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英语口语如何练习

时间:2016-04-19 来源:唯才教育网 本文已影响

篇一:在家如何练习英语口语

在家如何练习英语口语

改进发音

发音是发出正确的英文读音。 当然,应该首先确保你的语调和节奏是正确的---不仅仅是各自单独的发音,还有他们在一起时的发音。

改进发音最重要的方法就是练习听力。 通常,语言学习者在领会到各个发音的区别之前,都想尝试发出正确的读音。

如何能够听出这些发音的区别呢?一种方法就是对广播或电视节目(如:新闻)录音30秒。 然后自己重述,以此来对比自己的发音与广播电视节目里发音的不同。

要连续不断地练习——这是一个缓慢的过程,在你可以正确地发音之前,可能会需要重复多次很困难的发音。

当你练习发音时,学习如何连读尤其困难。 当一个单词是以辅音结束而下一个单词是以元音开始的时候,这时两个单词可以连读。 在“jumps over”中,第一个单词的结尾辅音应与下一个单词的元音连读。 例如,“She works in an old office”听起来的发音应该是“She work-si-na-nol-doffice.”

当听英语时,单词连读可能会产生一个很棘手的问题。一个基本的听力技能就是能够听出单词,并且能够理解单词发音在哪里开始和结束。英文连读时发音都连在一块儿,这样听力的难度就会加大。

幸运的是,随着你发音的改进,你的听力理解能力也会大有进步。 一旦你能够区分相似发音或学会连读,理解英语口语就只是小菜一碟了!

提高流利程度

从根本上来说,流利指的是毫不费力地叙述一件事情。 如果一个人说话比较顺畅连续,少停顿或是不停顿,说话时没有重复和更改现象,这就可以称为说话流利。

与是否可以正确发音比起来,流利程度与心理因素有更多关系。 要做到流利,你需要对自己的词汇量以及将每个单词以合乎语法的顺序组合起来有足够的信心。

换句话说, 流利就是非常自信地用英语表达自己。 为有效增加自信和提高流利程度,你需要通过大量工作来提高你的词汇量和语法知识。以下是适用于提高口语测试第2部分(二分钟谈话)的一种方法:

利用盒式录音机或MP3播放器,自备一个话题,然后对此话题进行一至两分钟的陈述并同时录音。

录音完毕后再听录音。 你的英文听起来流利吗? 你能否找出单词或语法错误? 应该如何改正?

接下来,重复同一话题2分钟的谈话。 这一次,尽量试着不要停顿,更改或者重复。 再次听录音。 注意听本次录音与前次录音的不同之处以及你在口头表达所取得的进步。 第三次就同一话题进行陈述并分析。但是也不要对同一个话题练习太多遍,否则你可能会将话题内容背诵下来了!

进行录音的次数越多,你就会越自信、流利,并且听起来也会比较自然。你会发现你还能增加更多细节。

我的一个学生利用这个方法, 口语能力有了很大提高。 他还扮演考官来问自己第1、3部分的问题,然后自己再作为考生来回答问题。他对第1、3部分的问题和答案进行了录音,

然后又找出了语法和措辞的不当之处。

当对第3部分进行练习时,他还针对回答提出了后续问题。在第3部分的练习中提出后续问题,是模拟考官思维的一种很好的方式。 因为在对考官的问题进行预测时,你会得到更大的提高,你会开始对第三部分没有被提及的问题给出更多的信息。

而且,随着答案变得更加详细,你在流利程度,连贯性,语法,词汇量和发音等方面的成绩都会得到提高。

最后,当你进行口语测试时,不要只是考虑单个单词的发音,所有音都要一一发出来。你应该考虑单词群组整体的意义,从而进行流利快速的发音.

篇二:英语口语练习资料【完整版】

英语口语练习

Lesson 1

A monument was built to commemorate the victory.

The children huddled together for warmth.

Censure is sometimes harder to bear than punishment.

The new vaccine eradicated all traces of the disease within three months. The barbarians defiled the church by using it as a stable.

The pregnant woman has an enlarged abdomen.

The lost hikers were bereft of hope when the rescue plane did not see them. The children were bereaved by the death of their parents.

This battlefield is consecrated to the memory of the soldiers who died here.

A good joke does not necessarily evoke a hearty laugh.

