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大学英语一级试题

时间:2016-06-09 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:大学英语一级练习题

College English Exercises (Band I)

Part I. Skimming and Scanning (10 points)

Directions: In this part, you have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and make the choice to the questions after reading the passage, then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line though the centre.

For questions 1-7, mark

Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;

N (for NO)if statement contradicts the information given in the passage;

NG (for NOT GIVEN)if the information is not given in the passage.

For question 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage

Dealing with Fear

Most people love to talk, but even the most talkative person can become a bundle of nerves at the thought of having to give a speech. This fear of speaking in public seems to be universal. In one study, people were asked what they fear most. Only 32 percent reported a fear of heights. Only 22 percent reported a fear of financial problems. Only 18 percent reported a fear of either sickness or death. But a whopping 40.6 percent reported a fear of speaking in public. This percentage was higher than that for any other item tested!

Not only is fear of speaking common, it is a very normal reaction. People naturally become nervous under pressure. First, of course, standing in front of a group whose eyes are all focused on us makes us self-conscious. The knowledge that what we say will be analyzed and evaluated makes us even more anxious. Even professional speakers are more nervous when they can see people taking notes and getting ready to evaluate.

Nearly all of us experience the same effects when we are nervous. Before the speech we can't eat or sleep. At the time of the speech, we experience trembling perspiring, shortness of breath, and increased heartbeat. If we let ourselves think about our nervousness during the speech, we may feel self-doubt, loss of contact with the audience, a jumping back and forth from point to point, and occasional lapses of memory.

Nervousness need not result in speech problems. In fact, most people can and do control their fears. It is important to note that our goal is "controlling fear" and not "getting rid of it". Let’s start by looking at four factors that can work in your favor.

You Are in Good Company

Not only does forty percent of the population regard public speaking as the thing they fear most, but also many experienced speakers confess to nervousness when they speak. I can hear you now: “Don’t give me that line --- you can’t tell that you fill in the blank with some person you know is nervous when he or she speaks in public!" You doubt me? Ask the person. He or she will tell you. Even famous speakers like Abraham Lincoln and Franklin D. Roosevelt were nervous before speaking. The difference in nervousness among people is a matter of degree --- good speakers learn to channel their nervousness. The following statement may surprise you: I would be disappointed if you were not nervous. Why? Because you must be a little nervous to do your best. Of course I do no, mean that you should be blind with fear But a bit of nervousness gets the adrenalin (肾上腺) flowing--- and mat get you ready to speak.

Despite Nervousness, You Can Make It Through a Speech

Very few persons are so bothered that they can't function. You may not enjoy the speech-but you can do it. Your Listeners Aren't Nearly as Likely to Notice Your Fear as You Thin

Inexperienced speakers find their fear increases because they think their audiences know how nervous they are. This makes the speaker more self-conscious. The fact is that people, even speech instructors, greatly underrate

the amount of nervousness they believe a person has. Once you realize that your audience doesn't really notice the fear that you feel, you'll no longer experience so much nervousness.

The More Experience You Get in Speaking, the More Able You Become to Cope with Nervousness

As you gain experience, you learn to think about the audience and the message and not about yourself. You also come to realize that audiences are usually very supportive. You will find that having a group of people listening to you alone is very satisfying.

Some Behaviors to Put into Operation Before and During the Speech

We have looked at four factors that operate, almost without your knowledge, to help you cope with fear. Now let's consider some of the behaviors that you can put into operation before and during the speech itself.

The very best behavior for controlling nervousness is to pick a topic you know something about and that you are interested in. Public speakers cannot allow themselves to be content with a topic they don't care about An unsatisfactory topic almost guarantees nervousness at the time of the speech. By the same token, having a topic that you know about and are truly interested lays the groundwork for a good speech.

Then, give yourself enough time to prepare fully. Don't back yourself into a corner where you must find material, organize it, write an outline, and practice the speech all before an hour or two. This will almost guarantee failure and destroy your confidence. On the other hand, if you will do a little work a week before the assignment, you will feel less pressure and an increase of confidence.

Giving yourself enough time to prepare fully includes enough time for practice. If our national love affair with big-time athletics has taught us anything, it is that careful preparation that allows an athlete or a speaker to succeed. Among more or less equal opponents, the team that wins is the team that is mentally and physically prepared. When an athlete says, "I'm going into this contest as well prepared as I can possibly be," he or she is more likely to do well. In this regard, speech making is not different from athletics. If you have carefully prepared and practiced your speech, you will do the kind of job that will make you proud.

During this preparation period you can also be "psyching yourself up" for the speech. If you have a good topic and if you are well prepared, your audience is going to profit from listening to you. That’s right—even though this is only a class and not a professional speaking experience. The audience is going to be glad they have heard you. Now before you say "Come on. Who are you trying to kid!" think of speeches you have heard. When someone had really good ideas, weren't you impressed? Of course you were. The fact is that some of the speeches you hear in class are going to be some of the best and most valuable speeches you are ever going to hear. Students learn to put time and effort into their speeches and many of them turn out to be quite good. If you work at it, your class is going to look forward to listening to you.

In addition to what you can do before the speech, there are also some things that you can do at the time of the speech to reduce fear. Research indicates that it is during the period right before you walk up to give your speech and the time when you have your first contact with the audience that your fear is at its greatest.

To make the most of these research findings, you must know yourself. Are you better off "getting it over with"? That is, being the first person to speak that day? If so, you can usually volunteer to go first. But regardless of when you speak, there is at least one additional thing yet, which can do to help yourself: Don't spend your time thinking about yourself or your speech. At the moment the class begins, you have done all you can to be prepared. This is the time to get your mind on something else. Try to listen to each of the speeches that come before you. Get involved with what each speaker is saying. Then when your turn comes, you will not be overly "worked up".

