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外研高中英语必修二

时间:2016-04-19 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:高中英语必修二知识点外研版

必修二Module 1

1. 宾语 doing (正在做)

hear do (全过程)

done (被动)

fit adj: 健康的keep fit

合适的be fit for/ to do

v:适合,合身(大小,形状)

fit in 相处融洽

suit 适合(颜色,款式,时间)

⒊as ①当…时候

②由于

③随着As time goes on,…..

④按照do as (you are) told

⑤正如As you can see,

As we all know,

As is known to us,

⒋不定式作定语的用法归纳

1). 被修饰名词前有序数词、形容词最高级或the only, the last, the very, the next修饰时,常用不定式作后置定语。被修饰名词和不定式具有逻辑主谓关系。

Eg. John Smith is the only person to know the secret.

2).表示抽象概念的名词,后面用动词不定式做定语,用于解释中心词的内容,如ability, way, 你有椅子坐了吗?

⒌⑴pay~ 的短语 ①注意pay attention to

②拜访pay a visit to

③付清,还清(债务);得到回报pay off

⑵ buy sth for some money 用多少钱买某物

sb. spend money on sth. / in doing sth. 把钱花在…上

sth. cost (sb.) money (某物)花了(某人)多少钱

⒍sure

1).make sure that do(时态)

When you leave the office, make sure that all the lights are turned off.(灯关上了)

2).make sure of / about 确保,弄清楚

You’d better make sure of the time and place for the meeting .(弄清楚开会得时间和地点)

3) be sure to do肯定会,务必

be sure of / about 有把握,肯定

He is to succeed/ win. 他肯定会赢。(说话者的主观意见)

He is sure of his success. 他确信自己会成功.(主语的观点)

⒎一般将来时态

⑴will do sth / shall do sth 单纯表示将来要发生的动作,不强调已经打算好。

be going to do sth

外研高中英语必修二

②表示说话人根据已有的迹象判断将要发生的事情

①It is going to rain. ②We are going to have a meeting today. ③ I am going to leave.

⑵be to do sth 表示安排、计划、决定、命令或注定要发生的事.

①The boy is to go to school tomorrow ②The bridge is to be built next year.

⑶“be about to + 动词原形” 表示即将发生的动作,或已经打算好马上要去做的动作,意为 be ready to do sth. 后面一般不跟时间状语。

I’m about to leave.

⑷ go , come , start, move, sail, leave, arrive ,stay 等表示位置转移的词可用进行时态表示按计划即将发生的动作。

I’m leaving for Beijing. ⑸ 某些动词(如come, go ,leave, arrive, start, get , stay 等表示位置转移的词)的一般现在时也可表示将来。表示按照时刻表上规定的时间将要发生,有具体的时间点。

①The meeting starts at five o’clock.②The plane takes off at 7:05 am. 注将来时态中,如果单纯表示将来,或即兴动作,用will;

表示早已经打算好了则应该用be going to do / be to do be about to do / be doing 等。

必修二Module 2

1.addict v./n. addiction adj. addictive /addicted

① Adam Rouse used to be a drug addict(瘾君子)

②He is now fighting against his cocaine addiction(瘾)

③Heroin is highly addictive(使人上瘾的)

④Her son is addicted to(沉迷于) computer games.

⑤Cocaine is a powerfully addictive(使人上瘾的)drug.

⒉likely adj. 可能的;有希望的, 适合的adv. 或许, 可能

It is likely that... 很可能...= It’s probable/ possible that…

sb./sth. be likely to do很可能做… = It is possible for sb./sth. to do …

Not likely!不可能! 才不呢! (强调否认或拒绝)

①They are the likeliest candidates. 他们是最有可能当选的候选人。

②He is the likeliest person for the job. 他是最适合做这份工作的人。

③她下月很可能不来。She is not likely to come next month.

④很可能他不会同意。It is likely that he won’t agree.

