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小学英语基本句型

时间:2016-04-12 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:小学英语常用句型分类总汇

小学英语常用句型分类总汇

I 询问姓名、年龄。

1. ----What’s your name? ----你叫什么名字?

----My name is ________. ----我叫??。

2. ----How old are you? ----你几岁了?

----I’m 12. ----我十二岁。

II 询问颜色。

1. ----What colour is it? ----它是什么颜色的?

----It’s yellow and white. ----黄白相间。

2. ----What colour are they? ----它们是什么颜色的?

----They’re green. ----绿色的。

III 询问数量或价钱。

1. ----How many kites can you see? ----你可以看见几只风筝?

-------I can see 12. ----我可以看见十二只风筝。

2. ----How many crayons do you have? ----你有多少支彩笔?

-------I have 16. ----我有十六支。

3.-----How many people are there in your family? ----你家有几口人?

-------Three. ----三口人。

4.-----How much is this dress? ----这条连衣裙多少钱?

-------It’s ninety-nine yuan. ----九十九元。

5.-----How much are these apples? ----这些苹果多少钱?

-------They’re thirty-five yuan. ----三十五元。

IV 询问时间或日期。

1. --What time is it now? ----现在几点钟?

-----It’s nine o’clock.It’s time for English class.九点。该上英语课了。

-----It’s eight o’clock. It’s time to go to bed. 八点。该上床睡觉了。

2.--What day is it today? ----今天星期几?

----It’s Monday. ----星期一。

----What do we have on Mondays? ----我们星期一上哪些课?

----We have Chinese, English, math ?----语文、英语、数学??

3.----When is your birthday? ----你的生日是什么时候?

------It’s October 1st, our National Day.---十月一日,国庆节。

4.----When do you do morning exercises? ---你们什么时候做早锻炼?

------I usually do morning exercises at 8:30.--我们通常8:30做早锻炼。

V 询问方位或地方。

1. ----Where is my toy car? ----我的玩具汽车在哪儿?

-------It’s here, under the chair. ----在这儿,在椅子下面。

2.----Where is the canteen? ----餐厅在哪儿?

------It’s on the first floor ----在一楼。

3. ---Where are the keys? ----钥匙在哪儿?

------They’re in the door. ----在门上。

4.--Excuse me. Where is the library, please? 对不起,请问图书馆在哪儿?

----It’s near the post office. ----在邮局附近。

5. ---Where are you from? ----你从哪儿来?

------I’m from China. ----我从中国来。

6. ---Where does the rain come from? ----雨是从哪儿来的?

------It comes from the clouds. ----它是从云层里来的。

VI 询问想吃的东西。

1.----What would you like for breakfast / lunch / dinner ?

你早餐/中餐/晚餐想吃点什么?

------I’d like some bread and milk / rice and soup.

我想吃面包和牛奶/米饭和汤。

2.----What’s for breakfast / lunch / dinner?---早餐/中餐/晚餐吃什么?

------Hamburgers and orange juice. ----汉堡包和橙汁。

VII 询问天气状况。

1.----What’s the weather like in Beijing? ----北京的天气如何?

------It’s rainy today. How about New York? 今天是雨天。纽约呢?

------It’s sunny and hot. ----今天是晴天,天气很热。

VIII 询问身体状况或情绪。

1. ----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?

----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。

小学英语基本句型

2. ----What’s the matter? ----怎么了?

----My throat is sore. / I have a sore throat.---我的喉咙疼。

3. ----How are you, Sarah? You look so happy. ---你好吗,莎拉?你看起来这么伤心。 ----I failed the math test. ----我的数学考试没有通过。

IX 询问职业、身份或人物。

1.----What’s your father / mother? ---你的父亲 / 母亲是做什么的?

----He’s a doctor. / She’s a teacher.---他是一名医生。/ 她是一名教师。

2.----What does your mother / father do? ---你的母亲 / 父亲是做什么的?

----She’s a TV reporter. / He’s a teacher. He teaches English.

她是一名电视台记者。/他是一名教师。他教英语。

3.----Who’s that man / woman? ----那位男士 / 女士是谁?

----He’s my father. / She’s my mother. 他是我父亲。 / 她是我母亲。

4.----Who’s this boy / girl? ----那个男孩儿 / 女孩儿是谁?

----He’s my brother. / She’s my sister.--他是我兄弟。 / 她是我姐妹。

5.----Who’s your art teacher? ----你们的美术老师是谁?

