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时间:2016-04-12 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响



account for 说明…的原因,是…的原因

ccuse…of… 控告;谴责

allow for 考虑到,顾及,为…留出预地

appeal to 诉诸,诉请裁决(或证实等)

bring about 导致,引起

call off 取消

care for 照顾,照料;喜欢

check in (在旅馆、机场等)登记,报到

check out 结帐后离开,办妥手续离去

come up with 提出,提供,想出

count on/upon 依靠,指望

count up 共计,算出…的总数

draw up fall back on

get at 从事,参加;爱好

take over

take in 接受,吸收,接纳;理解,领会;欺骗;包括 stick out (把…)坚持到底;突出,显眼

stick to 坚持,忠于,信守;紧跟,紧随;粘贴在…上 in addition to(=as well as)除…外

in advance 预告,事先。

take advantage of (=make the best of, make use of)利用。 in the air 不肯定,在谣传中。

appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁

appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

approve of 赞成

in favour of 赞成

assure sb. of sth 向…保证,使…确信

make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… attend to 侍候,照料


contribute to 有助于

due to 是由于

at one‘s back支持,维护

on the basis of 根据…

for the benefit of



把注意力集中在…上 偶然 charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…

round the clock 昼夜不停地

commit oneself to 致力于

compare…with … 把…与…比较

compare…to… 把…比作…

on condition that (if) 如果 in the event that confide in 对…讲真心话

be confronted with 面对,面临 in connection with 与…有关

be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道 consent to 同意

under consideration 在考虑中

consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的 contrary to (opposite to) 与…相反 in contrast to/with 和…形成对比 by contrast 对比之下

by comparison 比较起来

at all costs不惜任何代价

go to any length想一切办法 by all meansat the cost of )

up to date

date back to回溯到

date from从某时期开始

on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 in demand有需求

deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物



1. abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。 欢迎下载 2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在

3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉

4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态) absorbed in 全神贯注于…近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on

5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有

6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,

8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地

9. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致

10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 12. on one’s own account

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己

on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.

13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去 14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.

16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.

17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于. 20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;

29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留


30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先. 31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地. 32. have an advantage over 胜过.

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.

34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.

37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.

38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.

39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计

40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;

all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.

41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.

42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.

43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.

44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.

45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for 46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉

47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用.

49. apply to 与…有关;适用

50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准 51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起. 52. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…

53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻

55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.

56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结

57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… 58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料

59. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法

60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果

61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均

62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.

63. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面

64. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.

65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台

66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an 96. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) 97. be cautious of 谨防

98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上

99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定. 100. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 102. for a change换换环境(花样等) 103. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…

104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管

impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 67. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话) 68. be based on / upon 基于

69. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上 70. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢

71. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义

73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.

74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.

75. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处) 76. for the better 好转

77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.

78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生

79. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

80. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)

81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机 82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘 83. out of breath 喘不过气来

84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的 86. take the floor 起立发言 87. on business 出差办事. 88. be busy with sth.于某事 。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

89. last but one 倒数第二.

90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设 91. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买 92. be capable of 能够, 有能力

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的

93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;

95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)

106. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…

107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地 108. comment on 评论

109. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论

110. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用. be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的

111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.

112. compare…with … 把…与…比较 113. compare…to… 把…比作… 114. by comparison 比较起来

115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来

116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补 compensate sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补

117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)

118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从

119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想 120. concentrate on (or upon) 集中,专心 121. be concerned with (=about) 与…有关 122. concern oneself about / with 关心

123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 当…结束时; 124. condemn sb. to 判决

125. on condition that (=if)以…为条件, 假如. in that = because 因为; now that = since 既然

for all that = although 尽管

126. in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit)

健康状况好/不好 . in good (bad) condition处于良好(坏)状态

127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认;

confess to a crime 承认罪行.

