首页 | 小学 | 初中 | 高中 | 作文 | 英语 | 幼教 | 综合 | 早知道 | 范文大全 |
考试英语 当前位置:唯才网 > 英语 > 考试英语 > 正文 唯才网手机站

2016年研究生考试英语

时间:2016-11-21 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:2016年考研英语(一)真题及答案

2016年考研英语(一)真题及答案

Section I Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

In Cambodia the choice of a spouse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends,those of the young women, but also a matchmaker. A young man can a likely spouse on his own and them ask his parents to the marriage negotiations. or the young man’s parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection. , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying a good family.

The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride’s and groom’s wrists ,and a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the .Newlyweds traditionally move in with the wife’s parents and may with them up to a year, they can build a flew house nearby.

Divorce is legal and easy to ,but not common .Divorced persons are with some disapproval. Each spouse retains property he or she into the marriage, and jointly –acquired property is equally. Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice up .The divorced male doesn’t have a waiting period before he can remarry the woman must wait the months.

参考答案:BDCACACCDBDDBACDBACA

1. [A] by way of [B] as well as [C] on behalf of [D] with regard to 2. [A] adapt to [B] provide for [C]compete with [D] decide on 3. [A] close [B] renew [C]arrange [D] postpone 4. [A] In theory [B] Above all [C] In time [D] For example 5. [A] Although [B] Lest [C] After [D] Unless 6. [A] into [B] within [C] from [D] through 7. [A] sine [B] or [C] but [D] so 8. [A] test [B]copy [C]recite [D] create 9. [A] folding [B] piling [C] wrapping [D] tying 10. [A] lighting [B] passing [C] hiding [D] serving 11. [A] meeting [B] association [C] collection [D]union 12. [A] grow [B] part [C] deal [D]live 13. [A] whereas [B] until [C] for [D] if 14. [A] obtain [B] follow [C] challenge [D]avoid 15. [A] isolated [B] persuaded [C] viewed [D] exposed 16. [A]wherever [B] however [C] whenever [D]whatever

17. [A] changed [B] brought [C] shaped [D] pushed 18. [A] divided [B] invested [C] donated [D] withdrawn 19. [A]clears [B] warms [C] shows [D] breaks 20. [A]while [B] so what [C]once [D] in that Section II Reading Comprehension

参考答案:ADBCA ADCDD ACDBA DABCD BGDEF

Part A

Directions:

Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or

D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)

Text 1

France, which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion, has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for woman. Its lawmakers gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a crime to employ ultra-thin models on runways.The parliament also agreed to ban websites that” incite excessive thinness” by promoting extreme dieting.

Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up with impinging on health. That’s a start. And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starring themselves to health –as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it move take responsibility for the signal it sends women, especially teenage girls, about the social tape –measure they must use to determine their individual worth.The bans, if fully enforced ,would suggest to woman (and many men )that they should not let others be orbiters of their beauty .And perhaps faintly, they hint that people should look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to sine zero or wasp-waist physiques .

The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep-and bone-showing. Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a government-defined index of body mess could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.

The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standard for models and fashion images there rely more on pear pressure for enforcement.

In contrast to France’s actions, Denmark’s fashion industry agreed last month on rules and sanctions regarding age, health, and other characteristics of models .The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical charter clearly states, we are aware of and take responsibility for the impact the fashion industry has on body ideals, especially on young people. The charter’s main toll of enforcement is to deny access for designers and modeling agencies to Copenhagen. Fashion week,

which is men by the Danish Fashion Institute .But in general it relies on a name-and –shame method of compliance.

Relying on ethical persuasion rather than law to address the misuse of body ideals may be the best step. Even better would be to help elevate notions of beauty beyond the material standards of a particular industry.

