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外研版初中英语考点

时间:2016-04-12 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:外研版初中英语知识点汇总

外研社英语七年级上册英语知识点

MODULE 1

一、同义句

1.My name's Daming. = I'm Daming.

2.I'm from England. = I come from England. 3.Are you a new student?≈ Are you new?

4.Nice to meet you. = Nice to see you. =Glade to meet you. = Glade to see you. 5.What's your name?= May I have your name? 二、特殊疑问句

What's your name?

How old are you? = Can you tell me your age? My name is ....

= What's your age? — —Where are you from? —I'm from... 三、单词短语

1.practise + ding sth.

2.with&and 四、形容性物主代词

I--my you--your he--his she--her it--its we--our you--your they—them

重难点:

1. My name's Daming. = I'm Daming.

2. I'm from England. = I come from England. 3. Are you a new student?≈ Are you new?

4. Nice to meet you. = Nice to see you. =Glade to meet you. = Glade to see you. 5. What's your name?= May I have your name? 6.with&and7. I--my you--your he--his she--her it--its we--our you--your they—them

MODULE 2

一、单词

职业:doctor manager secretary worker teacher

工作地点:factory hospital hotel office school university

三、语法Can do sth. I can\can't ride a bike.

Can you ride a bike? Yes, I can.\No, I can't. 四、句子

What does your ... do?=What is\are you ...'s job?=What is your ...? He\She is a ...They're ...

1

重难点

1. play与不同的名词搭配时所表达的意思是不同的,play与球类搭配时是不需要加定冠词the,如:play

football,basketball,volleyball and so on.Play与乐器搭配时是需要加定冠词the,如:play the piano,the guitar and so on.

2. 固定搭配:ride a bike/horse,speak English/Japanese/Chinese,sing a song,swim. 3. 不定冠词a与an的用法

4. 语法知识:Can的用法 Can do sthCan+主语+do sth? Yes,主语+can./No,主语+can’t.I can’t do sth.

5. What does your ... do?=What is\are you ...'s job?=What is your ...?

He\She is a ...They're ...

MODULE 3

一、单词

1.buildings in school: classroom dining hall gym library office science lab

2.something: blackboard book classroom computer desk dictionary footballlibrary picture television 3.numbers: thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteenthirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety

4.介词:next to ≈ near behind ≠ in front of in on under 5. in front of:在......前面

in the front of:在......里面的前面 ≠wrong 右边的≠left

er、or、ur发/?/ 三、语法(There be)

----Are there any school offices?

----Yes, there are. There are some offices. ----Is there a computer on Miss Li's desk?

----No, there isn't.

注意:1.就近原则:

There is some meat and two apple on the desk. 2.名词所有格:Miss Li's Lily and Lucy's两人共有的 eg: Lily and Lucy's father.Lily's and Lucy's 两人各有的Lily's and Lucy's fathers.

重难点:

1.重要单词: classroom dining hall gym library office science lab blackboard book classroom computer desk dictionary footballlibrary

2.介词的用法: next to ≈ near behind ≠ in front of in on under 3.in front of 与 in the front of的区别

4.语法知识: ----Are there any school offices? ----Yes, there are. There are some offices. ----Is there a computer on Miss Li's desk?

----No, there isn't.

就近原则:5.名词所有格:

MODULE 4

一、family members:

aunt uncle grandma grandmother grandpa grandfather mother father mum dad sister brother 二、短语句型

Thank you for your help. helping me.

asking me.

inviting me. Make a family tree for your family.

----How many people are there in your family?

----There are four. There are my mum and dad, my sister and me. ----Have you got an aunt?/any .....?----Yes,I have./No,I haven't.

选择疑问句)

or的用法:① 或;② 并列否定:I don't like swimming or dancing.

重难点:

1.重要单词: aunt uncle grandma grandmother grandpa grandfather mother father mum dad sister brother

2.重要短语:Thank you for doing sth./Thanks for doing sth. 3.have got的用法

4.重难点: or的用法:① 或;② 并列否定:I don't like swimming or dancing.