The smokers are twice as likely as non-smokers to develop Alzheimer’s disease. = The smokers are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease

⒊too…to

⑴“ too + adj/adv. + to + do sth.” 意思是太…而不能.

⑵此外,” too+ adj/adv. + for sb. to do sth.” 意为对某人来说,太….而不能。 ⑶Too…to 中的too 前面有否定词,如never 时,表示肯定:

活到老,学到老。

【补充】:"too...to"结构中带有表示某种心情或描绘性的形容词或副词,如ready, eager, satisfied, kind, willing, easy, anxious等加动词不定式结合成一个不可分割的状态、态度、倾向或心情等,并且其后的不定式不是说明too的具体内容,而是修饰形容词,不定式就不再表示结果。例如:

Comrade Lei Feng was too ready to help others. 雷锋同志乐于助人。

⒋…..ever

⑴whatever用法 “不管…/ 无论(…任何…)” ------用法和what 类似。

?.引导状语从句: ①

= No matter what happens, you shouldn’t lose heart.

②= No matter what difficulty you meet, you shouldn’t give up.

?.引导名词性从句: ①.You should tell me whatever happened.

②. Whatever he did is for your good.

(引导名词性从句时不能用no matter what)

⑵ whichever 用法 “任何一个(件、本…)” (有选择范围)

?.引导状语从句: you.

= No matter which computer you choose from those, I will buy it for you.

?引导名词性从句:Whichever book he bought from the shop would be paid for.(引导名词性从句时不能用no matter which)

⑶whoever 用法 “任何…的人”

?.引导状语从句: ①= No matter who sees the dog, please contact Mr. Smith. ②= No matter who studies hard, he can make progress later. ?引导名词性从句:①.Whoever studies hard can make progress later..

②(引导名词性从句时不能用no matter who)

必修二Module 3

⒈By the time sb. do/does,…will have done ;

, …had done …

⒉find/ make/ feel/ think/ believe/ consider + it + adj./n. + to do 结构

⑴我们相信通过学习有可能改变人生。

We believe it possible to change our life by learning.

⑵医生认为你度个假期比较好。

The doctor considered it better for you to have a holiday take a vocation. ⒊主语+ be + adj. + to do 结构

⒋do you think 作插入语的用法

你认为他们何时会得出结论?

When do you think they will come to a conclusion ?

你认为我会怎么处理这件事?

How do you think I can deal with this matter?

其他插入语:do you believe/ suppose/ imagine/ guess/ expect/ suggest

注意:do you suggest 所在的句子要用虚拟语气,即should+ do, should 可以省略

必修二Module 4

1. situation;point;case;experience;story;family 这类词充当先行词时常用where或相应介词+which。

⒉happen vi. 发生 (不能用于被动语态。)

相关的短语: sth. happen to sb. 某事发生在某人身上

happen to do 碰巧做…

happen to be doing 碰巧正发生

happen to have done 碰巧做过

⒊关系代词引导的定语从句

1)不用that, 只能用的情况:

a) 在引导非限定性定语从句时

b) 介词后不能用

2) 不用which, 只能用:

a) 在不定代词,如:等作先行词时,只用that,不用which。 Finally, the thief handed everything (that he had stolen) to the police.

b) 先行词有that。

c) that。.

I read) was “The Prince and the Pauper” by Mark Twin . d) 先行词既有人,又有物时。

e)当主句是以who 或which 开始的特殊疑问句时,用that 以避免重复。

⒋译作“认为”时,有下列句型

consider sb./sth.(to be/as).认为某人是

sb./sth. is considered (to be/as).某人被认为是

sb is considered+to have done sth. 某人被认为做了某事

consider it+adj.+to do sth. 认为做某事是···

sth/ sb

⒌can’t stand + (sb/sb’s) doing

不能忍受being done

⒍adoptvt.