As you walk to the speaker's stand, remind yourself that you have good ideas. You are well prepared. Your audience is going to want to hear what you have to say. So, even if you make mistakes, the audience will profit from your speech.

When you reach the stand, pause a few seconds before you start. Take a deep breath. This may help get your breathing in order. Try to get movement into your speech during the first few sentences. Sometimes a few gestures or a step one way or another is enough to help break some of the tension.

Remember that the college classroom may be the best place for developing confidence as a speaker.

1. The passage tells you how to overcome stage fright.

2. Even professional speakers are more nervous when they can see people taking notes and getting ready to evaluate.

3. All of us have the same behaviors when we are nervous.

4. If you have a good appearance, you are often confident in the public speech.

5. If you realize that your audience doesn't really notice the fear that you feel, you'll experience much more nervousness.

6. One way to control stage fright is to say something you are familiar with.

7. The author of the article is definitely not nervous when he speaks.

8. If you prepare the speech for a week before the assignment, you will feel less pressure and ______.

9. You would have the greatest fear at the time before you walk up to give your speech and when you have ______.

10. If you want to develop confidence in making speech, the best place you can choose is______.

Part II. Listening Comprehension (30 points)

Section A. Conversations (20 points)

Directions: In this part, you will hear 20 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question, there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer, then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line though the centre.

11. A) Go out to work. B) Listen carefully to John.

C) Be calm and patient. D) Do the easiest thing.

12. A) He doesn’t like to talk.B) He is a very kind man.

C) He is friendly. D) He is not a pleasant person.

13. A) The doctor won’t see her tomorrow. B) The doctor is busy tomorrow.

C) The doctor is busy all day today. D) The doctor will see her today.

14. A) Young people are too quick in making decisions.

B) Young people seldom stay long on the same job.

C) Young people lose their jobs easily.

D) Young people are too eager to succeed.

15. A) She felt it was tiring. B) She felt it was very nice.

C) She thought it took less time. D) She thought it was expensive.

16. A) They are having breakfast.B) They are eating some fruit.

C) They are preparing a hot soup.D) They are drinking cold milk.

17. A) The woman doesn’t want to spend Christmas with the man.

B) The woman is going home for Christmas.

C) The woman has not been invited to the Christmas party.

D) The woman is going to spend Christmas abroad.

18. A) By car. B) By bus. C) By plane.D) By train.

19. A) It closes at four on weekdays.B) He doesn’t know its business hours.

C) It isn’t open on Sundays.

20. A) Tennis shoes. B) Some clothes.

21. A) Librarian and student.

C) Boss and secretary.

22. A) Look for the key.

C) Fix a shelf.

23. A) To make the woman angry.

C) David is the man’s good friend.

24. A) He must meet his teacher.

C) He must go out with his girlfriend.

25. A) He wants to pay.

C) He wants to eat somewhere else.

26. A) He didn’t work as hard as he was supposed to.

B) He didn’t pass the physics exam.

C) He did better in an earlier exam.

D) He found something wrong with the exam.

27. A) He is attending his sick mother at home.

C) He is at home on sick leave.

28. A) They don’t know how to get to Mike’s home.

B) They are discussing when to meet again.

C) They went to the same party some time ago.

D) They will go to Mike’s birthday party.

29. A) Five lessons B) Three lessons.

30. A) Find a larger room.

C) Buy two bookshelves. D) It is open till four on Sundays. C) Nothing yet. D) Music records. B) Operator and caller. D) Customer and repairman. B) Repair the car. D) Paint a shelf. B) To please the man’s mother. D) David is good at carrying on conversations. B) He must attend a class. D) He must stay at school to finish his homework. B) He doesn’t want to eat out. D) He doesn’t like Japanese food. B) He is on a European tour with his mother. D) He is in Europe to see his mother. C) Twelve lessonsD) Fifteen lessons B) Sell the old table. D) Rearrange some furniture.

Section B. Passages (10 points)

Directions: In this part, you will hear 2 short passages. At the end of the passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer, then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line though the centre.

Passage One

Questions 31 to 34 are based on the passage you have just heard.

31. A) It had many problems. B) It was the most democratic country in the world.

C) It was fair to women. D) It had some minor problems to solve.

32. A) The women of some states.

B) The women in the state of Wyoming only.

C) The members of the National Women’s Association.

D) The women in the state of Massachusetts only.

33. A) At the very beginning of the 20th century.

B) At the end of the 19th century.

C) After Susan Anthony’s death.

D) Just before Susan Anthony’s death.

34. A) she worked on the draft of the American Constitution.

B) She was the chairman of the National Women’s Association.

C) She was born in New York and died in Massachusetts.

D) She was an activist in the women’s movement for equal rights.

Passage Two

Questions 35 to 57are based on the passage you have just heard.

35. A) People with problems. B) Travels around the world.

C) Beautiful America. D) People in great cities.

57. A) He spent three months writing “Travels with Charley”.

B) He enjoyed his travels around the United States.

C) He was fond of writing about his travels.

D) He didn’t enjoy the trip as much as Charley.

Passage Three

Questions 58 to 61are based on the passage you have just heard.

58. A) The long distance between his home town and New York.

B) His unpopular character.

C) The high unemployment rate in New York.

D) His criminal record.

59. A) He wanted to be put in prison again. B) He needed the money to support his family.

C) He hated the barber there,D) He wanted to make himself well known.

