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大学英语六级听力专项训练

时间:2016-04-13 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:大学英语六级听力的完整训练方法

大学英语六级听力的完整训练方法

许多考生经历六级考试尤其是听力部分的失败由一回到N回不等。真题也做了很多遍,规律和方法也掌握的差不多,为何还会出现听不懂,听得模糊,太快,不能边听边看等等问题呢?日常规律和科学的训练将大大解决这些问题。

第一部分:六级题目训练的完整步骤

材料来源:为了更好地突破四、六级考试,我们始终认为四、六级真题是最好的训练材料。2006年12月起六级考试进行试卷改革,所以2006年6月起到现在的题目是最需要训练得滚瓜烂熟的题目。若认为题目不够训练,也可以继续做2005年或以前的题目。但是题目时间越早,难度和实效性就越低。

第一步:预判 (3-5分钟)

图一给出了我们在做一道听力题目的流程图,我们不难发现,从第一步到第八步,只有15秒的时间,因此,做题前,一定留出时间看题。正式考试时看题时间约3分钟左右,我们只能高效的看而非全面的看。选项中最需要注意的是:高频词、主语、谓语等。同时注意,相似选项和相反选项要保留,准确答案就在其间。复合式听写部分也需要注意高频词汇。例(小对话):

A.He'd rather not go to the lecture.

B. He‘

s going to attend the lecture.

C. He'll give a lecture on drawing.

2013英语六级考试全攻略 考试入门 六级词汇 六级语法 六级听力 六级写作 六级阅读

D. He doesn't mind if the woman goes to the lecture.

很明显,AB形成对立项。

例(长对话)

A. Doubtful

B. Reserved

C. Indifferent .

D. Supportive。

选项呈现明显对照,三负一正,值得我们重视。

第二步:听力开始(35分钟)

2006年12月年后的六级听力放音时间约35分钟左右。请不间断地听完一套题,中间不要停顿,强化自己的耐力注意力和定力。

第三步:查阅环节(时间因人而异)

1、 对答案。确定准确答案在原文中的位置。同时确定错误答案为什么错。

2、 查词和短语。将选项和原文中所有不熟悉的单词和短语全部查阅清楚,不留死角。

3、 翻译句子。查阅词语结束后,可以用视译的方式看句子是否可以通顺的翻译明白。若发现人有句子无法理解,那就是单词和短语的含义并未查阅正确。

例:2000年6月六级听力短对话原文:

They may think that's a wise move, but that's the last thing I'd do

误译:这是我要做的最后一件事?

正译:我绝不会做这样的事?

无独有偶:2002年1月的面试长对话中,又出现了一次last。

Believe it or not, that's the last thing I 'd ever want to do. (我绝不会做。)

第四步:视听和跟读原文(时间因人而异)

现在,你需要打开眼睛已经可以完全看懂的听力原文。边放音边听,同时跟读和模仿。跟不上的时候,可以以半句为单位甚至每个单词为单位。本步骤可以纠正发音。你可以读准这几个单词么?

Herbal Resume Aisle Fasten Refuse Desert Dessert Dissert(此处请编辑协助给出音标)另外,我们还需要特别注意连读或失去爆破在语句中的使用。

第五步:裸听(时间因人而异)

本步骤要求在没有原文的情况下,完全靠双耳能力听懂所有细节。这是听力训练的最高环节。你可能会发现刚才边看边听时没有任何理解难度的单词和短语都会出现不懂或模糊的情况,一旦如此,请回到第四步确定是什么词语让耳朵不够熟悉。本环节的训练需要耐心和坚持。

第六步:部分听写(时间因人而异)

为了提高四六级整体听写水平,同学可以在选择性地将部分短对话或长对话,甚至短文听力,用单句反复播放的形式写出来。你需要耐心地把一句话重复听多遍,以求最终准确写出。若发现单词或短语无法准确拼写,可以在整段播放完毕后进行统一确认。