----Miss Wang. ----王老师。

----What’s she like? ----她长什么样儿?

----She’s young and thin. ----她很年轻、苗条。

学英语主要句型汇总

I 询问姓名、年龄:name,How old

1. ----What’s your name?----你叫什么名字?

----My name is ________.----我叫??。

2. ----What’s his name? ----他的名字是什么?

----His name is Mike. ----他的名字是麦克。

3. ----What’s her name? ----她的名字是什么?

----Her name is Chen Jie.----她的名字是陈婕。

4. ----How old are you? ----你几岁了?

----I’m 12. ----我十二岁。

5. ----How old is he/she?----他/她几岁了?

----He/She is 23. ----他/她23岁。

II 询问颜色:colour

1. ----What colour is it? ----它是什么颜色的?

----It’s yellow and white. ----黄白相间。

2. ----What colour are they? ----它们是什么颜色的?

----They’re green. ----绿色的。

III 询问时间或日期:When

1. ----What time is it now?----现在几点钟?

----It’s nine o’clock.. It’s time for English class. ----九点。该上英语课了。(----It’s eight o’clock. It’s time to go to bed.) (----八点。该上床睡觉了。)

2. ----What day is it today? ----今天星期几?

----It’s Monday.----星期一。

----What do we have on Mondays? ----我们星期一上哪些课? ----We have Chinese, English, math ?----语文、英语、数学??

3. ----When is your birthday?----你的生日是什么时候? ----It’s October 1st, our National Day. ----十月一日.国庆节。

4. ----When do you do morning exercises?----你们什么时候做早锻炼? ----I usually do morning exercises at 8:30.----我们通常8:30做早锻炼。

IV 询问方位或地方:Where

1. ----Where is my toy car?----我的玩具汽车在哪儿? ----It’s here, under the chair. ----在这儿.在椅子下面。

2. ----Where is the canteen? ----餐厅在哪儿?

----It’s on the first floor.----在一楼。

3. ----Where are the keys? ----钥匙在哪儿?

----They’re in the door. ----在门上。

4. ----Excuse me. Where is the library, please? ----对不起.请问图书馆在哪儿?

----It’s near the post office.----在邮局附近。

5. ----Where are you from? ----你从哪儿来?

----I’m from China. ----我从中国来。

6. ----Where does the rain come from? ----雨是从哪儿来的?

----It comes from the clouds.----它是从云层里来的。

V 询问数量或价钱:How many , How much

1. ----How many kites can you see? ----你可以看见几只风筝?

----I can see 12. ----我可以看见十二只风筝。

2. ----How many crayons do you have? ----你有多少支彩笔?

----I have 16. ----我有十六支。

3. ----How many people are there in your family?----你家有几口人?

----Three. ----三人。

4. ----How much is this dress?----这条连衣裙多少钱?

----It’s ninety-nine yuan.----九十九元。

5. ----How much are these apples? ----这些苹果多少钱?

----They’re thirty-five yuan. ----三十五元。

XVI “How”问句:How tall, How heavy, How long

1. ----How tall are you?----你有多高?

----I’m 160 cm tall. I’m taller than you. ----我有160公分。我比你高。

2. ----How heavy are you?----你有多重?

----I’m 48 kg. You’re heavier than me. ----我有48公斤。你比我重。

3. ----How do you go to school?----你怎么上学?

----Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go by bike. ---我通常步行上学。有时候骑自行车。

4. ----How can I get to Zhongshan Park? ----我怎么到中山公园去? ----You can go by the No. 15 bus. ----你可以乘坐15路公汽。

(----Go straight for five minutes. Then turn left. It’s on the left.) ----直走五分钟。然后左转。公园就在左边。

5. How long 有多长?

VIII询问身体状况或情绪:feel, matter

1. ----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?

----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。 ----How does Chen Jie feel?----陈洁感觉如何?

----She’s tired. ----她很疲倦。

2. ----What’s the matter? ----怎么了?

----My throat is sore. / I have a sore throat.----我的喉咙疼。

3. ----How are you, Sarah? You look so happy. ----你好吗.莎拉?你看起来这么伤心。 ----I failed the math test. ----我的数学考试没有通过。 VI 询问想吃的东西:would like

1. ----What would you like for breakfast / lunch / dinner ?----你早餐/中餐/晚餐想吃点什么?