60. A) He went directly to the police station.B) He drove out of the town and tried to escape.

C) He waited for the police to arrest him. D) He argued with the police angrily.

61. A) Mr. Spears enjoyed living in prison.

B) Mr. Spears was known as a greedy man in his community,

C) The police in New York were not very efficient.

D) The only way for Mr. Spears to support his family was by going to prison again.

Part III. Reading Comprehension (30 points)

Section A: Reading in Depth (10 points)

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

Last summer, Transportation Secretary Elizabeth Dole announced a new seatbelt-use rule: all the drivers and front passengers will be fined if they don’t wear seat belts after April 1989.

The wouldn’t have been necessary but for one simple fact. Even though seat belts couldnearly half of the deaths in fatal car accidents, 85 percent of the population simply won’t wear them.

More than 30,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or injured each year. Aof only 30 miles per hour is the same as falling from a third-floor window. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; ityour chance of death or serious injury by more than half.

, drivers or front seat passengers over 14 in most vehicles must wear a seat belt. If you do not, you could be fined up to $50. It will not be up to the drivers to make sure you wear your belt. But it will be the driver’s responsibility to make sure that children under 14 do not 53 in the front unless they are wearing a seat belt of some kind.

54, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing your vehicle; or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle; or if you have a valid medical certificate which excuses you from wearing it. Make55these circumstances apply to you before you decide not to wear your seat belt.

Remember you may be taken to for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court that you have been excused from wearing it.

篇二:(1)大学英语一级试卷及答案

临 沂 大 学 课 程 考 核 试 卷

xxxx— xxxx学年第x学期

考核科目 大学英语一 课程类别 必修 考核类型 考试 考核方式 闭卷 卷别 A

(注:考生务必将答案写在答题纸上,写在本试卷上的无效)

Part II Reading Comprehension (30 marks, 2 marks each)

Section A

Directions: Read the following passages and choose the best answer to each of the

questions following the passage.

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

The good news about Britain’s National Health Service (NHS) is that it gives free medical help to everyone who needs it. Sick people don’t have to pay to see the doctor, or to stay in hospital, and they only pay part of the cost of their medicines. The bad news is that the NHS is always running out of money. The British government spends even less on health than the American government. And in the USA sick people also have to pay every time they see a doctor. The NHS has been admired and enjoyed by British people since 1946 when it started. The idea then was to look after people ―from the cradle to the grave‖. Free medicine was part of the ―welfare state‖, which gave free education to the young, money to the unemployed, and pensions to the old.

Slowly, as the years pass, problems have grown up. Governments are finding that the bills are getting bigger and bigger. In 1982, £14,000 million was spent on health. One reason for this is that there are many more old people now than there were in 1946. Forty percent of NHS money goes to looking after the old. Some people say that the NHS is a luxury Britain can not afford. They want to bring back more private medicine, for which people would pay. Free medicine, they say, should be given only to the poor. Other people, including many doctors, disagree. Everyone, they say, has the right to the same medical help. In a two-part system, the rich would always get the best. This would not be

fair. People also disagree about how NHS money should be spent. Should £15,000 be spent on each heart transplant operation, when there are not enough beds for thousands of old people in pain? Should abortions be paid for by the NHS? Should more money be spent on the mentally ill? Shouldn’t doctors and nurses be better paid?

The questions go on and on—but so does the NHS. And millions of British people are thankful that it’s there.

31. In Britain sick people have to pay some money to__________.

A. see a doctor

B. stay in a hospital

C. get some medicine

D. have an operation

32. In Britain more money is spent on health than before because__________.

A. more people get ill

B. there are more old people

C. medicines become more expensive

D. doctors and nurses are better paid

33. Some people want to have more private medicine in Britain

they__________.

A. don’t trust the NHS

B. want better medical treatment

C. don’t think Britain can afford free medicine for all

D. believe that everyone has the right to medical help

34. What is the biggest problem the NHS is facing?

A. Shortage of money.

B. Criticisms from the people.

C. Arguments about its function.

because

D. Pressure from the government.

35. Which of the following is a controversial issue concerning the NHS?

A. Whether it’s necessary or not to provide beds for old people in pain.

B. Whether there should be free medical care for the mentally ill.

C. Whether people should ever be cared for from birth to death.

D. Whether money should be spent on more critical cases.

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

In some ways the employment interview is like a persuasive speech because the applicant (interviewee) seeks to persuade the employer (interviewer) to employ him or her. Several suggestions might prove helpful to the applicant when he or she is preparing for the actual interview.

A job applicant should gather certain types of information before the interview. First, the applicant should know what kind of job he wants and how that job relates to his career objective. It is important that the applicant be able to state why he wishes to work for a particular company. Second, the applicant should seek as much information as possible concerning the company, such as the location, the financial situation of the company, plans for expansion, and company philosophy. Information about most big corporations is available in reference books and periodicals.

After gathering information concerning the company, the applicant is ready for the interview. The interviewer’s first impression comes from the interviewee’s appearance. For most interviews, the appropriate dress for a man is a conservative(保守的) dark colored suit with a long sleeve white or light blue shirt and conservative tie.

Although hairstyle and dress are matters of personal taste, many personnel directors get first impressions from these characteristics. For example, one recent college graduate, who felt himself qualified, interviewed for a public relations job. However, the personnel manager considered this young man’s long hair, sloppy dress, and overly casual manner

unsuited for this particular position.