Wheels left grooves in a muddy dirt road.

The old car jolted its passengers badly as it went over the rough road. Bowing to greet a lady is now an obsolete custom.

Many wild animals prowl at night looking for something to eat.

The children scooped holes in the sand.

Diplomats are interested in the status of world affairs.

The farmer sued the railroad station because his cow was killed by the train. The counter of the sink has many grooves along which the water will run off. The cat prowled around the cellar looking for mice.

We all sympathized with the husband who was bereaved of his beloved wife. Her singing evoked admiration from the public.

We still use this machine though it is obsolete.

The bandit in a typical Western movie rides a horse and goes armed. either alone or in a group.

Christmas commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ.

The children?s muddy shoes defiled all the rugs in the hotel.

Running in the hall is a deviation from the school rules and will not be allowed. She could bear the disappointments of other people with tolerable fortitude. The little girl was inconsolable at the loss of her kitten.

Aren?t you hungry? You are only nibbling your food.

The coronation of the new king was a splendid pageant.

After the scourge of flood usually comes the scourge of disease.

The crippled child tumbled down the stairs and was badly hurt.

The iron in the ship caused a deviation of the magnetic needle of the compass.

A marathon runner must have great fortitude to run such a long distance. The pretty girl?s reputation was defiled by malicious gossips.

The boy is just learning to walk, he is always tumbling over the floor.

The inauguration ceremony of the new President was a splendid pageant. There are many illnesses, which afflict old people.

His employer censured him for neglecting his work.

The thief intruded into the house with caution and dissimulation.

Nowadays, it is an inhumane punishment to flog the disobedient soldiers or sailors.

According to the inscription on its cornerstone, this building was erected in 1919.

The gifts of charity meddled with a man?s private affair.

He doesn?t sit straight: his posture is very bad.

John rummaged all the drawers to find his gloves.

The water spouted out when the pipe was broken.

The climber traversed a long horizontal crack in the face of the mountain slope.

A child stood looking with wistful eyes at the toys in the shop window. He was flogging his horse in a very cruel way.

She rummaged change from the bottom of her purse.

The law does not meddle unduly with a person?s private life.

The lights traversed the sky searching for enemy planes.

The inscription on the ancient monument was very hard to read.

The amicable flash of her white teeth was very impressive.

The soldiers are very exhausted for they have advanced forward without rest in a blizzard.

If I were rich, I would like to cruise in the Southern Pacific for six months in a private yacht.

Yellow fever has been eradicated in the United States but it still exists in some countries.

The doctor?s report gave us only a glimmer of hope.

On his desk, many articles and documents are always piled in great lump. The woman ransacked the house for her lost jewelry.

He slashed a path through the high grass with a long knife.

Out feet slumped repeatedly through the melting ice.

That pop-song had a great vogue at one time.

Enemy soldiers ransacked the city and carried off its treasures.

Tired from his long walk, he slumped into a chair(转 载自:wWw.HN1c.cOM 唯才 教 育网:英语口语如何练习).

We saw the glimmer of a distant light through the trees.

He used to have a great vogue as a film actor, but no one goes to the cinema to see him now.

What the Ice Age did was to eradicate the abundant mammalian life in the Northern Hemisphere.

He ascribes his success to skill and hard work.

The soldiers kept their heads down behind the bulwark.

She looked around this way and that in a dubious manner.

Selfishness was a facet of his character that we seldom saw before.

For the first time he had to pay heed to his appearance, and in fact he became very well-dressed from then on.

The boys huddled together under the rock to keep warm.

The old man mumbled something to me, but I could not understand him. This ruined bridge is a relic of the Korean War in 1950.

Automobile exhaust fumes are one of the major causes of smog.

The thirsty wayfarer was glad to find a fresh spring near the road.

He always speaks with his mouth full of food, it is his wont.

Four people were huddled under one umbrella to avoid the sudden shower. I?m feeling better than yesterday, but it is dubious that I can go to school tomorrow.

No one knows who wrote that play, but it is usually ascribed to Cyril Tourneur. We believe that a free press and free speech are bulwarks of democracy. Take heed of what I say, or you will fail in the final examination.

Lesson 23

Civilized people believe in humane treatment of prisoners.

The equator is an imaginary circle around the earth.