128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖

129. in confidence 推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; have confidence in 对…有信心

130. confidence in sb. / sth. 对…的信赖 131. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的

132. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内 133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)

134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with) 符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with照…办; 4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to按..做

135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临

136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺

137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于, 138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道

139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意 140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果

141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果

142. under consideration 在考虑中

143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于

144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不

145.take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)考虑到, 把…考虑进去

146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的

147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,与…一致

148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)与…一致. be consistent in一贯的,

149. consult sb. on/ about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教

150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快

151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事

152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反 153. on the contrary 相反

154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照) 155. in contrast to/with 和…形成对比 by contrast 对比之下 156. contribute to 有助于 157. under control (被)控制住 out of control无法控制 158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点 . be convenient to / for 对…方便

159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…

160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理

161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;round the comer拐过弯; be in a tight corner陷入困境

162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly) 通信 163. correspond to 相当于 . correspond with 符合,一致 164. at all costs不惜任何代价 . at the cost of 以…为代价 165. a matter of course 理所当然的事 166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地 167. in (during) the course 在…过程中

168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候

169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one’s credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣 170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的 171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病

172.a danger to对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; be out of danger脱离危险

173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止 174. out of date过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始(有) 175. deal with (=concern) 论及 176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债

177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加 178. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴

to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇;

179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐 180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐

181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西 182.in demand有需求;on demand受到要求时 183. be dependent on 依靠

184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物

185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的.derive from(=come from)起源于 186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望 187. in despair 绝望

188. despite (=in spite of) 不管, 尽管 189. in detail 详细地

190. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办 191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食

192. differ from…in 与…的区别在于… 193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,

194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, 开除

195. fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退; in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪

196. on display(=being shown publicly)陈列 197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉 198. beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议 199. in dispute 在争议中

200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出

201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同 231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)

232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上

233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲

234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事 235. on end (=continuously) 连续地 236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了

237. no end of (=very many/much) 很多,大量 238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终 202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别

203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开

204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压 205. have…to do with 与…有关系

206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地

207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑 208. be due to 是由于 209. come off duty 下班 210. go on duty 上班

211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时

212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做) 213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望

214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记忆,不看乐谱

215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力

216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话 217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然

218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力 219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束

220. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束

221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省

222. have an effect on 对…有影响

223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效

224. go into effect 生效. ( 近: come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)

225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上

226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效 227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果 228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效

229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是… 230. to that effect 是那个意思的… 239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智穷计尽

240. end up with 以…而结束

241. come to and end (=finish) 结束 242. end in 以…为结束

243. engage in 或 be engaged in 忙于,从事

244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加 245. enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)

246. enter on / upon (=begin) 开始 (一个时代. 一种涯. 一段任期等)

247. be entitled to (=be gi


ven the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…

248. be equal to 等于

249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜任,能应付

on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地 250. be equipped with 装备有,装有

251. (be) equivalent to(=equal in value, amount, meaning) 相等于, 相当于

252. in essence (=in its/one’s nature) 本质上

253. at all events (=in spite of everything, in any case) 不论怎样, 无论如何

254. in any event (=whatever happens in the future) 无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样

255. in the event that(=if) 假如, 如果. in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but连用)

256. in the event of(=in case of)万一,即使发生..时 257. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有.. 258. except (=but) 除了。

259. except for (=apart from) 除…以外 260. (an) exception to …的例外

261. with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外

262. in excess of (=more than) 超过 263. exchange…for 以…交换

264. exclusive of (=not taking into account; without) 不包括 265. in excuse of 作为…的借口 266. exert…on… 对…施加…

267. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲

268. come into existence (=begin to exist)开始存在; come into use开始使用; come into effect开始运转; come into fashion开始时新; come into action开始行动; come into power开始执政; come into sight进入视野;come into blossom开花;

269. (be) in existence存在 come into existence 出现 270. expect…of 在…期望…

271. at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲 272. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险) 273. be exposed to… 面临…, 受到….

274. beyond expression (=in a manner that cannot be 305. in favour of 赞成

306. be in favour with 受宠, 受偏爱; out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠

307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)对.有利 308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)有利的

309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心

310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕

311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of) 担心 312. feed (sb.) on sth. 靠吃…, 用…喂养

313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, expressed) 无法形容, 说不出的 275. give expression to 表达, 表现 find expression in 表现

276. to …extent 在…程度上

277. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其 278. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)

279. close (shut) one’s eyes to不理会,视而不见 280. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中 281. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间 282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视

283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里

284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来

285. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况) 286. in one’s face当着某人的面; face to faced面对面; face up to 大胆面向

287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in) 失败

288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely) 真诚地 289. keep faith with 对…守信用 290. lose faith in 对…失去信心 291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地 292. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚 293. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯

294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于

295. familiar with 熟悉,了解

296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要

297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢 298. by far 远, 非常 (与比较级或最高级连用) 299. far from 远远不是

300. far from 非但不…(而且)

301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行 302. after the fashion (of) 依照…