MODULE 5-6

一、单词

1. orangehave some orange [U] 橙色 the oranges are orange [C] 橙子 This is an orange [C] 2.KindHe is very kind.

=type a kind / type of fruittwo kinds /types of fruits

1. 重要单词:orange三个不同的含义,health(n.)与healthy(adj.)的区分. 2. 重要短语与句型:详见知识点概括

MODULE 7

一、短语

get up≠go to bed

go home≠leave home(for)

study science/history/chemistry/maths/...

二、语法①时间表达法:

②一般现在时(1)

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

4

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。:The sky is blue.

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。 eg:I get up at six every day.

3.表示客观现实。 eg:The earth goes around the sun. 【No. 2】一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。eg:I am a boy.

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。 eg:We study English. 【No. 3】否定句

1. be动词的变化:主语+ be + not +其它。 eg:He is not a worker. 2.行为动词的变化:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +V原形(+其它)。eg:I don't like bread.

eg

重难点:

1. 重要短语:talk aboutsth/talk with sb/talk to sb. 2. 时间的表达(直读法与逆读法)

3. 一般现在时的概念与用法1(详见知识点总结)

MODULE 8

一、短语句型

be different fromask sb. (not) to do sth. have a habit of ding sth. get sth. from sb. by her favourite singers a box of candies/chocolates

on televisionwear silk shirtssend/give sth. to sb. ①一般现在时(2)

【No. 1②③频度副词用法

usually、always、often、never + n.

be + usually、always、often、never

重难点:

1. 重要短语

2. 一般现在时的概念与用法2(详见知识点总结) 3. 形容词性物主代词的用法

MODULE 9

一、单词 ① Names of the animals

5

篇二:外研版初中英语各册重点知识

初一上册各个模块及考试重点

名词所所有格:

⑴表示有生命的名词的所有格其单数形式是加 's, students' rooms, father's shoes。

(2). 如复数结尾不是s的仍加 's,如:Children's Day。

(3). 在表示时间、距离、长度、重量、价格、世界、国家等名词的所有格要用 's,例如:a twenty minutes' walk,ten miles' journey,a boat's length,two pounds' weight, ten dollars' worth。

(4). 无生命名词的所有格则必须用of结构,例如:a map of China,the end of this term,the capital of our country, the color of the flowers。

特殊情况:

the key to the door/ the answer to the question

the ticket for the concert

(5). 双重所有格,例如:a friend of my father's

外研版初中英语考点

【注意】

如果两个名词并列,并且分别有 's,则表示“分别有”,例如:John's and Mary's rooms(约翰和玛丽各有一间,共两间);Tom's and Mary's bikes(两人各自的自行车)。

两个名词并列,只有一个's,则表示“共有”,例如:John and Mary's room(约翰和玛丽共有一间);Tom and Mary's mother(即Tom与Mary是兄妹)。

名词复数的不规则变化

单复数通同形:人们说汉语和日语,瑞士人喜欢绵羊、鹿和雨

fish 、sheep、deer、people、Chinese、English

不规则变化:男女孩子的脚,踩住老鼠的牙

Women、 men 、feet、 mice、 teeth

1、would的用法

①Would you like to do sth?你愿意干某事吗?提出建议邀请,如果同意,用YES,I’d love to./all right /A good idea.如果拒绝,也要客气的回绝。

②would like sth想要某物

Would like sb to do sth想让某人做某事

Would like to do想去做一件事情

③Would you please do sth?请求

2、表示时间的介词

At 后接时间点,周末at the weekend

In 用在年、月、季节或上午、下午、晚上等名词前

On 后一般跟具体的某一天或某一天的上午、下午或晚上

3、look、see、watch、read

Look集中注意力看,强调看的动作,如跟宾语,要用at

See 强调看的结果,看见,看到

Watch 强调专注地看,有欣赏的意味,常用语看电视,看球赛

Read 阅读,看书

1、would的用法

①Would you like to do sth?你愿意干某事吗?提出建议邀请,如果同意,用YES,I’d love to./all right /A good idea.如果拒绝,也要客气的回绝。

