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外研社高中英语知识点

时间:2016-05-04 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:高中英语必修三知识点外研版

必修三Module 1

⒈be located/ situated ( on/ in / to…) = lie/ stand (on/ in/ to)

位于…的;坐落于…的;处于…地位(状态的)

⑴我们学校坐落于一个美丽的地方,周围有青山绿水环绕。

Our school is situated in the beautiful place, with green mountains and clear rivers around.

◆ situation n. 立场;局势;形势

in a …situation 处于….状况中;在…形势下

1). In the present situation, I wouldn?t advise you to sell your house. 在目前的形势下,…

2). You?re putting me in a very embarrassing situation. 你使我处于非常尴尬的境地。

3). With no rain for three months and food supplies running out, the situation here is getting worse.

三个月无雨,食品供应也将消耗殆尽,这里情况越来越糟糕了。

⒉face

1). face up to 勇敢面对(接受并处理)

(be) faced with 面对;面临

face (to the) south/north/east/west 面朝南/北/东/西

2). face to face 面对面(地)

in (the) face of 面对;在…面前

make a face at 向…做鬼脸

save/lose face 保全/丢面子 to one?s face 当着某人的面

stare sb. in the face 盯着某人

turn red in the face 涨红了脸

ed形式,be 去掉)

be faced with; be compared with

be seated; be hidden;

be lost / absorbed/occupied in

be abandoned/ addicted to(沉溺于);

be born; be dressed ; be tired of (厌烦)等

⒊表示 “某物在哪个方向”可用 south/north/east/west等,构成以下几种表达方式。

(1). …is in the south of 在…的南部(在内部)

…is on the south of 在…的南边(接壤)

…is to the south of 在…以南(在外部)

…is south of 在…的南部(不指明在内部还是外部)

(2). 把表示方位、地点的介词或副词短语放在句首,句子用完全倒装语序。

①.Jiangsu is on the south of Shandong.

South of Shandong is Jiangsu.

②.East of our school lies a railway.

⒋倍数表示法:

as…as

◎A is …↓… (more than) times -er than B

倍数 size, length, height, weight…

⒌主谓一致

⑴三原则:

①语法一致的原则:

语法一致的原则是指主语为单、复数与谓语动词要相呼应。但要注意一些特殊情况;

1)以along with, together with, with, as well as, accompanied by, rather than, but, except 连接的两个主语,其谓语的单复数以第一个主语为主。例如:

Several passengers, together with the driver, were hurt.

2)表示时间,重量,长度,价格等的复数名词,作主语从整体来看时,谓语动词用单数。例如:Fifty years is not a long time.

3) 非谓语动词,从句或其他短语作主语,谓语动词用单数形式。

例如:Early to bed and early to rise is healthful.

4)如果主语是由and连接的两个单数名词,但前面有each, every, no 等词修饰时,谓语用单数。例如: Every boy and girl in this region is taught to read and write.

②意义一致的原则:

意义一致的原则指谓语动词的单复数取决于主语所表达的概念,而不取决于表面的语法标志,主要表现为某些集体名词后可跟动词单数或复数。如果这些集体名词指整体概念时,谓语动词用单数;指具体成员时用复数。例如:The population of the earth is increasing very fast.

类似这样的集体名词有: family, class, audience, committee (委员会), crowd, crew, group, party, population, team, public, council (理事会), village等。

③就近原则:

所谓就近原则是指谓语动词单复数取决于离它最近的词语,而无须考虑其他的词。

1) 以either…or, or, neither…nor和not only…but also连接的两个主语,其谓语的单复数形式应与离谓语最近的主语保持一致。例如:Either you or he has to go there with me.

2) 由there或here引起的主语,而又不止是一个时,采取就近原则。例如:

Here is a pen, a few envelopes and some paper for you.

谓语动词用单数的情况:

必修三Module2

1. till :直到

be fit for :胜任

be busy in doing sth :忙着做…

be up to sb=be left to sb to decide :由…决定/ 负责

1)I can take up to four people in my car. 我的汽车最多能做四个人

2)I have never heard from her up to now. 我至今也没有她的音讯。

3)What?s he up to ? 他在忙什么?

