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人教版高中英语课本

时间:2016-06-10 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:人教版高中英语教材__总目录

高中英语教材(人教版)总目录高一(必修一)

高一(必修二)

高二(必修三)

高二 (必修四)

高三(必修五)

高三(选修六)

高三(选修七)

篇二:人教版高中英语教材分析

人教版普高课标英语教材分析

一、教学目标

高中阶段英语课程的目标以义务教育一至五级目标为基础,共有四个级别(6-9级)的目标要求。其中七级是高中阶段必须达到的级别要求,八级和九级是为愿意进一步提高英语综合

语言运用能力的高中学生设计的目标。见高中英语课程结构表:

课程结

《普通高中课程标准实验教科书 英语》是人民教育出版社依据《普通高中英语课程标准(实

验)》(以下简称《标准》)编写的。

教科书从内容安排、编排体系到采用的教学方法和练习的设计等方面都努力体现规定的课程性质和理念:使学生在义务教育阶段学习的基础上,进一步明确学习目标,发展自主学习的能力和合作精神;在加强对学生综合语言运用能力培养的同时,注重提高学生用英语获取信息、处理信息、分析问题和解决问题的能力,特别注重提高他们用英语进行思维和表达的能力;高中英语课程还应根据学生的个性特征和发展需求,为他们提供丰富的选择机会和充分的表现空间。通过高中英语课程的学习,使学生的语言运用能力进一步得到提高,国际视野更加宽广,爱国主义精神和民族使命感进一步增强,为他们未来发展和终身学习奠定良好的基础。

二、教材编写的指导思想

本套教材的编写思想如下:

1. 在培养学生的语言技能、语言知识、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识等素养的基础上培养学生的综合语言运用能力。

2. 优化学生的英语学习方法,使他们能通过观察、体验、探究等主动学习的方法,充分发挥自己的学习潜能,形成有效的学习策略,提高自主学习的能力。

3. 关注学生的情感,提高他们的人文素养。要使他们在英语学习的过程中,树立正确的人生观、世界观、价值观,培养他们高度的社会责任感,提高独立思考和判断的能力,培养创新精神和实践能力,发展与人沟通和与人合作的能力,增进跨文化理解和跨文化交(转 载自:wWw.HN1c.cOM 唯才 教 育网:人教版高中英语课本)际能力。

4. 吸收当代先进的思想,从实际出发,采取综合的教学方法,兼收并蓄,集各家所长,运用功能、结构、话题、“任务型”活动等相结合的教学方法。

5. 注重过程评价,促进学生发展。对学生在学习过程中的表现,所取得的成绩以及所反映出的情感、态度、策略等方面的发展做出评价,以激发学生学习的积极性和自信心。

6. 积极开发教育配套资源,使教材具有弹性,使教学具有灵活性、开放性和拓展性,使学生更好地发挥潜能,发展个性。

三、教材对教学和学习的指导

教材是服务于教学的材料和工具,主要的课程实施者是教师,选择和使用教材的主人是教师,教师应做教科书的主人。在当今校本课程资源的开发中,教师尤其要发挥作用,成为课程设制的参与者。教师应从学生和学校教学实际出发选用这套材料。教师需要了解和研究教材,领会其编写指导思想和意图,弄清其脉络和结构,熟悉教材的内容和方法等。这里要求教师学习并把握课程的目标、基本理念、内容标准及实施的建议等,更新观念,根据学生的兴趣、需要、心理特征和实际情况,选择和调整教学策略。这就是说,教师应从实际出发,灵活而又有创造性地使用教科书,如删减不合适的内容,补充必要的复习练习、从多种渠道开发资源,增加真实、有趣而鲜活的材料等等。总之,要一边教学一边通过评价不断对自己的教学行为进行反思,努力在教学中不断创新,以求得自身的发展,适应现代社会发展对英语课程的要求。

实施课程和教材要以学生为主体。学生需要在教师的引导下逐步树立主体意识,积极主动地学习,通过体验、实践、讨论、合作、探究等方式,参与各项听、说、读、写的活动。他们需要学会运用认知、调控、交际和资源策略构建知识、提高技能,在交际性、互动性较

强的“任务型”活动和项目活动中,积极思维,善于表达,努力实践和创新;在学习英语的过程中培养兴趣、磨励意志、加强信心、与人合作,并认真进行自我评价,自我反思,不断调整学习策略提高学习效率。只有这样,才能使学生具有终身学习的能力。一旦有了学习的兴趣和动机,有了学习的能力,学习成绩自然会有所提高。下节将讨论该套教材对语言知识和语言技能的教法和学法的指导。