21. According to the first paragraph, what would happen in France?

[A] Physical beauty would be redefined

[B] New runways would be constructed

[C] Websites about dieting would thrive

[D] The fashion industry would decline

22. The phrase “impinging on”(Line2 Para2) is closest in meaning to

[A] heightening the value of

[B] indicating the state of

[C] losing faith in

[D] doing harm to

23. Which of the following is true of the fashion industry

[A] The French measures have already failed

[B] New standards are being set in Denmark

[C] Models are no longer under peer pressure

[D] Its inherent problems are getting worse

24. A designer is most likely to be rejected by CFW for

[A] setting perfect physical conditions

[B] caring too much about models’ character

[C] showing little concern for health factors

[D] pursuing a high age threshold for models

25. Which of the following maybe the best title of the text?

[A] A challenge to the Fashion Industry’s Body Ideals

[B] A Dilemma for the starving models in France

[C] Just Another Round of struggle for beauty

[D] The Great Threats to the Fashion Industry

Text 2

For the first time in the history more people live in towns than in the country. In Britain this has had a curious result. While polls show Britons rate “the countryside” alongside the royal family. Shakespeare and the National Health Service (NHS) as what make them proudest of their country, this has limited political support.

A century ago Octavia Hill launched the National Trust not to rescue stylish houses but to

save “the beauty of natural places for everyone forever”. It was specifically to provide city dwellers with spaces for leisure where they could experience “a refreshing air”. Hill’s pressure later led to the creation of national parks and green belts. They don’t make countryside any more, and every year concrete consumes more of it .It needs constant guardianship.

At the next election none of the big parties seem likely to endorse this sentiment. The Conservatives’ planning reform explicitly gives rural development priority over conservation,

even authorizing “off–plan” building where local people might object. The concept of sustainable development has been defined as profitable. Labour likewise wants to discontinue local planning where councils oppose development. The Liberal Democrats are silent only usensing its chance, has sides with those pleading for a more considered approach to using green land. Its campaign to protect Rural England struck terror into many local conservative parties. The sensible place to build new houses factories and offices is where people are in cities and towns where infrastructure is in place. The London agents StirlingAckroyed recently identified enough sites for half of million houses in the Landon area alone with no intrusion on green belts. What is true of London is even truer of the provinces. The idea that “housing crisis” equals “concreted meadows” is pure lobby talk. The issue is not the need for more houses but, as always, where to put them under lobby pressure, George Osborne favours rural new-build against urban renovation and renewal. He favours out-of-town shopping sites against high streets. This is not a free market but a biased one. Rural towns and villages have grown and will always grow. They do so best where building sticks to their edges and respects their character. We do not ruin urban conservation areas. Why ruin rural ones?

Development should be planned, not let trip, After the Netherlands, Britain is Europe’s most crowed country. Half a century of town and country planning has enable it to retain an enviable rural coherence, while still permitting low-density urban living. There is no doubt of the alternative-the corrupted landscapes of southern Portugal, Spain or Ireland. Avoiding this rather than promoting it should unite the left and right of the political spectrum.

26. Britain’s public sentiment about the countryside

[A] is not well reflected in politics

[B] is fully backed by the royal family

[C] didn’t start fill the Shakespearean age

[D] has brought much benefit to the NHS

27. According to paragraph 2,the achievements of the National Trust are now being

[A] largely overshadowed [B] properly protected [C] effectively reinforced [D] gradually destroyed 28. Which of the following can be offered from paragraph 3 [A] Labour is under attack for opposing development [B] The Conservatives may abandon “off-plan” building

[C] Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation

[D] The Liberal Democrats are losing political influence

29. The author holds that George Osbornes’s preference

[A] shows his disregard for the character of rural area

[B] stresses the necessity of easing the housing crisis

[C] highlights his firm stand against lobby pressure

[D] reveals a strong prejudice against urban areas

30. In the last paragraph the author show his appreciation of

[A] the size of population in Britain

[B] the enviable urban lifestyle in Britain

[C] the town-and-country planning in Britain

[D] the political life in today’s Britain

Text 3

“There is one and only one social responsibility of business” wrote Milton Friedman, a Nobel Prize-winning economist “That is, to use its resources and engage in activities designed to increase its profits.” But even if you accept Friedman’s premise and regard corporate social responsibility(CSR) policies as a waste of shareholders’s money, things may not be absolutely clear-act. New research suggests that CSR may create monetary value for companies at least when they are prosecuted for corruption.

The largest firms in America and Britain together spend more than $15 billion a year on CSR, according to an estimate by EPG, a consulting firm. This could add value to their businesses in three ways. First, consumers may take CSR spending as a “signal” that a company’s products are of high quality. Second, customers may be willing to buy a company’s products as an indirect may to donate to the good causes it helps. And third, through a more diffuse “halo effect” whereby its good deeds earn it greater consideration from consumers and others.