注意:“时间因人而异”是指由于同学基础和能力有所差别,耗费的时间也会有差别。第二部分:练习

按照以上方法,请你耐心地安排两到三个小时,完成六级听力部分的完整学习。只有深度的学习才是有效的学习。坚持就是胜利。

篇二:大学英语六级听力长对话考点分析与专项训练

大学英语六级听力长对话考点分析与专项训练

大学英语六级听力考试的一项重要的改革就是在原来的基础上增加了长对话题目的测试。长对话题目的设置符合四、六级改革的目标方向,旨在考查考生在实际的日常环境中运用语言的能力。长对话共设两篇,每篇后设有3 — 4 个题目,共7 题,对话的长度约为7 — 10 个循环,每篇对话的长度为200 — 300 词。长对话的录音材料用标准的英式或美式英语朗读,语速约为每分钟150词,难度与短文听力相似。每个题目提问完毕之后到下一个题目开始之前,有13秒的时间间隔供考生迅速作出正确答案的选择。

长对话的考查范围非常广泛,常见的有:工作与日常生活,校园生活,社会问题讨论。题材也逐渐多样化,如科普知识类、新闻采访类以及文化教育类。 长对话是介于短对话与短文之间的一种考查类型,同时兼有短对话的口语性强和短文听力中信息量大、逻辑关系明显、句式复杂多变的特点。

长对话的设题方式主要有三大类:主旨题、推断题和细节题。其中,细节题的分数比重最大,一般可以占长对话总题目的80%。

一、主旨类

● 设题方式

这类题目是听力长对话测试中相对容易的题目,主要考查考生对长对话主题或谈话场景的把

握,问题常常要求考生判断对话谈论的话题、对话目的或对话中谈到的主要问题等,一般是对话的第一题或者最后一题。这类题目的选项特征比较明显,一般是简短的词组短语或者短句。另外,此类题目的提问方式也相对固定,常见的有: What are the two speakers talking about/discussing?

What is the conversation mainly about?

What is the main topic of the conversation?

What’s the purpose of sb.’s calling/doing...?

● 解题策略

1)预先浏览选项,确定题目类型。由于这类题目的选项特征明显,常常为简短词汇或短语,因而提前浏览可以帮助考生在听音前作出正确预测,进行有针对性

地听音。有时选项中的各个答案都基本类似,这种情况下要先分析各选项的不同,把握选项间的内在联系,例如包含和被包含的关系,然后在听音时捕捉其中的重要信息和关键词句。

2)把握对话的开头和结尾。由于对话较长,考生往往忽视了对话的首尾处。实际上,由于主旨题常设为第一题或最后一题,对话的主题也往往在开头或结尾处点明,尤其对于新闻访谈类现场对话题目,这一特征较为明显。因此考生应快速进入听音状态,抓住对话首尾处的细节。

3)充分注意重复频率高的词汇短语。在长对话中,很多时候主题是直接点明的,可以充分注意对话中出现频率较高的词,以此来帮助判断主题。

二、推断类

● 设题方式

这类题目主要考查考生在听懂对话的基础上,对对话重要细节的引申含义的理解。考生需要综合把握对话的内容、关键词、上下文、语气语调等多种因素,同时运用自己的文化背景知识和生活常识等进行逻辑推理、判断、归纳,去领会说话人的真实含义。因而,这类题目常常是难点所在。常见的提问方式有: What does the man mean/suggest by talking...?

What can be inferred/concluded from the conversation?

What do we learn from the conversation?

What can be concluded from the conversation?

● 解题策略

1)通过浏览选项找到听音关键。浏览选项对这类题目的回答非常重要。首先,由于推断类题目的选项特征往往不明显,因此考生在听音前需要快速浏览与本对话有关的所有题目选项,注意各个选项中的相同点和不同点,注意一些专有名词,如人名、地点和不同的动词,这些不同之处将会帮你大致确定对话谈论的内容以及哪些是你要听的关键;其次,分析选项间的特点还可以从一定程度上帮助考生提前排除明显错误的选项。及时排除明显错误的选项,有助于缩小听音范围,提高正确率。

2)注意积累一些含蓄委婉的表达和习惯用法。这一策略与短对话相似。由于长对话大多发生在实际场景中,它仍然有很强的口语特征,因此考生对习语、惯用

语、固定搭配的掌握有助于避免理解偏离真正含义。

3)利用对英语国家文化背景的了解以及对英语语音习惯的表达方式的掌握进行推断。在口语中,语调重点是用来表达说话人的情感、态度的最有效的手段之一,因此要“听话听音”,通过语调来推断讲话者的真正含义。

