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自考《工程英语》串讲资料:填空题

作者:高考    学历类来源:高考    点击数:    更新时间:2010-4-28

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121.Areas of research connected with civil engineering include soil mechanics and soil stabilization   techniques.

122.Thus,on-the-job training can be acquired to translate theory into practice to the supervisors.

123.Engineers often work as

consultants to architectural or construction firms.

124.Large projects ordinarily employ

several engineers whose work is

coordinated by a systems-engineer.  

125.An important aspect of statistical mathematics is probability

126. Young engineers may choose to

go into environmental or sanitary engineering.

127.The weight of the structure itself is known as dead load.

128.Modern cement, called Portland

cement,was invented in 1824.

129.Prestressed concrecte is an improved form of reinforcement.

130.As a structural material, the enormous advantage of steel is its tensil strength .

131.When planning a structure, an engineer must take into account four factors: dead load, live load ,impact and safety factor.

132.The three forces that can act on a structure are vertical force,horizontal force, and those that act upon it with a roating or turning motion.

133.A simple contract consists of an agreement entered into by two or more parties.

134.The word contract is derived from the latin contractum, meaning drawn together.

135. This sum is known as ‘ retention money’ and serves to insure the employer against any defects that may arise in the work.

136.One party to the contract is liable for breach of contract if he fails to perform his part of the agreement.

137.It is sufficient in order to create a legally binding  contract ,if the parties express their agreement and intention to enter into such a contract.

138.The contractor is not entitled to any payment if he abandons the work prior to completion,and will be liable in damages for breach of contract.

139.Excavation is the process of loosening and removing earth or rock and transporting it to a fill or to a waste deposit .

140. Clearing the site precedes all grading and most other construction operations.

141.Rock nearly always must to be drilled and blasted,then loaded with a front-end loader or power shovel into trucks or other hauling units.

142.Material for embankment commonly comes from roadway cuts or designated borrow areas .

143.No attempt was made to control moisture content or to secure compaction.

144.Loose rock includes materials such as weathered or rotten  rock,or earth mixed withboulders.

145.Causes of automobile accidents can be categorized into four major groups:the vehicle,the road,the driver,the pedestrian .

146.The redesign of windschield wipers,fresh air ventilating  systems,had resulted in greater vehicle safely.

147.Another improvement in driver visibility is the introduction of the remote-controlled outside rearview  mirror.

148.The safe performance of the brake system has been ensured by the use of  heavy-duty  brake fluid.

149.Relocation and reduction in height of the brake pedal   has meant that the driver’s total reaction time has been reduced.

150.The new design standards

Require guard  rails and other structures to lessen a vehicle’s impact.


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