Previous studies on CSR have had trouble differentiating these effects because consumers can be affected by all three. A recent study attempts to separate them by looking at bribery prosecutions under American’s Foreign Corrupt Practices Act(FCPA).It argues that since prosecutors do not consume a company’s products as part of their investigations,they could be influenced only by the halo effect.

The study found that,among prosecuted firms,those with the most comprehensive CSR programmes tended to get more lenient penalties. Their analysis ruled out the possibility that it was firm’s political influence, rather than their CSR stand, that accounted for the leniency: Companies that contributed more to political campaigns did not receive lower fines.

In all, the study concludes that whereas prosecutors should only evaluate a case based on its merits, they do seem to be influenced by a company’s record in CSR. “We estimate that either

篇二:2016年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)试题及答案详细解析

2016年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试

英语(一)试题

Section 1 Use of English

Directious:

Read the following Text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)

In Cambodia, the choice of a souse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends, 1 those of the young woman, but also a matchmaker.A young man 2 a likely spouse on his own and then ask his parents to 3 the marriage negotiations, or the young man’s parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection. 4 , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. 5 a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying 6 a good family.

The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days, 7 by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and 8 prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, 9 cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride’s and groom’s wrists, and 10 a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the 11 . Newlyweds traditionally move in with the wife’s parents and may 12 with them up to a year, 13 they can bulid a new house nearby.

Divorce is legal and easy to 14 , but not common. Divorces persons are 15 with some disapproval. Easch spouse retains 16 property he or she Divorced persons may.

1. [A]by way of[B]with regard to[C]on behalf of[D]as well as

2. [A]decide on[B]provide for[C]compete with[D]adapt to

3. [A]close[B] arrange[C]renew[D]postpone

4. [A]In theory[B] Above all[C]In time[D]For example

5. [A]Unless[B] Lest[C]After[D]Although

6. [A]into[B] within[C]from[D]through

7. [A]or[B]since[C]but[D]so

8. [A] test[B]copy[C]recite[D]create

9. [A]folding[B]piling[C]wrapping[D]tying

10. [A]passing[B]lighting[C]hiding[D]serving

11. [A]association[B]meeting[C]collection[D]union

12. [A]deal[B]part[C]grow[D]live

13. [A]whereas[B]until[C]for[D]if

14. [A]avoid[B]follow[C]challenge[D]obtain

15. [A]isolated[B]persuaded[C]viewed[D]exposed

16. [A]wherever[B]whatever[C]whenever[D]however

17. [A]changed[B]brought[C]shaped[D]pushed

18. [A]invested[B]divided[C]donated[D]withdrawn

19. [A]warms[B]clears[C]shows[D]breaks

20. [A]while[B]so that[C]once[D]in that

Text1

France,which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion , has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for women. Its lawmakers gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a crime to employ ultra-thin models on runways . The parliament also agreed to ban websites that ―incite excessive thinness‖ by promoting extreme dieting.

Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. That’s a start And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starving themselves to death –as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it must take responsibility for the signal it sends women , especially teenage girls, about the social tape-measure they must use to determine their individual worth.

The bans ,if fully enforced, would suggest to women (and many men) that they should not let others be arbiters of their beauty. And perhaps faintly, they hint that

people should look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to size zero or wasp-waist physiques.

The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep-and bone-showing. Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a govemment-defined index of body mass could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.

The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement.

In contrast to France’s actions, Denmark’s fashion industry agreed last month on rules and sanctions regarding the age, health, and other characteristics of models. The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical Charter clearly states:‖We aware of and take responsibility for the impact the ideals, especially on young people‖. The charter’s main tool of enforcement is (CFW), which is run by the Danish

21. According to the first paragraph,what would happen in France?

【A】Physical beauty would be redefined.

【B】New runways would be constructed.

【C】Wcbsites about dieting would thrive.

【D】The fanshing industry would decline.

22. The phrase ―impinging on‖(Line 2,Para.2) is closest in meaning to

【A】heightening the value of.

【B】indicating the state of.

【C】losing faith in.

【D】doing harm to.