36. For whom is the passage most likely written?

A. An employee.

B. An employer. C. An interviewee. D. An interviewer.

37. As the author suggests, what the applicant should know before the interview is

_____.

A .the type of work he wants and his career expectation

B. his career objective a particular company will decide

C. the reasons why a particular company wants to employ him

D. all of the above

38. Before the interview, the applicant should obtain some information about _____.

A. most big corporations

B. the company he wants to work for

C. reference books and periodicals

D. business and philosophy

39. What the applicant wears, as the author suggests, can make him become _____.

A. expressive

B. impressive C. informative D. conservative

40. What does the passage tell us through the example in the last paragraph?

A. The importance of personal taste.

B. The importance of public relations.

C. The importance of self-confidence.

D. The importance of a first impression.

Section B

Directions: In this section there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete

statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or

complete the statements with no more than 10 words.

Questions 41-45 are based on the following passage.

I am not a computer expert. I have been in the field for only a short time. I never learned much in the way of science or math. And I am quite puzzled by things like engineering or electronics.

Then why am I able to write about computers? I can write on this subject because of these shortcomings. The last two years of learning have been an ordeal (考验) for me. By hard work I have managed to learn enough to use computers fairly well, and to work with people who know a great deal more than I. Since I have learned all this at such personal cost, I would like to share my knowledge with others. More and more people want to know about computers, and want to know quickly.

The best way to learn is to take a course. However, many people do not have the time for this. They will have to find some other ways to get some basic information. I hope to be able to help them by writing about some of the things I have learned myself.

I have a home computer on which I’ve learned in my own time. I have used it like a home study course. I have sat down with it day after day, night after night. I have forced it to give up some of its secrets. Now I can use it to do some of the work that I get paid for.

Some things about computers are easier than you may think. First, computers are logical. Things that at first seem difficult will make sense to you after you learn the rules. Second, it is really not hard to learn enough to use today’s machines. You do not need to be a great brain. But you do have to learn to think in new ways. And you do have to keep a good bit of information in your head. Finally, there are many people around who are really enthusiastic about computers. These people are always happy to be of help.

41. What are the subjects the author is poor at?

____________ ___________ _________ _________ ___________ __________

篇三:(1)大学英语一级试卷及答案

河 北 大 学 课 程 考 核 试 卷

xxxx— xxxx学年第x学期 级

考核科目 大学英语一 课程类别 必修 考核类型 考试 考核方式 闭卷 卷别 A

(注:考生务必将答

大学英语一级试题

案写在答题纸上,写在本试卷上的无效)

Part I Listening Comprehension( 30 marks, 1 mark each)

Section A

Directions: In this section you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each

conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the question will be read only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause you must read the four choices marked A, B, C, and D, and decide which is the best answer.

1. A. Come back again to apply for the job.

B. Decide whether he really wants to give up the job.

C. Get some teaching experience before quitting the job.

D. Apply for a second job at the same time.

2. A. He wants the woman to wait.

B. He is well-prepared to go now.

C. He has decided not to go.

D. He wants the woman to put on her hat.

3. A. The man doesn’t understand the notice either.

B. The man can’t see the words on the blackboard.

C. The man doesn’t notice how dark it is.

D. The man gets a higher mark than the woman.

4. A. Everyday except Friday.

B. Monday, Tuesday and Friday.

C. Tuesday, Thursday and Friday.

D. Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

5. A. She got the highest mark in physics in her class.

B. She was not very satisfied with the mark she got.

C. She will have to take the physics test again.

D. She failed in her physics test but she didn’t want to take it again.

6. A. In a bar.

B. In a post office. C. In a book store. D. In a restaurant.

7. A. He thinks the woman should have begun to do the homework 5 hours earlier.

B. He thinks it unbelievable that the woman spent so much time on the homework.

C. He thinks it difficult for him to finish the homework in 30 minutes.

D. He thinks it unbelievable for the woman to finish the homework so soon.

8. A. Betty cannot wait for the woman.

B. Betty wants to know the news from the woman.

C. Betty is eager to pass the information to the woman.

D. Betty has to wait for her turn to talk to the woman.

9. A. Apologize to Jenny.

B. Contact Jenny directly. C. Forget Jenny’s unfriendliness. D. Write Jenny a letter.

10. A. The man is happy to have a chance to go to the beach.

B. The man doesn’t mind the sand on their suitcases.

C. The man knows how to get the sand off their suitcases.

D. The man is complaining about their trip to the beach.

Section B

Directions: In this section you will hear two talks. The talks will be read twice. After

each of them, you will hear some questions. The questions will be read only

once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the

four choices marked A, B, C and D.

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following talk about traveling in Tokyo:

11. A. He forgets all about his first visit to Japan.

B. He has left his train ticket at home.

C. He doesn’t know how to ride a bike.

D. He is in desperate need of help.

12. A. Tokyo Subway Station. C. Tokyo Art Museum.

B. Tokyo Tower.D. Tokyo Airport.

13. A. 130 yen. C. 170 yen.

B. 113 yen. D. 117 yen.

14. A. About every five minutes.

B. About every seven minutes.

15. A. The train is nonstop and very fast.

B. He should get on the train at platform No. 5.

C. He will be able to understand the sign at the station.

D. He’s likely to miss the place he wants to go to.

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk about college life:

16. A. He wants to become a teacher.

B. He hopes to go to a graduate school.

C. He’d like to work at a hotel.

D. He is going to be an engineer.

17. A. History.

B. French.

18. A. She has a part-time job.

B. She has received a scholarship.

C. Her parents are paying for it.

D. She borrows money from the bank.

C. Computer science. D. Economics. C. About every six minutes. D. About every eight minutes.

19. A. At a bakery.

B. In a library.

20. A. His co-workers are friendly.

B. He works long hours.

Section C C. At a restaurant. D. At a theatre. C. He’s not well-paid. D. He works as a waiter.