1) They adopted my suggestion. 采纳

2) The poor child was adopted by the couple. 收养

3) He’s not my real father; I’m adopted. 收养

⒎ tell A and B apart把A和B区分开

tell A from B_________________

tell the difference between A and B说出A和B 的不同

to tell (you) the truth说实话

tell a story/joke/lie 讲故事、讲笑话、撒谎

⒏⑴可接不定式作宾语的动词有:afford ,agree, aim, attempt, decide, expect, fail, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, pretend, promise, refuse, want ,wish, turn

完成句子

① 他买不起这么贵的小汽车。

He can’t afford to buy such an expensive car.

②当老师进来的时候,他假装正在读书。

When the teacher came in, he pretended to be reading.

③他主动提出开车去接我们。

He offered to pick us up.

⑵“疑问词+不定式”也可作宾语,这样的动词有 teach, show, discuss, decide等。 完成句子

①到目前为止他们还没决定什么时候走.

So far they haven’t decided when to leave.

② .他们正在讨论如何解决这个问题。

They are discussing how to deal with this problem.

She practises playing the piano every day.

⒐ v-ing 作宾语

⑴ 下列动词通常直接v-ing作宾语

finish, enjoy, mind, miss, keep, avoid, imagine, practice, suggest, risk, appreciate, admit等 ,

①你介意打开门吗?

Do you mind opening the door?

②她每天练习弹钢琴。

She practises playing the piano every day.

⑵一些动词词组由“动词+介词”组成的他们的后面也接v-ing 作宾语。常见的有:look forward to, get used to , put off, believe in, dream of , think of , give up, insist on, feel like, 等等。

我盼望收到你的来信。

I’m looking forward to receiving your letter.

Ⅲ.有些动词接不定式和v-ing 作宾语意义不同,

forget/remember to do忘了、记着要去做某事 forget /remember doing 忘了、记得做过某事

regret to do 遗憾要做某事 regret doing 后悔做了某事

stop to do 停下来做另一件事 stop doing 停止做某事

try to do 努力试图去做某事 try doing 试着做某事(看看结果,效果)

mean to do 打算要做mean doing 意味着

can’t help to do 不能帮着做某事can’t help doing 禁不住做某事

①我本来打算去,但有事没去。

I had meant to go there, but something unexpected happened.

必修二Module 5

⒈congratulate祝贺其宾语是人;

celebrate 祝贺,其宾语是物( 节日、生日 、胜利、成功)

⒉aboard

①. aboard adv.& prep 在(船、飞机、火车上)

篇二:外研版高一英语必修2全套教案

Module 1 Our Body and Health Habits

I. 教学内容分析

本模块的话题围绕生活习惯、饮食起居、健身运动和疾病症状等的英语表达而展开,进而介绍了一些国家的医疗保健情况,从而使学生树立和养成爱好体育锻炼、注意身体健康的意识和习惯。指导学生学会表达自己的见解和观点,通过进一步的讨论使学生明白什么样的生活习惯才是健康的。

Introduction 这一部分先复习和学习与饮食、健康相关的词汇,通过Activity 2的活动进行巩固;接着列举了一些与饮食健康相关的谚语,通过对Activity 4的问题讨论使学生对中外的有关健康的谚语表达有个初步的认识。

Reading and Vocabulary 通过回答问题的形式复习和学习另外一些有关饮食健康的词汇;学习两篇介绍中国学生Zhou Kai的短文并完成相关练习,培养学生的综合阅读能力。在情感态度上,通过周凯和其母亲的观点冲突和周凯对自身生活习惯的描述,帮助学生了解什么是健康的生活方式,如何形成健康的生活习惯。并通过本部分的学习指导学生在实际生活中,如何来养成自己健康的生活习惯。

Speaking (1) 通过两人活动和小组活动来讨论如何保持身体健康,并且就生活中有关健康的重要事项来发表自己观点,通过讨论达成共识。 Function 通过观察节选自阅读文章的句子体验如何表达将要发生的事情;并通过练习来学习和巩固。