23. Which of the following is true od the fashion industry?

【A】The French measures have already failed.

【B】New standrds are being set in Denmark.

【C】Models are no longer under peer pressure.

【D】Its inberent problerma are getting wotse.

Text 2

For the first time in history more people live in towns than in the country, In Britain this has had a curious result. While polls show Britons rate‖the countryside‖alongside the royal family,Shakespeare and the National Health Serivce (NHS) at what makes them proudest of their country,this has limited political support.

A century ago Octavia Hill Launched the national trust not to rescue stylish houses but to save ―the beauty of natural places for everyone forever‖ It was specifically to provide city dwellers with space for leisure where they could experience―a refreshing air .‖Hill is pressure later led to creation of national parks and green belts. They don’t make countryside any more,and every year concrete consumes more of it . it needs constant guardianship.

At the next election none of the big parties seem likely to endorse this sentiment. The conservatives planning reform explicitly gives rural development priority over conservation,even authorsing ―off-plan‖building where local people might object. The concept of sustainable development has been defined as profitable. Labour likewise wants to discontinue local planning where councils oppose development. The liberal democrats are silent. Only ukip, sensing its chance,has sided with those pleading for a more considered approach to using green land.its Campaign to protect rural England struck terror into many local conservative parties.

The sensible place to build new houses,factories and offices is where people are,in cities and towns where infrastructure is in place. The London agents stirling ackroyd recently identified enough sites for half a million houses in the London area

alone,with no intrusion on green belt.what is true of London is even truer of the provinces.

The idea that‖housing crisis ‖equals ―concreted meadows‖ is pure lobby talk. The issue is not the need for more houses but,as always,where to put them. Under lobby pressure,George Osboyne favours rural new-build against urban renovation and renewal. He favours out-of-town,shopping sites against high streets . this is not a free market but a biased one. Rural town and villages have grown and will26 Britain is public sentiment about the countryside

A has brought much benefit to the NHS

B didn’t start till the Shakespearean age

C is fully backed by the royal family

D is not well reflected in politics

27 According to Paragraph 2,the achievements of the National Trust are now being

A gradually destroyed

B effectively reinforced

C properly protected

D largely overshadowed

28 which of the following can be inferred from Paragraph 3?

A Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation

B the conservatives may abandon ‖off -plan―building

C the liberal democrats are losing political influence

D labour is under attack for opposing development

29 the author holds that George Osborne is preference

A reveals a strong prejudice against urban areas

B shows his disregard for character of rural areas

C stresses the necessity of easing the housing crisis

D highlights his firm stand against lobby pressure

篇三:2016年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)试题及答案解析

2016年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试

英语(一)试题

Section 1 Use of English

Directious:

Read the following Text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)

In Cambodia, the choice of a souse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends, 1 those of the young woman, but also a matchmaker.A young man 2 a likely spouse on his own and then ask his parents to 3 the marri

2016年研究生考试英语

age negotiations, or the young man’s parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection. 4 , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. 5 a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying 6 a good family.

The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days, 7 by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and 8 prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, 9 cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride’s and groom’s wrists, and 10 a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the 11 . Newlyweds traditionally move in with the wife’s parents and may 12 with them up to a year, 13 they can bulid a new house nearby.

Divorce is legal and easy to 14 , but not common. Divorces persons are 15 with some disapproval. Easch spouse retains 16 property he or she Divorced persons may.

1. [A]by way of[B]with regard to[C]on behalf of[D]as well as

2. [A]decide on[B]provide for[C]compete with[D]adapt to

3. [A]close[B] arrange[C]renew[D]postpone

4. [A]In theory[B] Above all[C]In time[D]For example

5. [A]Unless[B] Lest[C]After[D]Although

6. [A]into[B] within[C]from[D]through

7. [A]or[B]since[C]but[D]so

8. [A] test[B]copy[C]recite[D]create

9. [A]folding[B]piling[C]wrapping[D]tying

10. [A]passing[B]lighting[C]hiding[D]serving

11. [A]association[B]meeting[C]collection[D]union

12. [A]deal[B]part[C]grow[D]live

13. [A]whereas[B]until[C]for[D]if

14. [A]avoid[B]follow[C]challenge[D]obtain

15. [A]isolated[B]persuaded[C]viewed[D]exposed

16. [A]wherever[B]whatever[C]whenever[D]however

17. [A]changed[B]brought[C]shaped[D]pushed

18. [A]invested[B]divided[C]donated[D]withdrawn

19. [A]warms[B]clears[C]shows[D]breaks

20. [A]while[B]so that[C]once[D]in that

Text1

France,which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion , has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for women. Its lawmakers gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a crime to employ ultra-thin models on runways . The parliament also agreed to ban websites that ―incite excessive thinness‖ by promoting extreme dieting.

Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. That’s a start And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starving themselves to death –as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it must take responsibility for the signal it sends women , especially teenage girls, about the social tape-measure they must use to determine their individual worth.

The bans ,if fully enforced, would suggest to women (and many men) that they should not let others be arbiters of their beauty. And perhaps faintly, they hint that

people should look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to size zero or wasp-waist physiques.

The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep-and bone-showing. Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a govemment-defined index of body mass could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.

The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement.

In contrast to France’s actions, Denmark’s fashion industry agreed last month on rules and sanctions regarding the age, health, and other characteristics of models. The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical Charter clearly states:‖We aware of and take responsibility for the impact the ideals, especially on young people‖. The charter’s main tool of enforcement is (CFW), which is run by the Danish

21. According to the first paragraph,what would happen in France?

【A】Physical beauty would be redefined.

【B】New runways would be constructed.

【C】Wcbsites about dieting would thrive.

【D】The fanshing industry would decline.

22. The phrase ―impinging on‖(Line 2,Para.2) is closest in meaning to

【A】heightening the value of.

【B】indicating the state of.

【C】losing faith in.

【D】doing harm to.

23. Which of the following is true od the fashion industry?

【A】The French measures have already failed.

【B】New standrds are being set in Denmark.

【C】Models are no longer under peer pressure.

【D】Its inberent problerma are getting wotse.

Text 2

For the first time in history more people live in towns than in the country, In Britain this has had a curious result. While polls show Britons rate‖the countryside‖alongside the royal family,Shakespeare and the National Health Serivce (NHS) at what makes them proudest of their country,this has limited political support.

A century ago Octavia Hill Launched the national trust not to rescue stylish houses but to save ―the beauty of natural places for everyone forever‖ It was specifically to provide city dwellers with space for leisure where they could experience―a refreshing air .‖Hill is pressure later led to creation of national parks and green belts. They don’t make countryside any more,and every year concrete consumes more of it . it needs constant guardianship.

At the next election none of the big parties seem likely to endorse this sentiment. The conservatives planning reform explicitly gives rural development priority over conservation,even authorsing ―off-plan‖building where local people might object. The concept of sustainable development has been defined as profitable. Labour likewise wants to discontinue local planning where councils oppose development. The liberal democrats are silent. Only ukip, sensing its chance,has sided with those pleading for a more considered approach to using green land.its Campaign to protect rural England struck terror into many local conservative parties.

The sensible place to build new houses,factories and offices is where people are,in cities and towns where infrastructure is in place. The London agents stirling ackroyd recently identified enough sites for half a million houses in the London area

alone,with no intrusion on green belt.what is true of London is even truer of the provinces.

The idea that‖housing crisis ‖equals ―concreted meadows‖ is pure lobby talk. The issue is not the need for more houses but,as always,where to put them. Under lobby pressure,George Osboyne favours rural new-build against urban renovation and renewal. He favours out-of-town,shopping sites against high streets . this is not a free market but a biased one. Rural town and villages have grown and will26 Britain is public sentiment about the countryside

A has brought much benefit to the NHS

B didn’t start till the Shakespearean age

C is fully backed by the royal family

D is not well reflected in politics

27 According to Paragraph 2,the achievements of the National Trust are now being

A gradually destroyed

B effectively reinforced

C properly protected

D largely overshadowed

28 which of the following can be inferred from Paragraph 3?

A Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation

B the conservatives may abandon ‖off -plan―building

C the liberal democrats are losing political influence

D labour is under attack for opposing development

29 the author holds that George Osborne is preference

A reveals a strong prejudice against urban areas

B shows his disregard for character of rural areas

C stresses the necessity of easing the housing crisis

D highlights his firm stand against lobby pressure