Directions: In this section you will listen to a conversation between the tour guide and

traveler. Listen to the conversation and complete the outline according to

what you’ve heard. You will hear the conversation three times.

Now listen again and complete the schedule below:

The schedule for a one-day tour in Athens

Now listen again and check your answers.

Part II Reading Comprehension (30 marks, 2 marks each)

Section A

Directions: Read the following passages and choose the best answer to each of the

questions following the passage.

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:

The good news about Britain’s National Health Service (NHS) is that it gives free medical help to everyone who needs it. Sick people don’t have to pay to see the doctor, or to stay in hospital, and they only pay part of the cost of their medicines. The bad news is that the NHS is always running out of money. The British government spends even less on health than the American government. And in the USA sick people also have to pay every time they see a doctor. The NHS has been admired and enjoyed by British people since 1946 when it started. The idea then was to look after people “from the cradle to the grave”. Free medicine was part of the “welfare state”, which gave free education to the young, money to the unemployed, and pensions to the old.

Slowly, as the years pass, problems have grown up. Governments are finding that the bills are getting bigger and bigger. In 1982, £14,000 million was spent on health. One reason for this is that there are many more old people now than there were in 1946. Forty percent of NHS money goes to looking after the old. Some people say that the NHS is a luxury Britain can not afford. They want to bring back more private medicine, for which people would pay. Free medicine, they say, should be given only to the poor. Other people, including many doctors, disagree. Everyone, they say, has the right to the same medical help. In a two-part system, the rich would always get the best. This would not be fair. People also disagree about how NHS money should be spent. Should £15,000 be spent on each heart transplant operation, when there are not enough beds for thousands of old people in pain? Should abortions be paid for by the NHS? Should more money be

篇四:大学英语一级期末考试试题[1]

大学英语一级期末考试试题(B卷)

课程名称:《 大学英语读写I 》任课教师签名: 大学英语教学部(一教) 出题教师签名: 题库 审题教师签名: 张文君_____ 考试方式 ( 闭 )卷适用专业 07级化工与制药学院、材料学

院、理学院、经管学院和法学院共58个班

考试时间 ( 120 )分钟

Tainting should be fun and rewarding for you and your dog. It can eich your relationship and make living together more enjoyable. A well-trained dog is more confident and more safely allowed a greater amount of freedom than an untrained animal.

1. Behavior problems of dogs are believed to _______.

A) worsen in modern society B) be just part of their nature

C) occur when they go wild

D) present at threat to the community

2. The primary purpose of obedience training is to ________.

A) enable the dog to regain its normal behavior B) teach the dog to perform clever tricks

C) make the dog aware of its owner’s authority

D) provide the dog with outlets for its wild behavior

3. Effective communication between a dog and its owner is _______.

A) an extreme measure in obedience training B) a good way to teach the dog new tricks

C) the foundation for dogs to perform tasks

D) essential to solve the dog’s behavior problems

4. Why do pet dogs love performing tricks for their masters?

A) To show their willingness to obey.

B) To show their affection for their masters.

C) To avoid being punished.

D) To win leadership of the dog pack.

5. When a dog has received effective obedience training, its owner________.

A) will enjoy a better family life. B) can give the dog more freedom

C) can give the dog more rewards

D) will have more confidence in himself

Passage Two:

Once upon a time there was a wise man that used to go to the ocean to do his writing. He had a habit of walking on the beach before he began his work.

Part I. Reading Comprehension (2’X20=40’)

Directions: Read the following three passages carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. Passage One

Dogs are social animals and without proper training, they will behave like wild animals. They spoil your house, destroy your belongings, bark excessively, fight other dogs and even bite you. Nearly all behavior problems are perfectly normal dog activities that occur at the wrong time or place or are directed at the wrong things. The key to preventing or treating behavior problem is learning to teach the dog to redirect its normal behavior problems, but it is the foundation for solving just about any problem. Training opens up a line of communication between you and your dog. Effective communication is necessary to instruct your dog about what you want it to do.

Training is also an easy way to establish the social rank order. When your dog obeys a simple request of “come here, sit”, it is showing obedience and respect for you. It is necessary to establish yourself as top dog or leader of the dog pack by using extreme measures. You can teach your dog its subordinate role by teaching it to show submission to you. Most dogs love performing tricks for you pleasantly if they accept that you are in charge.

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One day he was walking along the shore. As he looked down the beach, he saw a human figure moving like a dancer. He smiled to himself at the thought of someone who would dance on the beach. So he began to walk faster to catch up.

As he got closer, he saw that it was a young man and the young man wasn't dancing, but instead he was reaching down to the shore, picking up something and very gently throwing it into the ocean.

As he got closer he called out, "Good morning! What are you doing?"

The young man paused, looking up and replied, "Throwing starfish (海星) in the ocean."

"I guess I should have asked, why are you throwing starfish into the ocean?" "The sun is up and the tide is going out. And if I don't throw them in they'll die." "But, young man, don't you realize that there are miles and miles of beach and starfish all along it. You can't possibly make a difference!"

The young man listened politely. Then he bent down, picked another starfish and threw it into the ocean, past the breaking waves and said, "It made a difference for that one."

There is something very special in each and every one of us. All of us have a natural ability to make a difference. If we can become aware of that ability, we will get through the strength of our images the power to shape the future.