Grammar (1) 这一部分是学习名词作动词用的意义和用法,并通过练习使学生有初步认识。但是不强调学生掌握具体的理论知识,只是初步了解和具体掌握一些实例。

Listening and Vocabulary 先通过单词填空和回答问题活动导入有关身体器官、疾病症状、询问病情等的词汇和表达,为听力活动扫除词汇障碍;然后通过完成听力活动来培养学生获取信息的能力。

Grammar (2) 通过观察节选自听力材料中的句子使学生清楚will和be going to的区别,并通过后续练习使学生掌握其用法。

Pronunciation 听并跟读听力中出现的句子,注意其中出现的连读现象。 Speaking (2) 通过讨论对话掌握询问病因、描述症状、提供帮助表达法。 Everyday English 通过对话,学习一些常用的表达方式。

Writing 要求学生通过事情的逻辑关系将句子按事情发展的先后顺序排列;并通过模仿学写有关自身健康问题的小短文。

Culture Corner 通过阅读来比较三个西方国家医疗保健体系的优劣,使学生对西方的医疗保健制度有个初步的认识。

Task 通过对健康问题的调查研究,汇报并讨论,是学生反思自己是否有健康的生活习惯,从而养成良好的生活习惯。

Module File 对整个模块的学习内容进行小结,巩固本模块的知识。 II. 教学重点和难点

1. 教学重点

(1) 本单元的生词和短语。

(2) 弄清名词作动词后的确切意思;will和going to的区别。

(3) 有关健康生活方式的讨论。

2. 教学难点

(1) 学会谈论健康问题。

(2) 了解一些有关健康生活的信息。

(3) 学习有关健康的文章。

III. 教学计划

本单元分为四个课时

第一课时:Introduction, Speaking(1), Culture Corner

第二课时:Reading and Vocabulary,

第三课时:Grammar(1), Function and Grammar(2)

第四课时:Listening and Vocabulary, Pronunciation, Everyday English and Speaking(2)

第五课时:Writing, Task and Module file

IV. 教学步骤

Period 1 Introduction, Speaking 1,

Culture Corner

Teaching Goals:

1. To arouse Ss’ interest in learning about the good healthy habits.

2. To develop Ss’ ability in discussing.

Teaching procedures:

Step1. Introduction

Purpose: To activate Ss and arouse them to talk about illness

1. Leading-in

Ask Ss the following questions: Have you ever got such illnesses like the flu and the toothache? How do you feel when you get these illnesses? How do you get rid of them?And do you know why people would get such illnesses?

2. Pair work

Ask Ss to go through the sentences in Activity 2 on P1, and then talk about themselves to each other.

For example: I take at least two hours’ exercise a week, but I sometimes get colds and flu.

3. Group work

Ask Ss to read the four proverbs together; Then discuss what the proverbs mean either in English or in Chinese.

(1)You are what you eat. 人如其食

Your body and even mental state is affected by the type of food you eat.

(2)A healthy mind is in a healthy body. 健康的思想寓于健康的身体

之中

If you are clear about eating healthily and follow a sensible diet, you are likely to be clear thinking in other areas of life.

(3)Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. 早睡早起的人享有健康、财富和智慧

Sleeping late or sleeping in the morning are not good for the body, the mind or for business.

(4) An apple a day keeps the doctor away. 每天吃苹果,不必上诊所 It is important to eat fresh fruit and vegetables everyday in order to stay healthy.

4. Ask Ss to think of some Chinese proverbs connected with health. For your reference:

(1)饭后走一走,活到99

(2)苦口良药

(3)身体是革命的本钱

Step 2. Speaking (1)

Propose: To develop Ss’ speaking ability.

(Group work) Ask Ss to decide on the five most important things that they should or shouldn’t do in order to stay healthy, then put them

Various answers are acceptable.

Step 3. Culture Corner

Propose: To let Ss know something about the health care system in foreign countries.