4) It?s up to you to decide where we go for a picnic.

由你决定我们应去哪儿野餐。

5)李平不能胜任他的工作。6)这个帐篷至多能睡十人。Up to ten people can sleep in this tent.

2. measure

measure sth in/by sth用···来衡量,用···来计算

take measures to do采取措施做某事

1)People in Los Angels measure distance in time, not miles.翻译

洛杉矶人用时间来计算(两地)距离而不是用英里数。

2)The Chinese government is taking effective measuresto develop the economy. 中国政府正在采取强有力的措施来发展经济。

3. sure

1) make sure表示“务必”,“确信”,“弄明白”,后面常接 of/about sth.或that引导的宾语从句。

Make sure(that) you will arrive there on time. 你务必准时到这。

I know there?s a train this afternoon, but I must make sure of the time. 我知道今天下午有列火车,但我必须弄清楚(发车)时间。

2)be sure of, be sure that 对···有把握,对···确定,确信

Can we be sure of his honesty. /Can we be sure that he is honest? 我们能相信他是诚实的?

I?m sure of winning the game. 我有把握能赢得比赛。

3) be sure to do 说话人推测主语“一定;必然会”或 (常用于祈使句)务必做某事 He is sure to be back soon. 他一定会很快回来。

Be sure not to forget it. 千万别忘了。

注意:be sure of 与be sure to do的区别:

①.He is sure of his success. =He is sure that he will succeed. 他确信他会成功。 ②.He is sure to succeed. 他一定会成功。(说话人的看法)

③. Be sure to write and tell me all your news. 务必来信把你所有情况都告诉我。

另外,常见的与sure相关的短语还有:be sure of oneself 有自信心,for sure的确;确实地, sure enough果真,果然。 用于口语,此时的“Sure.”相当于“Of course.” 与“Certainly.”。

4. From the agreement came the Human Development Report.

表示方位或方式的副词和介词短语放在句首用完全倒装, 即谓语动词完全臵于主语之前。 在山脚下有一个小村庄。

车来了。

【部分倒装】

①only修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句,放于句首

②否定副词never, nor, not, hardly, little, seldom等放于句首

③ so+adj/adv+(倒装)+ that

1. Only when he returned did we find out the truth (We found out the truth only when he returned.)

2. Never before have I seen such a moving film.(I have never seen such a moving film before)

3. So clearly does he speak English that he can always make himself understood.(He speaks English so clearly that~)

5. figure n./v.

1).He had always looked upon Sarah as a kind of mother figure. 形象

2).How does she manage to keep her figure when she eats so much? 体形

3).He was the outstanding political figure of his time. 人物 v.

4).I figured that he was drunk and shouldn?t be allowed to drive. 认为

5).It took me hours to figure those problems out.分析;想出

6).Women. I just can?t figure them out. 理解

7).Many economists have been figuring out what makes China develop so fast. 分析

8).指望figure on

6. S.+ be + adj. + to do

easy/ good/ safe/comfortable/ dangerous/hard/ difficult…

1).The water is not pure to drink (drink)

2).He needs a chair comfortable to sit on.(sit )

3).The young man felt the room cold to live in (live)

必修三Module 3

1.occur 过去式occurred 过去分词occurred

1)发生,出现

Earthquakes occur frequently in this area.

2) sth occur to sb某人想到,某事浮现脑海

It never occurred to me that he might be in trouble.

A brilliant idea occurred to me.

【回忆“发生”】

①.A big earthquake occurred /happened in the south of China last month. ②.It occurred to me that she didn?t know I had moved into the new house.

③.I happened to see him on my way home. = It happened that I saw him on my way home.

④. A fire broke out in the hospital in the mid-night.

⑤. After the flood, diseases broke out here and there.

⑥.Great changes have taken place in our hometown during the past ten years. ⑦.How did it come about that such a short journey took such a long time.