②would like sth想要某物

Would like sb to do sth想让某人做某事

Would like to do想去做一件事情

③Would you please do sth?请求

2、表示时间的介词

At 后接时间点,周末at the weekend

In 用在年、月、季节或上午、下午、晚上等名词前

On 后一般跟具体的某一天或某一天的上午、下午或晚上

初一下册重点知识

2、形容词和副词

形容词比较级用法:

1.最明显的提示词是than,其结构为“A…+比较级+than+B”。

2.有表示程度的副词a little,a bit,a few,a lot,much,even,still,far,rather,any等修饰时,用形容词比较级。

3.表示两者之间进行选择“哪一个更…”时,句型“Which/Who is+形容词比较级,A or B?”

4、表示“越来越……”,即“比较级+and+比较级”,多音节词和部分双音节词时用“more and more+形容词原级”。

5、表示“越……就越……”时,用“the+比较级,the+比较级”结构。

形容词最高级用法:

1.表示三者或三者以上的人或物进行比较时,用最高级形式。最高级前必须加定冠词the,

句末常跟一个in/of短语来表示范围。

2.表示在三者或三者以上的人或物进行选择时,用“Which/Who is+the+最高级,A,B or C?”

3、表示“最……的……之一”时,用“one of the+形容词最高级”结构,

4、形容词最高级前面可以加序数词,表示“第几最……

一、 词汇

1、enjoy

enjoy sth/doing 喜欢某物/做某件事情

enjoy oneself= have a good time玩的愉快

派生词:enjoyable,令人愉快的 enjoyment, 乐趣

2、dress,put on, wear,be in

dress后常跟人作宾语,给…穿衣服,get dressed或dress oneself

put on意为穿上,强调穿的动作,宾语通常是衣服、鞋帽

wear穿着,戴着,强调穿的状态,宾语可以是衣帽也可以是饰品

be in也表状态,后面要加颜色,表示穿着什么颜色的衣服

3、 bring, take, carry 和get的用法。

bring意思为“拿来”、“带来”。指将某物或某人从别处“带来”。

Bring me the book, please.

take意思是“拿走”,“带走”

It looks like rain. Take a raincoat with you.

carry 是“带着、搬运、携带”的意思, 不表明来去的方向。

Do you always carry a handbag?

Get是去某处将某物拿回来。

Please go to my office to get some chalk.

4、strict adj. be strict with sb.对某人要求严格

be strict in sb对某事要求严格

5、spend

人+spend+时间/金钱+ on sth/ (in) doing sth

6、get ready for

get ready for sth为…做准备(强调动作)

get ready to do sth 准备去做…(强调动作)

be ready for sth (强调状态)

be ready to do sth …(强调状态)

get sth ready 把sth 准备好

7、look forward to doing

8、be good/bad at

do well/badly in

9、hope 与wish的区别:

希望去做… hope to do sth/wish to do sth

希望sb去做… wish sb to do …

hope与wish后都可以接that从句.

二、 金牌句型

1、It is more difficult for old people to learn English.

It is +adj.+(for sb)+to do sth.

2、It is the best way to get to school.

3、What’s the population of Shanghai?

在询问有多少人口用“What’s the population of…”/ “How large is the population of…” 表示“有多少人口”用“…have/has a population of…”

形容人口的多少用large和small,而不用many,much和few,little

4、有关how的疑问句短语

How long… 多长时间或物体长度

How soon… 过多久,用于将来时间

How often… 频率

How far… 多远,指距离

5、What be sb like? 询问某人什么样,可以是外貌或性格等;

What do/does sb look like? 询问相貌。

初二上册考试重点

一、语法

1、时态的考察,对于各种时态主要看时间标志词,尤其是:just now/just/now; ago/before; five years ago/since five years ago/for five years, 时态的考察以现在完成时为重点,注意非延续性动词在现在完成加时间的情况下需要变为延续性状态的词。have been to /have been in/ have gone to

2、反义疑问句

*祈使句

Let引导的祈使句有两种情况:

1) Let's go home, shall we/ shan't we?