三、细节类

● 设题方式

细节类题目的考查是出现频率最高的,三套题中细节题的比重高达三分之二。其中,2006年12月的六级听力测试中,两篇长对话所涉及的7道题全部为细节题的考查。细节类题目可以考查到对话的方方面面,如时间地点、原因、事件、个人的观点态度、对事情的喜好等,有很多与短对话的考查点不谋而合。 细节题主要分为两种,一种是答案为对话细节的再现;另一种是答案为对话细节的同义转述。细节类题目通常没有固定的提问方式,一般即常说的Wh-question (what, which, when, where, why, how, etc.)。

● 解题策略

1)通过提前浏览选项作出合理预测。考生抓住有效时间提前浏览选项,通过分析比较各个

选项,并结合自己的有关经验和知识,对问题进行估计和预测,从而帮助自己有重点地听。预测技巧对细节题的把握很重要,这里提供几点相关的预测技巧: ■ 选项如果以某种动词形式开头,如动词原形、动名词或分词,则可以推测问题是关于说话双方的行为活动。

■ 四个选项中都含有情态动词could, might, would 等或者should, had better 等表示请求或建议的词,问题很可能与表达说话者的建议请求有关。

■ 所有选项的主语都是某个人名或者he/she 时,听音时应当特别关注其中一方的思想感情、行为态度。

■ 四个选项都含有表达赞同反对、情感好恶等词汇,如disapprove, agree, dislike, uncomfortable, satisfied 等,可以在听音时多关注对话双方对某一问题或现象的看法。

■ 注意不符合生活常识的选项一定不是正确答案,可以预先排除。

这些预测技巧可以在一定程度上帮助考生有针对性地听音,提高正确率。

2)注意选项中与原对话细节不同的表达方式,比如同义近义词转换、句型转换、句子否定表达与肯定表达的转化等。

3)听的过程中要做好记录。记录的重点应当是人名、地名、时间、地点、原因、人物态度等。记录的方法多种多样,要利用自己最擅长和熟悉的记录方法,比如符号、缩写、首字母等。

4)根据上下文有效避开对难词的理解。长对话中的难词、偏词常常与细节类问题的回答直接相关,这时考生无需花费时间思考难词、偏词的含义,而可以通过对上下文的理解使其明朗化,从而作出正确判断。例如,在2007 年6 月的六级听力考试长对话中出现了难词jet lag(由飞行引起的身体不适),第20 题针对健康计划的目的和作用来提问,因此必须理解jet lag 才能解题。但要理解这个词,不一定要事先背过单词,只要利用上下文稍加推测即可。男生在对话结尾处提到So, basically, it’s a choice. Mineral water and exercises, or champagne and jet lag.提示jet lag 是和锻炼等健康的生活方式相反的一个选择,也就是会另人不适的,理解到这一层就可以做题了。

5)抓住对话中的答语。长对话的考点常设在一个问题的问答处,且答案常设在答语上。

6)注意对话中的数字信息。对话中出现年代、时间、价格等数字的地方也常为设题重点,

但是一般不单纯考查数字,而是考查与数字相关的其他细节。

下面就以大学英语新六级考试样卷中的Conversation Two为例,具体分析其设题特点与解题

思路:

W: (24) We now interrupt our regular scheduled news program to bring you live up-to-date coverage on the civil uest in the newly formed country of Karnak, where our man Stan Fielding is stationed. Stan...

M: This is Stan Fielding reporting live from the suburbs of the capital city. Just 20 minutes ago, rebel forces launched the biggest offensive against the ruling government in the 18-month conflict here in this country.

W: Now Stan, is this a sign that the peace process has been totally abandoned? M: Well, (23) so far, peace negotiations have failed, and any resolution to end

the civil war appears bleak at this moment. As you can see... Whoa. W: Stan, Stan, are you there?

M: Uh, yes, Shelly. As you can probably hear behind me, rebel forces are also using heavy artillery to pound the positions of government forces around the city center. Rebel forces are closing in, and it’s feared that they will be able to take the capital building before daybreak where, it is believed, many government officials are holding out.

W: Now, besides the heavy fighting, what other pressing concerns are there for the citizens of the city?

M: Well, (25) since the beginning of the conflict, starvation, and lack of clean water and adequate shelter have been the biggest daily obstacles facing the citizens of this war-torn country. It is believed that over 40,000 people, mostly children, have starved to death. Fortunately, no epidemics have broken out, but that is always a concern if this war lingers on.

W: Okay, that was Stan Fielding reporting. And we will keep you up-to-date as this story ontinues

to unfold.