303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)找毛病,对…吹毛求疵

304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错 腻了

314. feel like (=have a desire for) 想要 315. fill in 填写

316. fill out ( =fill in )填写

317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就

318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事 319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)使..着火,放火 320. at first sight(=when first seen)乍一看,一见 321. for the first time 第一次 (作状语) 322. in the first place 首先, 第一 323. fit into 刚好放入

324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement) 合适, 相配, 一致

325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for) 适合 326. focus on (=concentrate on) 集中在…上 focus sth. on 把…集中在…上 327. be fond of 喜欢

328. (be) in force 有效 , 实施329. go into force 开始生效 330. by force 靠武力, 强行 331. force…on 把…强加给… 332. in the form of 以…形式

333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气 334. free of charge 免费

335. be freed from 免受, 没有… 336. in front of 在…前面 in the front of 在…前部

337. furnish…with (=supply) 向…提供 338. in general (=in most cases, usually)通常

339. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at看一眼(强调动作)

340. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用 be good at 擅长于; be good to 对…好

341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等) 342. for good (=for ever) 永远地, 长期地 343. take…for granted (=assume to be true) 把…认为理所当然的.



abide by 遵守(法律等);信守above-mentioned 上述的access to 接近;通向…的入口account for 占;打死,打落(敌机)abstain from 戒除,弃权,避开put on an act 装模作样

be addicted to 沉溺于;使吸毒成瘾adjacent to 与…毗连的admit to 让…享有

make advances 取得进步;接近;预付 agree about 对…有相同的看法agree on 就…达成协议决定agree with 与…相一致;适合leave in the air 搁置,使悬而未决be alive to 对…敏感,觉察,关心for all that 尽管,虽然on the analogy of 根据…类推make an appeal to sb. 向某人提出呼吁;上诉

apply one's mind to 专心于…

apply to 向…申请或要求

approach to 接近;约等于

on the average 平均起来,一般说来back down 放弃,让步,退却back out of 收回(诺言等)on the basis of 在…的基础上bear down 压倒,击败,克服bear down on 冲向;对…施加压力bear off 赢得;使离开;驶离bear up 支持,拥护;打起精神be beneficial to 有利于,有益于be better off 境况富裕;更富有be to blame for 对…应负责任be blind to 不了解,对…是盲目的turn a blind eye to 对…装作不见blow over 被淡忘

blow up 发脾气;放大(照片等)make hold to 冒昧地…擅自(做)…bomb out 把(地方等)炸毁be bound for 准备到…去;开往by leaps and bounds 飞速地,突飞猛进

know no bounds 无限,极为

with in the bounds of 在…范围内

break in on 打扰;打断

break out into 长出(嫩芽等);迸发出

break up 分裂,分解;解散

hold one's breath (由于激动等原因)屏息 lose one's breath 喘不过气来,呼吸困难 bring forth 使产生;生(孩子)

bring forward 使涌现出

bring...into contact 使…和…接触

bring off 救出;成功地做某事

bring on 引导,导致;使发展

bring over 把…带来;使某人转变

bring under 镇压;压制;使就范

brush off 刷去;掸去;拂去

brush up 擦亮;重新学习;复习

burn down 把…夷为平地

burn oneself out (因过劳而)筋疲力尽burst into 闯入;突然发作burst up 爆炸;失败;突然发怒burst upon 突然来到

buy out 出钱使(某人)放弃地位

buy up 全买;尽可能买进call at 作短暂访问;停(泊)

call down 祈求到;招来

the roll call 点名

call...to account 责问,要求…说明理由

calm down 平静下来;镇定下来

can do with 满足于;希望得到

cap in hand 恭敬地,谦恭地

be careful of 当心…对…仔细

be careful with 照顾;对…过细地

carry away 运走,使失去自制力

carry forward 推进,发扬

carry into effect 实行,实现,实施

catch at 想抓住;立即接受

catch up 赶上;打断…的话

be cautious of 留心…,谨防…

stand a good chance 很有可能,大有希

in charge 主管;在…掌管之下in full charge 负全责;勇猛向前be charitable to 对…慈善check over 检查;调查check with 与…相符合

put a check on 制止,禁止cheer on 向…欢呼;鼓励;声援chew over 深思,细想;仔细商量be civil to 对…有礼貌,对…谦恭be clear about 对…明白,对…明确clear off (云雾等)消散keep clear of 不接触;避开