2)Let us/me..., will you或won't you。

Let me have a try, will you/won't you?

3)动词原形开头的

祈使句都用will you 或won’t you

*当陈述部分含I think (believe, suppose...)that... 结构时,其反意疑问句须与从句的主、谓语保持一致,注意主句的主语必须是第一人称。例如:

I don't think he will come, will he?

若是非第一人称,则与主句的主语相一致

He thinks that she will come, doesn’t he?

*当陈述部分为从句时,若主句主语为 I ,反意部分的主语为从句主语;若不为 I ,反义部分的主语为主句主语。

①I know your father is a worker, isn't he?

①she knows your father is a worker, doesn’t she?

*当陈述部分含有以下这些含有否定意义的词时:few, little, seldom,hardly, never, not, no, no one, nobody, nothing, none, neither等,其反意疑问句需用肯定结构。

例如: He is never late for school, is he?

*陈述部分是there be句型时,其反意疑问句中要用there。

There was a hospital here, wasn't there?

*陈述部分的主语是everything, nothing, anything或something 时,反意

疑问句的主语应用代词it。

Something is wrong with my radio, isn't it? 我的收音机出毛病了,是吧?

*陈述部分的主语是 everybody, everyone, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one, none, neither 时, 其反意疑问句的主语需用复数代词they。例如:

Everyone is here, aren't they? 大家都到了,是吗?

3、to do 不定式

1. 不定式作主语时,常用it作形式主语,而将作主语的不定式放在句子后部。 It is exciting to surf the Internet.

It's ... of sb. to do sth.与It's... for sb. to do sth.

形容词形容人的时候用of,形容事情的时候用for

It's very kind / nice of you to help me。

It's hard for the Chinese students to learn Russian. 中国学生学俄语是很难的。

2.动词不定式在句中作宾语,如带有宾语补足语时,要先用it作形式宾语,而将该不定式后置。

注意:一些动词之后可以接to和doing作宾语时,如stop,forget,remember, try,need等 I don't think it right to do it in that way.

我觉得以那种方式去做是不恰当的。

I find it hard to get along with him.

我发现与他相处不是件容易的事。

4.作补语

有些动词后跟不带to 的不定式作宾语补足语。

① 感官动词② 使役动词③ help sb. do…或help sb. to do当此类句子改为被动语态时,要补上to.

He is often heard to sing this song.

The workers were made to work 12 hours a day.

在 think, find, consider, discover等动词后常用to be +adj.结构作宾补,有时to be 可省略。 We all think/ consider/ find/ discover him (to be) kind and honest.

动词不定式的省略

1)不定式在使役动词 let, have, make和感官动词 see, watch, notice , observe, hear, smell, feel, find 等后作宾补时,省略to。help 可带to,也可不带to →help sb (to) do sth。

2) Why not 后面接不带to 的不定式。常用来表建议。

Why not have a break?

3)but和except:but/except前的部分出现实义动词do时,其后面出现的动词不定式可以不带to。比较:

He wants to believe anything but to take the medicine.

4) 由and, or或than连接的两个不定式,第二个不定式的to 可以省去。例如: He wants to move to France and marry the girl.

5)通常在discover, imagine, suppose, think, understand等词后,可以省去to be: He is supposed (to be) an honest man.

4、情态动词

must是重点

1)表示义务。意为“必须”(主观意志)。否定形式是needn’t,

2)表示揣测。意为“想必、准是、一定”等,只用于肯定句。否定形式是can’t

3)musn’t本身表示“禁止”,“不允许”,“不能”

二、重点词汇、句型

1、※What/how about doing …?

※Why not/why don’t you do…..?