All of us must find our starfish. If we throw our starfish wisely and well, the world will be wonderful.

6. Before he began writing, the wise man would ________.

A) take a walk along the shore B) go swimming in the ocean

C) have a walk and pick up starfish on the beach D) look down the beach and enjoy the scene

7. One day, the wise man saw the young man ________.

A) dancing along the beach B) walking along the beach.

C) picking up starfish for sale

D) trying to save as many starfish as possible

8. In the last but one paragraph, "something very special" refers to ________.

A) the ability to make decisions B) the strength of images

C) starfish that the young man threw back to the ocean D) our ability to have an effect on the future

9. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

A) The wise man and the young man shared the same opinion on the subject of starfish.

B) The young man disagreed with the wise man on the subject of starfish.

C) The wise man thought it impossible to save any of the starfish on the beach. D) The young man was unaware of his ability to make a difference for starfish.

10. The writer told this story in order to tell us that ________.

A) everyone of us is clever

B) all of us can help to shape our future

C) wise men are sometimes stupid

D) young people are actually wiser than old people

Passage Three:

In the United States, about 750,000 persons have suffered AIDS. More than one half of them have died.

But doctors say evidence also shows there is no reason for persons to become terrified (惊吓) by the disease. The AIDS virus is spread during sex with an infected partner, or by infected blood. But doctors say their studies show the disease is not spread through normal, close social activities.

A study by one research team was printed in the New England Journal (杂志) of Medicine. The doctors studied one-hundred-one family members who lived with AIDS and lived in crowded conditions. The family members shared many personal goods with the patients. These included toothbrushes, drinking glasses, beds, towels and toilets.

Doctors said only one family member — a five-year-old girl — got the AIDS virus. They note, however, that the girl's mother had the disease. They believe the girl probably was born with the virus. No other family member in the study got the AIDS virus or showed any signs of the disease.

The head of the study, Gerald Friedland, said if the disease is not easily spread in crowded homes, it also will not spread easily in factories, offices, schools and other public places. Doctor Friedland said the study also shows there is no reason to punish AIDS patients and to force them to live separately from other persons.

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American health officials recently warned, however, that some health care workers should take special care. The report noted the AIDS virus is carried in blood and other body fluids. It said health care workers should put protective (保护性的) covers over their eyes and skin during medical operations, dental (牙科的) work, or other times when the patient may bleed.

In the United States, most AIDS patients are homosexual (同性恋的) men, people taking drugs who used infected needles (针头), and persons who received infected blood. More recent studies show the AIDS virus also can be spread during heterosexual (异性的) relations. It can spread either from the man to the woman, or from the woman to the man.

11 Doctors say there is no reason for people to be frightened about AIDS because

_______.

A) it is not deadly

B) few people are infected with AIDS

C) the AIDS virus is not spread in everyday social activities. D) the AIDS virus is not spread during sex

A) People who use drugs

B) Persons who offer infected blood to others C) Men who are gay D) Married men

Passage Four:

Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it’s painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanaton. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle.

During the hours when you labor through your work you may say that you’re “hot”. That’s true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues(自言自语) as: “Get up, John! You’ll be late for work again!”The possible explaination to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has.

You can’t change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help. Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe your’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract(对抗) your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This wont change your cycle, but you’ll get up steam(鼓足干劲) and work better at your low point.

Get off to a slow start which saves your energy. Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch. Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor. Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before. Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy of concentration for your sharper hours.

16. If a person finds gettings up early a problem, most probably _________.

A) he is a lazy person

B) he refuses to follow his own energy cycle

C) he is not sure when his energy is low

D) he is at his peak in the afternoon or evening

12 The study of 101 family members who lived with AIDS patients shows that

________.

A) the AIDS is not spread by personal goods

B) women are more likely to get the AIDS virus than men

C) married men are less likely to get AIDS than unmarried ones D) the AIDS virus is passed by drinking glasses

13 According to Doctor Friedland, there is no reason to _______.

A) stop meeting AIDS patients B) stop living with AIDS patients

C) fear that AIDS can be passed from a mother to a baby D) fear that the AIDS virus can be passed during sex

14 Health workers were warned to take special care when the patient bleeds because

_______.

A) AIDS can be passed by touching the patient's body B) AIDS can be spread by touching the patient's skin

C) AIDS virus can be carried in blood or other body fluids D) the health care workers may be infected by the blood

15 _______ are least likely to be infected with the AIDS disease.

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17. Which of the following may lead to family quarrels according to the passage?

A) Unawareness of energy cycles. B) Family monologues.

C) A change in the family member’s energy cycle.

D) Attempts to control the energy cycle of other family members.

18. If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should

______.

A) change his energy cycle B) overcome his laziness

C) get up earlier than usual D) go to bed earlier

19. You are advised to rise with a yawn and stretch because it will _________.

A) help to keep your energy for the day’s work B) help you to control your temper early in the day

C) enable you to concentrate on your routine work D) keep your energy cycle under control all day

20. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

A) Getting off to work with a minimum effort helps save one’s energy.

B) Dr. Kleitman explains why people reach their peaks at different hours of day.

C) Habit helped a person adapt to his own energy cycle. D) Children have energy cycles, too.

Part II. Vocabulary (0.5’X30=15’)

Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence.