22. What is the news coverage mainly about? B) The fall of Karnak’s capital city into the hands of the rebel forces.

C) The epidemic that has just broken out in the country of Karnak.

D) The peace talks between the rebels and the government in Karnak.

本题为主旨题。在一则前线新闻报道中,when, where, what happened 是不可或缺的关键点。综合判断各个选项,只有A 答案中时间latest,地点in Karnak,事件an armed rebellion 概括全面。

23. What does the reporter Stan Fielding say about the situation in Karnak?

A) The epidemic has been brought under control.

B) There are signs of progress in the peace process.

C) Great improvements are being made in its capital.

D)

篇三:训练大学英语六级听力的完整方法+收藏

训练大学英语六级听力的完整方法

许多考生经历六级考试尤其是听力部分的失败由一回到N回不等。真题也做了很多遍,规律和方法也掌握的差不多,为何还会出现听不懂,听得模糊,太快,不能边听边看等等问题呢?日常规律和科学的训练将大大解决这些问题。

第一部分:六级题目训练的完整步骤

材料来源:为了更好地突破四、六级考试,我们始终认为四、六级真题是最好的训练材料。2006年12月起六级考试进行试卷改革,所以2006年6月起到现在的题目是最需要训练得滚瓜烂熟的题目。若认为题目不够训练,也可以继续做2005年或以前的题目。但是题目时间越早,难度和实效性就越低。

图1 听力流程图

第一步:预判 (3-5分钟)

图一给出了我们在做一道听力题目的流程图,我们不难发现,从第一步到第八步,只有15秒的时间,因此,做题前,一定留出时间看题。正式考试时看题时间约3分钟左右,我们只能高效的看而非全面的看。选项中最需要注意的是:高频词、主语、谓语等。同时注意,相似选项和相反选项要保留,准确答案就在其间。复合式听写部分也需要注意高频词汇。

例(小对话):

A.He'd rather not go to the lecture.

B. He‘s going to attend the lecture.

C. He'll give a lecture on drawing.

D. He doesn't mind if the woman goes to the lecture.很明显,AB形成对立项。

例(长对话)

A. Doubtful

B. Reserved

C. Indifferent .

D. Supportive。

选项呈现明显对照,三负一正,值得我们重视。

第二步:听力开始(35分钟)

2006年12月年后的六级听力放音时间约35分钟左右。请不间断地听完一套题,中间不要停顿,强化自己的耐力注意力和定力。

第三步:查阅环节(时间因人而异)1、 对答案。确定准确答案在原文中的位置。同时确定错误答案为什么错。

2、 查词和短语。将选项和原文中所有不熟悉的单词和短语全部查阅清楚,不留死角。

3、 翻译句子。查阅词语结束后,可以用视译的方式看句子是否可以通顺的翻译明白。若发现人有句子无法理解,那就是单词和短语的含义并未查阅正确。

例:2000年6月六级听力短对话原文:

They may think that's a wise move, but that's the last thing I'd do

误译:这是我要做的最后一件事?

正译:我绝不会做这样的事?

无独有偶:2002年1月的面试长对话中,又出现了一次last。

Believe it or not, that's the last thing I 'd ever want to do. (我绝不会做。)

第四步:视听和跟读原文(时间因人而异)

现在,你需要打开眼睛已经可以完全看懂的听力原文。边放音边听,同时跟读和模仿。跟不上的时候,可以以半句为单位甚至每个单词为单位。本步骤可以纠正发音。

你可以读准这几个单词么?

Herbal Resume Aisle Fasten Refuse Desert Dessert Dissert(此处请编辑协助给出音标)

另外,我们还需要特别注意连读或失去爆破在语句中的使用。

第五步:裸听(时间因人而异)

本步骤要求在没有原文的情况下,完全靠双耳能力听懂所有细节。这是听力训练的最高环节。你可能会发现刚才边看边听时没有任何理解难度的单词和短语都会出现不懂或模糊的情况,一旦如此,请回到第四步确定是什么词语让耳朵不够熟悉。本环节的训练需要耐心和坚持。

第六步:部分听写(时间因人而异)

为了提高四六级整体听写水平,同学可以在选择性地将部分短对话或长对话,甚至短文听力,用单句反复播放的形式写出来。你需要耐心地把一句话重复听多遍,以求最终准确写出。若发现单词或短语无法准确拼写,可以在整段播放完毕后进行统一确认。