※It is +adj.+for sb to do sth?此句型到第九模块会重点讲解

3

篇三:新外研版初中英语教材考点分析

外研版初中英语教材考点分析

七年级上册

第 1 页 共 1 页

七年级下册

第 3 页 共 3 页

八年级上册

第 4 页 共 4 页

篇四:外研版初中英语知识点汇总

外研社英语七年级上册英语知识点 MODULE 1

一、同义句

1.My name's Daming. = I'm Daming.

2.I'm from England. = I come from England.

3.Are you a new student?≈ Are you new?

4.Nice to meet you. = Nice to see you. =Glade to meet you. = Glade to see you.

5.What's your name?= May I have your name?

二、特殊疑问句 What's your name?

How old are you? = Can you tell me your age?

My name is ....

= What's your age?

—Where are you from? —I'm from... 三、单词短语

1.practise + ding sth.

2.with&and 四、形容性物主代词

I--my you--your he--his she--her it--its

we--our you--your they—them

MODULE 2

一、单词

职业:doctor manager secretary worker teacher

工作地点:factory hospital hotel office school university

三、语法Can do sth. I can\can't ride a bike.

Can you ride a bike? Yes, I can.\No, I can't.

四、句子

What does your ... do?=What is\are you ...'s job?=What is your ...?

He\She is a ...They're ...

重难点:

1. play与不同的名词搭配时所表达的意思是不同的,play与球类搭配时是不需要加定冠词the,如:play football,basketball,volleyball and so on.Play与乐器搭配时是需要加定冠词the,如:play the piano,the guitar and so on.

2. 固定搭配:ride a bike/horse,speak English/Japanese/Chinese,sing a song,swim.

3. 不定冠词a与an的用法

4. 语法知识:Can的用法 Can do sthCan+主语+do sth? Yes,主语+can./No,主语+can’t.I can’t do sth.

5. What does your ... do?=What is\are you ...'s job?=What is your ...?

He\She is a ...They're ...

MODULE 3

一、单词

1.buildings in school: classroom dining hall gym library office science lab

2.something: blackboard book classroom computer desk dictionary footballlibrary picture television

3.numbers: thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteenthirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety

4.介词:next to ≈ near behind ≠ in front of in on under 5.

in front of:在......前面

in the front of:在......里面的前面

≠wrong

右边的≠left

er

、or、ur发/?/

三、语法(There be)

----Are there any school offices?

----Yes, there are. There are some offices. ----Is there a computer on Miss Li's desk? ----No, there isn't.

注意:1.就近原则:

There is some meat and two apple on the desk.

2.名词所有格:

Miss Li's Lily and Lucy's两人共有的 eg: Lily and Lucy's father.

Lily's and Lucy's 两人各有的Lily's and Lucy's fathers.

重难点:

1.重要单词: classroom dining hall gym library office science lab blackboard book classroom computer desk dictionary footballlibrary

2.介词的用法: next to ≈ near behind ≠ in front of in on under

3.in front of 与 in the front of的区别

4.语法知识: ----Are there any school offices?

----Yes, there are. There are some offices. ----Is there a computer on Miss Li's desk? ----No, there isn't.

就近原则:5.名词所有格:

MODULE 4

一、family members:

aunt uncle grandma grandmother grandpa grandfather mother father mum dad sister brother

二、短语句型

Thank you for your help.helping me. asking me.----There are four. There are my mum and dad, my sister and me.

----Have you got an aunt?/any .....?

----Yes,I have./No,I haven't.

选择疑问句)

or的用法:① 或;② 并列否定:I don't like swimming or dancing.

重难点:1..重要短语:Thank you for doing sth./Thanks for doing sth.

3.have got的用法

4.重难点: or的用法:① 或;② 并列否定:I don't like swimming or dancing.

MODULE 5-6

一、单词

1. orangehave some orange [U]

橙色 the oranges are orange [C]

橙子 This is an orange [C]

2.KindHe is very kind.

=type a kind / type of fruittwo kinds /types of fruits

重难点:

1. 重要单词:orange三个不同的含义,health(n.)与healthy(adj.)的区分.

