleven,years,old)

1.Do, have time 2. comes from 3. have a 4. has, hair 5. What's the time 6. for dinner 7. Whose is 8. a quarter past two 9. What's wrong with

10. helping me 11. Why don't you 12. It's, of you

13. My name 14. These pencils, mine 15. What can, for

16. See you later 17. has no friends 18. What/How about

19. very much 20. at home 21. What, think of 22. do some shopping 23. give, to 24. have different looks

25. the name of 26. What does, do

1.the cinema ,see a film 2.would like 3.Saturdays, Sundays 4.am in 5.know much 6.My friend, I 7.favorite star 8.Mike’s favorite 9.interesting thing 10.too 11.very interesting 12.at school 13.so 14.doesn’t, but

1.does do 2.like best 3.how like 4.it to do5.forto learn 6.spend 15-minute walking 7.it cost to finish 8.enough to

9.send to10.can do for 11.both 12.call 13.was born 14.birthday 15.for helping 16.to be

17.to on18.about19.lend to 20.with 21.each other 22.rides 23.takes for24.does come 25.do live26.wears27.how to

28.good at 29.except 30.to 31.doesn't like 32.for a walk