around the clock 昼夜不断地,全天地close down 停止播送;控制close in 包围;(昼,夜)逐渐变短close one's ears to 掩耳不听close over 淹没;封盖;遮蔽close up (伤口)愈合;停业close with 靠近,逼近;接受combine with 使结合;使联合起来come after 跟在…后面;跟踪 come alive 活跃起来;觉悟起来come between 在…中间;离间come down on 申斥;惩罚;袭击come in for 接受(份儿、遗产等)come out with 发表,提出;公布come over 过来;从远方来

come to one's mind 忽然想起come under 编入,归入(某一项目)when it comes to 一谈到;就…而论be comparable to 比得上…be comparable with 与…可比较的compare with 与…相比较complain of 抱怨;诉苦;抗议be composed of... 由…组成connect with 连接;相通,衔接be considerate of 体谅…,替…着想considering that 鉴于…,就…而论correspond to 相当于;和…相符合count in 把…计算在内in course of 正在…中

in due course 及时地,在适当的时候 cover over 遮没take cover 隐蔽

cure sb. of 治愈某人的疾病cut out for 适合于,准备;面对cut short 使突然停止;打断cut up (牲口等)宰后得肉in debt to sb. 欠债,欠情

die away 变弱;渐渐消失;平息die game 至死不屈

die out 消失,灭绝,不复存在die to the world 隐居,不问人间事be on a diet 节食

in the direction of 向…方向,在…方向disagree with 与…意见不一致

be disagreeable to 不合…意;对…发脾气disguise...as 把…假扮成;使…假装in the disguise of 假扮成;托辞be disgusted with 讨厌…,厌恶…dispose of 除掉;干掉;卖掉beyond dispute 没有争论余地的do over 重做;重新装饰房子do well (病人等)康复情况良好in doing so 这样做时,在这情况下double up 弯曲(手脚等)drive home 打(钉子等)敲进去be eager for sth. 渴求某事物eat up 使沉迷于;使纠缠于to the effect that 大意是说engage in 从事于,参加

enter for 报名参加(比赛)be envious of 羡慕(或忌妒)feel envy at 对…感到妒忌(或羡慕)be essential to 对…不可缺少in the event that 如果,万一的excuse sb. for sth. 原谅某人做了某事excuse oneself from 借口推托;婉言拒绝fall back 后退,退却fall off 下降,跌落,减少fall to doing 着手(做)…;开始…be familiar with 对…熟悉be familiar to 为…所熟悉far and wide 四面八方be favourable to 赞成…for fear that 以免;生怕,唯恐be fed up with 对…感到厌烦,腻了feed in 输入,进(料)feel about 摸索,暗中摸索feel one's way 摸索着走(干),试探figure for 谋取,企图获取on file 存档

fix in with 适合,符合;适应

fix up 治愈(病人);安顿fool around 闲荡,浪费时间fool with 玩弄;乱摆弄

forgive sb. for sth. 原谅某人(做了)某事freeze over (使)全面结冰

make friends again 言归于好,重修旧好 be generous in 乐于…be generous with 用…很大方get after 督促,训诫;责备get ahead 进步;胜过,超过get along with 走开get ahead of 超过,胜过

get around to 找时间做,开始考虑get away with 侥幸做成;侥幸得手get in with 参加,加入;与…交往get to 到达;接触;开始get up to 赶上;胜过;读到give an opinion on 对…发表意见give oneself away 泄露,露马脚give oneself up 自首,投降,投案give out 发表;精疲力竭give over (使)停止;放弃;交托

glance at 浏览,(粗略地)看一下 glance over 浏览,粗略地阅读go against 违反;反对;不利于go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败go down 为…所接受,得到赞同go on for 接近(时刻、年龄等)go under 沉没;失败,破产good for 有支付…能力的be good to 对…好;对…很慈善grow on (习惯)加深对…的影响grow out of 产生自…停止hang back 犹豫,踌躇,畏缩不前gang together 结合在一起;符合be hard up for 缺钱,手头紧money hardly ever 很少,几乎从不have done with 做完;和己…无关have only to 只要…就能have out 将…除去have up 把某人请来作客head first 头向前地;冒冒失失地head off 绕到前面去;拦住

be off one's head 神经错乱,神志不清


from 词组

arise from由…引起(=be caused by)

demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西

deviate from 偏离, 不按…办

be distinct from与…截然不同

近义词组:be different from


abide by忠于;遵守

近义词组:be faithful to

apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请

apply for申请

apply to 适用.