1. (Individual work) Ask Ss to read the passage individually, and then

Suggested answer:

among the three health care system, and then decide which one is the best , explain why.

3. (Team Work) Explain some key points of the passage.

(1)pay vi & vt 支付,交纳

◆ pay sb 付钱给某人

Eg We are paid by the hour.

◆ pay ? for sth 花钱买某物

Eg She pays $200 a week for this apartment.

◆ pay for sth 付某物的钱

Eg I’ll pay for the tickets.

(2) own vt属于,拥有

Eg Do you own your house or rent it?

adj & pron 自己的,本人的

Eg It was her own idea.

(3) put?into ?将??投入??

Eg He’s putting a lot work into improving his English.

(4) become ill 生病

Step 4. Home work

Write a short composition about how to stay healthy.

Periods 2 Reading and Vocabulary,

Grammar 1

Teaching Goals:

1. To get Ss to master the reading skills of scanning and skimming.

2. To let Ss master the language points in the textbook.

篇三:外研版高中英语必修2 单词表

外研版高中英语必修2单词表

SH2 M1

fat n. 脂肪

fit adj. 健康的;强健的

flu n. (=influenza) 流行性感冒

rare adj. 稀少的;罕有的

toothache n. 牙痛

unhealthy adj. 不健康的;有碍健康的 wealthy adj. 富裕的;有钱的

rarely adv. 稀少地;极少地

proverb n. 谚语

anxious adj. 焦虑的;不安的;渴望的 captain n. 队长

injure vt. 伤害

injury n. 伤害;损伤;受伤处

pain n. 疼痛

painful adj. 疼痛的

normal adj. 正常的;一般的

lifestyle n. 生活方式

head vi. 朝……方向前进

eye vt. 注视;观看

overweight adj. (人)太胖的;超重的 lung n. 肺

throat n. 喉咙;咽喉;嗓子

breathe vi. 呼吸

pneumonia n. 肺炎

prescription n. 处方

symptom n. 症状

X-ray n. X光

awful adj. 可怕的;吓人的

insurance n. 保险

questionnaire n. 问卷;问卷调查;调查表 be connected with 与……有联系

take exercise 锻炼

be crazy about 迷恋

have a temperature 发烧

lie down 躺下

begin with 以……开始

put … into … 将……投入……

become ill 生病

SH2 M2

drug n. 毒品;药品

bronchitis n. 支气管炎

cigarette n. 香烟

tobacco n. 烟草;烟丝

addictive adj. (药物等)上瘾的

cannabis n. 大麻

cocaine n. 可卡因

danger n. 危险

addict n. 对(药物等)上瘾的人;瘾君子 inject vt. 注射

needle n. (注射用的)针;针管

powerful adj. 有力的;(药等)有功效的 reduce vt. 减少

nearby adj. 附近的

burglary n. 盗窃;窃案;盗窃罪

crime n. 罪行;犯罪行为

criminal n. 罪犯

connection n. 联系;关系;关联

illegal adj. 违法的;不合法的

ratio n. 比;比率

shoplifting n. 逛商店时偷窃商品的行为 treatment n. 治疗

likely adj. 可能的

adult n. 成人

cafe n. 咖啡馆;餐馆

disagree vi. 不同意;意见不合

ban vt. 禁止

horrible adj. 令人不快的;极讨厌的 affect vt. 影响;对……有坏影响

participant n. 参与者;参加者

recognise vt. 认识;认知;认出

leaflet n. 传单;印刷品

distraction n. 分心;分散注意力

jogging n. 慢跑

gymnastic adj. 体操的

related to 有关系的;有关联的

break into 破门而入;强行闯入

belong to 属于

become addicted to 对……上瘾;沉迷于 take one’s advice 听某人的意见

in order to 为了……

so as to 为了……

give up 戒除;放弃

SH2 M3

choir n. (教堂里的)唱诗班;合唱队 classical n. 古典音乐

composer n. 作曲家

conductor n. 指挥

jazz n. 爵士乐

musician n. 音乐家

orchestra n. 管弦乐队(团)