注意:“时间因人而异”是指由于同学基础和能力有所差别,耗费的时间也会有差别。

第二部分:练习

按照以上方法,请你耐心地安排两到三个小时,完成六级听力部分的完整学习。只有深度的学习才是有效的学习。坚持就是胜利。

篇四:大学英语六级听力训练方法

大学英语六级听力训练方法

一般说来,短文听力备考训练必须抓住竖听和横听两点结合来进行。所谓竖听,是指一套题目从头听到尾,从第一题听到最后一题。所谓横听,是指把相同题材和体裁的文章放在一块对照比较着听,从而迅速抓住同类型文章的规律,真正做到以不变应万变。例如,有关人物传记的文章在近几年的考题中共出现过两篇,1999年1月的passage1和1996年1月的passage1,把这两篇文章放在一起听,可以发现这类型文章都以介绍式写法开头,将记叙人物的姓名、出生年月、出生地点以及社会评价置于开头,以引起注意。这些内容往往会考到。而 文章结尾部分则通常会提到该人物的重大成绩,评论其功过是非。文章一般用记叙的语言讲述人物的经历,较少有情节的描写或人物对话。通过这样反复对比听,可以使我们很快掌握人物传记题材文章的模式和考题思路,在短时间内抓住考点,做到举一反三。

笔者在此提供一套具体的短文听力训练办法:

考生可以在历年考题中选取10-20篇不同题材和不同体裁的文章,依据以下几个步骤,横竖结合来进行精听训练。

Step 1:第一遍听磁带时认真做题,对所选取的每段文章都认真仔细,注意时间,模拟考场氛围。做完以后还需注意统计对错个数,并分析选项设置特点,练习快速扫描选项的能力。

Step 2:脱离文字材料再听4-5遍磁带。此时绝对不允许照着文字材料听,应该反复使用录音机上的重复键,尽最大努力听懂全文内容。听第5遍或第6遍的时候,可以一边听一边将全文笔录下来,然后对照文字材料,看看笔录有什么问题,分析听不懂的原因,是语音、词汇还是语法?然后有的放矢地加以解决。

Step 3:在足够熟悉此段落中的内容后,打开文字材料,一边听录音一边看,并在段落中相应考点和问题答案,仔细体会,分析自己为什么被某些干扰项误导。

Step 4:跟着磁带大声朗读,以提高自己的语速。如果自己的语速能基本跟上听力材料的语速,再做同类型题目,困难就不大了。

另外,练习过程中有一些事项值得我们注意,请大家养成良好的习惯,尽量避免:

1、鸵鸟式听法。很多同学听力过程中没有动手的习惯,听就是听,在做题时才努力回忆与该题有关的信息。甚至有同学喜欢闭着眼睛听或者把头低下来,伏在桌子上听,并认为这样注意力更集中,但这样往往容易走神,听的效率非常低。

2、多而不精。对于已经听过的材料,很多同学都很少再听,这是一个错误的观念。片面追求练习的量,并不能有效提高做听力题时的悟性,必须用心去感受才能收到显著的效果。

3、不愿对着文字材料大声朗读,认为听力就是听力,没有必要和朗读口语联系起来。其实听力考的是口头语言,口语提高了,听力也就自然而然上去了。同时朗读可以培养正确的语音语调,可以加强我们对文章的领悟力。

4、训练时间安排不得当。听力训练需要思想高度集中,故时间安排以每天精神最佳时候为宜。时间不宜过长,每次连续听半小时到一小时就可。另外,由于听力是一种习惯成自然的技巧训练,所以最好每天安排一段时间,切忌三天打鱼,两天晒网。

总之,六级考试短文听力并不可怕,如果我们能够宏观把握,平时坚持“用心去听”,我们肯定能够从不同角度、不同层次提高自己的英语语言能力。

一定要坚持练习听力哦,祝大家考试顺利!~

篇五:大学英语六级听力训练文本练习

听力原文及解析

Section A

11. W: Since it?s the rush hour, let?s take the subway.

M: OK. It?s not as direct as the bus, but it?s faster and there will be less chance of a traffic jam. I think it is the

best choice for us right now.

Q: Why do the man and the woman make such a decision?