篇二:外研版高中英语必修1重要知识点归纳

必修一module1---module6 知识点总结

Module1

重点短语:

not far from 离……不远information from websites 网上的消息

write down my thoughts about it 写下……的想法

iave fun 玩的高兴 give instructions 给出指示in a fun way 以一种有趣的方式

write a desciption of 写下……的描述in other words 换句话说

have / make an impression on /upon sb. 给某人留下印象

take place 发生 take part in 参加 by oneself 独自

at first / the end of / the start of 起先/ 在……结束时/ 在……开始时

nothing like 与……不同;没有……能比得上

be different from 与……不同be impressed with/ by 被……所吸引

differences beween/ among …… 的差异 introduce...to... 把……介绍……

look foward to doing sth./ sth. 期望做……/ 期望……

impress sb. with sth. = impress sth.on /upon sb. 使某人铭记某事

be simliar to 与……相似 be divided into 被分成……

be separated from 被和……分开 mind doing sth. 介意做……

重点句型

1. In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys.

倍数表达法:

① A + be / V. + 倍数 + as +adj./ adv.原级 + as + B

② A + be / V. + 倍数 + adj./ adv.比较级 +than + B

③ A+be / V. + 倍数 + the (size,weight,height,width,depth,lengh) + of + B

2.Would you mind if I did ...? 介意我做......?

3.The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman called Ms.Shen.

called Ms. Shen 是过去分词作短语定语,修饰woman.与修饰词之间是被动关系。相当与定

语从句: who is called Ms. Shen. 通常在分词修饰名词时,若是单个分词,则放在名词之前,

若是分词短语则放在名词之后;

4. I don't think I will be bored in Ms. Shen's class.

当主句为 I / We think ( suppose, believe, expect,guess, imagine) + that 从句时,如果从

句中带有否定意义,通常把否定词 not 转移到主句的动词前。变反义疑问句时,主句的主语

为第一人称时,疑问句应与从句的主语和谓语相一致。否则就与主句的主语和谓语一致。

e.g. I don't think she will come, will she?

You don't think she will come, do you?

5. Oh, really? So have I.

① so + 助动词 / 情态动词 / 系动词be + 主语 表示“(另一事物)也……”

② so + 主语 +助动词 / 情态动词 / 系动词be 表示对上面情况的肯定。

③ so it is/was with ...或者so it's /was the same with ...

表示当前面的句子是两个分句,或前一句含有两个或两个以上不同类 别的谓语动词,

或者既含有肯定句又含有否定句时,情况也适用于后者。

④ neither/ nor + 助动词 / 情态动词 / 系动词be + 主语 表示......也不......

语法要求:

一 时态

1. 现在时中的两个体态,一般现在时和现在进行时。

1)一般现在时

A 构成(动词的变化)

主语是第一,二或者复数的时候用 动词的原形。

主语为单数第三人称的时候,动词加s 或者es(以原音结尾)。辅音+y时 把y变成I 再es.

B 用法 4种

1 描述经常性、习惯性的动作或存在的状态。常与usually, often, always, every day, sometimes, once a month, never, on Mondays等时间状语连用。

2 描述普遍真理和客观存在的事实。

3 描述现在时刻发生的动作或存在的状态。

4 描述计划、安排好的将来动作。常用于转移动词:go, come, arrive ,leave, start, begin 等

2) 现在进行时。现在进行时常和时间状语连用;now, right now, at this moment, at present 等。 a 构成: be+现在分词 即: am/is/are+doing

b 用法 4种

1 表示说话时正在进行的动作或存在的状态。

2 表示现阶段某动作正在进行,但说话时未必正在进行。

3 表示将要发生的动作,常和动词go, come, leave, start, arrive等连用。

4 表示抱怨、厌倦、赞叹等感情色彩。与always, constantly, continually, forever, usually 等副词连用。

二: -ed分词, -ing分词做定语和表语的区别

Module 2

重点短语:

on time 按时 make sure 确保,保证

fall a sleep 睡觉 make progress 取得进步

at present 目前 do well in 擅长

take a look 看一看 do one's best 尽力

make notes 做笔记 in fact 事实上

be true of 对……适用as a result 结果

wave one's hands about / around 挥手 result in 导致,造成

result from 源于…… first impression 第一印象

avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 hate doing sth. 讨厌做某事

admint doing sth. 承认做某事practise doing sth. 练习做某事

enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 imagine doing 想像做某事

have problem / trouble / difficulty (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难