----I’d like some bread and milk / rice and soup. ----我想吃面包和牛奶/米饭和汤。

2. ----What’s for breakfast / lunch / dinner? ----早餐/中餐/晚餐吃什

么?

----Hamburgers and orange juice. ----汉堡包和橙汁。 VII 询问天气状况:weather

1. ----What’s the weather like in Beijing?----北京的天气如何?

----It’s rainy today. How about New York? ----今天是雨天。纽约呢?

----It’s sunny and hot. ----今天是晴天.天气很热。 IX 询问职业、身份或人物:Who ,What

1. ----What’s your father / mother? ----你的父亲 / 母亲是做什么的? ----He’s a doctor. / She’s a teacher. ----他是一名医生。/ 她是一名教师。

2. ----What does you mother / father do? ----你的母亲 / 父亲是做什么的? ----She’s a TV reporter. / He’s a teacher. He teaches English.

----她是一名电视台记者。/他是一名教师。他教英语。

3. ----Who’s that man / woman?----那位男士 / 女士是谁?

----He’s my father. / She’s my mother. ----他是我父亲。 / 她是我母亲。 4, ----Who’s this boy / girl? ----那个男孩儿 / 女孩儿是谁? ----He’s my brother. / She’s my sister. ----他是我兄弟。 / 她是我姐妹。

5. ----Who’s your art teacher? ----你们的美术老师是谁?

----Miss Wang. ----王老师。

----What’s she like? ----她长什么样儿?

----She’s young and thin. ----她很年轻、苗条。

X 询问兴趣、喜好:favourite

1. ----What’s your favourite food / drink?----你最喜欢的食物 / 饮料是什么? ----Fish / orange juice. ----鱼。 / 橙汁。

2. ----What’s your favourite season? ----你最喜欢的季节是什么?

----Winter. ----冬天。

(----Which season do you like best?(----你最喜欢哪个季节?

----Winter.)----冬天。)

----Why do you like winter? ----你为什么喜欢冬天?

----Because I can make a snowman. ----因为可以堆雪人。

3. ----What’s your hobby?----你的爱好是什么?

----I like collecting stamps. ----我喜欢集邮。

----What’s his hobby? ----他的爱好是什么?

----He likes riding a bike. ----他喜欢骑自行车。

4. ----Do you like peaches? ----你喜欢吃桃子吗?

----Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ----喜欢。/ 不喜欢。

XI 询问平时一般做的事情:What

1. ----What do you do on Saturdays / on the weekends? ----你星期六 / 周末一般做什么?

----I usually do my homework. Sometimes I play football. ----我通常做作业.有时候踢足球。

XII 询问正在做的事情:What + -ing

1. ----What are you doing? ----你在做什么?

----I’m doing the dishes. ----我在洗盘子。

篇二:小学英语基本句型归纳

小学英语简单句基本句型归纳

小学英语以简单句为主。下面主要以一般现在时举例,过去式主要是动词用过去式。 如果你能完成以下练习,说明你基本掌握了简单句造句。

陈述句:有三种基本句型。

I、be动词句。

Be动词是_________________的合称,必须和人称正确搭配,否则就是错误,所以有以下句型。

一定要背会以下口诀基本掌握所有句型。

单数句子:I am … . You are … . He/She/It is …… (★相当于He,She, it的词如人名,单数称呼组合词)

复数句子:We are ……You are …… They are ……(★相当于they的词如复数词The cars,复数称呼组合词)

下面仿照例句,自己写一些句子,练习掌握句子结构。

I am clever(形容词). ______________________________________________________ I am a boy(名词). _____________________________________________________

You are cute(形容词). _____________________________________________________ You are a boy(名词). _____________________________________________________ He 的形容词句。

He is tired. _____________________________________________________ Danny is tired. _____________________________________________________ My father is tired. _____________________________________________________ He 的名词句。

He is a pupil. _____________________________________________________ Danny is a _____________________________________________________ My father is a _____________________________________________________

She 的形容词句。

She is hungry. ______________________________________________________ Mary is hungry. ______________________________________________________ His mother is hungry. ______________________________________________________

She 的名词句。

She is a pupil. ______________________________________________________ Mary is a ______________________________________________________ His mother is a ______________________________________________________

It的形容词句。

It s big ______________________________________________________ The dog is big ______________________________________________________ My pencil is blue. ______________________________________________________ My head is big. ______________________________________________________