Because he wasn?t working hard, he is liable to fail.

He sat alone after the battle, mourning over the loss of his best friend.

A psychiatrist can help some people to understand their subconscious urges.

He has to leave now, he lives farther from here than I do.

All the members of the committee agreed to inquire further into the matter. The man living next door hanged himself in sorrow after his wife died. We hung our reproduction of “Mona Liza” above the fireplace.

Tainan is one of the historic spots that you should visit.

Upon retiring from the office, the President gave all the historical papers to the library.

The philosopher claims that kindness is a human trait, but I don?t believe it. Humane people are considerate of not only other people but also animals. Some people do not believe that ghosts are not real but imaginary beings. The imaginative child always likes to make up fairy tales.

Bessie Smith was an incomparable singer in her days.

It is foolish to compare horses with airplanes. They are incomparable. Some old superstitions seem incredible to most educated people. People nowadays are incredulous about ghosts and witches.

The gentleman laid his land on his son?s shoulder.

The wounded soldier was lying on the battlefield.

This kind of shoe is apt to slip on wet ground.

Hey is an apt student of the practical science.

Children under the age of 10 are all liable to diseases.

He declared that he was not liable for his wife?s debts.

The weather forecast says that it?s likely to be hot tomorrow.

The backyard of our house has a luxuriant growth of weeds.

She is too proud, too luxurious to marry an ordinary person like you.

From time to time, during the night, there was a moan of pain from the sick man.

The whole nation mourned the death of the much-loved President.

The company will give only oral tests to the applicants.

This written report contains both a verbal description and a sketch of the building.

The minister made a personal visit to the scene of the fighting.

The general issued an order to capture the hill to all personnel.

The man seemed poor, but he was respectably dressed.

Children should speak respectfully to their elders.

The first, second, and third prizes went to Jack, George, and Frank respectively.

She raised her finger to her lips as a sign for silence.

The farmer raises cattle and crops.

The sun will rise at 5:45 tomorrow morning.

We have to go to the government patent office to register the new trademark. It is safe to register the letter containing the check.

Go to the registrar of the university to know your grades.

The boat we are on is the best sailor in the fleet.

The men in our navy are called sailors if they are not officers.

A group of college professors were waiting in the main salon to see the Minister of Education.

The ship?s passengers have their dinners in the dining saloon.

It was certain that Oswald might have a subconscious desire to injure his underling.

Edina was unconscious for two hours after the accident.

The general was unconscious of being followed by the spy.

The club?s secretary prepared several transcripts of minutes of the meeting. The transcription of words into phonetic symbols requires special training.

Lesson 24

The woman knelt before the altar to pray to God for her son?s safe return. If it rains, we have to alter our plan to have a picnic on Sunday.

Chinese mountain climbers made a successful ascent of Mt. McKinley in North America.

I won?t give my assent to her plan because it is not well prepared.

There are several old cannons on the wall of the castle.

This canon has been enacted by the church council very recently.

Some of the tops of sneakers are made of canvas.

The sales representative canvassed the whole city for subscriptions of the magazine.

The cession of the territory could not be avoided because they lost the war. Be seated! The court is now in session.

The soldier fainted at the sight of his own blood.

The color became faint as the sunset.

He feinted with his left hand and hit me with his right.

In recent years there has been an intention of the struggle for political power in the country.

She felt offended at my remarks, but it wasn?t my intention to hurt her. There is nothing that we can do now but pray God helps us in our troubles. The lion seized its prey and ate it.

Chicago is the principal city in the Midwest of the United States.

The principal told the teachers to dismiss (suspend) school during the heavy snowstorm.

This country was founded on the principle of individual freedom for all. The population of France remained stationary almost for a century. Herbert bought a notebook at the stationery store.

Please write your name and address on this paper.

The President addressed the nation on the subject of war and peace. Darkness is an attribute of night, as brightness is that of day.

We attribute Edison?s success to intelligence and hard work.

The teachers appointed a committee of five members to plan the class picnic. The court appointed Mr.Lansing as the committee that would take care of the boy?s property.

She likes music very much,she never misses a concert.

We concerted on the most proper methods for speedily executing the manager?s instructions.

I tried but couldn?t understand the content of his speech.

John contented himself with two glasses of beer even though he could have had more.

