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时间:2016-04-19 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响


必修5Unit1 Great scientists

Part 1. Warming up

1. explain 及物动词(vt.)


He explained that he had been cheated. 他解释说他是上当受骗了。

Can you explain how the machine operates?你能解释一下这机器是如何运转的吗?

Please explain this rule to me.请给我讲解一下这条规则。


I've got to explain about it. 我得解释一下此事。

2. characteristic

n. 特征;特性 Kindness is one of his characteristics.

adj. 独特的 I heard my friend’s characteristic laugh.

be characteristic of sb./sth. 是.....的特性

Such bluntness is characteristic of hin. 如此迟钝是他的特性。

3. Who put forward a theory about black holes?

put forward 提出(建议等);提名;提前,把时钟往前拨

He put forward a new plan. 他提出一个新计划。

May I put your name forward as a possible chairman of the committee?我能否提名你当委员会主席?


put down 记下;镇压 put out 关掉;熄灭

put aside 放在一边;储存;保留 put off 推迟;延期

put up 建造;举起;张贴put on 穿上

put away 收好


(put off, put up, put forward, put aside, put out)

①The plan that you _____ at the meeting is wonderful.

②Many tall buildings were _____ along the road.

③Firefighters have been called to _____ the fire in the city center.

④He has a little money to _____ for a rainy day.

⑤Don’t _____ until tomorrow what can be done today.

Part 2. Pre-reading, reading and comprehending

1. Do you know how to prove a new idea in scientific research

how to prove a new idea 为“疑问词+不定式”结构,该结构可在句中作主语、宾语、表语等。

We haven’t decided where to go. 我们还没有决定去哪里。

The question is when to leave. 问题是什么时候动身。

2.draw a conclusion 得出结论


come to/reach/arrive at a conclusion 得出结论

in conclusion最后

I will in conclusion say a few words about my visit to Tokyo.最后,我对我的东京之行说几句。


to conclude(作插入语)最后,作为总结(= to sum up)

To conclude, I think smoking does more harm than good to us.

3.John Snow was a famous doctor in London — so expert, indeed, that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician. 约翰·斯诺是伦敦一位著名的医生——他的确医术精湛,以至于成了照料维多利亚女王的私人医生。


① n. 专家,能手 an expert in psychology(心理学) an agricultural expert

② adj. 熟练的,有专门技术的

an expert job需专门知识的工作

He is expert in / at cooking.

attend vt. &vi 参加,注意,照料

① be present at参加attend a ceremony / lecture / a meeting

② attend to (on): to look after, care for, serve伺候, 照顾,看护

The queen had a good doctor attending (on )her.

Dr Smith attended her in hospital.

Mother had to attend to her sick son.

③ attend to处理,注意倾听

Can you attend to the matter immediately?

I may be late – I have got one or two things to attend to.

4. But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera. 但当他一想到要帮助那些得了霍乱的普通人时,他就感到很振奋。

(1) exposed to cholera 在句中是过去分词作后置定语,表示被动。意为―患霍乱的‖。如: The book written by Luxun is very popular. 鲁迅写的书是很受欢迎的。

The man seen by us yesterday is Professor Smith. 昨天我们看见的那个人是史密斯教授。

(2) expose

①暴露 expose sb/sth to sthHe exposes his skin to the sun. 他把皮肤暴露在阳光下。 ②揭露He exposed their plot. 他揭穿了他们的阴谋。

The crime of the corrupt officials must be exposed without any reserve. 对贪官污吏的罪行一定要毫无保留地予以揭发。

exposed adj. 暴露的,暴露于风雨中的,无掩蔽的 exposedness n. 暴露,显露

expose sth. to the light of day 把某事暴露于光天化日之下

expose a fraud 揭穿骗局

练习:The disc, digitally _____ in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night.