have problem / trouble / difficulty with sth. 在某事上有困难

appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事

I would appreciate it if .... 我很感激如果……

be patient with sb.对某人有耐心 be patient of sth. 对某事有耐心

consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 consider ... as / to be 把……看作……

prefer sth. 喜欢某事 prefer to do sth.喜欢做某事prefer A to B 喜欢A胜过B prefer to do A rather than do B喜欢做……而不喜欢做……

would rather do A rather do B 喜欢做……而不喜欢做……

Would do A rather than do B 喜欢做……而不喜欢做……

would rather sb. did/ had done 宁愿某人去做……

重点句型

1. Physics will never be my favourite lesson, but I think I'll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me.

with Mrs Chen teaching me 通常被称为 with 的复合结构。在句子中多做状语。with 的复合结构:

① with + 宾语 + V-ing (宾语与动词是主动关系)

With the old man leading the way, I can easily find his house.

② with + 宾语 + V-ed (宾语与动词是被动关系)

With the work finished, I can now watch TV.

③ with + 宾语 + to do (动作还未发生)

With a lot of work to do, I have to stay up tonight.

2. She is kind and patient, and she explains English grammar so clearly taht even I can understand it.

形容词+a / an + 名词(可数名词单数)

So + many /few + 名词(可数名词复数)+ that

much / little + 名词 (不可数名词)

表示 “如此……以致于”

a / an + 形容词 + 名词 (可数名词单数)

形容词 + 名词 (可数名词复数) + that

形容词 + 名词 (不可数名词)

语法要求:

1、有些动词后面只能跟动词的ing形式。如hate, admit, appreciate, avoid, enjoy, imagine, consider, practise.

Module 3

重点短语:

be short for 是……的缩写be short of 缺乏……

in the 1990s/ 1990's 在20世纪90年代

more than 超过

more than + 数词: 超过

more than + 名词: 不仅仅,不只是

more than+ 形容词/ 副词: 非常

out of date 过时的,不流行的up to date 时尚的,流行的

at a speed of 以……的速度 reach a speed of 达到……的速度

attend the opening ceremony 出席开幕式all the time 一直,总是

play with 与……玩from ... to... 从……到……

supply sb. with sth. 给某人提供某物 supply sth. to sb. 把某物提供给某人

provide sb. with sth. 给某人提供某物provide sth for sb.把某物提供给某人

offer sb. sth. 提供某人某物offer sth. to sb.把某物给某人

offer sb. sth. for... 为……提供某人某物

allow sb. to do 同意某人做某事allow doing sth.同意做某事

allow sb. Sth..同意某人某事 refer to 查阅,涉及到

be used to do 被用来做某事 be / get used to doing/ n. 习惯于

used to do 过去常常 be used as 被用作

be used to for 被用来做某事

重点句型

And what a ride! 一次多么美妙的旅行啊!!

感叹句的基本结构

What 引导的感叹句:

① What a/an + 形容词 + 名词(单数可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语!

② What + 形容词 + 名词(复数可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语!

③ What + 形容词 + 名词(不可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语!

How 引导的感叹句:

① How + 形容词 / 副词 + a/an 名词(单数可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语!

② How + 形容词 / 副词 + 主语 + 谓语!

③ How +主语 + 谓语!

e.g. How dangerous the fish is!

How lovely a boy he is!

How time flies!! 光阴似箭!

语法要求:

一:动词的过去分词作表语和定语

二:一般过去时用法:基本用法在初中已经总结过,在此补充一些常与一般过去时连用的时间状语。如:recently, during the day, one night, a long time ago, until the 1920’s, for many years等。

Module 4

重点短语:

by the seacide 在海滨 on the coast 在海边

put up 建起,搭起;张贴business district 商业区

shopping malls 购物中心 walk around 四处走走

go up (价格等)上涨 make money挣钱

figth to survive 费力求生 pay back 偿还

feel / be fortunate (in) doing sth / to do sth. 感到幸运做某事

bother sb. with/ about sth. 因某事烦扰某人

bother to do sth. 特意做,不怕麻烦做某事

stay in contanct with 与……保持联系

make contact with 与……取得联系

lost contact with 与……失去联系

reamin to be done 有待于被……

exchange sth. with sb. for sth. 拿某物和某人换某物

can't afford sth. / to do sth. 买不起……,支付不起做……

get away from 摆脱……,离开……

重点句型

1.What's ...like?