篇三:如何练习英语口语

英语口语练习五步走

小编阿梅 2009年04月20日09:31 来源:爱词霸英语网 点击 4579次 第一步:大量背诵原汁原味的单句、对话、生活习语。

第二步:把每天背诵过的素材反复消化,借助想像力,身临其境把它们表演出来。

第三步:写日记。这个习惯看上去练习的是写作,其实它更是练习口语的妙法。当你动笔的同时,你的大脑正在激烈地做着英文体操。用英文进行思维是高级的口语训练方法。

第四步:大量阅读报刊、杂志及各种故事、杂文,之后将它们复述出来。(超级提示:是”复述”而非”背诵”。)同一篇文章的复述工作应该反复滚动。

第五步:一年左右逐渐过渡到用英文进行日常的思维活动。每当遇到不会的词、句就记录在本子上,集中解决,并定时更新、复习最理想的练习口语的方法是有 个说英语的外国人天天在你身边陪你说英语,但这个条件一般谁也不具备,那么怎么来练习口语呢,有一个好办法非常可行,就是自己和自己说练习英语口语(当然 后期还要找一些外国人进行语言交流体验),请相信自己和自己练习口语这一办法很管用,新体系英语有一个方法,叫“反述式口语练习法”,推荐给你:

拿出一篇英语文章来先看懂,反复看几遍,争取记住里面的内容(注意千万别背),然后把文章翻扣在桌上,对着墙用自己的英语将刚才读过的文章反说出来 (注意是述说,不是背诵),一开始根本记不住,就打开文章再看一遍,然后再翻扣过来用英语述说,遇到卡壳的地方就翻过文章再看一看,看看人家原文怎么说, 再翻扣过去述说……直到把整个文章说完,反复练习多遍后,不仅可以流利地述说这篇文章,还可以改换说法,用各种各样的方法述说,如先说开头后说结尾、先说 中间后说两头,长话短说、短话长说……不用多,只需几篇文章,就可以练出流利的英语口语,而且保证地道正确,比外国人说的还标准,因为所有的句子和表达方 法都来自书上,还能有错?这样练习口语,进步飞速。比和外国人面对面说英语进步还快,因为面对面听不懂还不好意思问人家,现在是自己说了算,有任何不懂的 地方马上可以查字典,查一个小时也没人管你。想学医学的口语就拿医学文章来反述,想学军事的口语就用军事文章来反述,想说什么就说什么,直到学会。用“反 述式口语练习法”学习英语口语,大学生几个月就可以讲一口流利的英语,信不信由你,请试试吧。

需要注意的是,一开始一定要从简单的文章开始反述,千万别以为自己水平很高,急着先拿复杂的高级文章来反述。不管你的阅读水平有多高,在口语上一定要 谦虚地把自己当成刚学说话的小婴儿,要甘心从头开始学习,要从第一个台阶开始迈起,不要以为一步跨上3个台阶才算进步快,我反复讲过,英语不难学,一共也 就十个台阶,一个台阶一个台阶地上本来很容易,可大多数人心急,偏要一步迈上第十个台阶,结果把本来很简单的一件事

搞得十分艰难。

那么什么样的文章是你应该“反述”的第一篇文章呢,就是那种一看就懂,但看完了用英语却怎么也说不出来的最简单的文章,就从这篇文章开始吧

练习口语的6种技巧

小编阿梅 2009年04月20日09:31 来源:爱词霸英语网 点击 6887次

有没有机会在美国生存、发展下去,关键是要看有没有机会去表达自己,和别人交流。如果你学的是哑巴英语,到了美国你将十分困难。而目前我们的大 学英语教育是有缺陷的。学一种语言,交流是目的,而不是语言本身。我们往往把英语仅仅当做一门知识在学,从小学到大,到最后,还是不会说英语

语言的交流与掌握大量的词汇、句型、语法是两回事。就语言本身的知识来说,我们已经过关了。我们缺少的就是在交流中来运用英语,只有在交流中我们才能与对方进行思维密码的相互破译。同样的话在不同的语言交流环境中所表达的意思是不一样的。

我建议要把我们学习的目标收缩,把追求大而广的英语知识转化为追求一种定量性的技巧,我认为有6种技巧,是美国人和美国人之间交流的关键性东西,如果我们能掌握这6种技巧,就可以更好地理解美国人的思维,从而学好口语。