一、语言知识

(一)语音教学

语音是学好英语的基础,在教学中应受到重视,语音教学要紧密结合词汇、对话和课文的教学进行。教科书每个单元都安排了与语音有关的练习,其目的是帮助学生进一步巩固初中已学的语音知识,掌握正确的语音、语调和朗读技巧,在口头表达中做到语音、语调自然和流畅。学好英语语音对听说技能的培养有直接关系,对读写技能的培养也有促进作用。要充分利用口语和听力录音带,让学生听录音,模仿标准地道的语音语调,提高学生的语音水平。教科书中有一些诗歌,诗歌朗诵可以帮助学生体会和感悟英语诗歌的节奏和韵律。教科书中的单词注音依据《英语发音词典》(English Pronouncing Dictionary)(第15版)。学生用书的词汇表后附有英语国际音标变化表,便于师生迅速掌握新的国际音标。

(二)词汇教学

词汇教学主要是使学生掌握词义、词的搭配和用法,要真正掌握词义和词的用法,必须通过有情境的课文教学,并结合听、说、读、写等语言实践才能达到。因此,学生用书中的生词和习惯用语都以黑体字或异色字出现在课文之中,而且集中收入书后的词汇表中,便于学生查找、预习和复习。这一部分词汇均为课程标准要求掌握的,但学生用书各单元中尚有一部分因行文需要出现的词汇(包括人名和地名等)超出了课程标准要求的范围,也列入词表,标上了三角符号,仅要求理解。练习册中有个别生词加注了中文译文,也有少许生词没有加注译文,目的是让学生通过上下文猜测词义。

根据课程标准的要求,本套教材的词汇有所增加。为了解决词汇量大所带来的困难,在教学中一定要引导学生改变死记硬背的方法,要培养学生按拼读规则拼读单词,根据所学构词法知识判断和记忆派生词及合成词的词义和词类的能力。在学习词汇的过程中,学生要善于对比、联想、发现英语单词的构词方法以及多词义、多词性的特点,用比较和归类的方法学习和记忆单词。

学生用书中许多单元都设有根据英语释义从课文中找出生词或习惯用语的练习。用简易的英语解释生词的意思,这种练习的目的是训练学生自学能力,学会使用英语词典,准确地理解词义。学生用书和练习册中都提供了词汇的专项练习,但词汇主要得放入综合语言运用的各项实践活动之中才能理解得深、用得活。

(三)语法教学

中学英语课教学语法是必要的。符合中国学生认知规律的循序渐进的语法教学能够迅速有效地帮助学生准确地理解和掌握英语。但是,语法教学本身并非目的,而是为了学生掌握和运用语言服务的。因此,教师不要把语法课搞成“满堂灌”,决不可做过多的讲解,给学生造成语法“繁、难、杂”的印象。学习语法的最好方法是在“用”中学。

教科书中的语法项目主要是在一定的情景中出现的。首先要让学生自己发现各单元中的新的语法现象,并要他们归纳出使用中的语法结构。当然,他们可能做出错误的归纳,这很正常,此时,教师要采取适当的方法进行纠正,学生用书的Discovering useful structures 和附录中的Grammar部分对语法点进行了比较系统的介绍,可供教师参考。练习册的Using structures部分引导学生正确运用语法结构。与词汇一样,语法结构也得依靠综合语言运用的大量实践活动才能真正掌握。

高中英语教科书中,一个单元基本只介绍一个语法点。在高中必修阶段稍后部分和系列选修阶段,语法结构还要循环反复,不断巩固和加深。

二、语言技能

该套教科书的语言技能指的是听、说、读、写技能。尽管在练习册中有少量的翻译练习,翻译在高中没有作为一项技能进行专门的训练。在这个阶段,翻译是一种学习的手段,适当地进行汉英对比可以加深对英语的准确理解。与此同时,做一些翻译练习也可以为学生今后的工作和继续学习打下基础。

听、说、读、写四种技能是相辅相成,互相促进的,要进行综合训练。听说是读写的基础,而读写又有助于听说的巩固和提高。只有坚持进行四项技能的训练,才能发展学生的综合语言运用的能力。

听和读是语言的接受技能,说和写是语言生成技能。只有通过听读达到足够的语言输入量,学生才有可能通过说和写输出一定的语言信息量。因此,该套教科书加大了听读的信息量,侧重培养阅读能力,加强了写的技能训练。

(一)听的技能

高中阶段英语听力训练的渠道主要来自:

1.教师的课堂用语和教学英语;2.口语录音带;3.听写;4.听(Listening)和听的任务(Listening task);5.校内外录音泛听、英语广播、电视等。

学生用书和练习册的每个单元都含有两个以上的听的活动。这些听的活动培养学生的各种技巧和能力:听要点、听细节、听特定的词、听内容捕捉特定的信息、分析和处理信息,直至完成特定的任务。采用了各种不同类型的听力课文,包括会话、记叙文、传记、新闻报道、广播、故事等。

听力训练的步骤建议如下:

1)听前介绍语境,可利用插图(如问What can you see in the picture?)或根据听力材料的内容提出一两个问题,以便让学生放松紧张的情绪,做好听的准备。此时,也可把听力材料中的生词教给学生。

2)提出任务。让学生仔细看看听力部分的练习或任务,使他们明白他们将会听到什么内容,他们该做什么事。要向学生说明,他们没有必要听懂每一个词,但要抓住主要的信息。这样就可以使他们带着特定的目的去听,他们就会专心致志地通过“听”寻求所需要的信息。

3)放录音,必要时可放三遍。在适当的时候还可使用暂停开关重放难句。

4)学生边听录音边回答或思考练习中的问题。

5)听后检查答案。让学生两或三四人一组彼此检查或讨论答案,然后全班检查答案。任务一般需要集体合作完成。

6)如有时间可发放听力课文,再放录音,让学生注意听并跟读。这样,不仅可以解决疑难问题,而且可以弄清影响听力理解的障碍究竟是什么,以便采取对策有效地提高听的技能。

(二)说的技能

说话是口头运用语言传递信息的技能,需要学生开动脑筋,创造性地运用使用已知的语言表达比较复杂的意思。口语训练在高中教学中的比重仍然较大。该套教科书与初中英语不同的是:学生用书很少提供示范性的对话,更多的是专题性的会话(Themed conversation),例如对某个话题交换看法、评论人或事物、讨论计划、采访、聊天、议论或辩论等,还有独自陈述某件事、讲故事、简短发言、发表意见、汇报情况、短时演讲等。

上述真实性强、具有实际意义的交际性口语活动为学生学习和运用课程标准规定的功能意念项目提供了很好的机会。实际上,初中阶段已经介绍了课程标准中列出的大部分功能意念项目,高中阶段通过学生用书和练习册中的Talking, Speaking 和Speaking task以及其他部分复习了已学的功能意念项目,并陆续介绍了其余的功能意念项目。每册学生用书的目录都标出了各个单元的重点项目,教师教学用书各单元的“教学目的和要求”中都列出了该单元的有关用语。

为了提高学生“说”的技能,教师需指导学生:

1.养成朗读和大胆开口与人交流的习惯,敢于表达思想,提高自己的语言流利程度。

2.注意学习和运用所学的日常交际用语和交际中常用的语法结构,提高口语的准确性。

3.充分利用教科书听读材料所提供的信息,并注意扩大自己的知识面,特别注意培养跨文化交际的意识。这样便可使自己有话可说、有情可表,而且说话得体。也就是说,知道在什么时间、什么场合对什么样的人说什么样的话,遵守英语交际的基本礼仪。

4.运用交际策略主动与人进行口语交流,并学会使用各种办法克服语言困难维持交际,如使用简单英语、非语言手段(手势、表情等)及工具书等。

教科书对每个“说”的活动都有具体的说明,而且教师用书中又有较详细的建议,而且还提供了对话或陈述的示范。教师一定要鼓励学生发挥创造力,口头抒发各自的思想和感情。

(三)读的技能

读是一种最为便捷的语言信息输入的方式。高中教科书中提供了大量的阅读材料,目的是激发学生对读英语的兴趣,培养阅读的技能。阅读技能主要指的是:抓住要点;获取主要信息;理解文章内涵;从上下文猜测不熟悉的语言现象;分析作者的观点、态度、意图;读懂图表和说明书等;欣赏浅易的文学作品等。

学生用书中的阅读(Reading)中的课文是各单元中的重点,教学建议如下:

1.完成Pre-reading以后,在开始让学生阅读之前,提醒学生注意课文的题目和插图或照片,请他们思考该课文的大意。

2.根据阅读课文的内容,讲解文中一些关键词语。

3.提出一两个问题,让学生边读边寻找答案。

4.默读课文,鼓励学生快读寻求答案并作出回答。这样做可以帮助学生了解课文的主要意思。

篇三:高中英语:人教版必修电子课本(word版)

普通高中课程标准实验教科书《英语》电子课本

Book 3

Unit 1 Festivals around the world

B3U1P1-3

FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS

Ancient Festivals

Festivals and celebrations of all kinds are held everywhere. The most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the cold weather, planting in spring and harvest in autumn. Other celebrations were held when hunters could catch animals. They would starve if food was difficult to find, so they celebrated when they had food. They lit fires and made music because they thought these festivals would bring a year of plenty.

Festivals of the Dead

Some festivals are held to honour the dead, or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm. In Japan the festival is called Obon, when people should go to clean the graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors. They light lamps and play music because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth. In Mexico they have the Day of the Dead in early November. On this important feast day, people might eat food in shape of skulls, and cakes with ―bones‖ on them. They offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead. The festival of Halloween had its origin as an event in memory of the dead. It is now a children‘s festival, when they can go to their neighbours‘ homes and ask for sweets. They dress up and try to frighten people. If they are not given anything, the children might play a trick.