How do you like...?

怎么样?

How do you find...?

2.It’s been six years since we last saw each other.

一段时间+since +过去式( 短暂性动词 )

自从…至今已经多久了.

It is /has been +一段时间+since +过去式 (延续性动词)

自从不做..至今已经多久了.

若主句为was,则since 从句中用过去完成时。

3.This is the first time I’ve visited your hometown.

表示“这是某人第几次做某事”,常用This /It is the first /second…/last time that …这个句型。that 常省略. 主句用 is ,从句使用现在完成时.主句用was , 从句用过去完成时.

4.for the first time & the first time

for the first time:一般用作时间状语,

e.g: I was invited to the party for the first time.

the first time可作为连词用法,引导状语从句,意“第一次…的时候”,如:The first time I saw her, I liked her at once.

5. a nice little fish restaurant

名词前有多个形容词修饰的话,其顺序为:

限定词(a,the ,those...)+ 描绘性形容词(beautiful,important...) +大小、高低、长短、宽窄等形容词(big,long,high...) + 表示形状的形容词(round...)+ 表示颜色的形容词(red,green...)+ 国籍,地区+物质材料 + 用途 + 名词

语法要求:

一:时态:现在完成时用法

Module 5

重点短语:

think of 想到,想起, put sth.in order 按顺序整理 / 摆放

at the top 在顶部 at the botttom 在底部

keep... out of 使……不进入 do / make an experiment 做实验

make disvovery 作出发现be proud of 以……自豪/ 骄傲

take pride in 感到自豪be supposed to do 理应,应当

at least 至少 aim at 目标是

aim to 目的在于 in turns 轮流

篇三:外研版高中英语必修1重要知识点归纳

必修一module1---module6 知识点总结

Module1

重点短语:

not far from 离……不远information from websites 网上的消息

write down my thoughts about it 写下……的想法

iave fun 玩的高兴 give instructions 给出指示in a fun way 以一种有趣的方式

write a desciption of 写下……的描述in other words 换句话说

have / make an impression on /upon sb. 给某人留下印象

take place 发生 take part in 参加 by oneself 独自

at first / the end of / the start of 起先/ 在……结束时/ 在……开始时

nothing like 与……不同;没有……能比得上

be different from 与……不同be impressed with/ by 被……所吸引

differences beween/ among …… 的差异 introduce...to... 把……介绍……

look foward to doing sth./ sth. 期望做……/ 期望……

impress sb. with sth. = impress sth.on /upon sb. 使某人铭记某事

be simliar to 与……相似 be divided into 被分成……

be separated from 被和……分开 mind doing sth. 介意做……

重点句型

1. In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys.

倍数表达法:

① A + be / V. + 倍数 + as +adj./ adv.原级 + as + B

② A + be / V. + 倍数 + adj./ adv.比较级 +than + B

③ A+be / V. + 倍数 + the (size,weight,height,width,depth,lengh) + of + B

2.Would you mind if I did ...? 介意我做......?

3.The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman called Ms.Shen.

called Ms. Shen 是过去分词作短语定语,修饰woman.与修饰词之间是被动关系。相当与定语

从句: who is called Ms. Shen. 通常在分词修饰名词时,若是单个分词,则放在名词之前,若

是分词短语则放在名词之后;

4. I don't think I will be bored in Ms. Shen's class.

当主句为 I / We think ( suppose, believe, expect,guess, imagine) + that 从句时,如果从句中带

有否定意义,通常把否定词 not 转移到主句的动词前。变反义疑问句时,主句的主语为第一

人称时,疑问句应与从句的主语和谓语相一致。否则就与主句的主语和谓语一致。

e.g. I don't think she will come, will she?

You don't think she will come, do you?

5. Oh, really? So have I.

① so + 助动词 / 情态动词 / 系动词be + 主((来自于:www.hN1C.coM 唯才 教育 网:外研社高中英语知识点)语 表示“(另一事物)也……”

② so + 主语 +助动词 / 情态动词 / 系动词be 表示对上面情况的肯 定。

③ so it is/was with ...或者so it's /was the same with ...