arrive on 到达

arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出;

arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

of …account 有…..重要性.

take…into account把...考虑进去

account for解释, 说明.

on account of由于,因为. (=because of)

adapt…(for) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

have an advantage over 胜过

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

begin with 以…开始

to begin with 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语) (=first of all)by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统

at birth 在出生时;

give birth to 出生

blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人

blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

in blossom开花(指树木)

be in blossom开花(强调状态)

come into blossom开花(强调动作)

compare…with … 把…与…比较

compare…to… 把…比作…

complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;

complain about 抱怨某人或事情;

complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…

complain (抱怨)

on 词组

on one’s own account

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益

2) 自行负责 =at one’s own risk

3) 依靠自己 =by oneself

on account 赊账

on account of 因为

on no account不论什么原因也不(置于句首,要求主谓倒装)act on 奉行,按照…行动

act as 扮演

act for 代理


allow for考虑到, 估计到

近义词组:take into consideration;

take into account

answer for对…负责

近义词组:undertake responsibility for;

be liable for;

take charge for

have an ear for对..有鉴赏力

近义词组:have keen recognition of

exchange…for 以…交换

with 词组

comply with遵守, 依从

(考察该词组与abide by, be faithful to, apply to的用法)

近义词组:act in accordance with (a demand, order, rule etc.)in accordance with依照,根据

近义词组:in agreement with

be acquainted with了解(=to have knowledge of);

be acquainted with熟悉

do away with除去,废除,取消

近义词组:get rid of; abolish

do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压

be in sympathy with 赞同,同情

keep company with和…要好

be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系

be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触

cope with应付, 处理

近义词组:deal with

with ease容易, 不费力( = easily)

be fed up with 厌烦, 腻了

be identified with 被视为与…等同

keep pace with 跟…齐步前进

part with舍弃,卖掉(=give up, sell)

in 词组 believe in相信,依赖,信仰 近义词组:have faith in;have trust in delight in喜欢, 取乐 take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐(=take great pleasure in doing sth.) in any case无论如何 近义词组:at any rate at any price at any cost in case万一(=for fear that); in case of如果发生…万一(=in the event of) in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) in excess of超过(=more than) participate in参加(=take part in) in the red 亏损,负债,赤字 (be) get out of red 不再亏损 in search of 寻找 in honor of 为了...表示敬意 in memory of 为纪念.. in hopes of为期待.. in pursuit of 为追求.. in behalf of为…的利益 in favor of 为赞成… in support of 为支持… specialize in 专门研究, 专攻 in step 步伐一致 out of step 步伐不齐 to 词组 amount to总计, 等于 近义词组:to be equal to apply to 与…有关;适用 attach(to) 缚, 系 ,结 attend to注意,照顾 attend on(upon) 侍候,照料 近义词组:wait upon, look after, take care of adapt oneself to使自己适应于 近义词组:adjust oneself to) be accustomed to习惯于 近义词组:be in the habit of, be used to in addition to除…外(还有) 近义词组:as well as, besides, other than adhere to粘附; 坚持, 遵循

近义词组:abide by

conform to

comply with

cling to

insist on

persist in

attribute…to…把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果

contribute to 有助于

be entitled to有权…,有资格…

expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)

be indifferent to对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎

be inferior to比…差

be superior to比…好

owe…to 把…归于…

stick to 粘着, 坚持


be subject (adj.) to 易受到…的

submit…to 提交

take a fancy to喜欢

近义词组:become fond of

yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从

to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴

to one’s regret 遗憾

to one’s sorrow悲痛

to one’s relief 安心

to one’s distress 苦恼

to one’s shame羞愧

to one’s surprise 惊奇

to one’s astonishment 惊奇




blame sb. for sth.;

blame sth. on sb.;

complain about

be ashamed of以… 为羞耻

assure sb. of sth. 向…保证, 使…确信

get the better of打败, 胜过 (=defeat sb.)

on behalf of以…名义 (=as the representative of)

take advantage of利用(=make the best of, make use of, profit from)be capable of 能够, 有能的

be capable of being +过去分词 是能够被…的

deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物

dispose of处理掉 近义词组:get rid of in terms of按照, 根据, 在…方面 近义词组:with regard to be aware of意识到,知道 近义词组:be conscious of in view of考虑到(=considering) in the view of 按…的意思 be cautious of 谨防 in charge of负责(某事) (=responsible for) in the charge of …由…管 take charge of负责管理(照顾) 近义词组:be / become responsible for convince sb. of使某人确信 近义词组:persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做… at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲 in favour of 赞成 in ignorance of 不知道… be ignorant of 对…不了解,不知道 inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉 be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的 in the interests of 符合…的利益 be interested in 对…感兴趣 be of the opinion 持有…的看法