Festivals to Honour People

Festivals can be held as an honour to famous people or to the gods. One of these is the Dragon Boat Festival in China, which honours the famous ancient poet, Qu Yuan. Another is Columbus Day in the USA, in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in America. In India there is a national festival on October 2 to honour Mahatma Gandhi, the leader who helped gain India‘s independence from Britain.

Harvest Festivals

Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events. People are grateful because their food is gathered for the winter ,and because a season of agricultural work is over. In European countries it is the custom to decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit, and people get together to have meals. Some people might win awards for their animals, flowers, fruits and vegetables, like the biggest watermelon or the most handsome rooster. In China and Japan there are mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon and give gift of mooncakes.

Spring Festivals

The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. At the Spring Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat, and may give children lucky money in the red paper. There are dragon dances and carnivals, and

families celebrate the lunar New Year together. In some Western countries there are very exciting carnivals, which take place forty days before Easter, usually in February. They might include parades, dancing in the streets day and night, loud music and colourful clothing of all kinds. Easter is an important religious and social festival in Christian countries. It celebrates the return of Jesus for Christians and it also celebrates the coming of spring. In Japan, the Cherry Blossom Festival happens a little later. The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow.

People love to get together to eat, drink and have fun with each others. Festivals let us enjoy life, be proud of our customs and forget our daily life for a little while.

B3U1P4

We think it has always been the custom for people to have festivals. They are a time to enjoy each other‘s company and have fun with our friends. We think that long ago people looked forward to the celebrations. Our ancestors would sit round a fire and cook plenty of meat to eat. Then they would be satisfied with their festival.

B3U1P7

A SAD LOVE STORY

Li Fang was heart-broken. It was Valentine‘s Day and Hu Jin had said she would meet him at the coffee shop after work. But she didn‘t turn up. She could be with her friends right now laughing at him. She said she would be there at seven o‘clock, and he thought she would keep her word. He had looked forward to meeting her all day, and now he was alone with his roses and chocolates, like a fool. Well, he was not going to hold his breath for her apologise. He would drown his sadness in coffee.

It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave-he wiped the tables, then sat down and turned on the TV-just what Li Fang needed! A sad Chinese story about lost love.

The seventh daughter of the Goddess of Heaven visited the earth. Her name was Zhinu, the weaving girl, and she was the most lovely of the daughters. While she was on earth she met the herd boy Niulang and they fell in love. (―Just like me and Hu Jin, ‖thought Li Fang.) They got married secretly, and they were very happy. (―We could be like that, ‖ thought Li Fang.) When the Goddess of Heaven knew that her daughter was married to a human, she became very angry and made the weaving girl return to Heaven. Niulang tried to follow her, but the river of stars, the Milky Way, stopped him. Finding that Zhinu was heart-broken, her mother finally decided to let the couple cross the Milky Way to meet once a year. This happens when the stars Vega and Altair meet in the Heaven. Magpies make a bridge of their wings so the couple can cross the river to meet on the seventh lunar month. people in China hope that the weather will be fine on that day, because if it is raining, it means that Zhinu is weeping and the couple won‘t be able to meet.

The announcer said, ―this is the story of Qiqiaojie. When foreigners hear about the story, they call it a Chinese Valentine‘s story. It‘s a fine day today, so I hope you can all meet the one you love.‘‘

As Li Fang set off for home, he thought, ―I guess Hu Jin doesn‘t love me. I‘ll just throw these flowers and chocolates away. I don‘t want them to remind me of her.‘‘ So he did.

As he sadly passed the tea shop on the corner on his way home, he heard a voice calling him. There was Hu Jin waving at him and calling, ―Why are you so late? I‘ve been waiting for you for a long time! And I have a gift for you!‖

What would he do? He had thrown away her Valentine gifts! She would never forgive him. This would not be a happy Valentine‘s Day!

B3U1P44&45

Winter carnival in Quebec

We are sitting in a café in old Quebec, drinking hot coffee to try to warm up. The temperature is 32 degrees below freezing. The windows are covered with steam from the heat inside. Outside, the snow covers the streets and is piled up along the sidewalks and in parking lots. The music and lights of the carnival continue, but we have been watching the parades, riding in horse carriages and listening to the music all day. Our feet are freezing and our noses are red.

Quebec carnival is the biggest winter festival in the world – every year, hundreds of thousands of people come to Quebec to take part in a week of activities. If you come, you must be prepared to keep moving, as it is too cold to stand and watch for long.

Early in the morning, you can watch the snowboarding competitions on the hill overlooking the river. The competitions speed down the track and through the air though they could fly.

If you are brave enough, you can try the canoe race. Five or six men paddle in each canoe across the great St Lawrence River, which is partly frozen. Of course, the river is full of big pieces of ice, and if you were to fall in, you would freeze in less than two minutes.