表示当前面的句子是两个分句,或前一句含有两个或两个以上不同类 别的谓语动词,

或者既含有肯定句又含有否定句时,情况也适用于后者。

④ neither/ nor + 助动词 / 情态动词 / 系动词be + 主语 表示......也不......

语法要求:

一 时态

1. 现在时中的两个体态,一般现在时和现在进行时。

1)一般现在时

A 构成(动词的变化)

主语是第一,二或者复数的时候用 动词的原形。

主语为单数第三人称的时候,动词加s 或者es(以原音结尾)。辅音+y时 把y变成I 再es.

B 用法 4种

1 描述经常性、习惯性的动作或存在的状态。常与usually, often, always, every day, sometimes, once a month, never, on Mondays等时间状语连用。

2 描述普遍真理和客观存在的事实。

3 描述现在时刻发生的动作或存在的状态。

4 描述计划、安排好的将来动作。常用于转移动词:go, come, arrive ,leave, start, begin 等

2) 现在进行时。现在进行时常和时间状语连用;now, right now, at this moment, at present 等。 a 构成: be+现在分词 即: am/is/are+doing

b 用法 4种

1 表示说话时正在进行的动作或存在的状态。

2 表示现阶段某动作正在进行,但说话时未必正在进行。

3 表示将要发生的动作,常和动词go, come, leave, start, arrive等连用。

4 表示抱怨、厌倦、赞叹等感情色彩。与always, constantly, continually, forever, usually 等副词连用。

二: -ed分词, -ing分词做定语和表语的区别

Module 2

重点短语:

on time 按时 make sure 确保,保证

fall a sleep 睡觉 make progress 取得进步

at present 目前 do well in 擅长

take a look 看一看 do one's best 尽力

make notes 做笔记 in fact 事实上

be true of 对……适用as a result 结果

wave one's hands about / around 挥手 result in 导致,造成

result from 源于…… first impression 第一印象

avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 hate doing sth. 讨厌做某事

admint doing sth. 承认做某事practise doing sth. 练习做某事

enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 imagine doing 想像做某事

have problem / trouble / difficulty (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难

have problem / trouble / difficulty with sth. 在某事上有困难

appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事

I would appreciate it if .... 我很感激如果……

be patient with sb.对某人有耐心 be patient of sth. 对某事有耐心

consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 consider ... as / to be 把……看作……

prefer sth. 喜欢某事 prefer to do sth.喜欢做某事prefer A to B 喜欢A胜过B prefer to do A rather than do B喜欢做……而不喜欢做……

would rather do A rather do B 喜欢做……而不喜欢做……

Would do A rather than do B 喜欢做……而不喜欢做……

would rather sb. did/ had done 宁愿某人去做……

重点句型

1. Physics will never be my favourite lesson, but I think I'll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me.

with Mrs Chen teaching me 通常被称为 with 的复合结构。在句子中多做状语。with 的复合结构:

① with + 宾语 + V-ing (宾语与动词是主动关系)

With the old man leading the way, I can easily find his house.

② with + 宾语 + V-ed (宾语与动词是被动关系)

With the work finished, I can now watch TV.

③ with + 宾语 + to do (动作还未发生)

With a lot of work to do, I have to stay up tonight.

2. She is kind and patient, and she explains English grammar so clearly taht even I can understand it. 形容词+a / an + 名词(可数名词单数)

So +many /few + 名词(可数名词复数)+ that

much / little + 名词 (不可数名词)

表示 “如此……以致于”

a / an + 形容词 + 名词 (可数名词单数)

Such + 形容词 + 名词 (可数名词复数) + that

形容词 + 名词 (不可数名词)

语法要求:

1、有些动词后面只能跟动词的ing形式。如hate, admit, appreciate, avoid, enjoy, imagine, consider, practise.