1)take a rain check 2)lost count 弄不清楚 3)be in another world 精神恍惚;魂不守舍 4)make yourself at home 随意,随便 5)save your breath 省口气吧;别白费口舌了 6)make sense 有意义,理解 7)cost sb. an arm and a leg 非常昂贵 8)burn a hole in one's pocket 很快地被花光 9)fill one's shoes 很好地顶替;令人满意地替代 10)is ice cold 表示理所当然 11)like apples and oranges 用来表示无法相比的事物 12)wait until the last minute 直到最后一刻 13)lose one's train of 忘记 14)meet each other half way 相互妥协,让步 15)on the dot 准时;正点 16)once and for all 最后一次;干脆 17)out of earshot 不在听力所及范围 18)out of this world 非常好 19)play by ear 随机应变,视情形而定 20) ring a bell 令人想起某件事;听起来耳熟 21)share a common outlook 有共同的观点 22)six of one and half-a-dozen of the other 半斤八两;没什么区别 23)stick around 在附近逗留或等待 24)stick with 继续做,坚持 25)straighten out 扯平;结清 26)toss and turn (身体)翻来覆去(通常表示难以入睡) 27)turn one's back (在别人遇到困难时)不愿帮助 28)under the weather 身体不适,生病 29)bite off more than one can chew 贪多嚼不烂;心有余而力不足;不自量力;力不从心 30)break new ground 创新 31)do the trick 做成功;达到理想的结果 32)drag one's feet 行动缓慢;磨磨蹭蹭不情愿 33)draw the line 拒绝,拒不容忍 34)feel down in the dumps 心情不好;情绪


35)few and far between 不多;少而分散的;

不常碰到或发现的;稀少的 36)fit as a fiddle 身体很健康 37)grin and bear 任劳任怨;毫无怨言地忍受 38)hit the spot (特指吃了食物,喝了饮料之后)精神完全恢复过来或感到满足;恢复精力;提精神 39)keep between the two of us 不让第三者知道,保密 40)know a thing or two about 略知一二 英语六级短语总结100句 1. abandon oneself to 沉溺于 2. with abandon 1)放任地,放纵地,2)纵情地 3. be able to (do) 能够??,得以?? 4. to the best of one’s ability 尽某人最大努力 5. (物产) abound in (场所) = (场所) abound with(物产) 6. be about to (do) 刚要,即将 7. absent from 1)后接地点,表示“不在” 2)后接meeting等,表示“缺席的” 8. absent in 1)接地点,表示“外出在某地” 2)主语是无生命的名词,意为“没有” 9. in the absence of 1)在??不在时(= in one’s absence ) 2)在没有??时 10. be absorbed in 全神贯注于?? 11. be abundant in sth. 丰富,富于?? 12. in abundance 丰富,充足 13. have / gain access to 可以获得(或接近)?? 14. by accident 偶然 (反义词组: on purpose 故意,蓄意) 15. in accord with 与??一致 16. of one’s own accord 出于自愿,主动地 17. with one accord 一致地,一致同意地 18. in accordance with 与??一致,依照,根据

19. according to 1)按照,根据2)据??所说,按??所载 20. on account of 因为,由于 21. take account of 考虑到,顾及,体谅

22. take … into account = take account of

23. of no account 不重要的

24. on no account 绝不,绝对不 25. accuse (指控) sb. of ( doing ) sth. 26. charge (指控) sb. with ( doing ) sth. 27. accuse (指责) sb. of ( doing ) sth. 28. blame (责备) sb. for ( doing ) sth. 29. be accustomed to 习惯于??

30. make one’s acquaintance / make the acquaintance of

31. act on 1)遵照??行动,奉行 2)作用于,影响

32. act up 1)出毛病,运转不正常,2)耍脾气,捣蛋

33. in the act of 正做??的过程中 34. take action 采取行动

35. out of action 不(再)起作用,不(再)运转

36. add up 1)加起来,2)说得通

37. add up to 1)合计达 2)总括起来,意味着

38. be addicted to ( drugs ) (吸毒)成瘾 39. in addition 另外,加之

40. in addition to 除??之外(还) 41. admission free 免费入场

42. in advance 1)在前面,2)预先,事先 43. to advantage 有利地,使优点突出 44. take advantage of 利用,占??的便宜 45. be affiliated with / to 隶属于??,附属于??