第 1 页 共 3 页

It的名词句。

It is an elephant. ______________________________________________________

We are happy(形容词句). ______________________________________

We are pupils. (名词句,注意用名词的复数). _______________________________

You are hungry. (形容词句). ______________________________________

You are classmates(名词句,注意用名词的复数). _______________________________

They are thirsty . (形容词句). ______________________________________

My hands are small. (形容词句). ______________________________________ My books are new. (形容词句). ______________________________________

They are friends. (名词句,注意用名词的复数). _______________________________

II、实义动词句。

句子中一定没有be动词,而是有表示动作的动词或者动词词组,例如do 词组。一般用do来代表所有动词,所以句型就是:

I do. You do. He/She/It does.(★相当于He She It的词,如人名,各种单数称呼组合词) We do. You do. They do. (★相当于They的词,如The boys)

I do my homework every day. __________________________________ I wash my face every day. __________________________________ You get up at 6:30 every day. _____________________________________

注意:以下是一般现在时,第三人称单数作主语,动词加s或者es.

He does his homework every day. __________________________________ He goes to school at 6:00. __________________________________ He swims/runs fast. __________________________________ She eats breakfast at 7:30. __________________________________ She does her homework every day.__________________________________ She goes to the park with her sister. __________________________________

It (动物,例如A cow) eats grass. __________________________________

注意:以上是一般现在时,第三人称单数作主语,动词加s或者es.

We go to school at 7:20. __________________________________

You swim very well . __________________________________ They go home at 5:30. __________________________________

★关于do 有三个含义:1所有动词的代表。

一部分。

第 2 页 共 3 页 ○2助动词,○3又是用于do词组中作为词组的○

●have/has 句 do/does 句

要能够正确的使用have has。选取have, has时和有的物品的单复数无关。

I have ….You have….

______________________________________________________

He/She/It has …(★相当于He She It的词,如人名,各种单数称呼组合词)

He has ________________________ (他有一支笔/两支笔)

Tom ________________________(有一辆自行车)

She ________________________(她有一辆自行车/两辆自行车)

Mary ________________________(有一辆自行车/两辆自行车)

It ________________________(它有一个头/四条腿)

Dog ________________________(有一个头/四条腿)

We have …. You have … They have ….(★注意相当于they的词组)

We ______________________________________________________ You ______________________________________________________ They ______________________________________________________ The boys __________________________________________________

III情态动词句

Can可以,能够 may可以 will将要 都是情态动词,他们是特殊的词,表示主语的意愿。 这些词造句,动词用原形。

IV指示代词句:注意单复数句中的be动词和代词保持一致。

单数句:This is a hen. _________________________________________

That is a duck. _________________________________________

复数句:These are ducks. _________________________________________

Those are horses ._________________________________________

第 3 页 共 3 页

篇三:小学英语五种基本句型

五种基本句型

分析解读英语中的五种基本句型,它是英语句子的基础。因为英语中各种复杂的句子均是由这五种基本句型扩大、组合、省略或倒装等各种形式变化而来的。

从英语句子的本质来看,有其内在的规律。

I am a student

I like playing footall.

Playing footall is interesting.

Playing footall.t brings me a lot of fun.

We can call Internet addicts a Webaholic.

Internet dating hurts.

就上面的这几个句子,做个简要的分析。我们以动词为分界线,分割成两部分。

一是,以代词(I,We)、名词(Internet dating)或名词短语(chatting on the Internet)开头,来表明我们要陈述的对象,这就是句子的主语成分。 二是,在主语的后面紧接动词,如am, like, is, bring, can call, hurt,来说明主语做什么,或者描述主语的状况。动词及其后面的成分,我们称之为谓语部分。

由此我们可以总结:

一个完整的英语句子都由两部分组成“陈述对象+陈述内容”=“主语+谓语”=“名词+动词”。

上述句子的动词后面所接的成分长短不一,于是我们又可以把这些句子进行进一步细分。

I am a Webahoblic. Chatting on the Internet is interesting.句型一:

1、主语+系动词+表语

这个句型的谓语动词是系动词(linking verb)。所谓系动词,顾名思义,这种动词并不表示具体的动作,而只是起连接主语和后面成分的作用。系动词后面所接的成分,是用来说明主语的特点,表明主语的性质特征的,所以我们称之为主语补足语,或者表语(能够表示主语特征的成分)。

The music sounds nice.He became a teacher. The leaf will turn yellow in autumn.