One of the favourite events is the dog-sled race, in which teams of about 6 Husky dogs pull long sleds at great speeds along a snowy track. One person runs behind the sled, shouting to the dogs to encourage them. The sound of the dogs barking, the calls of the drivers and the shouts of the crowd make an exciting Northern experience. The dogs are beautiful strong animals, with long, thick fur. Many of them have blue eyes.

After admiring the ice sculptures everywhere in the city, much like those in Harbin in China, you can have a cup of tae or coffee in an igloo. It is amazing how warm these ice houses can be!

Late in the evening, you can go to the snow palace, where Bonhomme the snowman is king, and join the crowd. You can dance outside to the music of a band, who are all dressed in heavy clothes – even some of their instruments are dressed up for winter.

Finally we sit down in our café to warm up and to plan tomorrow – perhaps we‘ll join the snowmobile races – or perhaps we‘ll just sleep in.

Book 3 Unit 2 Healthy eating

B3U2P10

COME AND EAT HERE (1)

Wang Peiwei sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated. It had been a very strange morning. Usually he got up early and prepared his menu of mutton kebabs, roast pork and fried rice. Then by lunchtime they would all be sold. His restaurant ought to be full of people. But not today! Why was it so? What could have happened? He thought of his mutton kebabs and fatty

pork cooked in the hottest, finest oil. His fried rice was hot but did not taste of fat. His cola was sugary and cold and his ice cream was made of eggs, milk, cream and fruit. ―Nothing could have been better,‖ he thought. Suddenly he saw his friend Li Maochang hurrying by. ―Hello, Maochang,‖he called, ―Your usual?‖ But Maochang seemed not to hear. What was the matter? Something terrible must have happened if Maochang was not coming to eat with him as he always did.

Pengwei followed Li Maochang into a newly-opened small restaurant at the end of the street. There was a sign in the window.

Tired of all that fat? Want to be thinner?

Come inside to Yong Hui’s slimming restaurant.

Only slimming foods served here.

Make yourself thin again.

Curiosity drove Wang Pengwei inside. It was full of people. A very thin lady came forward. ―Welcome!‖ she said, ―My name is Yong Hui.I will take all that fat off you in two weeks if you eat here every day.‖ Then she gave a menu to Wang Peiwei. There were only two kinds of food and one drink on it: raw vegetables, fruit and water. Wang Peiwei was amazed at this and especially at the prices. It cost more than a good meal in his own restaurant. He could not believe his eyes! He threw away the menu and hurried outside. On his way home he thought about his own menu. Did it make people fat? He wondered if he should go to the library to find out. He couldn‘t have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! He had better do some research!

After reading, he realised what was wrong with Yong Hui‘s restaurant. It was not giving its customers energy-giving food! After eating in her restaurant people would become tired very quickly. Perhaps this was a way to win his customers back! Peng Wei wrote his own sign. It said:

Want to feel fit?

Come and eat here!

Our food gives you energy all day!

The competition between the two restaurants was on!

B3U2P12

Daisy wished to be ___so that she could wear all the latest, cool clothes designed for the young. She decided to do some ___into what foods should be eaten to become thinner. She learned that one of the ___of not eating enough was to become very tired quickly. When she went to the doctor, he told her she could be thinner as well as healthy if she ate more vegetables like beans,___ and ___.So she did. She felt very fit when she started eating more ___ foods as well as her usual energy–giving foods. She even began to enjoy eating all the vegetables___ rather than cooked. She soon looked like a model!

B3U2P14&P15

COME AND EAT HERE (2)

The next day Wang Pengwei’s restaurant was nearly full and he felt happier. Perhaps he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant. He did not look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. He smiled .But the smile left his face when he saw Yong Hui walking in. She did not look happy but glared at him as she moved round

the customers. ―May I ask what you were doing in my restaurant yesterday? I thought you were a new customer and now I find you came only to spy on me and my menu,‖ she shouted. “Please excuse me,‖ he calmly explained,“I wanted to know where all my customers had gone yesterday. I followed one of them and found them in your restaurant. I don‘t want to upset you but I found your menu so limited that I stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food. Why don‘t you sit down and try a meal?”

Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying the dumplings, fatty pork and cola. When they were served the ice cream Yong Hui began to look ill. “I feel sick with all this fat and heavy food,”she said,“I miss my vegetables and fruit.”Wang Pengwei was just enjoying a second plate of dumplings so he sighed.“yes,”he added,“and I would miss my dumplings and fatty pork. But don‘t you tired quickly?” “Well, now you mention it. I do have to rest a lot, ”

admitted Yong Hui. “But don‘t you think it would be better if you were a bit thinner?” she asked Wang Pengwei. “I‘m sure you would feel much healthier.”