21. On my way to school, I saw people ______ advertisements and sample products. A. conveying B. creating C. discarding D. distributing

To ______ the success in the World Cup, the Chinese team practiced very hard in 22.

the past months. A. insure B. assure C. ensure D. secure

23. He was so angry that he just couldn’t ______ from telling them what he thought. A. hold off B. hold on C. hold back D. hold up

24.We ______ Edison’s success to his intelligence and hard work.. A. subject B. attribute C. owe D. refer

25.I suggested he should _____ himself to his new conditions. A. adapt B. adopt C. regulate D. suit

26. The nurse _____ his pain by giving him a cold drink. A. released B. set free C. relieved D. relived

27. The islands are ______ from the mainland by a vast stretch of sea. A. isolated B. divided C. blocked D. split

28. I can’t ______ why she married a man like that. A. reason out B. figure out C. make out of D. take out

29. I know the place is a _______, but make yourself at home. A. disorder B. paradise C. mess D. palace

30. He ______ me goodbye from the train window. A. waved B. shook C. swung D. swayed

31. Don’t stand around waiting for someone lese to take the ______. A. initiative B. captivity C. creative D. activity

32. The singer called for a member of the ________ to join him on stage. A. entertainment B. proportion C. audience D. civilization 33. I think he will come to find us, so we ______ where we are. A. may as well stay B. may stay as wellC. as well may stay D. as may say well

34. The boy, wanting to be independent, _____ his father’s offer of help. A. turned down B. turned from C. turned away D. turned against

35. As we can no longer wait for the delivery of our order, we have to _______it. A. postpone B. refuse C. delay D. cancel

36. By law, when one makes a large purchase, he should have _______ opportunity to

change his mind. A. accurate B. urgent C. lack D. adequate

37. There were no tickets ______ for Friday’s performance.

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A. enable B. responsible C. possible D. available

38. Many people complain of the rapid ______ of modern life. A. rate B. speed C. pace D. growth

39. Although the traffic is not busy, he likes to drive at a _______ speed. A. spare B. fast C. modest D. moral

40. The representatives ______ their discussion after the coffee break. A. jammed B. undertook C. skipped D. resumed

41.They _____ the local government to approve plans for their reform programme. A. urged B. referred C. realized D. shrugged

42. I can’t _______ this gentle young woman with the radical political essays she has

written.

A. anticipate B. participate C. associate D. contract

43. I recognize the face but can’t _______ her name. A. regain B. remake C. reunion D. recall

44.The president’s speech was really brilliant. Do you think it was _____ by himself

or by someone else? A. composed B. argued C. assigned D. violated

45. I’m going to ______ those books if you’ve finished reading them. A. discard B. approach C. hunt D. sponsor

46. She couldn’t _______ the pressures of her new job. She had to quit it. A. tend B. handle C. twist D. blast

47. Because of rising cost, we spent _______ money on the project as had been

planned.

A. twice much B. twice as much C. twice D. twice as more

48. I don’t know what is wrong with the machine. We need an engineer to ______ the

problem. A. undertake B. encounter C. reveal D. identify

49. It won’t take long to _____ the situation. But I need some more time before I

come up with a plan to solve the problem. A. sum up B. size up C. figure out D. wipe out

50. Why not _____ to Professor Smith for advice? He is an expert in this field. A. go B. your going C. to D. you go

Part III: Cloze (1’x15=15’)

Directions:There are 15 blanks in the following passage.For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

In its home country of Germany, the hot dog was called the frankfurter. It was frankfurters “dachshund sausages“(达克思香肠).A dachshund is a dog from Germany short legs. Dachshund sausages first became popular in As the men walked rows of people, they yelled, “Get your dachshund sausages! Get your hot dachshund sausages!

“ dachshund sausages,office he drew a bun with a dachshund inside ——wrote “Get your hot dogs!”

you can still see sellers walking around with hot-water tanks. As they walk up and down the rows they yell.

“Get your hot dogs here! Get your hot dogs!”

51. A . with B. afterC. byD. of 52. A. got B. sold C. bought D. make 53. A. the 1860sB. 1860'sC. the 1860 D. 1865s 54. A. by B. of C. at D. with 55. A. special B. especiallyC. certainlyD. surely 56. A. cool B. hot C. warm D. cold 57. A. sometimes B. up and down C. someday D. here and there 58. A. A day B. Any day C. Certain D. One day

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篇五:陕师大大学英语一级试题

陕西师范大学2011-2012学年第二学期补考试卷 大学英语一级

答卷注意事项: 1、答卷前请将密封线内的项目填写清楚。 2、字迹要清楚、工整,不宜过大,以防试卷不够使用。3、本卷共5大题,总分为100分。 I.Read the following sentences and choose the closest answer marked A, B, C, D (10%) expressing themselves. A. hide B. preventC. help D. advance expressing themselves. A. the online method B. a place for online learningC. a place to exchange opinions D. the experience for online learning 3. Remember that instructions cannot see their students in an online course. This means A. necessaryB. carefulC. attentiveD. clear 4. Online courses require students to make decisions based on facts. It is necessary for A. take in B. take downC. put into different classD. make an analysis of have the necessary qualities to perform well online. A. teachersB. learning assistantsC. inspectors D. course designers

II.Grammar and Vocabulary (10%)

6. Not until the motorbike looked almost new repairing and cleaning it.

A. he stoppedB. did he stop C. stopped he D. he did stop

7. Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday. Have you got any idea the party is to be held?

A. what B. whichC. thatD. where

8. –What sort of house do you want to have? Something big?

--Well, it be big--that’s not important.

A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. can’t D. won’t

9. I ate 20:08 train.

A. the, a B. the, the C. a, the D. a, a

10. The message is very important, so it is supposed as soon as possible.

A. to be sent B. to send C. being sentD. sending

11. He doesn’t have furniture in his room --just an old desk.

A. anyB. manyC. someD. much

12. around the Water Cube, we were then taken to see the Bird’s Nest for the 2008 Olympic Games.