英语中最常见的系动词是be动词,其具体形式有:am(I am), is(he is, she is, it is), are(we are, you are, they are).其他的系动词还有:look, sound, smell, taste, fell, seem, appear, become, turn.

用作表语的词,通常是名词(如a Webahoblic, a teacher...)和形容词(如interesting,nice, yellow...)。

2、句型二:主语+谓语 Internet dating hurts.

这个句型的谓语动词要是不及物动词(intransitive verb)。所谓不及物动词,所表示的动作没有作用对象,其本身的意思完整,后面不需要带宾语。

The fire is burning. The sun rises and the sun sets. Stars glitter and stars vanish.

The sun sets in the west. He works hard.

此内句型中的谓语动词后面虽然不接宾语,但通常会接副词(如hard)或介词短语(如in the west),来说明动作的方式、地点或时间等等。英语中把这种修饰动作的成分称之为状语。

They shouted loudly. 这里的副词表示动作的方式,所以叫做方式状语。

He died at home. 这里的介词短语表示动作的地点,所以叫做地点状语。

He died in 2007. 这里的介词短语表示动作的时间,所以叫做时间状语。

(主语+谓语(不及物动词)+状语)

3、I like chatting online. 句型三:主语+谓语+宾语

这个句型的谓语动词要是及物动词(transitive verb)。所谓及物动词,这种动词告诉我们由主语发出的动作所作用的对象是什么,这里所作用的对象称之为宾语。即宾语是主语动作的承受对象。

I like chatting on the Internet.chatting作宾语,介词短语on the Internet修饰动作,作状语。

He speaks English well. English作宾语,副词well修饰动作speak,作状语。

(主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语+状语)

4、Chatting on the Internet brings me a lot of fun. 句型四:主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语

这个句型的谓语动词要是双宾动词(dative verb)。这种动词后面所接的成分有“人”又有“物”。

“人”表示动作的接受者,称之为间接宾语(indirect object)。

“物”表示动作作用的对象,是动作的承受者,称之为直接宾语(direct object)。

间接宾语和直接宾语合起来叫做双宾语。

He showed the guard his passport. the guard人表“间接宾语”,his passport物表“直接宾语”。

5、We can call Internet addicts a Webaholic. 句型五:主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语

这个句型的谓语动词是宾补动词(factitive verb)。这种动词的后面接宾语,而此宾语的后面又接补充说明宾语的补足语(object complement)。宾语和宾语补足语合起来叫做复合宾语。

I found this answer wrong. this answer是宾语,wrong作宾语补足语,说明前面的宾语。

You can leave the door open. the door是宾语,open作宾语补足语,说明前面的宾语。

总上所知,动词是构成一个句子的骨架结构。因为由动词来决定了一个句子是否有宾语,有几个宾语,以及其他句子成分。所以在学习英语单词时,要特别关注动词的用法特点。如果把英语句子比作一个“人”的话,“主语”就是我们的“大脑”,“谓语动词”就是我们的“心脏”,缺一不可,支配着“身体”其他各部分的运动和发展。可以说,动词是英语的灵魂!

1}如何区分“主系表”和“主谓状”两种句型。

She looks happy.looks是系动词,没有具体的动作,形容词happy补充说明主语she的特征,作表语。

He shouted loudly. shouted是不及物动词,副词loudly修饰动作shouted,作状语。

2}如何区分“主语+谓语+双宾语”和“主语+谓语+复合宾语”两种句型。

主要在于区别“双宾语”和“复合宾语”。实际上区别两种宾语的方法很简单,就是在宾语的后面加上be动词,若能构成一个语义通顺的句子,则是补足语,复合宾语。

I made John a cake. John is a cake.宾语后面加上is,显然讲不通,所以是双宾语结构。

I made John our chairman. John is our chairman.宾语后面加上is,显然

篇四:小学英语主要句型归类

小学英语主要句型归类(三年级上册----六年级下册) I询问姓名、年龄。

1, ----What’s your name?----你叫什么名字?

----My name is ________.----我叫……。

2, ----How old are you? ----你几岁了?

----I’m 12. ----我十二岁。

II询问颜色。

1, ----What colour is it? ----它是什么颜色的?

----It’s yellow and white. ----黄白相间。

2, ----What colour are they? ----它们是什么颜色的?