46. again and again 再三地,反复地 47. be / come of age 成年,满法定年龄 48. be of an age 同龄 49. the aged 老年人

50. by / through agency of 经??介绍,通过??之手

51. on the agenda 在议事日程上

52. put / place sth. on the agenda 把某事提到日程上来

53. in the aggregate 总共

54. agree 1) to 同意,承认 2)with 1>持相同意见 2>相同,一致,相符 3>(食物、气候等)适合

55. ahead of 比??提前,比??更早 56. clear the air 消除误会(或猜疑等)

57. in the air 流传中

58. on the air 广播 (反义词组: off the air 停播)

59. up in the air 悬而未决的

60. on the alert ( for / against ) 警戒着,随时准备着,密切注意着[

61. be alive 1) to 注意到?? 2)with 充满??

62. above all 首先,尤其是 63. after all 毕竟,终究

64. all but 1) 几乎,差不多 2)除了??都 65. all in all 从各方面说,总的来说 66. all over 到处,遍及

67. at all [用于否定句] 丝毫,一点 68. for all 尽管,虽然 69. in all 总共,合计

70. allow for 考虑到,体谅,为??留出余地

71. allow of 容许,容许有??的可能 72. make allowance for 考虑到,体谅 73. leave alone 不打扰,不惊动

74. let alone 1)更别提 2)不打扰,不惊动 75. all along 始终,一直

76. along with 与??一道,与??一起 77. the ambassador to U.S. 驻美大使

78. be ambitious 1) to do 热望,极想 2)for / of ? 极欲获得

79. by analogy 用类推的方法 80. angle for 谋取,猎取 81. one another 互相

82. one after another 一个又一个地,相继 83. one thing?another 一回事??另一回事

84. answer for 对??负有责任 85. in answer to 作为对??的回答

86. anxious about 为??担心;对??着急 87. anxious for 渴望;急需 88. anxious to do 急于要 89. anything but 根本不

90. anything like [否定、疑问、条件句中] 完全像

91. for anything [否定句中] 无论如何

92. apart from 1)除??以外(别无) 2)除??之外(尚有)

93. to all appearances 就外表看来,根据观察推断

94. have one’s appendix out 切除阑尾 95. an appendix to the book 该书的附录 96. apply ? to 把??应用于,运用 97. apply to 适用于

98. apply ( to sb. ) for (向??) 申请,请求 99. appreciate + 事或物 感激 100. thank + 人 感激 lay off (暂时)解雇 letalone 更不必说 look into 调查 look on 看待 lose no time 立即

make sense of sth. 讲得通,言之有理 of no avail 无用,无效 on file 存档

on no account 决不,绝对不 adhere to 忠于

after all 毕竟,归根结底 at random 随机地,任意地 break out 突然发生,爆发 break up 打碎 but for 要不是

by far 最,??得多

by no means 决不,一点也不 catch on 理解,明白 catch up with 赶上

collide with 碰撞,冲突 come up with 想出,提出 come up with 追及,赶上 comment on 评论

contrary to 与??相反 contribute to 有助于,促成 cope with 应付,妥善处理 cut short 打断,制止

do away with 消灭,废除,去掉 do credit to 为??带来光荣 due to 因为

go in for 从事,致力于 go off 爆炸

hang by a thread 千钧一发,岌岌可危

heap praise upon 对??大加称赞

in accordance with 与??一致,按照,根据

in between 在两者之间in case of 防备,以防in honour of 为纪念

in response to 响应,反应

in terms of 根据,从??方面来说in that 因为

in the vicinity of 在附近 keep off远离,抑制

on the decline 衰落中,衰退中 out of stock 无现货的,脱销的 provided that 假如,若是 pull up 使停下

put away 放好,放起来 regardless of 不管,不顾 result in 导致,结果是 result in 发生,导致 see to 照料,注意 show to 引导,引领 stand for 容忍,接受 take on 承担,接受 take over 接管,接收

take to 对??产生好感,开始喜欢 talk into 说服

that is 即,也就是 turn in 上交 turn out 生产出 turn to 求助于

ward off 防止,避开

with reference to 关于,有关 work out 想出,制订出 worth one’s while 值得