A. Having shown B. To be shown C. Having been shown D. To show

13. –Did you go to the show last night?

–invited

A. wereB. have been C. has been D. was

14. Elizabeth has already achieved success her wildest dreams.

A. at B. beyond C. withinD. upon

15. It’s going to rain. Xiao Feng, Will you please help me the clothes on the line?

A. get off B. get backC. get inD. get on

III. Read the following sentences and choose one answer from each pair that is the correct or best one (15%)

Learning a foreign language is not only a very difficult and rewarding but also a frustrating and valuable one. When language teachers use positive methods, students feel encouraged to answer , never times, teachers who are not patient cause students to their excitement for answering questions and their desire say anything in English. , very large classes may give students chances to answer and may them because of those who speak much better than . Studying English online is quite different from study in the regular classroom. Online learning brings many benefits such as the value of hard work, gaining into other cultures, and opening our minds to new ways

thinking. Learning a foreign language by computers it possible to with many more people.

16. A. experience B. experiences

17. A. eager B. eagerly

18. A. worryB. worrying

19. A. AnotherB. Other

20. A. lost B. lose

21. A. for B. to

22. A. Whenever B. However

23. A. fewerB. less

24. A. intimateB. intimidate

25. A. them B. they

26. A. learn B. learning

27. A. insightsB. sights

28. A. of B. in

29. A. make B. makes

30. A. communicateB. join

IV. Reading Comprehension (20%)

Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C, D. You should choose the ONE best answer.

Passage 1

They say there are three ways to experience the Grand Canyon(大峡谷); on foot, on mules(骡子) or by air. We chose the first. Up early; my husband and I and our three children couldn’t wait to get started. We decided to walk along a lovely path named Bright Angel Trail.

As we set out, I was shocked at how narrow the path was. And I couldn’t help noticing that the other tourists weren’t like us. They had heavy backpacks, water bottles, and hats. But as usual we were dressed, As the sun rose higher, Arizona’s famous heat seemed to roast(烘烤) us. There was no shade and our legs were aching. We decided to go back, with the girl on my back and the boys far behind. By the time we finally got back, our legs were like jelly(果冻).

The next day, after we’d had a long rest and a good breakfast, we were ready for another view of the Canyon – by air. After our last walk, this would be the easiest thing in the world.

We called to each other excitedly as the plane took off and circled around the Canyon. But the smiles on our faces disappeared as the pilot tossed(翻转) the plane around,

pretending he was going to hit the ground. I shouted, “STOP, TAKE US BACK!” When we finally arrived back on land, once again our legs were like jelly. We hardly spoke as we drove back.

As I said, there are three ways to view the Grand Canyon. We never tried the mules, but personally I’d suggest a fourth: buy yourself a good magazine like National Geographic. That way, you can see the Canyon, without fear or tiredness.

31. Which of the following is true according to the second paragraph?

A. They made a careful preparation before the trip

B. The children were more joyful than their parents.

C. Bright Angel Trail was not as lovely as they expected.

D. The summer heat prevented them from enjoying the view.

32. The underlined expression “Our legs were like jelly” probably means .

A. we were weak B. we were unhappy

C. we were dissatisfied D. we were disappointed

33. Which of the following best describes their Canyon trip by air?

A. It proved to be frightening. B. It was more comfortable

C. It turned out to be excitingD. It made each of them tired.

34. We can infer from the passage that A. experiencing the Canyon on mules would be the best way

B. one needs to dress less when visiting the Grand Canyon.

C. the writer was not serious when she made the suggestion.

D. the whole family narrowly escaped from the air accident.

35. The best title of this story should be .

A. Canyon trip

B. Experiencing the Bright Angel Trail

C. Experiencing the Arizona’s famous heat

D. Enjoying the view

Passage 2

How often one hears children wishing they were grown up, and old people wishing they were young again. Each age has its pleasures and its pains, and the happiest person is the one who enjoys what each age gives him without wasting his time in useless regrets.

Youth is a time when there are few tasks to make life difficult. If a child has good parents, he is fed, looked after and loved whatever he may do. It is impossible that he will ever again in his life be given so much without having to do anything in return. In addition, life is always presenting new things to the child – things that have lost their interest for older people because they are too well-known. But a child has his pains: he is not so free to do what he wishes to do; he is continually being told not to do things, or being punished for

what he has done wrong.

When the young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay for his food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably. If he spends most of his time playing about in the way that he used to as a child, he will go hungry. And if he breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to prison. If, however, he works hard, keeps out of trouble and has good health, he can have the great happiness of building up for himself his own position in society.

36. People can experience happiness if they .

A. always think of the past and regret it

B. value the present

C. are no longer young

D. become old and have much experience

37. When people were young, they used to .

A. be in charge of many businesses

B. have few things to think about and take on

C. look after their younger sisters and brothers

D. face a lot of difficulties

38. The pains of children lie in the fact that .

A. no one helps them make right decisions

B. they are often beaten by their parents

C. they can not be accepted and praised by others

D. they are not allowed to do what they like to do

39. Children are usually happy because .

A. old people lose interest in them

B. they are free to do wrong

C. they are familiar with everything going on around them

D. things are new to them

40. Which of the following is NOT needed for a young man to be happy?

A. Hard work

B. Being free from troubles

C. Wealth

D. Health

V. Translate the following sentences into English (25%)

41. 与以英语为母语的人交谈是非常有益的体验,从中我们能学到许多东西。