saxophone n. 萨克斯管

court n. 宫廷

director n. 指挥

genius n. 天才

lose vt. (lost, lost) 失去;丢失

musical adj. 音乐的

peasant n. 农民

symphony n. 交响乐;交响曲;交响乐团 talent n. 天分;天赋;才华

Austria n. 奥地利

Austrian adj. 奥地利的

prince n. 王子;亲王

compose vt. 作曲;创作

tour vt. 巡回演出

album n. 专辑

ballad n. 民歌;民谣;(伤感的)情歌 band n. 乐队

catchy adj. 动人的

complex adj. 复杂的

influence vt. 影响

lyrics n. 歌词

solo adj. 独奏的

tune n. 曲调

record vt. 录音

lecturer n. (大学的)讲师

mix vt. 使混合

be impressed with 留下深刻印象

split up 分裂;分割

make a note of 记录

SH2 M4

like n. 爱好;嗜好

dislike n. 憎恶;不喜欢

artist n. 艺术家

colourful adj. 彩色的

contemporary adj. 当代的

delightful adj. 令人愉快的;可爱的

drawing n. 图画

paint vt. 绘画;(用颜料)画

painter n. 画家

painting n. 绘画;油画

scene n. 景色;风景

traditional adj. 传统的;习俗的

alive adj. 有活力的;有生气的

aspect n. 方面

imitate vt. 临摹;仿造;模仿;仿效 observe vt. 观察;注意到

reality n. 真实;现实;逼真

style n. 风格

adopt vt. 采纳;采用

aim vi. 以……为目标;打算;意欲 stand vt. (stood, stood) 忍受

unusual adj. 不寻常的;非凡的

exhibition n. 展览

expression n. 表现;表达

landscape n. 风景;景色;风景画;山水画 portrait n. 画像;肖像;人像

realise vt. 领悟;了解;实现;实行 realistic adj. 现实主义的;写实主义的 watercolour n. 水彩画

destroy vt. 破坏;毁坏

be / get tired of 对……厌烦

be fond of 喜欢;喜爱

tell by 从……可以看出

put off 推迟;延期

take turns 轮流

a series of 一系列的

SH2 M5

headline n. (新闻报道等的)标题

photograph n. 照片

celebrity n. 名人

economy n. 经济

politics n. 政治

photographer n. 摄影师

cosmonaut n. 宇航员

navigator n. 领航员;(飞机的)驾驶员 taikonaut n. 太空人;宇航员

universe n. 宇宙

sailor n. 船员;水手

orbit n. 轨道

vt. 绕轨道飞行

capsule n. 太空舱

flight n. 飞行;班机

congratulation n. 祝贺

aboard adv. 在船(飞机、火车、公共汽车)上 welcome vt. 欢迎

historical adj. 历史性的

achievement n. 成就;功业;伟绩

replace vt. 代替;取代

alien n. 外星人

amateur adj. 业余的

astronomer n. 天文学家

autograph n. 亲笔签名

delighted adj. 高兴的;快乐的

fan n. (电影等的)迷

spaceship n. 宇宙飞船

telescope n. 望远镜

actor n. 演员

backstage adv. 在后台

part n. 角色

politician n. 政治家

belief n. 信念;信条

disbelief n. 不信;怀疑;疑惑

evidence n. 证据

cultural adj. 文化的

financial adj. 金融的

review n. 评论

royal adj. 皇家的;皇室的

found vt. 创立;建立

produce vt. 创作

in total 总共;合计

now that 既然

believe in 相信

be similar to 和……相似

SH2 M6

poster n. 海报

thriller n. 充满刺激的电影

comedy n. 喜剧

sword n. 剑

actress n. 女演员

character n. 角色;人物