A. recordedB. recording C. to be recorded D. having recorded

5.Neither its cause nor its cure was understood. 对于它的起因和治疗方法人们都不清楚。neither...nor...既不……也不,连接句中两个相同成分。

①I neither knew nor cared what had happened to him.我既不知道也不关心他出了什么事。 ②Neither France nor Britain will attend the meeting next week.法国和英国都将不会参加下星期的会议。

③Neither Jim nor his parents have seen the film.

=Neither his parents nor Jim has seen the film.吉姆和她的父母都没有看过这部电影。 cure vt. 治疗,治愈,改正 n. 治疗,治愈,治疗法

①cure sb(of sth)治好了某人(的...,...)

The only way to cure backache is to rest. 治疗背痛的唯一办法是休息。

When I left the hospital I was completely cured.

That nasty shock cured him of his inquisitiveness for ever. 那一沉重教训根除了他凡事爱打听的毛病。

This illness cannot be cured easily. 这种病不好治.

②a cure for sth.治疗…的方法;解决问题,改善困境

Is there a certain cure for cancer yet? 癌症迄今有无有效的治疗方法?

The prices are going up every day, but there is no cure for rising prices.

6.So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.人们既不知道它的病因,也不懂如何治疗。每次爆发霍乱时就有成千上万惊恐的人病死。

(1)本句为复合句,―So many thousands of terrified people died‖ 为主句,every time引导时间状语从句,意思是―每当……‖。

(2)有些名词短语或副词可以起连词的作用,引导时间状语从句。例如:every time,each time,the last time,next time,the moment,the minute,immediately,instantly等。 ①Every time/Each time I express an opinion,she argues back.每当我发表意见时,她总是反驳。

②I found myself in an entirely new world the moment/the minute/immediately I arrived here.我一到这里就感到耳目一新。

③The last time I saw him,he was quite well.我最后一次看到他时,他还相当健康。 ④Give your father my best regards next time you see him.下次你见到你父亲时,请代我向他致以最好的问候。


(1)for the first time是介词短语,常用作时间状语,而the first time是连词,引导时间状语从句。

(2)It is the first time that...如果前面用is,从句动词用现在完成时;如果前面用was,则从句动词用过去完成时.

(3)It’s (high) time that...从句动词用过去时或should+动词原形。

It’s high time we took immediate action to prevent pollution.该到我们立即采取措施阻止污染的时候了。

7.The first suggested that cholera multiplied in the air, a cloud of dangerous gas floated around until it found its victims.第一种看法是霍乱病毒在空气中繁殖,像一股危险气体在空中到处漂浮,直到找到病毒的受害人。

suggest v. 建议;暗示;表明suggest+doing / sth. / that sb. (should) do sth.

May suggested a picnic at the weekend.

He suggested to us a visit to the Great Wall.

He suggested us visiting the Great Wall.

I suggested leaving early for the airport.

He suggested that we (should) visit the Great Wall.

She suggested that her father (should) give up smoking.

*suggest (暗示,表明)+从句不用虚拟语气。

The smile on her face suggested that she agreed with me.

The look on his face suggested that he was happy.

8..The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals.第二种看法是人们是在吃饭时把这种病毒引入体内的。

absorb vt.(1)专注,聚精会神

be absorbed in=put one’s heart into集中精力做某事

I was absorbed in a book and didn’t hear your call. 我正专心看书,没听到你的电话。

Absorbed in his work,Tom simply forgot food and sleep.汤姆专心工作,几乎忘记了吃饭和睡觉。


Black cloth absorbs light.黑布吸收光线。

The big company has gradually absorbed these small companies into its own organization.这家大公司逐渐将这些小公司吞并了。

The clever boy absorbed all the knowledge his teacher could give him.那个聪明的男孩把他老师所能教他的所有知识都理解了。

9.John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence.约翰·斯诺推测第二种说法是正确的,但需要有证据。

suspect vt. 认为,怀疑

常用短语:suspect sth to be; suspect sb of doing sth.