----They’re green. ----绿色的。

III 询问数量或价钱。

1, ----How many kites can you see? ----你可以看见几只风筝?----I can see 12. ----我可以看见十二只风筝。 2, ----How many crayons do you have? ----你有多少支彩笔?----I have 16.----我有十六支。

3, ----How many people are there in your family?----你家有几口人?----Three.----三口人。

4, ----How much is this dress? ----这条连衣裙多少钱?----It’s ninety-nine yuan.----九十九元。

5, ----How much are these apples?----这些苹果多少钱?

----They’re thirty-five yuan. ----三十五元。

IV 询问时间或日期。

1, ----What time is it now? ----现在几点钟?

----It’s nine o’clock.. It’s time for English class. ----九点。该上英语课了。(----It’s eight o’clock. It’s time to go to bed.)(----八点。该上床睡觉了。) 2, ----What day is it today? ----今天星期几?

----It’s Monday.----星期一。

(----What do we have on Mondays? (----我们星期一上哪些课? ----We have Chinese, English, math …)----语文、英语、数学……) 3, ----When is your birthday? ----你的生日是什么时候?----It’s October 1st, our National Day. ----十月一日,国庆节。

4, ----When do you do morning exercises?----你们什么时候做早锻炼?----I usually do morning exercises at 8:30. ----我们通常8:30做早锻炼。 V 询问方位或地方。

1, ----Where is my toy car? ----我的玩具汽车在哪儿?----It’s here, under the chair. ----在这儿,在椅子下面。 2, ----Where is the canteen? ----餐厅在哪儿?

----It’s on the first floor.----在一楼。

3, ----Where are the keys?----钥匙在哪儿?

----They’re in the door. ----在门上。

4, ----Excuse me. Where is the library, please? ----对不起,请问图书馆在哪儿?----It’s near the post office. ----在邮局附近。

5, ----Where are you from?----你从哪儿来?

----I’m from China. ----我从中国来。

6, ----Where does the rain come from?----雨是从哪儿来的?

----It comes from the clouds.----它是从云层里来的。

VI 询问想吃的东西。

1, ----What would you like for breakfast / lunch / dinner ?----你早餐/中餐/晚餐想吃点什么?

----I’d like some bread and milk / rice and soup.----我想吃面包和牛奶/米饭和汤。

2, ----What’s for breakfast / lunch / dinner? ----早餐/中餐/晚餐吃什么?----Hamburgers and orange juice. ----汉堡包和橙汁。

VII 询问天气状况。

1, ----What’s the weather like in Beijing? ----北京的天气如何?

----It’s rainy today. How about New York? ----今天是雨天。纽约呢?----It’s sunny and hot.----今天是晴天,天气很热。

VIII 询问身体状况或情绪。

1, ----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?

----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。

2, ----What’s the matter?----怎么了?

----My throat is sore. / I have a sore throat. ----我的喉咙疼。

3, ----How are you, Sarah? You look so happy. ----你好吗,莎拉?你看起来这么伤心。

----I failed the math test. ----我的数学考试没有通过。 IX 询问职业、身份或人物。

1, ----What’s your father / mother? ----你的父亲 / 母亲是做什么的?----He’s a doctor. / She’s a teacher. ----他是一名医生。/ 她是一名教师。 2, ----What does you mother / father do? ----你的母亲 / 父亲是做什么的?----She’s a TV reporter. / He’s a teacher. He teaches English.

----她是一名电视台记者。/他是一名教师。他教英语。

3, ----Who’s that man / woman? ----那位男士 / 女士是谁?

----He’s my father. / She’s my mother.----他是我父亲。 / 她是我母亲。 4, ----Who’s this boy / girl? ----那个男孩儿 / 女孩儿是谁?

----He’s my brother. / She’s my sister. ----他是我兄弟。 / 她是我姐妹。 5, ----Who’s your art teacher?----你们的美术老师是谁?

----Miss Wang. ----王老师。

----What’s she like?----她长什么样儿?

----She’s young and thin. ----她很年轻、苗条。

X 询问兴趣、喜好。

1, ----What’s your favourite food / drink?----你最喜欢的食物 / 饮料是什么?----Fish / orange juice. ----鱼。 / 橙汁。

2, ----What’s your favourite season? ----你最喜欢的季节是什么?----Winter. ----冬天。

(----Which season do you like best? (----你最喜欢哪个季节?

----Winter.) ----冬天。)

----Why do you like winter? ----你为什么喜欢冬天?