【听前预测】选项中的bus,direct though expensive,subway,fast and less expensive等表明,对话涉及公共汽车和地铁的优缺点。

【解 析】选[C]。对话中女士提到take the subway,男士回答OK. It?s not as direct as the bus, but it?s faster…。由此可知,二人选择地铁是因为它比较快,虽然不是直达,故答案为[C]。

12. W: It seems that Mary is used to keeping us waiting for her all the time. Maybe one of us should give her a ring

before each meeting.

M: That?s true. And I think I will be the volunteer.

Q: What will the man probably do?

【听前预测】选项均以原形动词开头以及其中的Tell Mary表明,本题可能考查与Mary有关的将来的行为动作。

【解 析】选[B]。对话中女士提到Maybe one of us should give her a ring before each meeting(或许我们中的一个人应该在每次开会前给她打个电话),男士回答道I will be the volunteer。由此可知,男士将会在每次开会前给Mary打电话,故答案为[B]。

13. M: It?s really too bad this had to happen. Jennie was supposed to start her new job in the morning. But that?s out

of the question now.

W: Why are you worried about the job at a time like this? Her health is more important.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation about Jennie?

【听前预测】选项中的She,first job,very healthy,poor health等表明,对话与She的工作和健康状况有关。

【解 析】选[D]。对话中男士提到“Jennie本应该在今天上午开始她的新工作。但现在这不可能了。”女士听后说“她的健康更重要”。由此可推断出,Jennie不能去工作是因为她现在身体状况不好,故答案为[D]。out of the question表示“不可能的”。

14. W: Mr. Williams, how can I help you?

M: It never used to trouble me, but now after only a couple of glasses, I start to feel really terrible. Could you

give me some advice?

Q: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?

【听前预测】选项中的He,alcoholic,got a headache/stomachache等表明,对话可能与男士喝酒引起身体不适有关。

【解 析(转 自 于:wWW.Hn1C.cOM 唯才教育 网:大学英语六级听力专项训练)】选[A]。由男士提到的“以前我喝酒一点事都没有,但现在仅仅喝几杯之后,我就开始感觉很难受”可推断出,男士是个酒鬼,故答案为[A]。

15. W: What are you scratching your head for?

M: I?ve been racking my brains all morning trying to recall the name of the company that produces the portable

computers, but in vain.

Q: What do we learn about the man?

【听前预测】选项均以He开头,由其中的can?t recall,forgets,doesn?t remember,computer等可知,对话可能与男士忘记某件跟电脑有关的事情。

【解 析】选[D]。对话中男士提到…racking my brains…to recall the name of the company that produces the portable computers, but in vain(??我绞尽脑汁在想那家生产手提电脑的公司的名字,但没想起来),[D]的表述与此一致,故为答案。rack one?s brain意为“绞尽脑汁想某事”;in vain意为“徒劳”。

16. M: If I remember right, this is the third time I wrote you this month, isn?t it, Mrs. Smith?

W: Yes. Tom?s really a headache. Prof. Benson, I wonder if you could give me some advice about my boy. Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?

【听前预测】选项表明,本题考查地点场所,快速浏览四个选项中的地点场所,并在听音时捕捉关键信息词对号入座即可选出答案。

【解 析】选[B]。由对话中女士提到的Prof. Benson, I wonder if you could give me some advice about my boy(Benson教授,关于我的孩子,我想知道您是否能够给我一些建议)可推知,对话应该发生在学校办公室里面,故答案为[B]。[C]是针对女士的话Tom?s really a headache所设的干扰项,a headache在此意为“令人头痛的人”。

17. M: This TV set is getting worse and worse. Now it doesn?t work at all.

W: Here?s an advertisement in the newspaper about a big TV sale. Usually a big sale like this would have some

good bargains. What would you say?

Q: What does the woman suggest?

【听前预测】选项中的TV set,on sale,bargain,sell,buy等表明,对话可能与电视机的买或卖有关。

【解 析】选[D]。对话开头男士抱怨说This TV set … doesn?t work at all(电视机??彻底坏了),接着女士提到Here?s … a big TV sale … would have some good bargains(有??一个大型电视促销活动?会有便宜货),即女士建议他们去参加促销活动,廉价买一台电视机,故答案为[D]。

18. M: I must be going now — I promised to pick up Nancy.

W: Since you?re going to pick up Nancy from the fitness class, why don?t you kill two birds with one stone and

pick up Peter after his ballet class?

Q: What does the woman mean?

