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高中英语课文原文

时间:2016-06-13 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:外研社高中英语必修1-8课文原文(翻译)

必修一 Module 1 My First Day at Senior High

My name is Li Kang. I live in Shijiazhuang, a city not far from Beijing. It is the capital city of Hebei Province. Today is my first day at Senior High school and I’m writing down my thoughts about it. My new school is very good and I can see why. The teachers are very enthusiastic and friendly and the classrooms are amazing. Every room has a computer with a special screen, almost as big as a cinema screen. The teachers write on the computer, and their words appear on the screen behind them. The screens also show photographs, text and information from websites. They’re brilliant! The English class is really interesting. The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman called Ms Shen. We’re using a new textbook and Ms Shen’s method of teaching is nothing like the teachers at my Junior High school. She thinks that reading comprehension is important, but we speak a lot in class, too. And we have fun. I don’t think I will be bored in Ms Shen’s class! Today we introduced ourselves to each other. We did this in groups. Some students were embarrassed at first but everyone was very friendly and it was really nice. Ms Shen gave us instructions and then we worked by ourselves. Ms Shen wants to help us improve our spelling and handwriting. We do this in a fun way, with spelling games and other activities. I like her attitude very much, and the behaviour of the other students shows that they like her, too. There are sixty-five students in my class — more than my previous class in Junior High. Forty-nine of them are girls. In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys. They say that girls are usually more hard-working than boys, but in this class, everyone is hard-working. For our homework tonight, we have to write a description of the street where we live. I’m looking forward to doing it!

My After-school Activities .As the students of modern times, we have colorful school life. Everyday, we learn plenty of knowledge on different subjects in class. And our school organizes many extracurricular activities in order to help us put what we have learned into practice. After class, we take part in various activities, like playing football, basketball, badminton, etc. They are good for our health. Besides, we are able to join in the lectures organized by literature association, music group, art group, where you can enjoy famous works, learn to play instruments or draw pictures. Also, there are chances for us to use computers in the laboratory and talk with some foreign teachers about anything we are interested in at the English corner. Now, most of us may operate computers freely and have a good command of spoken English. In addition to the after-class activities mentioned here, there are still many others such as sports meeting, debate, social investigation, etc. All those activities make our school life attractive and interesting. We will take advantages of the experience in the future.

Moudle 2

My New Teachers

They say that first impressions are very important. My first impression of Mrs. Li was that she was nervous and shy. 人们常说第一印象很重要。李老师给我留下的第一印象是既紧张又胆怯。 I think perhaps she was, as it was her first lesson with us. But now, after two weeks, the class really likes working with her. 我想,可能她就是这样,因为这是她给我们上的第一节课。但是,过了两周了,全班学生真的喜欢上她的课。 She's kind and patient, and she explains English grammar so clearly that even I can understand it! 她非常和蔼,又有耐心,英语语法解释得如此清楚,连我都能够明白! She avoids making you feel stupid! I've always hated making mistakes or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English, 她避免让人感到愚笨!讲英语时,我总是憎恶出错或者是憎恶发音不正确, but Mrs. Li just smiles, so that you don't feel completely stupid! 但是,李老师只是笑一笑,因此,你不会感到完全愚笨! I think maybe she goes a bit too slowly for the faster students, but for me it's wonderful! I feel I'm going to make progress with her. 我想可能对于好学生来说她的课进行得有点慢,但对我来说,真是太棒了!我觉得我跟着她学习肯定将取得进步。 I'd guess that Mrs. Chen is almost sixty. She's very strict—we don't dare to say a word unless she asks us to. She's also very serious and doesn't smile much. 我猜想陈老师几乎快 60 岁了。她很严格――――除非她让我们讲话,我们一句话也不敢说。她还很严肃,很少微笑。 When she asks you to do something, you do it immediately! 当她要求你做某事时,你就马上去做! There are a few students in our class who keep coming to class late but they're always on time for Mrs. Chen's lessons! 陈老师的课,我们班几位不断迟到的学生,总是准时上陈老师的课。 Some of our class don't ike her, but most of us really appreciate her because her teaching is so well organised and clear. And a few students even admit liking her! 我们班有的同学不喜欢她,但大多数同学都很欣赏她,因为她的课讲得很清楚、教学组织得又好。一些学生甚至承认喜欢她! During scientific experiments, she explains exactly what is happening and as a result my work is improving. 在做科学实验时,她对发生的现象解释得很准确,因此,我在实验方面在取得进步。 Physics will never be my favourite lesson, but I think that I’ll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me. 物理绝对不是我最喜欢的科目,但我想由陈老师教我,我会考出好成绩。 Mr. Wu’s only been teaching us for two weeks and he’s already very popular. I think this is because he really enjoys teaching Chinese literature ---吴老师仅仅教过我们两个礼拜,他已经很受欢迎了。我想这是因为他的确喜欢教中国文学 he loves it, in fact! He’s got so much energy, this is one class you do not fall asleep in! He’s about 28, I think, and is rather good-looking. 实际上,他喜爱中国文学!他精力是那样充沛,上他的课,你不会想睡觉(不会感到困倦) !我想他大约 28 岁,长得很帅。 He talks loudly and fast, and waves his hands about a lot when he gets excited. He’s really amusing and tells jokes when he thinks we’re getting bored. 他讲话语速快、声音洪亮,当讲到兴奋的时候,不时挥手。他上课真很有趣,当他认为我们疲倦的时候,就给我们讲笑话。 Even things like compositions and summaries are fun with Mr. Wu. I respect him a lot. 即使是象作文和总结这样的事情,吴老师也搞得很有趣。我很尊敬他。

Module 3

My First Ride on a Train 我的首次火车之旅

My name is Alice Thompson. I come from Sydney, Australia and I’m 18 years old. 我是爱丽丝·汤普森。我来自澳大利亚的悉尼,今年18岁。 Recently I had my first ride on a long-distance train. And what a ride! A friend and I traveled on the famous Ghan train. 近来我进行了首次远程火车之旅。真是太棒了! 我和一位朋友乘坐的是有名的阿富汗火车。 We got on in Sydney and we got off in Alice Springs, right in the middle of Australia, more than four thousand kilometers away. 我们在悉尼上车, 在澳大利亚中部的艾丽普林斯下车,行程四千多公里。 We spent two days and nights on the train. 整个旅程花费了我们两天两夜。 The train was wonderful and the food was great. We ate great meals cooked by experts! 坐火车很舒服而且车上的食物也很可口。我们吃的美味饭菜是烹饪大师们做的。 For the first few hundred kilometres of the journey, the scenery was very colourful. 在旅程开始的几百公里, 风景优美。 There were fields and the soil was dark red. 有成片的田野,那里的土壤是深红色。 After that, it was desert. The sun shone, there was no wind and there were no clouds in the sky. 接着是沙漠。艳阳高照,没有风而且晴空万里。 Suddenly, it looked like a place from another time. We saw abandoned farms which were built more than a hundred years ago. 可是接着,时空像是突然发生了转变。映入眼帘的是建造于一百多年前一些废弃的农庄。 The train was comfortable and the people were nice. 火车很舒服而且车上的人也都很友好。 During the day, I sat and looked out of the window, and sometimes talked to other passengers. 白天,我坐着看窗外,有时和别的旅客说说话。 I read books and listened to my Chinese cassettes (I'm studying Chinese at school). 我看书, 听着汉语录音带(我在学校学汉语)。 One night,at about midnight, I watched the night sky for about an hour. The stars shone like diamonds. 一天晚上, 大约是在半夜,差不多有整整一个小时我都在注视着夜晚的天空。星星像钻石一样眨着眼。 Why is the train called the Ghan? A long time ago, Australians needed a way to travel to the middle of the country. 为什么火车叫阿富汗号?很久以前,澳大利亚人到国家中部地区有很长一段路程。 They tried riding horses, but the horses didn't like the hot weather and sand. 他们试着骑马,但那些马不喜欢炎热的天气和沙漠。 A hundred and fifty years ago, they brought some camels from Afghanistan. Ghan is short for Afghanistan. 一百五十年前, 他们从阿富汗带入了一些骆驼。Ghan是阿富汗的缩写。 Camels were much better than horses for travelling a long distance. 作长途旅行,骆驼比马匹强多了。 For many years, trained camels carried food and other supplies, and returned with wool and other products. 多年来, 经过训练的骆驼驮运食物及其他用品, 返回时还带着羊毛和其他产品。 The Afghans and their camels did this until the 1920s. 直到二十世纪二十年代,阿富汗人和他们的骆驼还在做着这样的工作。 Then the government built a new railway line, so they didn't need the camels any more. 那时政府建了一条新的铁路线,所以阿富汗人不再需要骆驼了 In 1925,they passed a law which allowed people to shoot the animals if they were a problem. 在1925年, 他们通过了法律,如果它们引发问题,允许人们射杀骆驼。 In 1935, the police in a town shot 153 camels in one day. 在1935年,一个城镇的警察仅一天就射杀153头骆驼。

a social survey –my neighbourhood 一.

A lively city It's great to see you again, John. 约翰,很高兴又见到你了。 It's great to see you! It's been six years since we last saw each other, you know. 见到你真是太好了!要知道,我们 6 年没见面了。 And this is the first time I've visitedyour hometown. Yes, I'm so glad you could come. 而且这是第一次来到你的家乡。是的,你能来,我真是很高兴 你知道,我去过中国很多地方,也游览过一些美丽的城市,但这是我到过的最吸引人的地方之一。 You know, I've seen quite a lot of China and I've visited some beautiful cities, but this is one of the most attractive places I've been to. It's so lively, and everyone seems so friendly. Yes, it's one of the most interesting cities on the coast,everyone says so. 它生机勃勃,人们看上去都那么友好。是的,大家都说这是最富有的沿海城市之一。 I feel very fortunate living here. And I love living by the seaside. You live in the northwest of Xiamen, is that right?Yes, that's right. 生活在这里我感到很荣幸。我喜欢在海边生活。你住的地方是在厦门的西北面,对吗?是的。 What's the climate like?Pretty hot and wet in the summer, but it can be quite cold in the winter. 这里气候怎么样?夏天相当热,相当潮湿,可是冬天可能很冷。 Sounds OK to me. There are a lot of tourists around. Don't they bother you? 对我不成问题。这里到处都有游客。他们对你们有干扰吗? Yes, they can be a nuisance in the summer because there are so many of them. 是的,游客太多了,夏天有时候会有点讨厌。 Oh, look at that huge apartment block!Yes, they've just completed it. 哎哟,看看那栋高大的公寓楼!是啊,刚刚完工的。 The rent for an apartment there is very high. I believe you! This area's so modern! 租一套那儿的公寓要不少钱呢。这我相信!这是一个很现代化的地方啊! Yes, this is the business district. They've put up a lot of high-rise buildings recently. And there are some great shopping malls. 对,这是商业区。最近他们建造了许多摩天大厦,也有一些大商场。 See, we're just passing one now. My wife's just bought a beautiful dress from one of the shops there. 瞧,我们正好经过一个商厦呢。我太太刚从那边的一家买了件衣服,好漂亮。 Maybe I could buy a few presents there. I'll take you there tomorrow. Now we're leaving the business district and approaching the harbour. 也许我可以去那买些礼物。明天我带你去那吧。现在我们要离开商业区去港口。 We're entering the western district, the most interesting part of the city. It's got some really pretty parks ... 我们即将进入西区,也就是这个城市最有趣的地区。那有一些非常漂亮的公园...... It seems lovely. Is that Gulangyu Island, just across the water? Yes, it is. It's a gorgeous island with some really interesting architecture. 看上去很不错。水那边是鼓浪屿海岛吗?是的。那是个很迷人的海岛,岛上有一些非常有意思的建筑。 So they tell me. Do you think we could stop and walk around for a while? Yes, I was just going to do that. We can park over there. 他们也是这么跟我说的。你觉得我们可以停下来逗留一会儿吗?可以啊,我正想那么做呢。我们可以在那边停车。 A friend's told me about a nice little fish restaurant near here. Shall we go there for lunch? That sounds great. I'm starving! 有朋友跟我说起过这附近有一家很不错的渔家小饭馆,我们去那吃午餐怎么样?听起来不错。我快饿死了!

a lesson in a Lab Passage A 很难想象没有金属的世界。

It is hard to think of a world without metals. 不同的金属有不同的用处,比如说,钢材用于制造汽车,铁用于制造电子设备。 Different metals have different uses, for example, steel is used in cars, and iron is used in electrical equipment. 当我们使用金属的时候,知道它们和不同物质的反应是很重要的,例如水和氧气。 When we use metals, it is important to know how they react with different substances, for example, water and oxygen. 金属和这些物质的反应是有顺序的。

Moudle 6

因特网是世界上的信息最大储存源,它可以通过电脑来访问。 The Internet is the biggest source of information in the world, and it's accessible through a computer. 它含有数以百万计的数据。 It consists of millions of pages of data. 1969 年,美国的一个防御组织 DARPA 发明了一种通过电话把多台电脑进行连接的方式。 In 1969, DARPA, a U.S. defence organisation, developed a way for all their computers to "talk" to each other through the telephone. 他们创建了一个叫做 DARPANET 的电脑网络。 They created a network of computers called DARPANET. 在 15 年间,只有美国军方可以利用这种交流系统。 For fifteen years, only the U.S. army could use this system of communication. 1984 年,美国的国家科学基金会发明了 NSFNET 网。 Then in 1984, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) started the NSFNET network. 它使得大学也可以利用这种系统。 It then became possible for universities to use the system as well. NSFNET 就以内部网络或―因特网‖而闻名。 NSFNET became known as the Inter-Network, or "Internet". 万维网是一个网络系统,它允许电脑用户通过因特网来访问众多网站上的信息。 The World Wide Web (the web) is a computer network that allows computer users to access information from millions of websites via the Internet. 目前,大约百分之八十的网络用语都是英语,但这一比率正在下降。 At the moment, about 80 percent of web traffic is in English, but this percentage is going down. 到 2020 年时,较多的用语可能会是汉语。 By 2020, much web traffic could be in Chinese. 全球信息网是于 1991 年由一个英国的科学家蒂姆.贝尔纳斯-李创建的。 The World Wide Web was invented in 1991 by an English scientist, Tim Berners-Lee. 读大学时,贝尔纳斯-李用一台废旧电视机制成了他的第一台电脑! Berners-Lee built his first computer while he was at university using an old television! 1989 年,当他在瑞士工作时,他提出了创建万维网的想法。 He came up with the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 while he was working in Switzerland. 蒂姆.贝尔纳斯-李使得每一个人而不仅仅是大学或军队来使用因特网。 Berners-Lee made it possible for everyone to use the Internet, not just universities and the army. 他设计了第一个―网页浏览器‖,它使得计算机用户可以访问其他电脑的文件。 He designed the first "web browser", which allowed computer users to access documents from other computers. 从那时起,网站日益增多,因特网也日益普及。在五年内,因特网用户就从 60 万户增加到 4000 万户。 From that moment on, the web and the Internet grew. Within five years, the number of Internet users rose from 600 000 to 40 million. 因特网已经使得千万人成为百万富翁,但是,蒂姆.贝尔纳斯-李却不是其中的一个。 The Internet has created thousands of millionaires, but Berners-Lee is not one of them. 世界上的任何人都可以用他的万维网进入因特网。 Everyone in the world can access the Internet using his World Wide Web system. 如今他还是一名位于波士顿的麻省理工大学里的讲师。 He now works as a lecturer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston.

篇二:人教版高中英语课文原文和翻译_必修1

必修1 第一单元

Reading 阅读

ANNE’S BEST FRIEND

Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend.

安妮最好的朋友

你想不想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友?或者你会不会担心你的朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前的困境呢?安妮?弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的朋友,所以她把的日记视为自己最好的朋友。

Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was Jewish so the had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hide away for two years before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.

在第二次世界大战期间,安妮住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。她一家人都是犹太人,所以他们不得不躲藏起来,否则就会被德国的纳粹分子抓去。她和她的家人躲藏了25个月之后才被发现。在那段时期,她的日记成了她唯一忠实的朋友。她说:“我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。我要把我的日记当作自己的朋友,我把我的这个朋友叫做基蒂。”现在,来看看安妮自1942年7月起躲进藏身处后的那种心情吧。 [来源:学科网]

Thursday 15, June, 1944

Dear kitty,

I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here.

?For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time some months ago, I happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…

?Sadly…I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.

Yours,

Anne

1944年6月15日,星期四

亲爱的基蒂:

我不知道这是不是因为我太久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂

热。我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自从我来到这里之后,这一切都变了。 [来源:学#科#网Z#X#X#K]

??比如说,有一天晚上天气很暖和,我故意熬到晚上11点半都不睡觉,为的就是能独自好好地看看月亮。但是因为月光太亮了,我都不敢打开窗户。还有一次,就在五个月以前的一个晚上,我碰巧在楼上,窗户是开着的,我一直呆到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。漆黑的雨夜,刮着大风,电闪雷鸣,乌云滚滚,我完全被这种景象镇住了。这是我一年半以来第一次亲眼目睹的夜晚??

??不幸的是??我只能透过那满是灰尘的窗帘下那脏兮兮的窗户看看大自然。只能隔着窗户看那大自然实在没意思,因为大自然是需要真正体验的东西。

你的安妮

Using Language 语言运用

Reading and listening读与听

[来源:学科网]

1 Read the letter that Lisa wrote to Miss Wang of Radio for Teenagers and predict what Miss Wang will say. After listening, check and discuss her advice.

Dear Miss Wang,

I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. We often do homework together and we enjoy helping each other. We have become really good friends. But other students have started gossiping. They say that this boy and I have fallen in love. This has made me angry. I don’t want to end the friendship, but I hate others gossiping. What should I do?

Yours,

Lisa

1 读读琳达为青少年写给电台王小组的这封信,然后王小姐可能会怎么说。听完录音之后,核对并讨论她的建议。

亲爱的王小姐:

现在我同班上的同学有些麻烦事。我跟我们班里的一位男同学一直相处的很好。我们常常一起做家庭作业,而且很乐意互相帮助。我们成了真正好朋友。可是,其他同学却在背后议论起来,他们说我和这位男同学在谈恋爱,这使我很生气。我不想中断这段友谊,但是,我又讨厌人家背后说闲话。我该怎么办呢?[来源:学+科+网]

你的莉萨

Reading and writing读与写

Miss Wang has received a letter from Xiaodong. He is also asking for some advice. Read the letter on the right carefully and help Miss Wang answer it.

王小姐收到小冬的一封来信。小冬是要征求一些意见。仔细阅读右边的信,然后帮王小姐回复。

Dear Miss Wang,

I’m a student from Huzhou Senior High School. I have a problem. I’m not very good at communicating with people. Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard to make

good friends with them. So I feel quite lonely sometimes. I do want to change this situation, but I don’t know how. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.

Yours,

Xiaodong

亲爱的王小姐:

我是湖州高中的一名学生,我有一个难题,我不大善于与人们交际。虽然我试着和班上的同学交谈,但是,我还是很难跟他们成为好朋友。因此,有时候我感到十分的孤独。我确实想改变这种现状,但是我却不知道怎么办。如果您能给我提些建议,我会非常感谢的。 你的小东

2 Decide which are the best ideas and put them into an order. Then write down your advice and explain how it will help. Each idea can make one paragraph. The following sample and the expressions may help you

Dear Xiaodong,

I’m sorry you are having trouble in making friends. However, the situation is easy to change if you follow my advice. Here are some tips to help you.

First, why not…?

If you do this,…

Secondly, you could / can …

Then / That way, …

Thirdly, it would be a good idea if …

By doing this, …

I hope you will find these ideas useful.

Yours

Miss Wang

2 决定哪些是最好并把它们按顺序组织起来。然后把你的建议写出来,并解释它为什么会有所帮助。每个想法可以自成一个段落。下面的例子和表达可能对你有所帮助。

亲爱的小冬:

很遗憾听说你在交朋友的过程中遇到了困难。但是,如果你听听我的建议,这种情况是很容易改变的。这些建议会对你有所帮助。

第一,为什么不??呢?

如果你这样做??

第二,你可以??

这样的话??

第三,如果??那将是个不错的主意。

通过做??

我希望你会发现这些想法对你有所帮助。

你的王小姐

LEARNING TIP 学习建议

It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. It can help you remember past events. You can express your feelings and thoughts in it. It will help you improve your English if you write your diary in

English. Why not have a try?

写日记对你来说是一个好习惯。它可以帮你记住一些过去发生的事件。你还可以在日记中表达你的情感和思想。如果你用英语写日记的话,还可以帮助你提高英语水平。为什么不试一试呢?

[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第二单元

Reading 阅读

THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH

At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them lived in England. Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or foreign language than ever before. 通向现代英语之路

在16世纪末,大约有五至七百万人讲英语。几乎所有这些讲英语的人都住在英格兰。在其后的一个世纪中,英格兰人为征服世界航海到了世界其他一些地方,结果世界的其他地方的人们也开始说英语了。今天,把英语作为自己的第一语言、第二语言或外语来使用的人比以往任何时候都多。

Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:

British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?

American Amy: Yes, I’d like to come up to your apartment.

以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲不是同一种英语,他们也能彼此听懂。请看看这个例子: 英国人贝蒂:来看看我的公寓吗?

美国人艾米:好的,我来看看你的公寓吧。

So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoken first Danish and later French. These new settlers eiched the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began to be spoken in both countries.

那么,随着时间的推移英语为什么发生了变化呢?实际上,当不同文化相互交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展和变化。开始,英格兰人在大约公元450年到1150年之间所说的英语与我们今天所说的英语很不一样。当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,不像我们现在说的英语。后来,大约在公元800年至1150年之间,英语慢慢变得不那么像德语,因为统治英格兰的那些人开始是说丹麦语,后来说法语。这些新来的定居者丰富了英语语言,尤其是丰富了英语词汇。所以到17世纪初的时候,莎士比亚能够得以使用比以往任何时候都丰富

的词汇。1620年一些英国定居者来到了美洲,后来到了18世纪的时候,一些英国人还被带到了澳大利亚。英语也就开始在这两个国家使用。

Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.

最后到19世纪的时候,英语这种语言就变得稳定了。当时,英语的拼写发生了两个很大的变化:先是塞缪尔?约翰逊编写了他的英语词典,后是诺亚?韦伯斯特出版了《美国英语词典》。后者使得美式英语的拼写有了其独特的个性。

English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.

现在英语在南亚地区也被作为外语或第二语言使用。比如,印度就有很多人说英语说得很流利,因为在1765年到1947年之间英国统治着印度。在此期间,英语成了印度政府和教育所用的语言。在新加坡和马来西亚以及像非洲的南非,人们现在也说英语。当今,在中国学英语的人数正在快速增加,事实上,中国可能是学英语人数最多的国家。中国式英语是否也能发展成一种具有自己独特个性的语言?这还有待时间去证明。

Using Language 语言运用

STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS

What is standard English? Is it spoken in Britain, the US, Canada, Australia, India and New Zealand? Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. Many people believe the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English. This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak.[来源:学科网ZXXK] When people use words and expressions different form “standard language”, it is called a dialect. American English has many dialects, especially the midwestern, southern, African American and Spanish dialects. Even in some parts of the USA, two people from neighbouring towns speak a little differently. American English has so many dialects because people have come from all over the world.[来源:学#科#网Z#X#X#K]

Geography also plays a part in making dialects. Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect. When Americans moved form one place to another, they took their dialects with them. So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA. The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken. Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects.

什么是标准英语?是在英国、美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、印度、新西兰所说的英语吗?信不

篇三:人教版高中英语课文原文和翻译

必修1 第一单元

Reading 阅读

ANNE’S BEST FRIEND

Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend.

安妮最好的朋友

你想不想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友?或者你会不会担心你的朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前的困境呢?安妮?弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的朋友,所以她把的日记视为自己最好的朋友。

Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was Jewish so the had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis. She and her family hide away for two years before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.

在第二次世界大战期间,安妮住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。她一家人都是犹太人,所以他们不得不躲藏起来,否则就会被德国的纳粹分子抓去。她和她的家人躲藏了25个月之后才被发现。在那段时期,她的日记成了她唯一忠实的朋友。她说:“我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。我要把我的日记当作自己的朋友,我把我的这个朋友叫做基蒂。”现在,来看看安妮自1942年7月起躲进藏身处后的那种心情吧。

Thursday 15, June, 1944

Dear kitty,

I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here.

?For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time some months ago, I happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…

?Sadly…I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.

Yours,

Anne

1944年6月15日,星期四

亲爱的基蒂:

我不知道这是不是因为我太久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂

热。我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自从我来到这里之后,这一切都变了。

??比如说,有一天晚上天气很暖和,我故意熬到晚上11点半都不睡觉,为的就是能独自好好地看看月亮。但是因为月光太亮了,我都不敢打开窗户。还有一次,就在五个月以前的一个晚上,我碰巧在楼上,窗户是开着的,我一直呆到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。漆黑的雨夜,刮着大风,电闪雷鸣,乌云滚滚,我完全被这种景象镇住了。这是我一年半以来第一次亲眼目睹的夜晚??

??不幸的是??我只能透过那满是灰尘的窗帘下那脏兮兮的窗户看看大自然。只能隔着窗户看那大自然实在没意思,因为大自然是需要真正体验的东西。

你的安妮

Using Language 语言运用

Reading and listening读与听

1 Read the letter that Lisa wrote to Miss Wang of Radio for Teenagers and predict what Miss Wang will say. After listening, check and discuss her advice.

Dear Miss Wang,

I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. We often do homework together and we enjoy helping each other. We have become really good friends. But other students have started gossiping. They say that this boy and I have fallen in love. This has made me angry. I don’t want to end the friendship, but I hate others gossiping. What should I do?

Yours,

Lisa

1 读读琳达为青少年写给电台王小组的这封信,然后王小姐可能会怎么说。听完录音之后,核对并讨论她的建议。

亲爱的王小姐:

现在我同班上的同学有些麻烦事。我跟我们班里的一位男同学一直相处的很好。我们常常一起做家庭作业,而且很乐意互相帮助。我们成了真正好朋友。可是,其他同学却在背后议论起来,他们说我和这位男同学在谈恋爱,这使我很生气。我不想中断这段友谊,但是,我又讨厌人家背后说闲话。我该怎么办呢?

你的莉萨

Reading and writing读与写

Miss Wang has received a letter from Xiaodong. He is also asking for some advice. Read the letter on the right carefully and help Miss Wang answer it.

王小姐收到小冬的一封来信。小冬是要征求一些意见。仔细阅读右边的信,然后帮王小姐回复。

Dear Miss Wang,

I’m a student from Huzhou Senior High School. I have a problem. I’m not very good at communicating with people. Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard to make good friends with them. So I feel quite lonely sometimes. I do want to change this situation, but I

don’t know how. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice.

Yours,

Xiaodong

亲爱的王小姐:

我是湖州高中的一名学生,我有一个难题,我不大善于与人们交际。虽然我试着和班上的同学交谈,但是,我还是很难跟他们成为好朋友。因此,有时候我感到十分的孤独。我确实想改变这种现状,但是我却不知道怎么办。如果您能给我提些建议,我会非常感谢的。 你的小东

2 Decide which are the best ideas and put them into an order. Then write down your advice and explain how it will help. Each idea can make one paragraph. The following sample and the expressions may help you

Dear Xiaodong,

I’m sorry you are having trouble in making friends. However, the situation is easy to change if you follow my advice. Here are some tips to help you.

First, why not…?

If you do this,…

Secondly, you could / can …

Then / That way, …

Thirdly, it would be a good idea if …

By doing this, …

I hope you will find these ideas useful.

Yours

Miss Wang

2 决定哪些是最好并把它们按顺序组织起来。然后把你的建议写出来,并解释它为什么会有所帮助。每个想法可以自成一个段落。下面的例子和表达可能对你有所帮助。

亲爱的小冬:

很遗憾听说你在交朋友的过程中遇到了困难。但是,如果你听听我的建议,这种情况是很容易改变的。这些建议会对你有所帮助。

第一,为什么不??呢?

如果你这样做??

第二,你可以??

这样的话??

第三,如果??那将是个不错的主意。

通过做??

我希望你会发现这些想法对你有所帮助。

你的王小姐

LEARNING TIP 学习建议

It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. It can help you remember past events. You can express your feelings and thoughts in it. It will help you improve your English if you write your diary in English. Why not have a try?

写日记对你来说是一个好习惯。它可以帮你记住一些过去发生的事件。你还可以在日记中表达你的情感和思想。如果你用英语写日记的话,还可以帮助你提高英语水平。为什么不试一试呢?

第二单元

Reading 阅读

THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH

At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them lived in England. Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or foreign language than ever before. 通向现代英语之路

在16世纪末,大约有五至七百万人讲英语。几乎所有这些讲英语的人都住在英格兰。在其后的一个世纪中,英格兰人为征服世界航海到了世界其他一些地方,结果世界的其他地方的人们也开始说英语了。今天,把英语作为自己的第一语言、第二语言或外语来使用的人比以往任何时候都多。

Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:

British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?

American Amy: Yes, I’d like to come up to your apartment.

以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲不是同一种英语,他们也能彼此听懂。请看看这个例子: 英国人贝蒂:来看看我的公寓吗?

美国人艾米:好的,我来看看你的公寓吧。

(转 载自:wWw.HN1c.cOM 唯才 教 育网:高中英语课文原文)So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 800 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoken first Danish and later French. These new settlers eiched the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia too. English began to be spoken in both countries.

那么,随着时间的推移英语为什么发生了变化呢?实际上,当不同文化相互交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展和变化。开始,英格兰人在大约公元450年到1150年之间所说的英语与我们今天所说的英语很不一样。当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,不像我们现在说的英语。后来,大约在公元800年至1150年之间,英语慢慢变得不那么像德语,因为统治英格兰的那些人开始是说丹麦语,后来说法语。这些新来的定居者丰富了英语语言,尤其是丰富了英语词汇。所以到17世纪初的时候,莎士比亚能够得以使用比以往任何时候都丰富的词汇。1620年一些英国定居者来到了美洲,后来到了18世纪的时候,一些英国人还被带到了澳大利亚。英语也就开始在这两个国家使用。

Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.

最后到19世纪的时候,英语这种语言就变得稳定了。当时,英语的拼写发生了两个很大的变化:先是塞缪尔?约翰逊编写了他的英语词典,后是诺亚?韦伯斯特出版了《美国英语词典》。后者使得美式英语的拼写有了其独特的个性。

English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.

现在英语在南亚地区也被作为外语或第二语言使用。比如,印度就有很多人说英语说得很流利,因为在1765年到1947年之间英国统治着印度。在此期间,英语成了印度政府和教育所用的语言。在新加坡和马来西亚以及像非洲的南非,人们现在也说英语。当今,在中国学英语的人数正在快速增加,事实上,中国可能是学英语人数最多的国家。中国式英语是否也能发展成一种具有自己独特个性的语言?这还有待时间去证明。

Using Language 语言运用

STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS

What is standard English? Is it spoken in Britain, the US, Canada, Australia, India and New Zealand? Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. Many people believe the English spoken on TV and the radio is standard English. This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak. When people use words and expressions different form “standard language”, it is called a dialect. American English has many dialects, especially the midwestern, southern, African American and Spanish dialects. Even in some parts of the USA, two people from neighbouring towns speak a little differently. American English has so many dialects because people have come from all over the world.

Geography also plays a part in making dialects. Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern USA speak with an older kind of English dialect. When Americans moved form one place to another, they took their dialects with them. So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA. The USA is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken. Although many Americans move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other’s dialects.

什么是标准英语?是在英国、美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、印度、新西兰所说的英语吗?信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。许多人认为,电视和收音机里所说的英语就是标准英语,这是因为在早期的电台节目里,人们期望新闻播音员所说的英语是最好的英语。然而,