----Because I can make a snowman. ----因为可以堆雪人。

3, ----What’s your hobby? ----你的爱好是什么?

----I like collecting stamps. ----我喜欢集邮。

----What’s his hobby?----他的爱好是什么?

----He likes riding a bike.----他喜欢骑自行车。

4, ----Do you like peaches?----你喜欢吃桃子吗?

----Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ----喜欢。/ 不喜欢。

XI 询问平时一般或通常做的事情。

1, ----What do you do on Saturdays / on the weekends? ----你星期六 / 周末一般做什么?

----I usually do my homework. Sometimes I play football. ----我通常做作业,有时候踢足球。

XII 询问正在做的事情。

1, ----What are you doing? ----你在做什么?

----I’m doing the dishes. ----我在洗盘子。

2, ----What’s your father doing? ----你父亲正在做什么?

----He’s writing an e-mail. ----他正在写电子邮件。

3, ----What’s Mike doing?----迈克正在干什么?

----He’s watching insects. ----他正在观察昆虫。

4, ----What’s the tiger doing? ----那只老虎在干什么?

----It’s running. ----它在奔跑。

5, ----What are the elephants doing? ----那些大象在干什么?

----They’re drinking. ----它们正在喝水。

XIII 询问将要做的事情。

1, ----What are you going to do? ----你准备做什么?

----I’m going to the cinema.----我准备去看电影。

----When are you going to do? ----你准备什么时候去?

----This afternoon. ----今天下午。

2, ----Where are you going this afternoon?----今天下午你准备到哪儿去?----I’m going to the bookstore. ----我准备到书店去。

----What are you going to buy? ----你打算买点儿什么?

----I’m going to buy a comic book. ----我准备买本漫画书。

XIV 询问曾经做过或发生过的事情。

1, ----Where did you go last weekend / yesterday / on your holiday?

----你上周末/昨天/假期到哪儿去了?

----I went to Wuhan. ----我去了武汉。

2, ----How did you go there? ----你怎么去的?

----I went by train. ----我坐火车去的。

3, ----What did you do there? ----你在那儿做了些什么?

----I went shopping. ----我去购物了。

XV 一般疑问句。

1, ----Is this your bedroom? ----这是你的卧室吗?

----Yes, it is.----是的。

----Is your sister in the living room? ----你姐姐在客厅吗?

----No, she isn’t. / Yes, she is. ----不在。/ 在。

2, ----Is this your skirt? ----这是你的短裙吗?

----Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. ----是的。/ 不是。

3, ----Is your English teacher young? ----你的英语老师年轻吗?----Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t. ----是的。/不,她不年轻。

4, ----Are these / those / they cucumbers? ----这些 / 那些是黄瓜吗?----Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. ----是的。/ 不是的。

5, ----Is there a river in the park? ----公园里有一条小河吗?----Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.----有。/ 没有。

----Are there any bridges in your village? ----你们村子里有桥吗?

----Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.----有。/ 没有。

6, ----Can I wear my new shirt today? ----我今天可以穿新衬衫吗?----Yes, you can. / No, you can’t.----可以。/ 不可以。

7, ----Can you wash your clothes? ----你会洗衣服吗?

----Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. ----会。/ 不会。

8, ----Does your pen pal live in Shanghai? ----你的笔友住在上海吗?----No, he doesn’t. He lives in Beijing. ----不,他住在北京。

9, ----Does she teach English? ----她教英语吗?

----No, she doesn’t. She teaches math.----不,她教数学。

10, ----Did you read books yesterday? ----你昨天读书了吗?

----Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ----读了。/ 没读。

XVI “How”问句。

1, ----How do you go to school?----你怎么上学?

----Usually I go to school on foot. Sometimes I go by bike. –

---我通常步行上学。有时候骑自行车。

2, ----How can I get to Zhongshan Park? ----我怎么到中山公园去?----You can go by the No. 15 bus. ----你可以乘坐15路公汽。(----Go straight for five minutes. Then turn left. It’s on the left.)

----直走五分钟,然后左转。公园就在左边。 3, ----How tall are you? ----你有多高?

----I’m 160 cm tall. I’m taller than you. ----我有160公分。我比你高。 4, ----How heavy are you? ----你有多重?

----I’m 48 kg. You’re heavier than me. ----我有48公斤。你比我重。 5, ----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?

----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。

----How does Chen Jie feel? ----陈洁感觉如何?