第一,如何用英文简单界定一个东西的技巧。美国人和美国人交谈80%是想告诉对方这个事物是什么。我们的课本尽管词汇难度不断加深,但思维逻辑 结构却只停留在一个水平上。中国人常说Where is the book(这本书在哪儿)?很少有人说What is a book(书是什么)?而美国的小学生就开始问:What is the book?这种Where is the book只是思维的描述阶段。但是我想连大学生也很难回答What is a book?因为中国传统英语教学模式没有教会学生表达思想的技巧。

第二,如果已经学会界定,但理解还有偏差,那就要训练How to explain things in different ways(用不同的方式解释同一事物)。一种表达式对方不懂,美国人会寻找另一种表达式最终让对方明白。因为事物就一个,但表达它的语言符号可能会很多。 这就要多做替换练习。传统的教学方法也做替换练习,但这种替换不是真替换,只是语言层面的替换,而不是思维层面的替换。比如,I love you(我爱你)。按我们教学的替换方法就把you换成her,my mother等,这种替换和小学生练描红没有什么区别。这种替换没有对智力构成挑战,没有启动思维。这种替换句子的基本结构没变,我听不懂I love you,肯定也听不懂I love her.如果替换为I want to kiss you,I want to hug you,I will show my heart to you等,或者给对方讲电影《泰坦尼克》,告诉对方那就是爱,这样一来对方可能就明白了。这才叫真正的替换。也就是说用一种不同的方式表达同一个意思,或 者

一个表达式对方听不清楚,举一个简单易懂的例子来表达,直到对方明白。

第三,我们必须学会美国人怎样描述东西。从描述上来讲,由于中美的文化不同会产生很大的差异。我们描述东西无外乎把它放在时间和空间两个坐标上 去描述。美国人对空间的描述总是由内及外,由里及表。而中国人正好相反。从时间上来说,中国人是按自然的时间顺序来描述。我们描述一个东西突然停住时,往 往最后说的那个地方是最重要的。美国人在时间的描述上先把最重要的东西说出来,然后再说陪衬的东西。只有发生悲剧性的事件,美国人才在前面加上铺垫。这就 是中国人和美国人在时间描述上的巨大差别。

第四,要学会使用重要的美国习语。不容易学、易造成理解困惑的东西就是“习语”。比如北京人说盖了帽儿了,外国人很难理解,这就是习语。所以和 美国人交流时,能适当地运用美国习语,他马上就会觉得很亲切,也很爱和你交流。那么什么是习语?就是每个单词你都认识,但把它们组合在一起,你就不知道是 什么意思了。

第五,学会两种语言的传译能力。这是衡量口语水平的一个最重要标准。因为英语不是我们的母语,我们天生就有自己的母语。很多人都认为学好外语必须丢掉自己的母语,这是不对的。

第六,要有猜测能力。为什么美国人和美国人、中国人和中国人之间交流很少产生歧义?就是因为他们之间能“猜测”。我们的教学不提倡“猜测”。但 我觉得猜测对学好美国口语很重要。在交流中,有一个词你没有听懂,你不可能马上去查字典,这时候就需要猜测来架起一座桥梁来弥补这个缺口,否则交流就会中 断。

中国人学习口语讲究背诵,背句型、背语调,结果就是很多人讲口语的时候讲着讲着眼就开始向上翻,实际上是在记忆中寻找曾经背过的东西。如果他要是能猜测的话,我想也就不会出现这种现象。

以上就是我所说的学会用美国人思维方式的6个技巧。中国学生如果能做到这6点,用较短的时间肯定能学好口语。

再说说英语语音的问题。我们中国人不需要钻牛角尖,一定追求发音像一个本地人,只要我们的发音不至于让对方产生误解就可以了。我们在平时,不需 要迷信什么科学方法,只需要记住一点:模仿。但一定要模仿标准的英语或美语。在模仿的基础上,每天保持1个小时的自我口语练习,这个练习必须假想一个双向 交流的场合,即仿佛有人与你交流一样。

最后,讲讲英语的用气问题。我们在发音时,尽量气运丹田,而避免用肺发音,这可以使英语发音洪亮圆润。