They began chatting about menus and balanced diets. “My research has shown me that neither your restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet,”explained Pengwei,“I don‘t offer enough fibre and you don‘t offer enough body–building or energy–giving foods. Perhaps we ought to combine our menus and provide a balanced menu with foods full of energy and fibre. ”So that is what they did ,They served raw vegetables with the hamburgers and boiled the potatoes rather than fried them .Then they served fresh fruit with ice cream. In this way they cut down the fat and increased the fibre in the meal. Their balanced menus became such a success that before long Wang Pengwei became slimmer and Yong Hui heavier. After some time the found that their business cooperation had turned into a personal one .Finally they got married and lived happily ever after!

B3U2P52-53

THE TOWN HAS TO DECIDE

(At the meeting that evening there are two speakers: one for and one against building a McDonald‘s restaurant.)

FOR BUILDING A MCDONALD‘S

I was excited when I heard that our community(社区) was to have its own McDonald‘s restaurant. I thought about all those young people who would not have to go to the next town to buy their favourite burgers and chips. McDonald‘s cares about healthy eating too and works with scientists to provide food that is of high quality,safe and healthy. It is also cheap .They often provide salads as well as burgers and chips. You can also choose between cola and milk shakes(奶昔). Of course it also means more work for our area that needs jobs badly. McDonald‘s say they are interested in doing what is right for the community and being a good neighbour. So I think they will be concerned about providing parking for the cars in our main street. Many of our young people will be only too happy to work for it. They make a promise to the people that work for them. They say,“We value you, your growing skills and your help to the company.”I can see nothing but good if this company comes to build its restaurant in our town.

AGAINST BUILDING A MCDONALD‘S

I am very worried about McDonald‘s building a restaurant in our hometown. We are a small community and we enjoy our local dishes. I am not sure if McDonald‘s food is as healthy as they say in their advertisements. When scientists look at it carefully they find high levels of fat, sugar

篇四:人教版 高一英语 教材(全)

篇五:高中英语:人教版必修电子课本(word版)

普通高中课程标准实验教科书《英语》电子课本

Book 3

Unit 1 Festivals around the world

B3U1P1-3

FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS Ancient Festivals

Festivals and celebrations of all kinds are held everywhere. The most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the cold weather, planting in spring and harvest in autumn. Other celebrations were held when hunters could catch animals. They would starve if food was difficult to find, so they celebrated when they had food. They lit fires and made music because they thought these festivals would bring a year of plenty. Festivals of the Dead

Some festivals are held to honour the dead, or satisfy and please the ancestors, who could return either to help or to do harm. In Japan the festival is called Obon, when people should go to clean the graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors. They light lamps and play music because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth. In Mexico they have the Day of the Dead in early November. On this important feast day, people might eat food in shape of skulls, and cakes with ―bones‖ on them. They offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead. The festival of Halloween had its origin as an event in memory of the dead. It is now a children‘s festival, when they can go to their neighbours‘ homes and ask for sweets. They dress up and try to frighten people. If they are not given anything, the children might play a trick.

Festivals to Honour People

Festivals can be held as an honour to famous people or to the gods. One of these is the Dragon Boat Festival in China, which honours the famous ancient poet, Qu Yuan. Another is Columbus Day in the USA, in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in America. In India there is a national festival on October 2 to honour Mahatma Gandhi, the leader who helped gain India‘s independence from Britain.

Harvest Festivals

Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events. People are grateful because their food is gathered for the winter ,and because a season of agricultural work is over. In European countries it is the custom to decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit, and people get together to have meals. Some people might win awards for their animals, flowers, fruits and vegetables, like the biggest watermelon or the most handsome rooster. In China and Japan there are mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon and give gift of mooncakes.

Spring Festivals

The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. At the Spring Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat, and may give children lucky money in the red paper. There are dragon dances and carnivals, and

families celebrate the lunar New Year together. In some Western countries there are very exciting carnivals, which take place forty days before Easter, usually in February. They might include parades, dancing in the streets day and night, loud music and colourful clothing of all kinds. Easter is an important religious and social festival in Christian countries. It celebrates the return of Jesus for Christians and it also celebrates the coming of spring. In Japan, the Cherry Blossom Festival happens a little later. The country is covered with cherry tree flowers so that it looks as though it might be covered with pink snow.

People love to get together to eat, drink and have fun with each others. Festivals let us enjoy life, be proud of our customs and forget our daily life for a little while.

B3U1P4

We think it has always been the custom for people to have festivals. They are a time to enjoy each other‘s company and have fun with our friends. We think that long ago people looked forward to the celebrations. Our ancestors would sit round a fire and cook plenty of meat to eat. Then they would be satisfied with their festival.