【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的The man should,pick up,Nancy and Peter等可知,本题与男士接Nancy和Peter有关,女士的话为听音重点。

【解 析】选[A]。对话中女士提到…pick up Nancy … kill two birds with one stone and pick up Peter…(??接Nancy??一举两得接Peter),[A]是对此的同义转述,故为答案。why don?t...表建议。kill two birds with one stone意为“一箭双雕”。

Now you will hear the two long conversations.

W: I know that you believe central bank should normally be independent from the government, rather than a government department. Why is this?

M: Well, the main reason is what we call, in economics, the political business cycle. If the central bank mainly acts as a branch of government, then this government is inclined to increase abruptly, for instance, money supply just before elections in order to favour employment, but, of course, this has a negative effect on inflation.

W: And this happens in America, in Germany?

M: Mainly in Germany. The two most independent central banks we can think of are really Switzerland and Germany.

W: Not the Fed, the Federal Reserve?

M: The Fed, yes, but the Fed is slightly less independent, in the sense that, for instance, it doesn?t have a goal of

price stability as clearly stated as the German or the Swiss central banks, for instance.

W: And examples of central banks which are influenced by the government?

M: Well, there?s Britain, for instance. France is being slowly privatized — well, made independent. Italy, contrary to what most people think, is a quite independent central bank. It?s one of the most efficient public bodies, I would say.

W: But you think the independent bank is a model for the future?

M: Yes, I would argue it is. Actually I?m working presently on something that tends to show that the independence should actually be adapted to the economic conditions in the country and outside the country, but yes, generally a more independent central bank is certainly more, well, certainly more desirable than a non-independent central bank.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. Why should central banks be independent from the government, according to the man?

【解析】选[C]。选项均以“To+原形动词”开头表明,本题可能考查做某事的目的或原因。对话开头女士问男士为什么认为中央银行应该独立于政府,男士回答说主要原因就是the political business cycle(政治性经济周期),接着解释说如果中央银行成为政府机构,那么政府很可能会为了在大选前提高就业率而突然增加货币供应,从而导致通货膨胀,由此可推断出,男士之所以认为中央银行应该独立于政府就是为了避免经济受政治的影响,故答案为[C]。

20. Which of the following central banks is the most independent, according to the man?

【解析】选[A]。选项中重复出现的Bank表明,本题与银行有关。对话中男士提到,The two most independent central banks...are really Switzerland and Germany,由此可知,他认为最独立的两个中央银行就是瑞士中央银行和德国中央银行,[A]为其中之一,故为答案。

【点睛】最高级处为常考点,听音时应留意。

21. What does the man say about the central bank of Britain?

【解析】选[B]。选项中的It,privatized slowly,independent bank,most efficient等表明,It应该是指某家银行,本题考查它的特点。女士让男士举一个受政府左右的中央银行的例子,男士回答说there?s Britain, for instance,由此可知,英国中央银行受政府控制,故答案为[B]。

【点睛】for instance举例处常设为考点,是听音的重点。

M: Well, it?s the World Wide Web, which is part of the Internet.

W: Wow… and, uh, what do you use it for?

M: Oh, well, I can sit here in my office and do almost anything.

W: Like what?

M: Well, this morning, the first thing I did when I got up was to turn on the computer. In a couple of minutes, I was

reading the newspaper from Chicago.

W: Wow.

M: Yeah, you can read hundreds of newspapers from around the world.

W: That?s amazing.

M: That?s just the start. Then I checked my e-mail. There was a message from my dad in Chicago, one from my sister in San Francisco, and a message from my brother in Hong Kong. My dad?s message was to tell me not to forget my mom?s birthday. So then I sent her an electronic birthday card.

W: An electronic birthday card?

M: Uh-huh.

W: Fantastic.

M: My sister wanted to know if I was planning to visit her in San Francisco during my vacation.

W: So…, are you?

M: Well, I checked an airline reservation service. I looked at the schedule and picked a flight, booked it, and sent the information to my sister. After about an hour she sent me a reply saying she?d pick me up at the airport.

W: Oh, my gosh! And how about your brother?s message?

M: Well, he told me about a big fire in Hong Kong yesterday, and I wanted to find out more about it. So I checked an Internet news service and I saw video footage of it.

W: No way! You can see video images through your computer?

M: Absolutely sure. Amazing, isn?t it?