They suspect him to be the murderer.(他们怀疑他是凶手)

She suspected him of taking her money.

n. 嫌疑犯;可疑分子[C]

10 .....,the cholera outbreak was so severe that more than 500 people died in ten days.

severe adj. 严厉地;苛刻的;严格的

be severe with/on 对....严格/严厉 You are too severe on the boy.

剧痛的;剧烈的;严重的 a severe attack of toothache 牙痛的剧烈发作

adv. severely

11.Next, John Snow looked into the source of the water for these two streets. 接下来,约翰·斯诺调查了这两条街上的水源。

look into调查,了解,研究;朝??里面看

与one’s face/eyes等连用,表示“注视”

He looks into her face with great interest.他饶有兴趣地注视着她的脸。


look around/about环顾四周 look after照顾;照料

look back回头看look back on 回顾;回想

look down upon 轻视,瞧不起 look for 寻求;寻找

look forward to (doing) 盼望 look on旁观

look on/upon...as把??看作 look out往外看;注意;当心

look through浏览look up抬头看;查看

look up to sb. 尊敬/仰慕某人

12. It seemed that the water was to blame.看来要归罪于饮用水了。

blame v. 责备;谴责;把……归咎于 n. 过失;责备;(过失、过错等)责任

①blame sb. for sth. / doing sth.为某事责备某人 / 责备某人做了某事

They blamed the secretary for the delay of the plan.

② blame sth. on sb. / sth. 把某事归咎于某人;因某事而指责某人

The police blamed the traffic accident on jack’s careless driving.

③ be to blame for(doing)sth. 因(做)某事某人应该受到谴责;注意:be to blame应受责备(主动表被动);应负责任

The driver was not to blame for the traffic accident.

④ accept / bear / take the blame for sth. 对某事负责任

He is ready to take the blame for what had happened.

⑤ put / lay the blame for sth. on sb. 将某事归咎于某人

13.In another part of London, he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak.在伦敦的另一地区,他从另外两例与布洛德街疾病爆发有关的死亡病例中得到了有力的证据。

link vt. 连接;联系n. 环;连接;联系;纽带

14.A woman, who had moved away from Broad Street, liked the water from the pump so much that she had it delivered to her house every day.一个妇女,从布洛德街搬走了,但她非常喜欢水泵的水,她让人每天从水泵给她家送水。

15. With this extra evidence John Snow was able to announce with certainty that polluted water carried the virus.利用这个额外证据,约翰·斯诺就可以很有把握地宣布污染水携带病菌。

announce vt.


announce sth.(to sb.)(向某人)宣布、通告某事

announce that...宣布……;通知……It is announced that...据宣布…

Please announce to your class that there will be no school tomorrow.请通知你们班明天不上学。

It has been officially announced that he will pay a second visit to China soon.据官方消息称,他不久将再次来中国访问。


The bright flowers announced that spring was here.鲜艳的花朵显示春天已经来到。

[拓展延伸] announcement n.宣布;口头通知announcer n.播音员

make an announcement下通知

16.To prevent this from happening again, John Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies be examined. 为防止这种情况再度发生,约翰·斯诺建议,所有水源都要经过检测。

prevent/stop...(from) doing sth. 或keep...from doing sth.意为―阻止……做某事‖

①What can we do to prevent the disease spreading.我们能做什么来防止这种疾病蔓延呢?②We should take measures to prevent the river from being polluted further.我们应该采取措施阻止这条河受到进一步的污染。

examine v. 检查;细查;诊察; 审问;盘问

The doctor examined the boy and found there was nothing the matter with him.

The lawyer examined the witness.

examination n. 考试; 检查;细查

take an examination 参加考试medical examination 体检

under examination 在检查中;在审查中

17. Finally “King Cholera” was defeated.―霍乱王‖终于被击败了。

[辨析]win, beat与defeat

win ―赢得‖赛事、战事、某物;beat ―战胜‖―击败‖比赛中的对手,可与defeat互换 We beat / defeated their team by 10 scores.