B3U1P7

A SAD LOVE STORY

Li Fang was heart-broken. It was Valentine‘s Day and Hu Jin had said she would meet him at the coffee shop after work. But she didn‘t turn up. She could be with her friends right now laughing at him. She said she would be there at seven o‘clock, and he thought she would keep her word. He had looked forward to meeting her all day, and now he was alone with his roses and chocolates, like a fool. Well, he was not going to hold his breath for her apologise. He would drown his sadness in coffee.

It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave-he wiped the tables, then sat down and turned on the TV-just what Li Fang needed! A sad Chinese story about lost love.

The seventh daughter of the Goddess of Heaven visited the earth. Her name was Zhinu, the weaving girl, and she was the most lovely of the daughters. While she was on earth she met the herd boy Niulang and they fell in love. (―Just like me and Hu Jin, ‖thought Li Fang.) They got married secretly, and they were very happy. (―We could be like that, ‖ thought Li Fang.) When the Goddess of Heaven knew that her daughter was married to a human, she became very angry and made the weaving girl return to Heaven. Niulang tried to follow her, but the river of stars, the Milky Way, stopped him. Finding that Zhinu was heart-broken, her mother finally decided to let the couple cross the Milky Way to meet once a year. This happens when the stars Vega and Altair meet in the Heaven. Magpies make a bridge of their wings so the couple can cross the river to meet on the seventh lunar month. people in China hope that the weather will be fine on that day, because if it is raining, it means that Zhinu is weeping and the couple won‘t be able to meet.

The announcer said, ―this is the story of Qiqiaojie. When foreigners hear about the story, they call it a Chinese Valentine‘s story. It‘s a fine day today, so I hope you can all meet the one you love.‘‘

As Li Fang set off for home, he thought, ―I guess Hu Jin doesn‘t love me. I‘ll just throw these flowers and chocolates away. I don‘t want them to remind me of her.‘‘ So he did.

As he sadly passed the tea shop on the corner on his way home, he heard a voice calling him. There was Hu Jin waving at him and calling, ―Why are you so late? I‘ve been waiting for you for a long time! And I have a gift for you!‖

What would he do? He had thrown away her Valentine gifts! She would never forgive him. This would not be a happy Valentine‘s Day!

B3U1P44&45

Winter carnival in Quebec

We are sitting in a café in old Quebec, drinking hot coffee to try to warm up. The temperature is 32 degrees below freezing. The windows are covered with steam from the heat inside. Outside, the snow covers the streets and is piled up along the sidewalks and in parking lots. The music and lights of the carnival continue, but we have been watching the parades, riding in horse carriages and listening to the music all day. Our feet are freezing and our noses are red.

Quebec carnival is the biggest winter festival in the world – every year, hundreds of thousands of people come to Quebec to take part in a week of activities. If you come, you must be prepared to keep moving, as it is too cold to stand and watch for long.

Early in the morning, you can watch the snowboarding competitions on the hill overlooking the river. The competitions speed down the track and through the air though they could fly.

If you are brave enough, you can try the canoe race. Five or six men paddle in each canoe across the great St Lawrence River, which is partly frozen. Of course, the river is full of big pieces of ice, and if you were to fall in, you would freeze in less than two minutes.

One of the favourite events is the dog-sled race, in which teams of about 6 Husky dogs pull long sleds at great speeds along a snowy track. One person runs behind the sled, shouting to the dogs to encourage them. The sound of the dogs barking, the calls of the drivers and the shouts of the crowd make an exciting Northern experience. The dogs are beautiful strong animals, with long, thick fur. Many of them have blue eyes.

After admiring the ice sculptures everywhere in the city, much like those in Harbin in China, you can have a cup of tae or coffee in an igloo. It is amazing how warm these ice houses can be!

Late in the evening, you can go to the snow palace, where Bonhomme the snowman is king, and join the crowd. You can dance outside to the music of a band, who are all dressed in heavy clothes – even some of their instruments are dressed up for winter.

Finally we sit down in our café to warm up and to plan tomorrow – perhaps we‘ll join the snowmobile races – or perhaps we‘ll just sleep in.

Book 3 Unit 2 Healthy eating

B3U2P10

COME AND EAT HERE (1)

Wang Peiwei sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated. It had been a very strange morning. Usually he got up early and prepared his menu of mutton kebabs, roast pork and fried rice. Then by lunchtime they would all be sold. His restaurant ought to be full of people. But not today! Why was it so? What could have happened? He thought of his mutton kebabs and fatty

pork cooked in the hottest, finest oil. His fried rice was hot but did not taste of fat. His cola was sugary and cold and his ice cream was made of eggs, milk, cream and fruit. ―Nothing could have been better,‖ he thought. Suddenly he saw his friend Li Maochang hurrying by. ―Hello, Maochang,‖he called, ―Your usual?‖ But Maochang seemed not to hear. What was the matter? Something terrible must have happened if Maochang was not coming to eat with him as he always did.

Pengwei followed Li Maochang into a newly-opened small restaurant at the end of the street. There was a sign in the window.