2. 重要短语与句型:详见知识点概括

MODULE 7

一、短语

get up≠go to bedgo home≠leave home(for)study science/history/chemistry/maths/... 二、语法①时间表达法:

②一般现在时(1)

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。eg:The sky is blue.

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。 eg:I get up at six every day.

3.表示客观现实。 eg:The earth goes around the sun.

【No. 2】一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。eg:I am a boy.

2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。 eg:We study English.

【No. 3】否定句

1. be动词的变化:主语+ be + not +其它。 eg:He is not a worker.

2.行为动词的变化:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +V原形(+其它)。eg:I don't like bread.

重难点:

1. 重要短语:talk aboutsth/talk with sb/talk to sb.

2. 时间的表达(直读法与逆读法)

3. 一般现在时的概念与用法1(详见知识点总结)

MODULE 8

一、短语句型 be different fromask sb. (not) to do sth. have a habit of ding sth.

get sth. from sb. by her favourite singers a box of candies/chocolates

on televisionwear silk shirtssend/give sth. to sb.

①一般现在时(2)

【No. 1③频度副词用法usually、always、often、never + n. be + usually、always、often、never

重难点:一般现在时的概念与用法2(详见知识点总结)形容词性物主代词的用法

MODULE 9

一、单词

① Names of the animals

camelelephantgiraffekangaroomonkey--monkeys

Snakepandalionzebrapolarbearwolf--wolves

AsiaAfricaEuropeOceaniaAmericaNorth/South America

Asian African European Oceania America

the Arctic

eg15 kilos of bamboo :-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. every + 复数名词 climb trees eat leaves / grass / meat +动词原形+其它。eg:- Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

篇五:外研版中考英语初一至初三全程知识点总结及练习 老师用

一年级(上)

【知识梳理】 I. 重点短语 1. Sit down 2. on duty 3. in English 4. have a seat 5. at home II. 重要句型 1. help sb. do sth. 2. What about…? 3. Let?s do sth. 4. It?s time to do sth. 5. It?s time for … 6. What?s…? It is…/ It?s… 7. Where is…? It?s…. 8. How old are you? I?m…. 9. What class are you in? I?m in…. 10. Welcome to…. III. 交际用语

1. Good morning, Miss/Mr…. 2. Hello! Hi!

3. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too.

6. look like 7. look at 8. have a look 9. come on 10. at work

11. at school 12. put on 13. look after 14. get up 15. go shopping

11. What?s …plus…? It?s…. 12. I think…

13. Who?s this? This is….

14. What can you see? I can see…. 15. There is (are) ….

16. What colour is it (are they)? It?s (They?re)…

17. Whose …is this? It?s…. 18. What time is it? It?s….

4. How are you? I?m fine, thank you/thanks. And you?

5. See you. See you later.

6. Thank you! You?re welcome. 7. Goodbye! Bye!

8. What?s your name? My name is …. 9. Here you are. This way, please. IV. 重要语法 1. 动词be的用法;

2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法; 3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法; 【名师讲解】 1. in/on

10. Who?s on duty today? 11. Let?s do. 12. Let me see.

4. 冠词的基本用法; 5. There be句型的用法。

在表示空间位置时,in表示在某个空间的范围以内,on表示在某一个物体的表面之上。例如:

There is a bird in the tree. 树上有只鸟。 There is a picture on the wall. 墙上有张图。 2. this/that/these/those

(1)this常常用来指在时间、地点上更接近讲话人的人和事,these是this的复数形

式。that常常用来指在时间、地点上离讲话人更远一点的人和事,those时that的复数形式。例如:

You look in this box and I?ll look in that one over there.你看看这个盒子,我去看那

边的那个盒子。

I want this car, not that car. 我想要这辆小汽车,不是那一辆。 Take these books to his room, please. 请把这些书拿到他房间去。 This is mine; that?s yours. 这个是我的,那个是你的。

These are apples; those are oranges. 这些是苹果,那些是橘子。(2)在打电话的用语中,this常常指的是我,that常常指的是对方。例如: This is Mary speaking. Who?s that? 我是玛丽。你是谁? 3. There be/ have