They won the battle but lost many men.

The local ball team won the state championship by beating / defeating all the other teams.

篇二:人教版高中英语必修五unit 5

Unit 5 First Aid

Period one Warming up and Reading

?Teaching Aims

a. Knowledge aim:

(1) Get students to learn the useful new words and expressions in the text.

(2) Let students learn about some first aid knowledge.

(3) Have students read the passage and know about burns and the first aid treatments for burns.

b. Ability aim:

(1) Develop students? reading ability and let them learn different reading skills.

(2) Enable students to know about burns and the first aid treatments for burns.

c. Emotional aim:

(1) Develop students? interest in first aid and learn to protect themselves or help others when something happens.

(2) Develop students? sense of cooperative learning.

?Key Teaching Points

a. Let students know about burns and the first aid treatments for burns.

b. Get students to read the passage and understand it.

c. Have students learn different reading skills.

?Difficult Teaching Points

a. Develop students? reading ability.

b. Enable students to know about the first aid treatment for burns.

?Teaching Methods

a. Brainstorming & Skimming & Scanning methods to make the students get a good understand of the text.

b. Pair work & group work to get every student to take part in the teaching-and-learning activities.

?Teaching Aids

PPT, chalk, blackboard.

?Teaching Procedure:

Step 1 Revision

Class begins. Good morning, everyone! Today we will learn a new lesson. Before the lesson, let?s review some key phrases in Unit 4.

First one, 集中精力于… Concentrate on

Second one, 对…感到好奇be curious about

Third one, 指控某人做某事 accuse sb of sth/charge sb with sth

No. 4 为了… so as to do sth

No. 5 在…前面ahead of?

No.6 对…非常敏感have a nose for

No.7 依赖 depend on

No.8 理应当、被认为做某事 be supposed to do sth

No.9 盼望做某事 look forward to(doing) sth

The last one, 与某人约会,预约 make an appointment with sb.

Yes. All of you did a very good job!

Step 2 Lead-in

OK. Now please look at the screen. There are four pictures on it. Well, could you tell me what happened in each picture? Let?s see the first picture together. What happened in this picture?

Answer: A great fire broke out.

Next one, what happened? Answer: A traffic accident happened.

This one, what happened? Answer: An air crash happened.

The last one, what happened? Answer: A person drowned.

OK, class. After seeing these pictures, what do you think should be done in these situations above?

Yes. You?re right. We should give those injured people first aid. So today, we are going to learn Unit 5-----First Aid. (写板书)

What does the “First Aid” mean in Chinese?

Aid means help. So how to say the phrase ?”在…的帮助下”. Yes, “with the aid of…”. ?“在某方面帮助某人” “aid sb in (doing) sth.

Step 3 Warming up

1. Well, class. How much do you know about “first aid” ? Could you give the definition of “first aid” ? (show the following on the screen).

Please try to complete the following short passage.

First aid is a temporary form of _____given to someone who suddenly _____ or

______ before a doctor can be found. Often the ______ or ______ is not ______, but there are other times when giving first ai


d quickly can _______.

Suggested answers:

1.help 2. falls ill 3. gets injured 4. illness 5. injury 6. serious 7. save lives

I will give you 2 minutes to think about it. And you can discuss with your partner if necessary.

All right. Time is up. Who can give the definition of first aid? Volunteer?

Do you agree with him/her? Let?s check the answer together. Let?s read it together, are you ready?

Well, I want to show you another six pictures. Let?s see them together. Now, discuss with your partners about these six pictures. And try to describe what has happened in each picture. I will give you 3 minutes. Please go.

All right, time is up. Who can describe the first picture to us? What kind of “first aid” do you think should he perform? What does he should do? I will show you this “true or false” list, maybe it can give you some clues. You can discuss with your partner about these questions.

Have you got the answers? I want to invite two students to write your answers on the blackboard. Who would like to have a try?