Tired of all that fat? Want to be thinner?

Come inside to Yong Hui’s slimming restaurant.

Only slimming foods served here.

Make yourself thin again.

Curiosity drove Wang Pengwei inside. It was full of people. A very thin lady came forward. ―Welcome!‖ she said, ―My name is Yong Hui.I will take all that fat off you in two weeks if you eat here every day.‖ Then she gave a menu to Wang Peiwei. There were only two kinds of food and one drink on it: raw vegetables, fruit and water. Wang Peiwei was amazed at this and especially at the prices. It cost more than a good meal in his own restaurant. He could not believe his eyes! He threw away the menu and hurried outside. On his way home he thought about his own menu. Did it make people fat? He wondered if he should go to the library to find out. He couldn‘t have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! He had better do some research!

After reading, he realised what was wrong with Yong Hui‘s restaurant. It was not giving its customers energy-giving food! After eating in her restaurant people would become tired very quickly. Perhaps this was a way to win his customers back! Peng Wei wrote his own sign. It said:

Want to feel fit?

Come and eat here!

Our food gives you energy all day!

The competition between the two restaurants was on!

B3U2P12

Daisy wished to be ___so that she could wear all the latest, cool clothes designed for the young. She decided to do some ___into what foods should be eaten to become thinner. She learned that one of the ___of not eating enough was to become very tired quickly. When she went to the doctor, he told her she could be thinner as well as healthy if she ate more vegetables like beans,___ and ___.So she did. She felt very fit when she started eating more ___ foods as well as her usual energy–giving foods. She even began to enjoy eating all the vegetables___ rather than cooked. She soon looked like a model!

B3U2P14&P15

COME AND EAT HERE (2)

The next day Wang Pengwei’s restaurant was nearly full and he felt happier. Perhaps he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant. He did not look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. He smiled .But the smile left his face when he saw Yong Hui walking in. She did not look happy but glared at him as she moved round

the customers. ―May I ask what you were doing in my restaurant yesterday? I thought you were a new customer and now I find you came only to spy on me and my menu,‖ she shouted. “Please excuse me,‖ he calmly explained,“I wanted to know where all my customers had gone yesterday. I followed one of them and found them in your restaurant. I don‘t want to upset you but I found your menu so limited that I stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food. Why don‘t you sit down and try a meal?”

Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying the dumplings, fatty pork and cola. When they were served the ice cream Yong Hui began to look ill. “I feel sick with all this fat and heavy food,”she said,“I miss my vegetables and fruit.”Wang Pengwei was just enjoying a second plate of dumplings so he sighed.“yes,”he added,“and I would miss my dumplings and fatty pork. But don‘t you tired quickly?” “Well, now you mention it. I do have to rest a lot, ”

admitted Yong Hui. “But don‘t you think it would be better if you were a bit thinner?” she asked Wang Pengwei. “I‘m sure you would feel much healthier.”

They began chatting about menus and balanced diets. “My research has shown me that neither your restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet,”explained Pengwei,“I don‘t offer enough fibre and you don‘t offer enough body–building or energy–giving foods. Perhaps we ought to combine our menus and provide a balanced menu with foods full of energy and fibre. ”So that is what they did ,They served raw vegetables with the hamburgers and boiled the potatoes rather than fried them .Then they served fresh fruit with ice cream. In this way they cut down the fat and increased the fibre in the meal. Their balanced menus became such a success that before long Wang Pengwei became slimmer and Yong Hui heavier. After some time the found that their business cooperation had turned into a personal one .Finally they got married and lived happily ever after!

B3U2P52-53

THE TOWN HAS TO DECIDE

(At the meeting that evening there are two speakers: one for and one against building a McDonald‘s restaurant.)

FOR BUILDING A MCDONALD‘S

I was excited when I heard that our community(社区) was to have its own McDonald‘s restaurant. I thought about all those young people who would not have to go to the next town to buy their favourite burgers and chips. McDonald‘s cares about healthy eating too and works with scientists to provide food that is of high quality,safe and healthy. It is also cheap .They often provide salads as well as burgers and chips. You can also choose between cola and milk shakes(奶昔). Of course it also means more work for our area that needs jobs badly. McDonald‘s say they are interested in doing what is right for the community and being a good neighbour. So I think they will be concerned about providing parking for the cars in our main street. Many of our young people will be only too happy to work for it. They make a promise to the people that work for them. They say,“We value you, your growing skills and your help to the company.”I can see nothing but good if this company comes to build its restaurant in our town.

AGAINST BUILDING A MCDONALD‘S

I am very worried about McDonald‘s building a restaurant in our hometown. We are a small community and we enjoy our local dishes. I am not sure if McDonald‘s food is as healthy as they say in their advertisements. When scientists look at it carefully they find high levels of fat, sugar