----She’s tired. ----她很疲倦。

XVII其他特殊疑问句。

1, ----What’s in the classroom? ----教室里有什么?

----A board, six lights, three fans, many desks and chairs.

----一块黑板、六盏灯,三把电扇和许多桌椅。

2, What about you? / How about you? ----你呢?

3, I like the white sweater with the green skirt. ----我喜欢这件白毛衣配这条绿短

裙。

4, ----Whose is it?----它是谁的?

----It’s mine / yours / his / hers.----是我的。/ 你的。/ 他的。/ 她的。 5, ----What can you do?----你会做什么?

----I’m helpful. I can sweep the floor and do the dishes.----我很能干。我会扫地、洗盘子。

6, ----What’s your bedroom like? ----你的卧室是什么样儿的?

----There is a big closet and a new mirror. There are blue curtains.

----卧室里有一个大衣橱和一面新镜子。还有蓝色的窗帘。

XVIII描述家人或朋友。

(略)

篇五:小学英语句型总汇

小学英语句型总汇

1、May I have a look? Sure. Here you are.

2、My friend is strong.

3、He has short hair and big eyes. I like music. He likes sports.

4、Is she in the living room?No, she isn’t. Yes she is.

5、Where are the keys? Where is your book?

6、What would you like?I’d like some rice and soup.

7、What would you like for dinner?

8、What does your father do? My father is a doctor.

9、What do you do? I'm a policeman.

10、What do you do on the weekend? I often go hiking.

11、What's your favourite season? Spring.

12、What's your favourite fruit? I like apples. I don't like grapes.

13、Who are they? They are my parents.Who’s this man?He’s my uncle.

14、When do you get up? I usually get up at 6:00.

15、Sometimes I visit my grandparents.

16、Why do you like spring? Because I can plant trees.

17、Which season do you like best? I like winter best.

18、When is your birthday? My birthday is in July. It's July 4th.

19、When is Teachers' Day? It's on September 10th.

20、Who has a birthday in October? Me.

21、Is her birthday in June? Yes.

22、What's the date? June 9th.

What day is it today? It’s Sunday.

23、What are you doing? I'm drawing pictures.

24、What is your father doing?He's writing an e-mail.

25、What do you see? I see two elephants.

26、What are they doing? They are drinking water.

27、What is Mike doing? He's watching insects.

28、Where are they? They are in the woods.

29、Are they catching butterflies?No, they aren't.

30、They are picking up leaves. Yes, they are.

31、Where is Zhang Peng? He's in the woods.

32、Is he taking pictures? Yes, he is. No, he isn't. He's playing

chess.

33、Who's your English teacher? Mr Carter.

34、What's he like? He's tall and strong.35、Is she quiet?No, she isn't. She's very active.

36、What day is it today? It's Wednesday.

37、What do you have on Thursdays?We have English, math and science on Thursdays.

38、What do you do on Saturdays? I watch TV on Saturdays.

39、What do you have for lunch on Mondays? We have tomatoes, tofu and fish.

40、What can you do? I can sweep the floor.

41、Can you make the bed? NO, I can't. Yes, I can .

42、There are two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living room.

43、There is a mirror, a bed and a big closet.

44、Is there a forest in the park?Yes, there is. No, there isn't.

45、Are there any pandas in the mountains? No, there aren't.

46、Are there any fish in the rivers? Yes, there are.

47、Where is the canteen? It's on the first floor.

48、What time is it?It's 5 o'clock.

49、It's 6:30. It's time to go to school.It's time for English.

50、What colour is it?It's blue.

51、Whose is it? It's my T-shirt.

52、What's the weather like in Beijing? It's rainy today.

53、Who’s that woman? She’s my mother.

54、Do you like peaches?Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

55、Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too.

56、I have a bear. May I have a look? Sure. Here you are.

57、Where is the cinema? It’s next to the hospital.

58、Turn left at the cinema, then go straight. It’s on the left.

59、What are you going to do on the weekend? I’m going to visit my grandparents this weekend.

60、Where are you going this afternoon?I’m going to the bookstore.

61、What are you going to buy?I’m going to buy a comic book.

62、What’s your hobby? I like collecting stamps.

63、Does she teach English?No, she doesn’t. Yes, she

does.

64、What does your mother do?She is a TV reporter.

65、Where does she work? She works in a car company.

66、What should you do then?

PEP语法汇总(一)