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

22. Where does the conversation take place?

【解析】选[D]。选项表明,本题考查地点场所,需要快速浏览各个选项,听音时应注意与地点场所有关的信息,对号入座即可选出答案。由男士提到的I can sit here in my office and do almost anything可推断出,对话应该是发生在男士的办公室里,故答案为[D]。

23. What was the first thing the man did when he got up this morning?

【解析】选[B]。选项均为与He有关的完整句子且谓语动词均使用了一般过去式表明,本题与男士过去的行为活动有关。对话中男士提到今天早上他起床后做的第一件事就是打开电脑(turn on the computer),故答案为[B]。

【点睛】first,then等表顺序处为常考点,听音时应留意。

24. Where does the man?s sister live?

【解析】选[B]。选项表明,本题考查地点场所,听音时应留意地点信息,并听清问题问的是问什么。对话中男士说他查看电子邮件的时候,有一条是sister从旧金山(San Francisco)发来的消息,由此可推断出,男士的sister应该是住在旧金山,故答案为[B]。

25. What is the message from the man?s brother mainly about?

【解析】选[C]。女士问男士他brother发来的消息说了些什么,男士回答说brother告诉他香港昨天发生了一起大火(a big fire in Hong Kong yesterday),故答案为[C]。

【点睛】问题中的the message from the man?s brother为听音的关键。

Section B

complex blend of chemical compounds with potential health effects, both good and bad. Now, new research suggests

that if you drink enough coffee, it might help you avoid certain kinds of cancer.

Dr. Mia Hashibe of the University Of Utah School Of Medicine was interested in the link between coffee drinking and certain cancers of the head and neck. Researchers have looked into this before, but without reaching any firm conclusions.

“There were a few studies, but the findings were not consistent across the studies,” she said, “so this finding from our current study was quite a surprise. We didn?t really have any expectation of which direction it could go into. “To sort out the confusion, Hashibe and her colleagues used statistical techniques to, in effect, make one big study out of the previous smaller studies.

We combined data across nine individual studies, so we have a lot more power than previous studies that looked at this. And we included 4,000 cancer patients who have cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx throat. And then 9,000 controls, so controls are people who do not have cancer.

Those studies — in Europe and the United States — found that people who drank a lot of coffee were less likely to develop cancers of the mouth and throat.

In an interview via Skype, Mia Hashibe said there was a weak link between cancer risk and drinking decaffeinated coffee, but it wasn?t statistically significant.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. What does the new research show?

【解析】选[A]。选项中重复出现的Drinking coffee以及protect,help relieve,lead to等表明,本题考查喝咖啡的作用。短文开头提到,新的研究显示,喝足够的咖啡可能有助于避免某些癌症,故答案为[A]。

【点睛】[A]中的may protect you against some cancers是对短文中提到的might help you avoid certain kinds of cancer的同义转述。

27. How many cancer patients participated in Hashibe?s study?

【解析】选[B]。选项表明,本题与数字有关,故听音时应留意与数字相关的信息。Hashibe和她的同事用统计学的方法在之前的一些小型研究的基础上进行了一次大规模的研究,她们找来了4,000名有口腔癌和咽喉癌的病人,由此可知,共有4,000名癌症患者参与这项研究,故答案为[B]。

【点睛】数字处为常考点,是听音重点。

28. What did the studies carried out in Europe and the United States find?

【解析】选[D]。选项中的link between cancer risk and drinking...coffee,drank a lot...were less likely to develop cancers等表明,本题可能考查喝咖啡与人体健康之间的关系。短文中提到在欧洲和美国进行的一些研究发现,喝很多咖啡的人不太容易得口腔癌和喉癌(…drank a lot of coffee were less likely to develop cancers of the mouth and throat),故答案为[D]。

States with a highly educated populace and higher taxes on cigarettes have fewer smokers, according to a new Gallup study of poll data.

The study found that one out of five American adults smoke, a number that has held relatively steady in recent years. Utah had the fewest smokers, at just 13 percent, while Kentucky and West Virginia tied for first place at 31 percent.

The South and Midwest dominated in smoker-heavy states. Besides Kentucky and West Virginia, Tennessee, Indiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Ohio, Louisiana, South Carolina and Alabama all had populations in which 25 percent or more people smoked. States that were under the national smoking average of 21 percent included: California, Idaho, Montana, the District of Columbia, New Jersey, Minnesota, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Arizona and Maryland.