There be "有",其确切含意为"某处或某时存在某人或某物。"其结构是:There be + 某人或某物 + 表示地点或时间的状语。There be 后面的名词实际上是主语,be 动词的形式要和主语在数上保持一致,be动词后面的名词是单数或不可数名词时用is,名词是复数时用are。例如:

(1) There is a big bottle of coke on the table. 桌上有一大瓶子可乐。 (2) There is a doll in the box. 那个盒子里有个娃娃。 (3) There are many apples on the tree. 那树上有许多苹果。

总之,There be结构强调的是一种客观存在的"有"。have表示"拥有,占有,具有",即:某人有某物(sb. have / has sth.)。主语一般是名词或代词,与主语是所属关系。例如:

(4) I have two brothers and one sister.我有两个兄弟,一个姐姐。 (5) That house has four rooms.那所房子有四个房间。 4. look/ see/ watch

(1)look 表示“看、瞧”,着重指认真看,强调看的动作,表示有意识地注意看,但不一定看到,以提醒对方注意。,如:

Look! The children are playing computer games. 瞧!孩子们在玩电脑游戏。 Look! What?s that over there? 看!那边那个是什么?

单独使用是不及物动词,如强调看某人/物,其后接介词at,才能带宾语,如: He?s looking at me。他正在看着我。

(2)see强调“看”的结果,着重的是look这个动作的结果,意思是“看到”,see是及物动词,后面能直接跟宾语。如:

What can you see in the picture? 你能在图上看到什么?

Look at the blackboard. What did you see on it?看黑板!你看到了什么? (3)watch“观看,注视”,侧重于场面,表示全神贯注地观看、观察或注视某事务的活动,强调过程,常用于“看电视、看足球、看演出”等。如:

Yesterday we watched a football match on TV.昨天我们从电视上看了一场足球比赛。 4. put on/ / in

put on意为“穿上,戴上”。主要指“穿上”这一动作, 后面接表示服装、鞋帽的名词。

in 是介词,表示“穿着”强调状态。在句中可以做定语、标语和状语。如: It?s cold outside, put on your coat. 外面冷,穿上你的外衣。 He puts on his hat and goes out. 他戴上帽子,走了出去。

The woman in a white blouse is John?s mother.穿白色衬衣的那个妇女是John的妈妈。

5. house/ home/family

house :“房子”,指居住的建筑物; Home: “家”,指一个人同家人共同经常居住的地方; Family: “家庭“,“家庭成员”。例如:

Please come to my house this afternoon. 今天下午请到我家来。 He is not at home. 他不在家。

My family all get up early. 我们全家都起得很早。 6. fine, nice, good, well

四者都可用作形容词表示"好"之意,但前三者既可作表语又可作定语,而后者仅用作表语。主要区别在于:

(1) fine指物时表示的是质量上的"精细",形容人时表示的是"身体健康",也

可以用来指"天气晴朗"。例如:

Your parents are very fine. 你父母身体很健康。 That's a fine machine. 那是一台很好的机器。 It's a fine day for a walk today. 今天是散步的好时候。

(2)nice主要侧重于人或物的外表,有"美好","漂亮"的意思,也可用于问候或赞扬别人。例如:

Lucy looks nice. 露西看上去很漂亮。 These coats are very nice. 那些裙子很好看。 Nice to meet you. 见到你很高兴。 It's very nice of you. 你真好。

(3)good形容人时指"品德好",形容物时指"质量好",是表示人或物各方面都好的普通用语。例如:

Her son is a good student. 她儿子是一个好学生。 The red car is very good. 那辆红色小汽车很好。

(4)well只可用来形容人的"身体好",但不能作定语,它也能用作副词作状语,多放在所修饰的动词之后。例如:

I'm very well, thanks. 我身体很好,谢谢。 My friends sing well. 我的朋友们歌唱得好。 【考点扫描】

中考考点在本单元主要集中在: