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新东方高中英语语法非谓语动词总结

时间:2016-12-30 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:高中英语语法总结-非谓语动词

非谓语动词

在句中充当除谓语以外的句子成分的动词形式叫做非谓语动词。非谓语动词分为三种形式:不定式、动名词和分词(分词包括现在分词和过去分词)

不定式

一、 不定式的作用

1、 作主语 不定式作主语时,谓语用单数。往往用it 作形式主语,把不定式放在谓语后面。如:

It took us two hours to finish the job.

It is impossible for us to get there on time.

It is very kind of you to help us.

注意:(1)其他系动词如look, appear等也可用于此句型。

(2)当不定式作主语的句子中又有一个不定式作表语时,不能用It is …to…的句型。试比较:

It is to negate my own idea to believe him.(错)

To believe him is to negate my own idea .(对)

(3)It is+ adj. of / for sb. to do sth. 结构中,当不定式的逻辑主语和前面的形容词可以构成系表结构时,用of, 否则用 for.

2、 作宾语

(1) 动词+不定式。如:

He managed to escape from the fire.

I find it hard to get along with him.(it 作形式宾语)

注:下列动词通常用不定式作宾语:want, try, hope, wish, need, forget, know, promise, refuse, help, decide, begin,

start, learn, agree, choose, get等

(2) 动词+疑问词+to , “特殊疑问句+不定式”相当于名词,作宾语。如:

I don’t know what to do next/ how to do it next.

I can’t decide when to go there.

注意:不定式短语作宾语时,如果还带有宾语补足语,往往把不定式短语放在宾语补足语之后,用it 作形

式宾语。如:I find it necessary to learn a foreign language.

3、 作宾语补足语

(1) 动词+宾语+不定式(to do )。如:

He warned me to be careful.

I want you to speak to Tom.

What makes you think so?(不带to的不定式)

注:可以用动词不定式做宾补的动词有:ask, tell, order ,want ,get, would like, like, advise, invite, allow, help,

wish,warn, expect, prefer, encourage

(2) 表见解、看法的动词结构可为:动词+宾语+ to be 的不定式结构。如:

We consider Tom to be one of the best students in our class.

The book is believed to be useful.(被动语态)

(3)There +不定式。如:

We didn’t expect there to be so many people there.我们没料到会有那么多人在那里。

注意:(1)有些动词需用 as 短语作补语,像regard, think, believe, take, consider。如:

We regard Tom as our best teacher. 我们认为汤姆是我们最好的老师。

Mary took him as her father. 玛丽把他当作自己的父亲。

(2)在动词feel (一感),hear, listen to(二听),have, let, make(三让),notice, see, watch, observe, look at(五看)(即:吾看三室两厅一感觉)等后面的补足语中,不定式不带to,但变为被动语态后,必须带to。如:

They saw the boy fall off the tree.The boy was seen to fall off the tree.

(3)help后面作宾语补足语的不定式可以带to,也可以不带to.

I often help him (to)clean the room.

I helped him (to) find his things.

4、 作定语

不定式作定语,修饰名词或代词,不定式和它所修饰的名词之间有逻辑上的主谓关系、动状关系、同位关系或动宾关系。不定式通常要放在这些被修饰的词后。如:

I have a lot of work to do.(动宾关系)

He is looking for a room to live in.(动状关系)

He is the first person to think of the idea.(主谓关系)

He has got a chance to go abroad.(同位关系)

注意:1.不定式的逻辑主语是句子的主语时,不定式用主动形式表被动。如:

Do you have anything else to say?

2.如果作定语的不定式是一个短语,则要保留不定时短语中的副词或介词。如:

I need a pen to write with . (I will wirte with the pen ) (我需要一直钢笔写字)

I have a little baby to look after .(I must look after the little baby ) (我有一个婴儿要照看)

作状语,表示目的、结果、原因等,有时还有一些固定搭配的不定式短语,如in order to , so as to, so…as to, such …as to, ….enough to, too…to等。

(1) 做目的状语,to, only to (仅仅为了), in order to, so as to, so(such)….as to…(如此···以便···)如:

He ran so fast as to catch the first bus. 他飞快地跑以便赶上第一班车。

He came to the school to see his son.

(2) 作结果状语,表事先没有预料到的,要放在句子后面。如:

He hurried to the post office only to find it was closed.

He searched the room only to find nothing.

(3) 做原因状语。如:

We were very excited to hear the news.

I’m glad to see you.

(4) 做条件状语。如:To turn to the left , you could find a post office.

5、 作表语

不定式可放在be动词后面,构成表语。如:

The question is how to put it into practice.

My question is when to leave.

His dream is to be a doctor. Her work is to look after the babies.

注意:1.不定式在句中作表语时,对应的谓语动词用单数。

2.当助于是不定式时,表语不能用Ving形式,可用不定式。

如:To see is to believe. (眼见为实)

6、 独立结构。如:

To tell you the truth, I don’t agree with you.

To make matters worse, it began to rain.

二、 不定式的时态和语态

1、 不定式的时态

(1) 现在时:有时与谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,有时发生在谓语动词的动作之后。如:

He seems to know this. I hope to see you again.

(2) 完成时:表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前。如:

I’m sorry to have given you so much trouble.

He seems to have caught a cold.

(3) 进行时:表示动作正在进行,与谓语动词表示的动作同时发生。如:

He seems to be eating something.

(4) 完成进行时:表示动作从过去某个时间开始,一直延续到现在,并有可能持续下去。如:

She is known to have been working on the problem for many years.

2、 不定式的语态

当不定式的逻辑主语是其动作的承受者时,就用被动式。如:

He was seen to enter the hall.He asked to be sent to work in Tibet.

三、 省to 的动词不定式

1、 情态动词(除ought 外,ought to)

2、 Would rather, had better.

3、 感官动词 see, watch, look at, notice, observe, hear, listen to, smell, feel 等后作宾补,省略 to.

注意:在被动语态中 to 不能省略掉。如:

I saw him dance. He was seen to dance.The boss made them work the whole night.

They were made to work the whole night.

4、 使役动词 let, have, make.

5、 由 and, or 和 than 连接的两个不定式,第二个 to 可以省去。如:He wants to move to France and marry the girl.

6、 Help 可带 to ,也可不带to, help sb. (to) do sth.

7、 Why…/Why not…

8、 But 和 except 前是动词 do 时,后面出现的动词用不带 to 的动词不定式。试比较: He

wants to do nothing but go out.

He wants to believe anything but to take the medicine.

9、 通常在discover, imagine, suppose, think, understand 等词后,可以省去 to be .如:

He is supposed (to be) nice. 他应该是个好人。

——I usually go there by train.

——Why not ______ by boat for a change?

A to try going B trying to goC to try and go D try going

Paul doesn’t have to be made ______ . He always works hard.

A learnB to learn C learned D learning

四、 动词不定式的否定式。如:Tell him not to shut the window. She pretended not to see me when I passed by.Mrs. Smith warned her daughter ______ after drinking.

A never to driveB to never driveC never driving D never drive

The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ______.

A not to B not to doC not do it D do not do

The patient was warned ______ food before the operation.

A to eat no B eating notC not to eat D not eating

动名词(动名词具有动词和名词的特征,在句中作主语、表语、宾语和定语)

一、 动名词的作用

1、 作主语

谓语用单数。It代替动名词作主语,常用于如下结构:

It’s no good/use doing···如:Seeing is believing.

Playing with fire is dangerous.

It’s no good waiting here.

2、 作宾语

I enjoy listening to music.

He often practices playing the piano in the evening.

He is fond of playing basketball.

He has given up smoking.

Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please?

(1) 只能接动名词作宾语的动词:

admit,advise建议,risk,appreciate,envy嫉妒,avoid避免,

consider考虑,delay延迟,deny否认,dislike不喜欢,enjoy,escape逃避,excuse原谅、宽恕,

finish完成,forgive原谅,understand理解,give up放弃,imagine想象,keep保持,mind介意、在乎,miss未达

到,practise训练,put off推迟,resist抵抗,suggest建议、暗示

can’t help 禁不住,can’t stand无法忍受,devote to(to为介词)致力于···,look forward to 期望、盼望,

stick to坚持,be used to习惯于,object to反对,be busy忙于···,fee like想要···

be surprised at 对……感到惊讶 be proud of 以……为骄傲 succeed in 在某方面成功

be afraid of害怕 give up 放弃

(2) 只能接不定式作宾语的动词:

happen 碰巧,offer 主动提出,promise 答应,agree 同意,refuse拒绝,decide 决定,

determine 决定、决心,pretend 假装,fail 未能够,learn,wish希望,hope,expect,afford 负担得起。

(3) 接动名词、不定式均可,意义相同的动词:like,love,dislike,hate,begin,star,continue,prefer,

can’t bear/endure 无法忍受,cease停止

(4) 下列词接动名词和不定式均可,但意义不同的动词:forget,go on,mean,regret,remember,stop,try等

Stop to do 停下来去做 stop doing 停止做

Forget to do 忘记要做 forget doing 忘记做过

Remember to do 记得要做remember doing 记得做过

Regret to do 遗憾要做 regret doing 后悔做过

Try to do 企图做,尽力做 try doing 试着做

Go on to do 继续做(另一件事)go on doing 继续做(同一件事)

Mean to do 打算做mean doing 意味做

In some parts of London, missing a bus means _______ for another hour.

A waitingB to waiting C wait D to be waiting

(5) Need, require, want作“需要”讲,其后用动名词的主动式表示被动意义,be worth也有类似用法。如:

The flowers need watering/to be watered.

The problem is worth discussing.

3、 作表语

此时的动名词可以和主语调换位置。如:

My hobby is collecting stamps.

Her job is washing, cleaning and taking care of the child

4、 作定语

动名词作定语,一般表示用途。如:

a waiting room,a diving board,a reading room,a dining hall

there are a lot of swimming pools in the city.

注:(1)现在分词作定语表动作,它与所修饰的名词之间存在逻辑上的主谓关系,可改写成一个定语从句。

如果为单词,放在被修饰n之前,为短语,放在被修饰n之后。

如:a sleeping boy =a boy who is sleeping

a developing country =a country which is developing

(2)动名词作定语通常表示它所修饰的名词的用途或性质,可改写成一个for的短语,两者不存在逻辑上的主谓关系。

如:a washing machine = a machine for washing

a swimming pool = a pool for swimming

二、 动名词的时态和语态

动名词的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之前,通常要用完成式,否则都用一般式。如:

We are interested in playing chess.

篇二:高中英语 非谓语动词总结

一,非谓语动词做宾语

二,非谓语动词做宾语补足语

1只能接动名词作宾语的动词: 1 动词+宾语+不定式(to do )。(不定式作宾语补足语) admit,advise建议,risk,appreciate,envy嫉妒,avoid避免, He warned me to be careful. consider考虑,delay延迟,deny否认,dislike不喜欢,enjoy,escape逃避, I want you to speak to Tom. excuse原谅、宽恕,finish完成,forgive原谅,understand理解,give up放弃, What makes you think so?(不带to的不定式) imagine想象,keep保持,mind介意、在乎,miss未达到,practise训练,put off注:可以用动词不定式做宾补的动词有:ask, tell, order ,want ,get, would 推迟,resist抵抗,suggest建议、暗示can’t help 禁不住,can’t stand无法忍受,devote to(to为介词)致力于...,look forward to 期望、盼望,stick to坚持,be used to习惯于,object to反对,be busy忙于...,fee like想要···be surprised at 对??感到惊讶 be proud of 以??为骄傲 succeed in 在某方面成功 be afraid of害怕 give up 放弃 2只能接不定式作宾语的动词: afford负担得起,agree同意,arrange安排,ask要求,attempt试图,beg乞求,begin开始,choose选择,claim声称,consent同意,dare敢,decide决定,decline谢绝,desire欲想,demand要求,determine决心,expect期待,fail失败,未能够,happen 碰巧,help帮助,hope希望,intend打算,learn学习,like喜欢,long渴望,manage设法,mean打算,need需要,offer主动提出,plan计划,prepare准备,pretend假装,promise答应,refuse拒绝,seek寻求,seem好像,tend倾向,threaten威胁,undertake承担,volunteer志愿,want想要,wish希望 3接动名词、不定式均可,意义相同的动词:like,love,dislike,hate,begin,star,continue,prefer,can’t bear/endure 无法忍受,cease停止 4下列词接动名词和不定式均可,但意义不同的动词: stop to do 停下来去做 stop doing 停止做 forget to do 忘记要做 forget doing 忘记做过 remember to do 记得要做 remember doing 记得做过 regret to do 遗憾要做 regret doing 后悔做过 try to do 企图做,尽力做 try doing 试着做 go on to do 继续做(另一件事) go on doing 继续做(同一件事) mean to do 打算做 mean doing 意味做 5 need, want,require作“需要”讲,其后用动名词的主动式表示被动意义 The flowers need watering/to be watered.

like,like, advise, invite, allow, help, wish,warn, expect, prefer, encourage 2 表见解、看法的动词结构可为:动词+宾语+ to be 的不定式结构。 We consider Tom to be one of the best students in our class. The book is believed to be useful.(被动语态) 3 There +不定式。 We didn’t expect there to be so many people there. 我们没料到会有那么多人在那里。 注意:(1)有些动词需用 as 短语作补语,像regard, think, believe, take, consider。 We regard Tom as our best teacher. 我们认为汤姆是我们最好的老师。 Mary took him as her father. 玛丽把他当作自己的父亲。 4 在动词feel (一感),hear, listen to(二听),have, let, make(三让),notice, see, watch, observe, look at(五看)(即:吾看三室两厅一感觉)等后面的补足语中,不定式不带to,但变为被动语态后,必须带to。(help后面作宾语补足语的不定式可以带to,也可以不带to.)They saw the boy fall off the tree.The boy was seen to fall off the tree.I often help him (to)clean the room.I helped him (to) find his things.

一 不定式的时态和语态 1、 不定式的时态

(1) 现在时:有时与谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,有时发生在谓语动词的

动作之后。如:

He seems to know this. I hope to see you again.

(2) 完成时:表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前。如:

I’m sorry to have given you so much trouble. He seems to have caught a cold.

(3)

新东方高中英语语法非谓语动词总结

进行时:表示动作正在进行,与谓语动词表示的动作同时发生。如:

He seems to be eating something.

(4) 完成进行时:表示动作从过去某个时间开始,一直延续到现在,并有可

能持续下去。如:

She is known to have been working on the problem for many years.

2、 不定式的语态

当不定式的逻辑主语是其动作的承受者时,就用被动式。如:

He was seen to enter the hall.He asked to be sent to work in Tibet.

一、 动名词的时态和语态

动名词的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之前,通常要用完成式,否则都用一般式。如:

We are interested in playing chess.

He was praised for having finished the work ahead of time. I’m sorry for not having kept my promise.

若主语是动名词所表示的动作的对象,动名词用被动语态。如: We must do something to prevent water from being polluted. I remember having been told a story.

He was afraid of being scolded by the teacher.

一、 分词的时态

1、 与主语动词同时。如:

Arriving there, they found the boy dead. 刚一到那儿,他们就发现那男孩死了。

The secretary worked late into the night, ______ a long speech for the president.

A to prepareB preparingC preparedD was preparing 答案:B

2、 先于主语动词

分词作时间状语,如果先于主动词的动作,且强调先后,要用having done。如:

Having finished his homework, he went out for a walk.

After he had finished his homework, he went out for a walk. 做完作业,他出去散步。

______ a reply, he decided to write again.

A Not receivingB Receiving notC Not having receivedD Having not received 答案:C

二、 分词的语态

1、 通常情况下,现在分词表示主动,过去分词表示被动。如:

He is the man giving you/who gave you the book他就是给你书的那个人

She is the girl stopped by/who was stopped by the car.她就是那个被车拦住的女孩。

2、 不及物动词的过去分词表示动作已经发生。像:gone, fallen, retired,

grown-up, escaped, faded, returned等词。如:

a retired person 一个退休的人 a fallen ball 一个落下来的球 a burnt-out match 烧完了的火柴

一、 省to 的动词不定式

1、 情态动词(除ought 外,ought to) 2、 Would rather, had better.

3、 感官动词 see, watch, look at, notice, observe, hear, listen to, smell,

feel 等后作宾补,省略 to.

注意:在被动语态中 to 不能省略掉。如:

I saw him dance. He was seen to dance.The boss made them work

the whole night.

They were made to work the whole night. 4、 使役动词 let, have, make.

5、 由 and, or 和 than 连接的两个不定式,第二个 to 可以省去。如:He wants

to move to France and marry the girl.

6、 Help 可带 to ,也可不带to, help sb. (to) do sth. 7、 Why?/Why not?

8、 But 和 except 前是动词 do 时,后面出现的动词用不带 to 的动词不定式。

试比较: He wants to do nothing but go out. He wants to believe anything but to take the medicine. 9、 通常在discover, imagine, suppose, think, understand 等词后,可以省去 to

be .如:

He is supposed (to be) nice. 他应该是个好人。

篇三:高中英语语法 非谓语动词 全

非谓语动词

非谓语动词。在英语中,不能作句子谓语,而是担任其它语法功能的动词叫做非谓语动词。

一:分词(现在分词和过去分词,分别表示:主动,行进&被动,完成)

1)作定语

The girl standing by the window is my sister.

=The girl who is standing by the window is my sister.

This is a book written by a famous Chinese writer.

= This is a book which was written by a famous Chinese writer.

2) 作状语(一般表示时间,原因,条件,伴随)有时可将从句中when/while /unless/if等保留

(While/When)Walking in the street ,I saw her.

=While/When I was walking in the street ,I saw her.(表示时间)

Seen from the hill,our school looks more beautiful.

=When our school is seen from the hill,it looks more beautiful.从小山上看,我们学校更美了。(表示被动)

Being busy, he can`t come.

=As he is busy, he can`t come.由于忙,他不能来。(表示原因)(As being busy,....此说法错误)

Given more time ,I can do it better.

=If I am given more time ,I can do it better.

He stood there,losing himself in thought.

=He stood there,losing himself in thought.(表示伴随)

=He stood there, lost in thought.

The teacher sat there ,surrounded by the students. (表示伴随)

3)作表语

The news is surprising.(令人---)

I was sursprised at the news.(---人自己感到--)

The door is closed.

4)作补语,常跟分词作补语的动词有

see,hear,watch,notice,observe,listen to ,look at, keep,have,等

We watched the teacher doing the experiment.我们看着老师在做实验。

=The teacher was watched doing the experiment.

I saw him taken away by the police.我看见他被警察带走了。

=He was seen taken away by the police. You should have your hair cut.你应该理发了。

Don`t have the horse running so fast.不要让马一直跑这么快。

注意:have sb do=let sb do无被动语态

Have him do it by himself.=Let him do it by himself.让他自己做。

注意:with +宾语+doing/to do/done

With you standing here,I can`t work.你站在这儿,我没法工作。

He was brought in , with his hands tied behind.他的手捆在背后被带进来了。 With a lot of work to do, I can`t go with you.有许多工作要做,我不能和你去。

5)分词的时态和语态

Having been given/Given a wrong address ,I could not find his house.由于给了我一个错误的地址,我没能找到他家。

=As I had been given a wrong address, I could not find his house.

Having been there several times I know how to get there.

=As I have been there several times I know how to get there.由于我去过那儿好几次,我知道去那儿的路。

The question being discussed now is very important.正在被讨论的问题很重要。=The question which is being discussed now is very important.

注意:非谓语动词的否定形式(否定词not放在非谓语动词之前)

Mother told me not to make noise.

His not coming made me disappointed.

Not knowing what to do,I asked the teacher for help.

注意:分词的逻辑主语

Time permitting,I will go with you.=If time permits,I will go with you.时间允许的话,我就和你一道去。

注意:

1)To tell the truth,/To be honest,I am against your plan.说实话,我不赞成你的意见。

2)Judging by his clothes ,he is not so poor.从他的衣着看,他不太穷。

3)Strictly speaking, your opinion isn`t the same as mine.严格说来,你的意见与我的不同

4)do but do

I could do nothing but wait here.=I had no choice but to wait here.我别无它法,只能呆在这儿。

5))compared to/with作状语时用过去分词

Compared with /to her mother,she is tall.和她妈比起来她很高了。(作状语)

注意.Recently a survey _______ prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens.(作定语)

compared B.comparing C.compares D.being compared

二.动名词

1.作主语。表示泛指意义时多用动名词作主语。 eg.Smoking is bad for your health.抽烟对你的健康不利。

常见固定搭配:1)It is no good /use/useless doing---

eg.It is no use telling him about it.告诉他这件事没有用。

2)在There is no doing---.

There is no joking about the matter.这事开不得玩笑。

3)No doing--.=Don`t do ---.

eg.No smoking here.=Don`t smoke here.不要再这儿吸烟。

Seeing is believing.眼见为实。

2.作表语

My job is teaching English.

=Teaching English is my job.

注意:动名词作主语时可以主表对调。

3.作宾语,常接动名词作宾语的动词有(动词 doing)

permit,allow,admit,appreciate,avoid,consider,delay,dislike,enjoy,escape,finish,give up ,imagine,keep,mind,miss,pratise,put off,,risk,suggest,can`t help情不自禁,can`t stand无法忍受insist on,等词后还有介词后

eg .He has finished doing his work.他已经做完工作。

I can`t imagine marrying such a man.我不能想象与这样的人结婚。

Are you fond of dancing.你喜欢跳舞吗?

但是有些动词后即可加to do—也可加doing—作宾语,但意思不同。

1)like/love/hate to do一般表示具体的某一次动作

like/love/hate doing一般表示习惯性动作

但should/would like/love to do—

eg.I should like to be taken to Bei jing.我想把我带到北京去。

Would you like to go with me?你愿意和我一道去吗?

2)remember to do/forget to do 记住/忘了要做--(没做)

remember /forget doing---记得/忘了干过--(已做)

eg.Please remember to post the letter for me.请记住帮我把这封信寄了。 I remember doing the exercise.我记得做过这项练习。

3)regret to do对即将要说的话表示遗憾

regret doing/not doing=regret having done/not having done对已经发生的事表示后悔或遗憾

eg.I regret to say I must go now.我很遗憾地说我必须要走了。

I regret (not )having accepted/accepting his advice.我后悔(没有)采纳他的意见。

4)mean to do故意干---

mean doing意味着---

I didn`t mean to hurt you.我并不是故意要伤害你的。

Missing the bus means walking home.错过了这辆汽车意味着要走回家。

5)try to do 尽力---

try doing试着---

I tried to do it but failed.我努力去做但没成功。

If you can`t do it well ,try doing it some other way.如果你做不好这件事,试着用另一种方法试试。

6)need/require/want doing/to be done(需要)主语与need/require/want后面的动词有逻辑上的动宾或介宾关系.

eg. The flower needs watering/ to be watered once a week.这种花需要一个星期浇一次水。

The baby needs operating on /to be operated on at once.这个孩子需要立刻动手术。

但:I need to go now.

*4.作定语(不做重点讲解)

a swimming pool游泳池=a pool for swimming(动名词)

a swimming boy一个在游泳的小孩=a boy who is swimming(分词)

5.动名词的时态和语态与逻辑主语

He admitted having broken the window.=He admitted breaking the window.他承认打破了窗户。

I remember having been taken to Beijing as a child.= I remember being taken to Beijing as a child.我记得曾经被带到北京去过。

动名词逻辑主语one`s/sb doing

Would you mind my /me /Tom/Tom`s standing here.我/汤姆站在这儿你介意吗? 作主语时必须用one`s

His /Tom`s not passing the English exam made his parents angry.他/汤姆没有通过这次英语考试使他的父母很生气。

三:不定式

1.作主语。(不定式和动名词都可以作主语。表示泛指意义时多用动名词作主语。) 表示具体的行为多用不定式。特别是将来的行为时,用不定式作主语。 例句:To refuse him is not easy this time.

不定式作主语常用it作形式主语。特别是在以下句型中。而且不能用doing It is important/necessary/difficult----(for sb)to do---

It is kind/clever/silly/cruel (of sb)to do---

注意:可以用人作主语的形容词一般用of

eg:a. It is important (for all)to obey the traffic rules.

b.It is silly(of you)not to forgive others for their mistakes.=You aresilly not to forgive others for their mistakes.

2.作宾语。常在以下动词后作宾语

want(想),wish ,agree,decide,hope,pretend,manage,promise,expect,plan,would like/love,wait,manage,fail,refuse,ask,tend,desire,等 eg:My parents have agreed to see me and Iwill have a different vacation.

3.作表语。不定式与动名词作表语的区别于作主语时一样。

eg:a. You are to finish your homework before watching TV.

b. My wish is to become a teacher.

4.作补语。跟不定式作补语的常见动词有(动词to do)

advise,allow,permit,ask,tell,beg,encourge,get,force,invite,expect,wish,

require,want,warn,teach,persuade,wait for等