Module 3

重点短语:

be short for 是……的缩写be short of 缺乏……

in the 1990s/ 1990's 在20世纪90年代

more than 超过

more than + 数词: 超过

more than + 名词: 不仅仅,不只是

more than+ 形容词/ 副词: 非常

out of date 过时的,不流行的up to date 时尚的,流行的

at a speed of 以……的速度 reach a speed of 达到……的速度

attend the opening ceremony 出席开幕式all the time 一直,总是

play with 与……玩from ... to... 从……到……

supply sb. with sth. 给某人提供某物 supply sth. to sb. 把某物提供给某人

provide sb. with sth. 给某人提供某物provide sth for sb.把某物提供给某人

offer sb. sth. 提供某人某物offer sth. to sb.把某物给某人

offer sb. sth. for... 为……提供某人某物

allow sb. to do 同意某人做某事allow doing sth.同意做某事

allow sb. Sth..同意某人某事 refer to 查阅,涉及到

be used to do 被用来做某事 be / get used to doing/ n. 习惯于

used to do 过去常常 be used as 被用作

be used to for 被用来做某事

重点句型

And what a ride! 一次多么美妙的旅行啊!!

感叹句的基本结构

What 引导的感叹句:

① What a/an + 形容词 + 名词(单数可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语!

② What + 形容词 + 名词(复数可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语!

③ What + 形容词 + 名词(不可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语!

How 引导的感叹句:

① How + 形容词 / 副词 + a/an 名词(单数可数名词)+ 主语 + 谓语!

② How + 形容词 / 副词 + 主语 + 谓语!

③ How +主语 + 谓语!

e.g. How dangerous the fish is!

How lovely a boy he is!

How time flies!! 光阴似箭!

语法要求:

一:动词的过去分词作表语和定语

二:一般过去时用法:基本用法在初中已经总结过,在此补充一些常与一般过去时连用的时间状语。如:recently, during the day, one night, a long time ago, until the 1920’s, for many years等。

Module 4

重点短语:

by the seacide 在海滨 on the coast 在海边

put up 建起,搭起;张贴business district 商业区

shopping malls 购物中心 walk around 四处走走

go up (价格等)上涨 make money挣钱

figth to survive 费力求生 pay back 偿还

feel / be fortunate (in) doing sth / to do sth. 感到幸运做某事

bother sb. with/ about sth. 因某事烦扰某人

bother to do sth. 特意做,不怕麻烦做某事

stay in contanct with 与……保持联系

make contact with 与……取得联系

lost contact with 与……失去联系

reamin to be done 有待于被……

exchange sth. with sb. for sth. 拿某物和某人换某物

can't afford sth. / to do sth. 买不起……,支付不起做……

get away from 摆脱……,离开……

重点句型

1.What's ...like?

How do you like...?

怎么样?

How do you find...?

2.It’s been six years since we last saw each other.

一段时间+since +过去式( 短暂性动词 )

自从…至今已经多久了.

It is /has been +一段时间+since +过去式 (延续性动词)

自从不做..至今已经多久了.

若主句为was,则since 从句中用过去完成时。

3.This is the first time I’ve visited your hometown.

表示“这是某人第几次做某事”,常用This /It is the first /second…/last time that …这个句型。that 常省略. 主句用 is ,从句使用现在完成时.主句用was , 从句用过去完成时.

4.for the first time & the first time

for the first time:一般用作时间状语,

e.g: I was invited to the party for the first time.

the first time可作为连词用法,引导状语从句,意“第一次…的时候”,如:The first time I saw her, I liked her at once.

5. a nice little fish restaurant

名词前有多个形容词修饰的话,其顺序为:

限定词(a,the ,those...)+ 描绘性形容词(beautiful,important...) +大小、高低、长短、宽窄等形容词(big,long,high...) + 表示形状的形容词(round...)+ 表示颜色的形容词(red,green...)+ 国籍,地区+物质材料 + 用途 + 名词

语法要求:

一:时态:现在完成时用法

Module 5

重点短语:

think of 想到,想起, put sth.in order 按顺序整理 / 摆放

at the top 在顶部 at the botttom 在底部

keep... out of 使……不进入 do / make an experiment 做实验

make disvovery 作出发现be proud of 以……自豪/ 骄傲

take pride in 感到自豪be supposed to do 理应,应当

at least 至少 aim at 目标是

aim to 目的在于 in turns 轮流

follow one's instuctions 听从某人的指示