Picture 1

Picture 2

Picture 3

Picture 4

Picture 5

Picture 6

All right. As we have known some kinds of “first aid” in different situations. Let?s come to another situation. Please look at this picture.

?What ?s on the cupboard?

Answer: A kettle full of boiling water. (how to say “凉白开” “boiled water”) ?What do you think may happen to the little girl?

Answer: She may have bad burns.

?What kind of first aid should the mother perform? (students give their answers) Now, let?s check the correct procedure together. (PPT) Who can read it?

So according to the above information, don?t you think that burns are very dangerous accident? Yes? I afraid so. So do you want to know more about first aid for burns?

Step 4 Fast Reading

OK. Now please open your books and turn to page 33. The reading part----First Aid for Burns.

Now 2 minutes for you to read the text quickly and try to get the main idea of it. All right, have you finished? How many parts are there in the text? What are they?

Well, do you still remember in which order are these topics covered in the text? Yes? Try to number them from 1 to 5.

Have you finished? Who would like to share your ideas with us? Do you agree with him/her?

____ the three types of burns

____ what to do if someone gets burned

____ the functions of the skin

____ the symptoms of burns

____ how we get burns

Step 5 Careful Reading

As you have had an overall understanding of this text. Now, let?s see the text in details.

First of all, let?s read the first paragraph and then answer the following questions.

1. How many layers of skin do people have?

2. What can skin do for our body?

(check answers)

Next part. Read the second paragraph and find out the causes of burns.

You can get burned by:

1. hot liquids

2. steam

3. fire

4. radiation

5. the sun

6. electricity and chemicals.

Read the third paragraph, and answer the following questions:

How many types of burns? What are they?


1. First degree burns

2. Second degree burns

3. Third degree burns

Label these pictures with first/second/third degree burn.

Answer: A. SecondB. FirstC. Third

Step 6 Conclusion

Time is limited. Let?s stop here and have a conclusion. Today we have learned a new lesson-----First aid.

We learned the definition of First aid, and met several different situations which need different first aid. Right?

Besides, we learned the functions of the skin; causes of burns; types of burns.

Step 7 Homework

1. Go over the passage that we learned today.

2. Prepare the following text and try to finish Exercises 3 and 4.

Class is over. Goodbye everyone!



Warming up and reading教学设计方案


Teaching Goals:

1. Get the students to know the information about the United Kingdom.

2. Encourage the students to talk out what they know about the UK and Ireland.

3. Help the students learn to get information by listening.

Teaching Difficult Points:

1. Make students fully understand the text and analyze the structure of the text.

2. Get Ss to summarize the general knowledge they learned about the UK in class.

Teaching methods:

1. Skimming & scanning methods to make the Ss get a good understanding of the text.

2. Discussion methods to make the Ss understand what they’ve learned in class.

3. Pair work of group to get every student to take part in the teaching-and-learning activities.

Teaching procedures:

Step One: Lead in

Ask Ss the question “Where will the 2012 Olympic Games be held?”.

Get the answer: London

Step Two: Warming up

Show Ss some pictures of the United Kingdom and ask them some questions about the UK. Then Check the answers to the quiz. Introduce the UK by showing pictures while Ss giving the correct answers.

Step Three: Reading:

1. Pre-reading

Q: What are the four countries of the UK ?

What are the capital cities of the countries of the UK?

What are the three main areas in England?

Get Ss to come up to tell their location on the map ( showed on screen)

2. Fast-reading

Scan the text and match the following.

3. Careful-reading:

Divide the passage into three parts and write down the main ideas of each part.

4. Post-reading:

Answer the questions.

Step Four: comprehending

1. Complete the sentences using the words in the box.

2. Answer the questions.

Step Five: Discussion

Can you work out why London is the capital of England, Great Britain and the UK?

Step Six: Test

Put each town or city into its correct zone according to the reading text.


Read the text again and find out some words, expressions and sentence structure that seem difficult to you.